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Accipiter

Description

Accipiter is a genus of birds of prey in the family Accipitridae. With 51 recognized species it is the most diverse genus in its family. Most species are called goshawks or sparrowhawks, although almost all New World species (excepting the northern goshawk) are simply known as hawks. They can be anatomically distinguished from their relatives by the lack of a procoracoid foramen. Two small and aberrant species usually placed here do possess a large procoracoid foramen and are also distinct as regards DNA sequence. They may warrant separation in the old genus Hieraspiza.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)9405810https://www.gbif.org/species/9405810
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)94492https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=94492
Rankgenus
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Accipitriformes : Accipitridae : Accipiter
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
-Osteichthyes
-SarcopterygiiRomer 1955
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha
subclassTetrapodomorpha
-Tetrapoda
-ReptiliomorphaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-AnthracosauriaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-Batrachosauria
-Cotylosauria
-AmniotaHaeckel 1866
-SauropsidaHuxley 1864
classReptiliaLaurenti 1768
subclassEureptilia
-RomeriidaGauthier et al. 1988
-Diapsida
-Eosuchia
-NeodiapsidaBenton 1985
-SauriaGauthier 1984
-Archosauromorpha
-CrocopodaEzcurra 2016
-ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
-EucrocopodaEzcurra 2016
-Archosauria
informalAvemetatarsaliaBenton 1999
-OrnithodiraGauthier 1986
-DinosauromorphaBenton 1985
-DinosauriformesNovas 1992
-Dinosauria
-Saurischia
-Theropoda
-NeotheropodaBakker 1986
-AverostraPaul 2002
-TetanuraeGauthier 1986
orderAvetheropodaPaul 1988
suborderCoelurosauriaHuene 1914
-ManiraptoraGauthier 1986
-ParavesSereno 1997
classAvesLinnaeus 1758
orderAccipitriformesVieillot 1816
familyAccipitridaeViellot 1816
genusAccipiterBrisson 1760
Scientific NameAccipiter Brisson, 1760
Name Published InBrisson, M. J. 1760. Ornithologie ou méthode contenant la division des oiseaux en ordres, sections, genres, especes & leurs variétés. A laquelle on a joint une description exacte de chaque espece, avec les citations des auteurs qui en ont traité, les noms qu'ils leur ont donnés, ceux que leur ont donnés les différentes nations, & les noms vulgaires. Ouvrage enrichi de figures en taille-douce. Bauche, Paris. Vol. Tome 1: j-xxiv , 1-526, j-lxxiij , Pl. I-XXXVII.
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Accipitergenusbelongs to Accipitridaestated without evidenceBrisson, 1760
Accipitergenusbelongs to Accipitridaestated with evidenceMeijer et al., 2013
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)15
Extant Size (PBDB)13 (87%)
First Recorded Appearance20.4 - 16.0 Ma
Miocene
Environmentterrestrial (based on Accipitridae)
Motilityactively mobile (based on Theropoda)
Dietcarnivore (based on Accipitridae)
Reproductionoviparous, dispersal=direct/internal,mobile (based on Theropoda)
Ontogenyaccretion,modification of parts (based on Theropoda)
Taphonomyhydroxylapatite,compact or dense (based on Theropoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)M. Salotti, S. Bailon, and M.-F. Bonifay, J.-Y. Courtois, J.-N. Dubois, J. Ferrandini, J.-C. La Milza, C. Mourer-Chauvire, J.-B. Popelard, Y. Quinif, A.-M. Real-Testud, C. Miniconi, E. Pereira, C. Persiani. 1997. Castiglione 3, un nouveau remplissage fosilifere d'age Pleistocene moyen dans le karst de la region d'Oletta (Haute-Corse). Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris, Serie IIa 324:67-74
Common Name(s) Bird Hawks, Hökar, Ob. Hök
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Accipiter

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Accipiter aequatorialis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter albogularis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter badius
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter batesi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter bicolor
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter brachyurus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter brevipes
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter burgersi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter butleri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter castanilius
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter chilensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter chionogaster
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter cirrocephalus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter collaris
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter cooperii
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Cooper's Hawk121.81 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Accipiter dukhunensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter efficax
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
40.01 Ma
Pleistocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Accipiter erythrauchen
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter erythronemius
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter erythropus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter fasciatus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Brown Goshawk60.01 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Accipiter ferox
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter francesiae
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter gentilis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Northern Goshawk120.78 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Accipiter granti
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter griseiceps
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter gularis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter gundlachi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter haplochrous
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
New Caledonia Goshawk20.01 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Accipiter henicogrammus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter henstii
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter hiogaster
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter imitator
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter koeneni
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter luteoschistaceus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter madagascariensis
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Madagascar Sparrowhawk30.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Accipiter melanochlamys
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter melanoleucus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter melaschistos
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter meyerianus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter minullus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter muelleri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter nanus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter nigro
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter nisus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Eurasian Sparrowhawk110.78 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Accipiter novaehollandiae
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Gray Goshawk10.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Accipiter optimi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter ovampensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter planes
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter poliocephalus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter poliogaster
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter polyzonoides
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter princeps
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter quartus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
10.01 Ma
Pleistocene
0.01 Ma
Pleistocene
Accipiter rhodogaster
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter rubricollis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter rufitorques
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Fiji Goshawk20.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Accipiter rufiventris
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter scutarius
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter sexfasciatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter sharpei
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter soloensis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter stevensoni
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter striatus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Sharp-shinned Hawk140.30 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Accipiter superciliosus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter sylvestris
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter tachiro
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
African Goshawk220.4 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Accipiter tischleri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter toussenelii
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter trinotatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter trivirgatus
species
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Crested Goshawk60.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Accipiter ventralis
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter virgatus
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter wolterstorffi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Accipiter zenkeri
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Astur alphonsi
species
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB

Obsolete Names

NameSourceTaxon RankTaxonomy
Erythrospiza Kaup, 1867GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Aves : Accipitriformes : Accipitridae : Erythrospiza
Erythrospizias Gurney, 1875GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Aves : Accipitriformes : Accipitridae : Erythrospizias
Spilospiza Salvadori, 1875GBIFgenusAnimalia : Chordata : Aves : Accipitriformes : Accipitridae : Spilospiza

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1760Accipiter Brisson
1799Astur de Lacépède
1933Astur Lambrecht p. 418
1935Accipiter Schultz and Howard p. 276
1962Accipiter Wetmore p. 7
1992Accipiter Baird p. 24
1992Accipiter Parmalee p. 310
2006Accipiter Walker and Dyke p. 97
2013Accipiter Meijer et al. p. 881
2017Accipiter Clements et al.

References

Salotti M., Bailon S., et al (1997) Castiglione 3, un nouveau remplissage fosilifere d'age Pleistocene moyen dans le karst de la region d'Oletta (Haute-Corse), Comptes Rendus de l'Academie des Sciences, Paris, Serie IIa 324, 67-74
Lambrecht K. (1933) Handbuch der Palaeornithologie, 1-1024
Schultz C. B., Howard E. B. (1935) The fauna of Burnet Cave, Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico, Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 87, 273-298
Wetmore A. (1962) Notes on fossil and subfossil birds, Smithsonian Miscellaneous Collections 145 2, 1-17
Baird R. F. (1992) Fossil avian assemblage of Pitfall Origin from Holocene sediments in Amphitheatre Cave (G-2), South-western Victoria, Australia, Records of the Australian Museum 44, 21-44
Parmalee P. W. (1992) A late Pleistocene avifauna from northwestern Alabama, Science Series, Los Angeles Museum of Natural History, Science, and Art 36, 307-318
Walker C. A., Dyke G. J. (2006) New records of fossil birds of prey from the Miocene of Kenya, Historical Biology 18 2, 95-98 doi:10.1080/08912960600639434
Meijer H. J. M., Sutikna T., et al (2013) Late Pleistocene-Holocene non-passerine avifauna of Liang Bua (Flores, Indonesia), Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 33, 877-894
Clements J. F., Schulenberg T. S., et al (2017) , The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, A. L. Gardner, and W. C. Starnes, 2003: null. Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner, 1987: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
CoL2006 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Nomenclator Zoologicus. A list of the names of genera and subgenera in zoology from the tenth edition of Linnaeus, 1758 to the end of 2004. Digitised by uBio from vols. 1-9 of Neave (ed.), 1939-1996 plus supplementary digital-only volume. http://ubio.org/NomenclatorZoologicus (as at 2006). - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
SN2000/Monroe Jr. & Sibley, 1993, PaleoDB - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
WoRMS (Mar 2013) - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
web search (AJR) - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
SOF (2007) Holarktis Fåglar, version 2. SOF:s Taxonomikommittés officiella lista över Holarktis fåglar - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Neave, Sheffield Airey. (1939-1996). Nomenclator Zoologicus vol. 1-10 Online. [developed by uBio, hosted online at MBLWHOI Library]. - via World Register of Marine Species
Ornith., 1 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
SN2000/Monroe Jr. & Sibley, 1993 - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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