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Emberizidae

Description

The buntings are a group of Old World passerine birds forming the genus Emberiza, the only genus in the family Emberizidae. They are seed-eating birds with stubby, conical bills.


Source Data
SourceIDLink
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)9608https://www.gbif.org/species/9608
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)133797https://paleobiodb.org/classic/checkTaxonInfo?taxon_no=133797
Rankfamily
Taxonomy (GBIF,PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Aves : Passeriformes : Emberizidae
Taxonomic Status (GBIF)accepted
Classification
(PBDB,GBIF)
RankNameAuthor
-Eukaryota
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
kingdomAnimalia
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
-Osteichthyes
-SarcopterygiiRomer 1955
subclassDipnotetrapodomorpha
subclassTetrapodomorpha
-Tetrapoda
-ReptiliomorphaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-AnthracosauriaSäve-Söderbergh 1934
-Batrachosauria
-Cotylosauria
-AmniotaHaeckel 1866
-SauropsidaHuxley 1864
classReptiliaLaurenti 1768
subclassEureptilia
-RomeriidaGauthier et al. 1988
-Diapsida
-Eosuchia
-NeodiapsidaBenton 1985
-SauriaGauthier 1984
-Archosauromorpha
-CrocopodaEzcurra 2016
-ArchosauriformesGauthier 1986
-EucrocopodaEzcurra 2016
-Archosauria
informalAvemetatarsaliaBenton 1999
-OrnithodiraGauthier 1986
-DinosauromorphaBenton 1985
-DinosauriformesNovas 1992
-Dinosauria
-Saurischia
-Theropoda
-NeotheropodaBakker 1986
-AverostraPaul 2002
-TetanuraeGauthier 1986
orderAvetheropodaPaul 1988
suborderCoelurosauriaHuene 1914
-ManiraptoraGauthier 1986
-ParavesSereno 1997
classAvesLinnaeus 1758
-PygostyliaChiappe 2002
-OrnithothoracesChiappe and Calvo 1994
-OrnithuromorphaChiappe et al. 1999
subclassOrnithuraeHaeckel 1866
subclassNeornithesGadow 1893
-Neognathae
-NeoavesSibley et al. 1988
-TerrestrornithesLivezey and Zusi 2007
-Dendrornithes
-AnomalogonatesGarrod 1874
-PicoclamatoresLivezey and Zusi 2007
superorderPasserimorphaeSibley et al. 1988
orderPasseriformesLinnaeus 1758
familyEmberizidaeVigors 1831
Common Nameold world bunting
Scientific NameEmberizidae
Opinions (PBDB)
NameRankOpinionEvidenceAuthor
Emberizidaesubfamilybelongs to Fringillidaestated without evidenceMead et al., 1984
Emberizidaefamilybelongs to Passeriformesstated without evidenceEmslie, 1992
Emberizidaefamilybelongs to Passeriformesstated with evidenceClements et al., 2017
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)7
Extant Size (PBDB)6 (86%)
First Recorded Appearance8.70 - 5.33 Ma
Miocene
Environmentterrestrial
Motilityactively mobile (based on Theropoda)
Dietgranivore
Reproductionoviparous, dispersal=direct/internal,mobile (based on Theropoda)
Ontogenyaccretion,modification of parts (based on Theropoda)
Ecospace Commentsbased on Arremon, placed in Emberezinae
Taphonomyhydroxylapatite,compact or dense (based on Theropoda)
Primary Reference (PBDB)P. W. Parmalee. 1992. A late Pleistocene avifauna from northwestern Alabama. Science Series, Los Angeles Museum of Natural History, Science, and Art 36:307-318
Common Name(s) Buntings, Cardinals, Tanagers, Gorzen, Fältsparvar, Ob. Fältsparv, Buntings, New World Sparrows & Allies, Busksporvfamilien, Buskspurvfamilien, American Sparrows, Buntings, Emberizid Finches, New World Sparrows, Towhees
Wikipediahttps://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Emberizidae

External Images

Fossil Distribution

Subtaxa

NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Thraupinae
subfamily
listed (PBDB)0 Ma
Extant
Aimophila
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Ammodramus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
61.81 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Amphispiza
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
10.30 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Arremon
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Arremonops
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Artemisiospiza
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Atlapetes
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Buserinus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Calamospiza
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
10.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Chlorospingus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Chondestes
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Lark Sparrow31.80 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Cremaster
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
20.13 Ma
Pleistocene
0.13 Ma
Pleistocene
Emberiza
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
218.70 Ma
Miocene
0 Ma
Extant
Gubernatrix
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Junco
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Junco81.81 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Melospiza
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
101.81 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Melozone
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
10.30 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Oriturus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pandanaris
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
30.30 Ma
Pleistocene
0.13 Ma
Pleistocene
Passerculus
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Savannah Sparrows51.81 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Passerella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
31.80 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Pedinorhis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Peucaea
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pezopetes
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Piezorhina
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pipilo
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Towhee310.78 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Pooecetes
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
20.30 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Porphyrospiza
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Pselliophorus
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Rhynchospiza
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Spizella
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
71.80 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant
Spizelloides
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Torreornis
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Xenospiza
genus
accepted (GBIF)No associated record in PBDB
Zonotrichia
genus
accepted (GBIF)
listed (PBDB)
Sparrow141.81 Ma
Pleistocene
0 Ma
Extant

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1831Emberizidae Vigors
1984Emberizinae Mead et al. p. 264
1992Emberizidae Emslie p. 264
1992Emberizidae Guthrie p. 324
1992Emberizidae Parmalee p. 316
2017Emberizidae Clements et al.

References

Parmalee P. W. (1992) A late Pleistocene avifauna from northwestern Alabama, Science Series, Los Angeles Museum of Natural History, Science, and Art 36, 307-318
Mead J. I., Roth E. L., et al (1984) The Late Wisconsinan vertebrate fauna from Deadman Cave, southern Arizona, Transactions of the San Diego Society of Natural History 20 14, 247-276
Emslie S. D. (1992) Two new late Blancan avifaunas from Florida and the extinction of wetland birds in the Plio-Pleistocene, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 36, 249-269
Guthrie D. A. (1992) A late Pleistocene avifauna from San Miguel Island, California, Science Series (Los Angeles) 36, 319-327
Clements J. F., Schulenberg T. S., et al (2017) , The eBird/Clements checklist of birds of the world: v2017
Gärdenfors, Ulf, Hall, Ragnar, Hallingbäck, Tomas, Hansson, Hans G. & Hedström, Lars (2003) Djur, svampar och växter i Sverige 2003. Förteckning över antal arter per familj. ArtDatabanken Rapporterar 5, ArtDatabanken, Uppsala. (reviderad excelfil med svenska djurfamiljer). - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Murariu, D. (2010) Systematic list of the Romanian vertebrate fauna. Travaux du Muséum National d’Histoire Naturelle “Grigore Antipa” LIII: 377–411 - via Dyntaxa. Svensk taxonomisk databas
Dickinson, Edward C., ed., 2003: null. The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World, 3rd Edition. 1039. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Woehler E.J. (compiler) 2006. Species list prepared for SCAR/IUCN/BirdLife International Workshop on Antarctic Regional Seabird Populations, March 2005, Cambridge, UK. - via World Register of Marine Species
Banks, R. C., R. W. McDiarmid, and A. L. Gardner, 1987: Checklist of Vertebrates of the United States, the U.S. Territories, and Canada. Resource Publication, no. 166. 79. - via Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
Benton, M.J. (ed). (1993). The Fossil Record 2. Chapman & Hall, London, 845 pp. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Parker, S.P. (ed). (1982). Synopsis and Classification of Living Organisms. McGraw-Hill, New York. 2 volumes. - via The Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
 
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