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Source Data
Global Biodiversity Information Facility ID (GBIF)Not linked to a GBIF record.
PaleoBioDB ID (PBDB)35703
Rankgenus (PBDB)
Taxonomy (PBDB)Life : Animalia : Chordata : Actinopteri : Gadiformes : Bregmacerotidae : Bregmaceros
-OpisthokontaCavalier-Smith 1987
-TriploblasticaLankester 1877
-NephrozoaJondelius et al. 2002
-DeuterostomiaGrobben 1908
phylumChordataHaeckel 1847
subphylumVertebrataLamarck 1801
superclassGnathostomataGegenbauer 1874
-TeleosteomorphaArratia et al. 2004
-ClupeocephalaPatterson and Rosen 1977
-NeoteleosteiRosen 1973
orderGadiformesGoodrich 1909
genusBregmacerosThompson 1840
Opinions (PBDB)
Bregmacerosgenusbelongs to Bregmacerotidaestated without evidenceDavid, 1956
Bregmacerosgenusbelongs to Gadiformessecond handSepkoski, 2002
Bregmacerosgenusbelongs to Bregmacerotidaestated without evidenceGaudant et al., 2005
Bregmacerosgenusbelongs to Bregmacerotidaestated with evidenceSchwarzhans, 2007
Bregmacerosgenusbelongs to Bregmacerotidaestated without evidenceGaudant and Courme, 2014
Status (PBDB)extant
Taxon Size (PBDB)7
Extant Size (PBDB)2 (29%)
First Recorded Appearance48.6 - 41.3 Ma
Environmentmarine (based on Vertebrata)
Motilityactively mobile (based on Gadiformes)
Dietcarnivore (based on Gadiformes)
Taphonomyphosphatic (based on Vertebrata)
Primary Reference (PBDB)J. J. Sepkoski, Jr. 2002. A compendium of fossil marine animal genera. Bulletins of American Paleontology 363:1-560

Fossil Distribution


NameStatusCommon Name(s)Fossil OccurrencesOldestYoungest
Bregmaceros albyi
listed (PBDB)1623.0 Ma
2.59 Ma
Bregmaceros cantori
listed (PBDB)Striped Codlet0 Ma
Bregmaceros felkeri
listed (PBDB)147.8 Ma
47.8 Ma
Bregmaceros filamentosus
listed (PBDB)448.6 Ma
33.9 Ma
Bregmaceros kreyenhagus
listed (PBDB)348.6 Ma
48.6 Ma
Bregmaceros troelli
listed (PBDB)348.6 Ma
38.0 Ma

Synonymy List

YearName and Author
1840Bregmaceros Thompson
1956Bregmaceros David p. 570
1962Bregmaceros Danilt'chenko p. 117
1965Bregmaceros Frizzell and Dante p. 698
1983Bregmaceros Nolf and Steurbaut p. 162
1992Bregmaceros Nolf and Bajpai p. 200
1998Bregmaceros Stringer p. 150
YearName and Author
2002Bregmaceros Sepkoski, Jr.
2005Bregmaceros Gaudant et al. p. 692
2006Bregmaceros Girone et al. p. 656
2007Bregmaceros Schwarzhans p. 315
2014Bregmaceros Gaudant and Courme p. 208
2017Bregmaceros Lin et al. p. 21


Sepkoski, Jr. J. J. (2002) A compendium of fossil marine animal genera, Bulletins of American Paleontology 363, 1-560
David L. R. (1956) Tertiary Anacanthin Fishes from California and the Pacific Northwest; Their\r\nPaleoecological Significance, Journal of Paleontology 30 30, 568-607
Danilt'chenko P. G. (1962) Fishes from the Dabakhanian Formation of Georgia, Paleontologischeskii Zhurnal 1, 111-126
Frizzell D. L., Dante J. H. (1965) Otoliths of some early Cenozoic fishes of the Gulf Coast, Journal of Paleontology 39 4, 687-718
Nolf D., Steurbaut E. (1983) Revision des otolithes de teleosteens du Tortonien stratotypique et de Montegibbio (Miocene Superieur d'Italie Septentrionale), Mededelingen van de Werkgroep voor Tertiaire en Kwartaire Geologie 20 4, 143-197
Nolf D., Bajpai S. (1992) Marine middle Eocene fish otoliths from India and Java, Bulletin de I'lnstitut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique, Sciences de la Terre 62, 195-221
Stringer G. L. (1998) Otolith-based fishes form the Bowden Shell Bed (Pliocene) of Jamaica: Systematics and Palaeoecology, Contributions to Tertiary and Quaternary Geology 35 1-4, 147-160
Gaudant J., Tsaparas N., et al (2005) The Tortonian fish fauna of Gavdos Island (Greece), Comptes Rendus Palevol 4, 687-695 doi:10.1016/j.crpv.2005.08.003
Girone A., Nolf D., et al (2006) Pleistocene fish otoliths from the Mediterranean Basin: a synthesis, Geobios 39, 651-671
Schwarzhans W. (2007) The otoliths from the middle Eocene of Osteroden near Bramsche, north-western Germany, Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie 244 3, 299-369 doi:10.1127/0077-7749/2007/0244-0299
Gaudant J., Courme M.-D. (2014) A new Pliocene marine fish fauna from north-western Cyprus, with a micropalaeontological account, Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie 272 2, 205-212 doi:10.1127/0077-7749/2014/0406
Lin C.-H., Brzobohaty R., et al (2017) Tortonian teleost otoliths from northern Italy: taxonomic synthesis and stratigraphic significance, European Journal of Taxonomy 322, 1-44 doi:10.5852/ejt.2017.322
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
Data courtesy of: PBDB: The Paleobiology Database, Creative Commons CC-BY licenced. , GBIF: the Global Biodiversity Information Facility, various licences, iDigBio, various licences, and EOL: The Encyclopedia of Life (Open Data Public Domain). Because fossils are made of minerals too!
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