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Nickel-iron

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Name:Taken from the composition


Dana 7 gave this species name to the series of face centred cubic nickel iron alloys with an iron content ranging from 0 to 75%. It encompassed the high nickel terrestrials: Awaruite, Josephinite, Souesite, and Bobrovkite; as well as the low nickel meteorites: Edmonsonite, Taenite, and the mixture Plessite. Contemporary usage breaks the series into low nickel Taenite, high nickel Awaruite, and nearly pure Nickel.

Classification of Nickel-iron

Explanation of status:Late 20th century mineralogy suggests more than one species per series and since the low nickel members were extraterrestial and high nickel members were terrestrial, the split seemed natural and the species name for the series abandoned. Now the series has three valid species: Taenite, Awaruite, and Nickel
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Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Nickel-iron

Reference List:

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Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 117-118.

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  • Localities for Nickel-iron

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Algeria
     
    • Adrar Province
    Bischoff, A., Palme, H., Geiger, T. & Spettel, B. (1992) Mineralogy and Chemistry of the EL-Chondritic Melt Rock Ilafegh-009 (Abstract): LPSC XXIII: page 105. (March 1992); McCoy, T. J. et al. (1995) Origin and history of impact-melt rocks of enstatite chondrite parentage: Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 59 (1): 161-175. (Feb 1995)
    Antarctica
     
    • Buckley Island quadrangle
      • Lewis Cliff
    Delaney, J. S. & Sutton, S. R. (1988) Lewis Cliff 86010, an ADORable Antarctican: Abstracts of the Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XIX: p. 265. (March 1988)
    • Eastern Antarctica
      • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
        • Queen Fabiola Mts (Yamato Mts)
    Lin, Y. & Kimura, M. (1998) Petrographic and mineralogical study of new EH melt rocks and a new enstatite chondrite grouplet: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33(3): 501-511. (May 1998)
      • Transantarctic Mts
        • Pecora Escarpment
          • LaPaz Icefield
    Satterwhite, C. & Righter, K. [eds.] (2004) Petrographic Descriptions. Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 27(1), pp. 8, 16. (Feb 2004); Izawa, M. R. M., King, P. L., Flemming, R. L., Peterson, R. C. & McCausland, P. J. A. (2010) Mineralogical and spectroscopic investigation of enstatite chondrites by X-ray diffraction and infrared reflectance spectroscopy. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets 115 (E7): 18 pages. (July 2010)
      • Victoria Land
        • Allan Hills
    Score, R., Schwarz, C. M., King, T. V. V., Mason, H., Bogard, D. D. & Gabel, E. M. (1981) Antarctic Meteorite Descriptions: 1976-1977-1978-1979. Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 4 (1), JSC, Houston. (Feb 1981)
    Brian Mason (1978) Antarctic Meteorite Data Sheet, ALHA77397: Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 1 (3). (Nov 1978)
    Score, R. & Lindstrom, M. [eds](1996) Petrographic Descriptions: Antarctic Meteorite Newsletter 19 (1). (Feb 1996); Weisberg, M. K., Prinz, M. & Nehru, C. E. (1997) QUE 94204 - an EH-chondritic melt rock (Conference Paper): Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XXVIII, pdf#1358: 525-526. (March 1997); Enstatite; Calcite, Clinoenstatite, Cristobalite, Daubréelite, Goethite, Gypsum, Nickel-iron, Plagioclase, Kamacite, Schreibersite , Troilite; van Niekerk, D., Keil, K. & Humayan, M. (2014) Petrogenesis of anomalous Queen Alexandra Range enstatite meteorites and their relation to enstatite chondrites, primitive enstatite achondrites, and aubrites: Meteoritics & Planetary Science 49 (3): 295-312. (March 2014)
    Azerbaijan
     
    • Naxçıvan District (Naxcivan; Nakhichevan)
      • Shusha
    http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/roedderite.pdf.; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Brazil
     
    • Rio de Janeiro
      • Angra dos Reis
        • Ilha Grande
    Prinz, M., Keil, K., Hlava, P. F., Berkely, J. L., Gomes, C. B. & Curvello, W. S. (1977) Studies of Brazilian meteorites. III - Origin and history of the Angra DOS Reis achondrite: Earth and Planetary Science Letters 35 (2): 317-330. (June 1977)
    Canada
     
    • Yukon Territory
      • Whitehorse Mining District
        • Carcross
          • Tagish Lake
    Zolensky, T., Nakamura, K. & Gounelle,M., Mikouchi,T., Tachikawa. O. & Tonui E. (2002). Phyllosilicate-rich Micrometeorites and Their Origins: Implication from Comparison of Mineralogy of Tagish Lake: An ungrouped type 2 carbonaceous Chondrite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 37(5), 737-761. (May 2002.)
    Chile
     
    • Antofagasta Region
      • Antofagasta Province
        • Taltal
    http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php
    Germany
     
    • North Rhine-Westphalia
      • Münsterland
        • Steinfurt
          • Ibbenbüren
    Gooley, R. & Moore, C. B. ( 1976) Native metal in diogenite meteorites: American Mineralogist 61 (5/6, Part I): 373-378. (May-June 1976)
    India
     
    • Madhya Pradesh
    Jones, R. H. (1990) Petrology and Petrology of Type II, FeO-rich chondrules in Semarkona (LL3.0). Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 54 (6), 1985-1802. (June 1990)
    Kenya
     
    • Rift Valley Province
    Schulze, H. & Otto, J. (1993) Rumuruti: A New Carlisle Lakes-type Chondrite, Meteoritics 28 (3): 433. (July 1993)
    Morocco
     
    Fintor, K., Walter, H. & Nagy, Sz. (2013) Petrographic and Micro-Raman Analysis of Chondrules and (Ca, Al)-Rich Inclusions of NWA 2086 CV3 Type Carbonaceous Chondrite: Lunar and Planetary Science Conference XLIV. LPI Contribution No. 1719, p.1152. (March 2013)
    http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php = Meteoritical Bulletin Database
    http://www.lpi.usra.edu/meteor/metbull.php
    Oman
     
    • Dhofar Province (Al Janubiyah Province)
    Russell, S. S., Zipfel, J., Grossman, J. N., & Grady, M. M. (2002). The meteoritical bulletin, no. 86, 2002 July. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 37(S5), A157-A184.
    Spain
     
    • Andalusia
      • Granada
    www.meteoriticalsociety.org/bulletin/mb78.html
    • Aragón
      • Huesca
    Gooley, R. & Moore, C. B. ( 1976) Native metal in diogenite meteorites: American Mineralogist 61 (5/6, Part I): 373-378. (May-June 1976)
    Switzerland
     
    • Fribourg (Freiburg)
      • Ulmiz
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 500
    • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
      • Schanfig Valley
        • Langwies
    Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 500
    UK
     
    • Wales
      • Gwynedd (Caernarvonshire)
        • Clynnog
    Benedix, G. K., McCoy, T. J., Keil, K., Bogard, D. D. & Garrison, D. H. (1998) A petrologic and isotopic study of winonaites: evidence for early partial melting, brecciation, and metamorphism. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 62 (14): 2535-2553. (July 1998)
    Ukraine
     
    • Zakarpats'ka Oblast' (Transcarpathian Oblasť; Zakarpattia)
      • Rakhivskiy Raion
        • Kvasy
    Keidel, W. (1965): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 11, 487-506
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Coconino Co.
        • Flagstaff
          • Elden Mountain area
    Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 10.
        • Winona
    Mason, B. & Jarosewich, E. (1967) The Winona meteorite. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 31 (6): 1097-1099. (June 1967); Floss, C., Crozaz, G., Jolliff, B., Benedix, G. & Colton, S. (2008) Evolution of the winonaite parent body: Clues from silicate mineral trace element distributions. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 43 (4): 657-674. (April 2008)
        • Winslow
    Rob Lavinsky
    • California
      • Del Norte Co.
        • Klamath Mts
    Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 834pp.: 118.
      • Kern Co.
        • San Emigdio Mts
    Merrill, George Perkins (1888), On a new meteorite from the San Emigdio Range, San Bernardino County, California: American Journal of Science, 3rd. series: 35: 490-491
      • San Bernardino Co.
        • Valley Wells
    Reeds, Chester Albert (1937), Catalog of meteorites: American Museum of Natural History Bulletin 73, Art. 6: 633-634; Coulson, A.L. (1940), Catalogue of meteorites: Geological Survey Of India Memoirs 75: 220.; eonard, Frederick Charles (1944), The identity of the Windmill Station with that of the “Valley Wells”, California aerolite fall: Contributions of the Society for Research on Meteorites: 3: 174-175; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 60.
    • Colorado
      • Kit Carson Co.
    Mason, B. H. (1966). The Enstatite Chondrites. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 30, 23-30. (Jan 1966).
    • Kansas
      • Sheridan Co.
        • Township of West Saline
    Farrington, Oliver C., Catalogue of the meteorites of North America, to January 1, 1909.
    • Maine
      • Hancock Co.
        • Castine
    www.maine.gov/doc/nrimc/mgs/explore/minerals/sites/mar99.htm
    • Nebraska
      • Cass Co.
    Olsen, E. J., Huss, G. I. & Jarosewich, E. . (1988) The Eagle, Nebraska enstatite chondrite (EL6). Meteoritics 23(4): 379-380. (Dec 1988)
    • New Mexico
      • Roosevelt Co.
    John L. Berkley, H. G. Brown, Klaus Keil, N. L. Carter, J.-C C. Mercier & Gary Huss (1976). The Kenna ureilite: An ultramafic rock with evidence for igneous, metamorphic and shock origin. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 40: 1429-1437.
    • New York
      • Rockland Co.
        • Harriman State Park
          • Grape Swamp Mountain
    Lenik, E.J. (1996) Iron Mine Trails (New York-New Jersey Trail Conference)
    • Oklahoma
      • Caddo Co.
    Conference Paper, 28th Annual Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, p. 409.
    • Texas
      • Fort Bend Co.
    www.meteorites.com.au
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