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Bismutohauchecornite

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Formula:
Ni9Bi2S8
System:
Tetragonal
Colour:
Bronze-yellow
Hardness:
4½ - 5½
Name:
For bismuth and relation to hauchecornite.
Hauchecornite Group.
See also the chemically related parkerite.

Classification of Bismutohauchecornite

Approved
2.BB.10

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
B : With Ni
3.2.5.2

3 : SULFOSALTS
2 : ø = 4
5.8.13

5 : Sulphosalts - Sulpharsenites and Sulphobismuthites (those containing Sn, Ge,or V are in Section 6)
8 : Sulpharsenites etc. of Mn, Fe, Co and Ni
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First Recorded Occurrence of Bismutohauchecornite

Place of Conservation of First Recorded Material:
A.E. Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia, 77168.
Year of Discovery:
1980
Associated Minerals at First Recorded Locality:

Occurrences of Bismutohauchecornite

Geological Setting:
Hydrothermal veins.

Physical Properties of Bismutohauchecornite

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Bronze-yellow
Hardness (Mohs):
4½ - 5½
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN10=360 - 392 kg/mm2
Comment:
(Source of 5.5 figure unknown, and unlikely to correspond to VHN data.)
Density:
6.25 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Bismutohauchecornite

Crystal System:
Tetragonal
Class (H-M):
4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) - Ditetragonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P4/mmm
Space Group Setting:
P4/mmm
Cell Parameters:
a = 7.37Å, c = 5.88Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.798
Unit Cell Volume:
V 319.38 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Elongated tabular crystals, grains, massive.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
4.34 (60)
3.67 (50)
2.80 (100)
2.40 (60)
2.32 (60)
1.867 (80)
1.808 (40)
Comments:
Oktyabr mine, Russia.

Optical Data of Bismutohauchecornite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Weak
Pleochroism:
Visible

Chemical Properties of Bismutohauchecornite

Formula:
Ni9Bi2S8
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Oktyabr mine, Russia; by electron microprobe.
Ni (43.6)
Fe (0.2)
Co (0.8)
As (0.5)
Bi (33.9)
S (21.4)
Total (100.4)
Empirical Formula:
(Ni8.90Co0.16Fe0.04)(Bi1.94As0.08)S8.00
Common Impurities:
Fe,Co,Pb,As

Relationship of Bismutohauchecornite to other Species

Structurally related to group(s):
2.BB.HoromaniteFe6Ni3S8
2.BB.SamaniiteCu2Fe5Ni2S8
2.BB.UM2007-27-S:CuFeIrNiRh(Ni,Fe,Cu,Rh,Ir)11S9
2.BB.05HeazlewooditeNi3S2
2.BB.05OregoniteNi2FeAs2
2.BB.05Vozhminite(Ni,Co)4(As,Sb)S2
2.BB.05UM2007-30-S:FeFe3S2
2.BB.10ArsenohauchecorniteNi18Bi3AsS16
2.BB.10HauchecorniteNi9Bi(Sb,Bi)S8
2.BB.10TellurohauchecorniteNi9Bi(Te,Bi)S8
2.BB.10TučekiteNi9Sb2S8
2.BB.15ArgentopentlanditeAg(Fe,Ni)8S8
2.BB.15Cobaltpentlandite(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
2.BB.15Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
2.BB.15Godlevskite(Ni,Fe)9S8
2.BB.15Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8
2.BB.15Manganoshadlunite(Mn,Pb,Cd)(Cu,Fe)8S8
2.BB.15Pentlandite(Fe,Ni)9S8
2.BB.15Shadlunite(Pb,Cd)(Fe,Cu)8S8
2.BB.15SugakiiteCu(Fe,Ni)8S8
2.BB.15UM2002-26-S:FeNi(Ni,Fe)9S8
5.8.1SamsoniteAg4MnSb2S6
5.8.2UchucchacuaiteAgMnPb3Sb5S12
5.8.3BenavidesitePb4(Mn,Fe)Sb6S14
5.8.4BerthieriteFeSb2S4
5.8.5JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
5.8.6Parajamesonite
5.8.7GaravelliteFeSbBiS4
5.8.8IzoklakeitePb27(Cu,Fe,Ag)2(Sb,Bi)19S57
5.8.9MiharaiteCu4FePbBiS6
5.8.10Sakharovaite
5.8.11ArsenohauchecorniteNi18Bi3AsS16
5.8.12TučekiteNi9Sb2S8
5.8.14ParkeriteNi3Bi2S2
5.8.15HauchecorniteNi9Bi(Sb,Bi)S8
5.8.16TellurohauchecorniteNi9Bi(Te,Bi)S8
5.8.17LapieiteNiCuSbS3
5.8.18MückeiteNiCu(Bi,Sb)S3
5.8.19Vozhminite(Ni,Co)4(As,Sb)S2

Other Names for Bismutohauchecornite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Bismutohauchecornite

Reference List:
American Mineralogist: 66: 436.

Watkinson, D.H., Heslop, J.B. and Ewert, W.D. (1975): Nickel sulphide-arsenide assemblages associated with uranium mineralization, Zimmer Lake area, northern Saskatchewan. Canadian Mineralogist, 13, 198–204.

Kovalenker, V.A., Evstigneeva, T.L., Begizov, V.D., Vyal'sov, L.N., Smirnov, A.V., Krakovetskii, Y.K. and Balbin, V.S. (1978): Hauchecornite from copper-nickel ores of the Oktyabr'skoe deposit. Trudy Min. muzeya Akad. Nauk SSSR, 26, 201–205 (in Russian).

Just, J. (1980): Bismutohauchecornite — new name: hauchecornite redefined. Mineralogical Magazine, 43, 873–876.

Internet Links for Bismutohauchecornite

Localities for Bismutohauchecornite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Frohnleiten
      • Kirchdorf
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1666) Ein vorläufiger Bericht über seltene Ni- und Cr-Mineralien vom Kirchdorftunnel der Brucker Schnellstraße, Steiermark. Pp. 250-252 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
Canada
 
  • Saskatchewan
    • Athabasca Basin
WATKINSON, D.H., HESLOP, J.B. & EWERT, W.D. (1975) Nickel sulphide-arsenide assemblages associated with uranium mineralization, Zimmer Lake area, Northern Saskatchewan. Canadian Mineralogist 13, 198-204.
China
 
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Tongbai Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997)
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chugoku Region
      • Okayama Prefecture
        • Ihara City (Ibara City)
          • Higashi-Mihara
Soeda et al. (1985) Sanko-Gakkai Kouen-Youshi, 126.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
          • Noril'sk
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
Trudy Min. Muzeya AN SSSR,(1977) 26, 201-205; Geology of Ore Deposits (2009) 50:755-762
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
        • Pechengsky District
Anatoly Kasatkin analytical data
Mineral and/or Locality  
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