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Cobaltpentlandite

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Formula:
(Co,Ni,Fe)
 
9
S
 
8
System:IsometricColour:Yellow
Lustre:MetallicHardness:4 - 4½
Member of:Pentlandite Group
Name:For its cobalt content and relation to pentlandite.

Classification of Cobaltpentlandite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:2/B.16-20
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:2.BB.15

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
B : Metal Sulfides, M: S > 1: 1 (mainly 2: 1)
B : With Ni
Dana 8th edition ID:2.7.1.3

2 : SULFIDES
7 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Hey's CIM Ref.:3.10.1

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
10 : Sulphides etc. of Co
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Type Occurrence of Cobaltpentlandite

Type Locality:Varislahti deposit, Outokumpu Cu-Co-Zn-Ni-Ag-Au ore field, Eastern Finland Region, Finland
Year of Discovery:1959

Occurrences of Cobaltpentlandite

Geological Setting:Hydrothermal veins.

Physical Properties of Cobaltpentlandite

Lustre:Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Opaque
Colour:Yellow
Hardness (Mohs):4 - 4½
Hardness (Vickers):VHN100=278 - 332 kg/mm2
Cleavage:Distinct/Good
on {100}
Density (calculated):5.22 g/cm3

Crystallography of Cobaltpentlandite

Crystal System:Isometric
Class (H-M):m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:Fm3m
Space Group Setting:Fm3m
Cell Parameters:a = 9.973Å
Unit Cell Volume:V 991.92 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:4
Morphology:Exolved lammellae, crystals under 4mm.

Optical Data of Cobaltpentlandite

Type:Isotropic
Colour in reflected light:Slightly lighter bronze-yellow as compared to pentlandite

Chemical Properties of Cobaltpentlandite

Formula:
(Co,Ni,Fe)
 
9
S
 
8
Simplified for copy/paste:(Co,Ni,Fe)9S8
Essential elements:Co, S
All elements listed in formula:Co, Fe, Ni, S
Common Impurities:Fe,Ni

Relationship of Cobaltpentlandite to other Species

Series:Forms a series with Pentlandite (see here)
Member of:Pentlandite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Argentopentlandite
Ag(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
8
Pentlandite
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
8
Sugakiite
Cu(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
8
Common Associates:
PyriteMarcasitePyrrhotiteTroiliteCubanite
LinnaeiteSiegeniteParkeriteBravoiteLangisite
Magnetite
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
2.BB.Horomanite
Fe
 
6
Ni
 
3
S
 
8
2.BB.Samaniite
Cu
 
2
Fe
 
5
Ni
 
2
S
 
8
2.BB.UM2007-27-S:CuFeIrNiRh
(Ni,Fe,Cu,Rh,Ir)
 
11
S
 
9
2.BB.05Heazlewoodite
Ni
 
3
S
 
2
2.BB.05Oregonite
Ni
 
2
FeAs
 
2
2.BB.05Vozhminite
(Ni,Co)
 
4
(As,Sb)S
 
2
2.BB.05UM2007-30-S:Fe
Fe
 
3
S
 
2
2.BB.10Arsenohauchecornite
Ni
 
18
Bi
 
3
AsS
 
16
2.BB.10Bismutohauchecornite
Ni
 
9
Bi
 
2
S
 
8
2.BB.10Hauchecornite
Ni
 
9
Bi(Sb,Bi)S
 
8
2.BB.10Tellurohauchecornite
Ni
 
9
Bi(Te,Bi)S
 
8
2.BB.10Tučekite
Ni
 
9
Sb
 
2
S
 
8
2.BB.15Argentopentlandite
Ag(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
8
2.BB.15Geffroyite
(Cu,Fe,Ag)
 
9
(Se,S)
 
8
2.BB.15Godlevskite
(Ni,Fe)
 
9
S
 
8
2.BB.15Kharaelakhite
(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
8
2.BB.15Manganoshadlunite
(Mn,Pb,Cd)(Cu,Fe)
 
8
S
 
8
2.BB.15Pentlandite
(Fe,Ni)
 
9
S
 
8
2.BB.15Shadlunite
(Pb,Cd)(Fe,Cu)
 
8
S
 
8
2.BB.15Sugakiite
Cu(Fe,Ni)
 
8
S
 
8
2.BB.15UM2002-26-S:FeNi
(Ni,Fe)
 
9
S
 
8
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
3.10.2Linnaeite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
S
 
4
3.10.3Cattierite
CoS
 
2
3.10.4Freboldite
CoSe
3.10.5Bornhardtite
Co
2+
 
Co
3+
2
Se
 
4
3.10.6Trogtalite
CoSe
 
2
3.10.7Hastite
3.10.8Mattagamite
CoTe
 
2
3.10.9Modderite
(Co,Fe)As
3.10.10Safflorite
CoAs
 
2
3.10.11Clinosafflorite
CoAs
 
2
3.10.12Skutterudite
(Co,Fe,Ni)As
 
2-3
3.10.13Cobaltite
CoAsS
3.10.14Paracostibite
CoSbS
3.10.15Costibite
CoSbS
3.10.16Alloclasite
Co
 
1-x
Fe
 
x
AsS
3.10.17Glaucodot
(Co
 
0.50
Fe
 
0.50
)AsS
3.10.18Carrollite
Cu(Co,Ni)
 
2
S
 
4

Other Names for Cobaltpentlandite

Other Languages:
German:Kobalt-Pentlandit
Simplified Chinese:钴镍黄铁矿

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cobaltpentlandite

Reference List:

- +
Kuova, O., Huhma, M., and Vuorelainen, Y. (1959) A natural cobalt analog of pentlandite. American Mineralogist: 44: 897-900.

Gellers, S. (1962) Refinement of the crystal structure of Co9S8. Acta Crystallographica: 15: 1195-1198.

Stumpfl, E.F. and Clark, E.M. (1964) A natural occurrence of Co9S8, identified by X-ray microanalysis. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1964: 240-245.

American Mineralogist (1965): 50: 2107.

Petruk, W., Harris, D.C., and Stewart, J.M. (1969) Langisite, a new mineral, and the rare minerals cobalt pentlandite, siegenite, parkerite, and bravoite from the Langis mine, Cobalt-Gowganda area, Ontario, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 9: 597-605.

Canadian Mineralogist (1975): 13: 75-78.

Mozgova, N.N., Krasnov, S.G., Batuyev, B.N. Borodaev, Y.S., Efimov, A.V., Markov, V.F., and Stephanova, T.V. (1996) The first report of cobalt pentlandite from a Mid-Atlantic Ridge hydrothermal deposit. Canadian Mineralogist: 34: 23-28.

Internet Links for Cobaltpentlandite

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  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Cobalt-Pentlandite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
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  • Localities for Cobaltpentlandite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    • Mendoza
    Brodtkorb (2002): Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina
    Atlantic Ocean
     
    • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
    Canadian Mineralogist: 34: 23-28.
    Australia
     
    • New South Wales
      • Cunningham Co.
        • Fifield
    5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
    • Tasmania
      • Heazlewood district
    Frank Keutsch Collection
    • Western Australia
      • Wiluna Shire
        • Lake Way Station
    Grguric, B.A., Seat, Z., Karpuzov, A.A., Simonov, O.N. (2013) The West Jordan deposit, a newly-discovered Type 2 dunite-hosted nickel sulphide system in the northern Agnew-Wiluna Belt, Western Australia. Ore Geology Reviews, Vol. 51, pg. 79-92
    Austria
     
    • Carinthia
      • Gurktaler Alpen
        • St Veit an der Glan
          • Kraig
    Reimann, C. (1980): Erzmikroskopische, mineralogische und petrochemische Untersuchungen im Gebiet der Gurktaler Alpen. Berg- und Hüttenmännische Monatshefte 125, 595-598.
    • Styria
      • Knittelfeld
        • St Lorenzen bei Knittelfeld
    Kollegger, P., Mogessie, A. & Mali, H. (2008): Geochemie und Vererzung im Kraubath-Massiv, südöstlich von Kraubath an der Mur, Steiermark, Österreich. Joannea Mineralogie 4, 53-97.
    Brazil
     
    • Pará
      • Carajás mineral province
        • Marabá
    Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
        • Parauapebas
    Monteiro, L.V.S., Xavier, R.P., de Carvalho, E.R., Hitzman, M.W., Johnson, C.A., de Souza Filho, C.R., and Torresi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 129-159.
    Canada
     
    • Ontario
      • Thunder Bay District
    Currie (1980)
      • Timiskaming District
        • Cobalt-Gowganda region
    [www.ontariominerals.com]
            • Casey Township
    Canadian Mineralogist (1969): 9: 597-605.; Petruk (1971): The Silver-Arsenide Deposits of the Cobalt-Gowganda Region, Ontario. Can. Mineral. 11, 226; Can Mineral December 1971 v. 11 no. 1 p. 108-139; Ann P. Sabina (1974) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleferre-Timmins; Ontario and Quebec. Canadian Geological Survey Paper 73-13
    • Québec
      • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
        • Rouyn-Noranda TE
    Handbook of Mineralogy
      • Montérégie
        • Vaudreuil-Soulanges RCM
          • Vaudreuil-Dorion
    Bowen, 1922; Harnois & Mineau, 1991
    China
     
    • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
      • Liuzhou Prefecture
        • Rongshui Co.
          • Yuanbao Mts (Yuanbaoshan)
    Jianchun Lu and Youde Huang (1988): Mineral Deposits 7(3), 29-41
    • Hainan Province (Hainan Island)
      • Changjiang Co.
    Jinjie Yu, Junping Ren, Fuxiong Chen, Yonghui Wang, Jiang Liang, and Linrui Che (2013): Mineral Deposits 32(5), 884-898
    • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Tonghua Prefecture
        • Ji'an Co.
    http://wrgis.wr.usgs.gov/open-file/of03-220/DATABASE/lode_deposits.txt
    • Qinghai Province
      • Golog Autonomous Prefecture (Guoluo Autonomous Prefecture)
        • Maqên Co.
          • Dur'ngoi Ophiolite
    Duan Guolian (1991): Geology and Prospecting 27(2), 20-24; Jingsui Yang and Wenji Bai (1987): Geology and Prospecting 23(5), 7-10
      • Haixi Autonomous Prefecture
        • Golmud Co. (Ge'ermu Co.)
    Zhang Dequan, Wang Yan, Feng Chengyou, Li Daxin, Yan Shenghao, and Cui Yanhe (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(3), 213-222; Chengyou Feng, Dequan Zhang, Hongquan She, Xingyan Dang, Daxin Li, Jinwen Li, and Yanhe Cui (2006): Mineral Deposits 25(5), 544-56
    • Shandong Province
      • Jiaodong Peninsula (Jiaodong Gold Province)
        • Weihai Prefecture
          • Rongcheng Co.
    http://www.ngu.no/FileArchive/165/2003_055.pdf Geological Survey of Norway / The Alice Wain Memorial West Norway Eclogite Field Symposium / Abstract Volume.
    • Shanxi Province
      • Yuncheng Prefecture
        • Jiang Co.
          • Zhongtiaoshan ore field
    Yunqing Zhen, Jisheng Du, Liling Liu, and Yanghu Wang (1992): Geology and Prospecting 28(7), 8-13
        • Yuanqu Co.
          • Zhongtiaoshan ore field
    Yang Weihua (1996): Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Copper Deposits. In: Tu Guangzhi and Xu Zhonglun, eds.: Geochemistry of Strata-Bound Deposits in China. Science Press, Beijing (1996), pp. 470-507.
    Yongrui Zhao and Yunqing Zhen (2006): Journal of Guilin University of Technology 26(3), 310-319
    Finland
     
    • Eastern Finland Region
    Geological Survey of Finland, Metallogenic zones and metallic mineral deposits in Finland; arkisto.gtk.fi/sp/SP35.pdf; Am Min 44, 897.
    Hänninen Esko 1986. Polvijärven Kylylahden malmiesiintymän nalmimineralogiasta. Outokummun aineistot, 070_422403_86.
    American Mineralogist (1959), 44, 897-900
    Geological Survey of Finland 2011. Vuonos - Copper Database
      • Savonlinna
        • Savonranta
    Handbook of Mineralogy; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Hietajärvi - Zinc Database
    • Lapland Region
      • Kittilä
    http://www.gsf.fi/explor/zinc/pahtavuoma.htm
      • Rovaniemi
    Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
    • Northern Finland Region
      • Kuivaniemi
    Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Karahkalehto - Gold Database
      • Kuusamo
    Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Hangaslampi - Gold Database
    Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
    Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
    Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Konttiaho - Gold Database
    Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Kouvervaara - Gold Database
    Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Meurastuksenaho - Gold Database
    Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Säynäjävaara - Gold Database
    Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2008. Sivakkaharju - Gold Database
    France
     
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Hautes-Alpes
        • Saint-Véran area
    A. Sinojmeri, M. Ohnenstetter, Z. Johan : "Nouvelles données sur la clausthalite et les tellurures du gisement de Saint Véran (Hautes Alpes)", Bull. Soc. Fr. Minéral. Cristallogr. , 1987
    Greece
     
    • Epirus Department (Ipeiros)
      • Pindos Mtn
    Handbook of Mineralogy
    • Sterea Hellas Department
      • Fthiótis Prefecture
        • Lamia
          • Othrys Mt ophiolite complex (Othris)
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Greenland
     
    • Tunu Province (East Greenland)
      • Kangerlussuaq Firth
        • Kangerlussuaq complex
    Mineralogical Magazine, August 2004, Vol. 68(4), pp. 615–632
    Iran
     
    • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
      • Nain County (Nayin County)
        • Anarak District
    Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
    Italy
     
    • Piedmont
      • Torino Province
        • Lanzo Valleys
          • Balangero
    Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    Japan
     
    • Hokkaido
      • Kamikawa Province
        • Shimokawa
    Kato & Sato (1963) Kouzan Chishitsu, 13, 30.; Bamba, Takeo (1985) Implication of the Composite Mineralization on the Massive Sulfide Deposits of the Shimokawa Mine. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy;Vol.XXI, No.3 pp 363-404; Schoeman, P. (1996). Overview and comparison of Besshi-type deposits: ancient and recent (Doctoral dissertation, Rhodes University).
    • Honshu Island
      • Chubu Region
        • Aichi prefecture
          • Shinshiro city
    Suzuki J, Ito M, Sugiura T (1976) A new copper sulfate-carbonate hydroxide hydrate mineral, (Mn,Ni,Cu)8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6·48H2O, from Nakauri, Aichi Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogy, Petrology and Economic Geology 71, 183-192
      • Kanto Region
        • Saitama Prefecture
          • Hannou
    Yamada et al (2000) Koubutsu-Gakkai Kou’en-Youshi, 88
    Norway
     
    • Nordland
      • Hemnes
        • Korgen
    Lindahl, I. (1973): Cobalt pentlandite from Kongsfjell, Nordland, and Birtavarre, Northern Troms. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 294, 9-19.
    • Troms
      • Bardu
    Tufar, W. (1967): Die Kupfervererzung vom Gaskasjavri in Troms (Norwegen). Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen 12, 61-99.
      • Kåfjord
        • Kåfjorddalen
    Lindahl, I. (1973): Cobalt pentlandite from Kongsfjell, Nordland, and Birtavarre, Northern Troms. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse. 294, 9-19
    Poland
     
    • Podlaskie
      • Suwałki District
    Nejbert K. 2008: Mineralogy of sulphides in mafic rocks of the Suwałki Anorthosite Massif, NE Poland. Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 32, p. 116
    Kucha H., Kwiecińska B., Piestrzyński A., Wieczorek A. 1979: On the genesis of graphite from magnetite rocks of Krzemianka (NE Poland). Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 10, no 2, 81-88
    Romania
     
    • Caraş-Severin Co.
      • Banat Mts
        • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
          • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
    Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 65(3), pp. 351–372
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Tuva Republic
        • Sayan Mts
          • Eastern Sayan
    Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
    Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
    www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
    • Urals Region
      • Southern Urals
        • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
          • Ufaley District (Ufalei District)
    Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013), Mikhail Uchitel' specimen
    Slovakia
     
    • Banská Bystrica Region
      • Banská Štiavnica Co.
        • Vysoká
    Ozdín D., Uher P., Koděra P. (2013) Prvý výskyt kobaltpentlanditu na Slovensku (Ca-Mg skarn, Vysoka-Zlatno) [First occurrence of cobaltpentlandite in the Slovak Republic (Ca-Mg skarn, Vysoká-Zlatno)]. Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 21, 2, 234-239.
    South Africa
     
    • Mpumalanga Province
      • Ehlanzeni District
        • Barberton
          • Kaapsche Hoop (Kaapsehoop)
    Minerals of South Africa
    Sweden
     
    • Närke
      • Askersund
        • Zinkgruvan
    Bjärnborg, K. (2009): The copper sulphide mineralization of the Zinkgruvan deposit, Bergslagen, Sweden. Examensarbeten i Geologi vid Lunds Universitet- Bergrundsgeologi NR 24,1-6
    • Södermanland
      • Nyköping
        • Tunaberg
    NJMAh 166, 261 ; MinPetr 44, 89; Dobbe, R. T. M. (1991): Tellurides, Selenides and Associated Minerals in the Tunaberg Copper Deposits, SE Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology. 44:89-106
    Dobbe, R. T. M. and Zakrzewski, M. A. (1998): Oenite, CoSbAs, a new mineral species from the Tunaberg Cu–Co–sulfide skarns, Bergslagen, Sweden, The Canadian Mineralogist. 36, 855-860
    • Värmland
      • Filipstad
    Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
    USA
     
    • California
      • Del Norte Co.
        • Klamath Mts
    Gail E. Dunning and Joseph F. Cooper, Jr. (2002) Paragenesis of Troilite from the Low Divide District, Del Norte County, California
            • Low Divide
    California Geology: 48(5):119
    Zambia
     
    • Copperbelt Province
      • Kalulushi District
        • Chambishi
    Cox, D.P., Lindsey, D.A., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Diggles, M.F. (2003): USGS Open-File Report 03-107
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