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Awaruite

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Formula:
Ni3Fe
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Silver White to grayish ...
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
5
Name:
For the locality near Awarua Bay, New Zealand.
This page provides mineralogical data about Awaruite.

Classification of Awaruite

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
1.AE.20

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
E : Iron-chromium family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.17.6
1.1.11.4

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.65

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-439.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Awaruite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geological Survey of New Zealand, Lower Hutt, New Zealand, P21969.
Year of Discovery:
1885

Occurrences of Awaruite

Geological Setting:
River placers, serpentinized peridotites, meteorites

Physical Properties of Awaruite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Silver White to grayish white
Hardness (Mohs):
5
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN50=265 - 380 kg/mm2
Comment:
Higher Ni content is softer
Tenacity:
Malleable
Density:
7.8 - 8.22 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.74(127) g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Awaruite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fm3m
Space Group Setting:
Fm3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.560Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 45.12 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Massive, grains, flakes, pebbles
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.044 (10)
1.772 (6)
1.253 (3)
1.069 (4)
1.023 (1)
0.814 (1)
0.792 (1)
Comments:
Awarua Bay, New Zealand.

Optical Data of Awaruite

Type:
Isotropic
Reflectivity:
400nmR=54.4%
420nmR=56.0%
440nmR=57.6%
460nmR=59.1%
480nmR=60.4%
500nmR=61.4%
520nmR=62.4%
540nmR=63.1%
560nmR=63.8%
580nmR=64.4%
600nmR=64.8%
620nmR=65.2%
640nmR=65.5%
660nmR=65.7%
680nmR=66.1%
700nmR=66.4%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 66.4%.

Chemical Properties of Awaruite

Formula:
Ni3Fe
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
South Fork, Smith River, California, USA.
Ni (76.60)
Fe (21.45)
Co (1.19)
Cu (0.66)
S (0.06)
P (0.04)
Total (100.00)
Common Impurities:
Co,Cu,S,P,Si

Relationship of Awaruite to other Species

1.AE.05MolybdenumMo
1.AE.05ChromiumCr
1.AE.05IronFe
1.AE.05Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.AE.05TungstenW
1.AE.05UM2001-06-E:CrFeNiFe7Cr2Ni
1.AE.10Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.AE.10TetrataeniteFeNi
1.AE.10AntitaeniteFe3Ni
1.AE.15ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.AE.15FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.AE.15WairauiteCoFe
1.AE.25JedwabiteFe7(Ta,Nb)3
1.AE.30ManganeseMn
1.1CopperCu
1.2SilverAg
1.5GoldAu
1.6AuricuprideCu3Au
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
1.8ZincZn
1.9CadmiumCd
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZn
1.12MercuryHg
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2
1.18LuanheiteAg3Hg
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2
1.20IndiumIn
1.21AluminiumAl
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24DiamondC
1.25GraphiteC
1.26ChaoiteC
1.27LonsdaleiteC
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSn
1.30LeadPb
1.31AnyuiiteAu(Pb,Sb)2
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3
1.33ArsenicAs
1.34ArsenolampriteAs
1.35PaxiteCuAs2
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2
1.37DomeykiteCu3As
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
1.41AntimonySb
1.42StibarsenAsSb
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3As
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2
1.48DyscrasiteAg3Sb
1.49BismuthBi
1.50MaldoniteAu2Bi
1.51SulphurS8
1.52RosickýiteS
1.53SeleniumSe
1.54TelluriumTe
1.55ChromiumCr
1.56RheniumRe
1.57IronFe
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNi
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.64TetrataeniteFeNi
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHg
1.68PaolovitePd2Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
1.70CabriitePd2CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite(Pd,Pt,Au)3(Pb,Sn)
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82PlatinumPt
1.83HongshiitePtCu
1.84NiggliitePtSn
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFe
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)
1.1.17.1IronFe
1.1.17.2NickelNi
1.1.17.3Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.1.17.4Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.1.17.5TetrataeniteFeNi
1.1.17.6Hexaferrum(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)

Other Names for Awaruite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Strongly magnetic.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Awaruite

Reference List:
Skey (1885).

Jamieson, G.S. (1905), On the natural iron-nickel alloy, awaruite, American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 19: 413-415; (also: Zeitschr. Kristallographie, Band 41, pp. 157-160, 1905).

Palache C., Berman H., Frondel C. (1944), Dana's system of mineralogy 7th ed., Vol. I, 117-119.

Canadian Mineralogist (1959): 6: 307.

American Mineralogist (1960): 45: 450.[Powder Pat.,Chemistry].

Berry L.G., Thompson R.M. (1962), Geol. Soc. Amer. Mem. 85: 13.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte und Abhandlungen (1967): 107: 241-265.

Ramdohr P. (1969), The ore minerals and their intergrowths, 3rd ed.: 356-357.

Challis G.A. (1975), Mineralogical Magazine: 44, 225-230.

Ahmed Z., Bevan J.C. (1976), Mineralogical Magazine: 40: 247-251 .

Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 647-650.

Ahmed, Z. and Bevan, J.C. (1981) Awaruite, iridian awaruite, and a new Ru-Os-Ir-Ni-Fe alloy from the Sakhakot-Quila complex, Malakand agency, Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine: 44: 225-230.

Bayliss P. (1990): Canadian Mineralogist: 28: 751-755.

Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh & Nichols (1990), Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. I: 38.

American Mineralogist 76 (1991), 1356 [Chemistry].

Canadian Mineralogist 38 (2000), 585 [Chemistry, Optics].

Journal of Alloys and Compounds 343 (2002), 192 [Synthesis,Xl. Structure].

Internet Links for Awaruite

Localities for Awaruite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Antarctica
 
  • Eastern Antarctica
    • Queen Maud Land (Dronning Maud Land)
Prinz, M., Weisberg, M. K., Han, R. & Zolensky, M. E. (1989) Type I and II chondrules in the B7904 carbonaceous chondrite. Meteoritics 24 (4), 317-318. (Dec 1989); Kimura, M. & Ikeda, Y. (1992). Mineralogy and Petrology of an unusual Belgica-7904 Carbonaceous Chondrite: Genetic Relationships among the Components. Proc. NIPR Symp. Antarct. Meteorites 5: 74-119. (March 1992)
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Tinogasta department
      • Fiambalá
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
  • La Rioja
    • Vinchina department
      • Jagüé
Brodtkorb, Milka K. de (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la República Argentina. Tomo I. (Asociación Mineralógica Argentina)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Harden Co.
      • Coolac
Ashley, P. M. (1975): Opaque mineral assemblage formed during serpentinization in the Coolac ultramafic belt, New South Wales. Journal of the Geological Society of Australia 22, 91-102.
  • Tasmania
    • Heazlewood district
Anderson, P., Bottrill, R. & Davidson, P. (2002): Famous mineral localities: The Lord Brassey mine, Tasmania. Mineralogical Record 33, 321-332
    • Rosebery district
Bottrill & Baker in press - Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania
Bottrill, R.S. & Baker, W.E. (2008) A Catalogue of the Minerals of Tasmania. Bull. 73. Tasmanian Geological Survey
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
  • Western Australia
    • Halls Creek Shire
T. P. Pedersen, SCHWERTMANNITE AND AWARUITE AS ALTERATION PRODUCTS IN IRON METEORITES. 62nd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting
    • Wiluna Shire
      • Lake Way Station
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
      • Mount Keith
Nickel Mineralisation in Western Australia by R.J. Marston 1984.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hirt
        • Griesserhof (Gulitzen; Gullitzen)
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Styria
    • Frohnleiten
      • Kirchdorf
Kolitsch, U. & Brandstätter, F. (2010): 1666) Ein vorläufiger Bericht über seltene Ni- und Cr-Mineralien vom Kirchdorftunnel der Brucker Schnellstraße, Steiermark. Pp. 250-252 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
    • Knittelfeld
      • St Lorenzen bei Knittelfeld
Meixner, H. (1959): Kraubather Lagerstättenstudien. V. Die Nickelmineralisation im Kraubather Serpentingebiet. - Berg- und Hüttenmännische Mh. 104, 83-87.
    • Leoben
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Brazil
 
Dr Yohachiro Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Museum of the Geological Survey of Japan, specimen M27828 #1237B.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Lillooet Mining Division
[Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Baie Verte Peninsula
        • Baie Verte
          • Advocate Ophiolite complex
Escayola, M., Garuti, G., Zaccarini, F., Proenza, J.A., Bédard, J.H. & Van Staal, C. (2011) Chromitite and platinum-group-element mineralization at Middle Arm Brook, Advocate Ophiolite complex, Baie Verte Peninsula, Newfoundland, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist 49, 1523-1547.
      • Bay of Islands
Edwards, S.J. (1990) Hartzburgites and refractory melts in the Lewis Hills Massif, Bay of Islands ophiolite complex: the base-metals and precious-metals story. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 537-552.
  • Nunavut Territory
    • Coppermine River area
Am Min 50:682-695; Chamberlain, J. A., McLeod, C. R., Traill, R. J., & Lachance, G. R. (1965). Native metals in the Muskox intrusion. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, 2(3), 188-215.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • Launay
Canadian Mineralogist (1979) 17, 107-109
No reference listed
      • Les Appalaches RCM
        • Saint-Joseph-de-Coleraine
Can Mineral December 1, 1959 vol. 6 no. 3 307-319
Can. Min. 28, 579
        • Thetford Mines
Can Mineral December 1, 1959 vol. 6 no. 3 307-319
          • Black Lake
Can Min. 8, 519; Can Mineral December 1, 1959 vol. 6 no. 3 307-319
Corrivaux, L. & Laflamme, J.H. G. (1990) Minéralogie des éléments du group du platin dans les chromitites de l'ophiolite de Thetford Mines, Québec. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 579-595.
Can. Min. 28, 579.;
Min. Record:20(5):393.; GAUDARD, S. (1993) Voyages au coeur des Appalaches. Published by: Musée Minéralogique et Minier de la région de l’amiante, Thetford Mines, Québec, (pgs 81-90).; Can Mineral June 1, 1966 vol. 8 no. 4 519-522
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. and SPERTINI, F. (2013) The Jeffrey mine, Asbestos, Québec, Canada: A mineralogical review. Mineralogical Record, 44, 375-417.
Can Mineral June 1, 1966 vol. 8 no. 4 519-522
China
 
  • Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region
    • Hechi Prefecture
      • Luocheng Co.
        • Baotan
          • Baotan Cu-Ni ore field
Jingwen Mao and Andao Du (2002): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 45(10), 911-920.
Jingwen Mao and Andao Du (2002): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 45(10), 911-920.
Jingwen Mao and Andao Du (2002): Science in China, Series D (Earth Sciences), 45(10), 911-920.
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Tongbai Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3 (1997)
  • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Tonghua Prefecture
      • Tonghua Co.
Xiangwen Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 689-692
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Hanzhong Prefecture
      • Ningqiang Co.
Xiyue Wang, Huimin Zhang, Sichao Wang, and Yuezhen Wu (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(4), 296-306; Xin, H., Eisenhour, D.D., and Buseck, P.R. (1995): Meteoritics 30(1), 106-109.
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Robinson, P.T., Qingsong Fang, Jingsui Yang, Binggang Yan, Zhongming Zhang, Xufeng Hu, Meifu Zhou, and Malpas, J. (2000): Canadian Mineralogist 38(3), 585-598.
Dominican Republic
 
  • La Vega Province
    • Bonao
Proenza, J. A., Zaccarini, F., Rudashevsky, N., Cabri, L. J., Garuti, G., Rudashevsky, V. N., ... & Bloise, G. Platinum Group Minerals (PGM) in Ni-Laterites from Falcondo (Central Dominican Republic).
  • Monseñor Nouel Province
    • Bonao
Zaccharini et al. (2009): Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 185, 335-349; Proenza, J. A., Zaccarini, F., Lewis, J. F., Longo, F., & Garuti, G. (2007). Chromian spinel composition and the platinum-group minerals of the PGE-rich Loma Peguera chromitites, Loma Caribe peridotite, Dominican Republic. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(3), 631-648.
Ethiopia
 
  • Sidamo-Borana Province
Econ Geology (1993)88:198-202
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Sodankylä
Lamberg, P., Välimaa, J., Parkkinen, J., & Kojonen, K. (2005). Structural, geochemical and magmatic modelling of the early Proterozoic Keivitsa Ni-Cu-PGE deposit in Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract. In 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume.
mutanen Tapani 1997. Geology and ore petrology of Akanvaara nd Koitelainen mafic layered intrusions and the Keivitsa -satovaara layered complex, Northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, bulletin 395. 233s.
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Haute-Loire
      • Auzon
        • Azérat
Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 359-371.
      • Lavoûte-Chilhac
        • Saint-Cirgues
Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 359-371.
      • Torsiac
        • Lanau
Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 359-371.
    • Puy-de-Dôme
      • Jumeaux
        • Champagnat-le-Jeune
Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 359-371.
  • Corsica
    • Haute-Corse
      • Bastia
        • Canari
H. Azais, J. Bouladon, P. Picot, P. Sainfeld : "Le Problème du Nickel dans les Serpentines de Corse", 1968, Bulletin du BRGM
P. Devismes : "Atlas photographique des minéraux d'alluvions", BRGM, 1978
H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
      • Corte
        • Moïta
          • Matra
Picot, P. and Johan, Z. (1977). Atlas des Minéraux Métalliques, BRGM, Elsevier
H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
        • Sermano
H. Azias et al. : "Le problème du nickel dans les serpentinites de Corse", Extrait du Bulletin du BRGM, N°1, 1968
  • Franche-Comté
    • Doubs
      • Ornans
A. J. Brearley (1996). Lunar and Planetary Science, 27, 157-158.
Greece
 
  • Macedonia Department
    • Kozáni Prefecture
      • Kozáni and Grevena prefectures border area
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.
          • Pontini and Chromion area
Filippidis, A. (1996): Chemical variation of olivine in the serpentinite of the central section in the Xerolivado chrome mine of Vourinos, Greece. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 170, 189-205.
Garuti, G. and Zaccarini, F. (1997) In situ alteration of platinum-group minerals at low temperaturte: evidence from serpentinized and weathered chromitite of the Vourinos complex, Greece. Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 611-626.
Greenland
 
  • Qaasuitsup
    • Saviksoah Peninsula
T. P. Pedersen, SCHWERTMANNITE AND AWARUITE AS ALTERATION PRODUCTS IN IRON METEORITES. 62nd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting
Hungary
 
  • Hajdú-Bihar Co.
    • Great Hungarian Plain
      • Kaba
Kimura, M., & Ikeda, Y. (1998). Hydrous and anhydrous alterations of chondrules in Kaba and Mokoia CV chondrites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science, 33(5), 1139-1146.
India
 
  • Jammu and Kashmir
Radhakrishna, T., Rao, V. D., & Rao, J. (1982). Occurrence and Significance of Awaruite in the Dras Ultramafics, Kashmir Himalaya, India. Mineralogical Magazine, 46(341), 483-484.
  • Madhya Pradesh
Zanda, B., Bourot-Denise, M. & Hewins, R. H. (1995) Condensate Sulfide and Its Metamorphic Transformations in Primitive Chondrites: Meteoritics 30 (5): 605 (Sept 1995)
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Borzoli
Giuseppe Pipino - L'antica miniera di Monte Ramazzo e i suoi minerali - Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, Milano, vol. 8, fasc. 3, 1977
  • Lombardy
    • Pavia Province
      • Barbianello
Fioretti A.M., Zipfel J. (2004): Barbianello: An ungrouped nickel-rich iron meteorite found in Italy. Meteoritics and Planetary Science, 39, Issue S8, A143-149.
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
Sciesa, E. (1993) Le cromititi della Valmalenco (Alpi Centrali). Il Naturalista Valtellinese - Atti Mus. civ. Stor. nat. Morbegno, 4, 3-9.
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Biella Province
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work. ; Piccoli, G. C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., & Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo F. Eusebio - Alba, 607 pag.
    • Cuneo Province
      • Varaita Valley
        • Sampeyre
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007): Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
    • Torino Province
      • Ceronda Valley
        • Varisella
- Groppo, C., and Compagnoni, R. (2007): Metamorphic veins from the serpentinites of the Piemonte Zone, western Alps, Italy: a review. Per. Mineral., 76, 127-153.
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Balangero
Prete, R. (1995): L'amiantifera di S. Vittore, Balangero, Torino. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/1995, 313-333.
        • Lanzo Torinese
Groppo, C., and Compagnoni, R. (2007): Metamorphic veins from the serpentinites of the Piemonte Zone, western Alps, Italy: a review. Per. Mineral., 76, 127-153.
      • Sangone Valley
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
Jamaica
 
  • Saint Andrew Parish
Scott, P.W., Jackson, T.A., and Dunham, A.C. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 718-723.
Mexico
 
  • Chihuahua
    • Pueblito de Allende
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Taranaki
Kimura, M. & Ikeda, Y. (1998). Hydrous and anhydrous alterations of chondrules in Kaba and Mokoia CV chondrites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 33 (5): 955–1198. (Sept 1998).
  • South Island
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
    • Otago
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).
Railton, G.L. & Watters, W.A., Minerals of New Zealand, New Zealand Geological Survey Bull. #104 (1990).; Ulrich, G. H. F. (1890). On the Discovery, Mode of Occurrence, and Distribution of the Nickel-iron Alloy Awaruite, on the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 46(1-4), 619-NP.
    • South Westland
[Trans. New Zealand Inst.(1886) 18, 401; Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]; Ulrich, G. H. F. (1890). On the Discovery, Mode of Occurrence, and Distribution of the Nickel-iron Alloy Awaruite, on the West Coast of the South Island of New Zealand. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society, 46(1-4), 619-NP.
    • Wairau Valley
Mineralogical Magazine (1964): 33: 942-948.
    • West Coast (Westland)
      • South Westland
Happy, A.J.; Carlson, J.R.; Gregg, R.C. 1970: Geological report on the Gorge-Jerry rivers area: Layton & Associates (NZ) Ltd for Nickel Spoon Mining Co. Ltd. Ministry of Economic Development, Wellington, unpublished open-file mineral report MR1629.
Norway
 
  • Nord-Trøndelag
    • Leka
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
  • Sør-Trøndelag
    • Røros
      • Feragen
Nilson, L. P. (1990): Platinum-group mineral inclusions in chromitite from the Osthammeren ultramafic tectonite body, South Central Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology 42: 249-263
      • Feragen Chromium Mines
Hultin, I. (1968): Awaruite (Josephinite), a new mineral for Norway. Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 36. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 48: 179-185
Hultin, I. (1968): Awaruite (Josephinite), a new mineral for Norway. Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 36. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 48: 179-185
Hultin, I. (1968): Awaruite (Josephinite), a new mineral for Norway. Contribution to the Mineralogy of Norway, no 36. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 48: 179-185
Oman
 
  • Dhofar Province (Al Janubiyah Province)
The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 88, 2004 JULY, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39, Axxx–Axxx (2004)
Pakistan
 
  • Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (North-West Frontier Province)
    • Malakand District (Malakand Agency)
Mineralogical Magazine: 44: 225-230.
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Ząbkowice District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
Delura K. 2005: Magnetite-nickel sulphides-awaruite association in serpentinites from Braszowice-Brzeźnica massif (Sudetic ophiolite, SW Poland). Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 26, 147-150
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan shield
        • Onello River basin
          • Bol'shoy Dolguchan River
Am. Min. 87:5-1245-1249
    • Tuva Republic
      • Sayan Mts
        • Eastern Sayan
Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
      • Koryak Mts
[MinRec 31:201]
  • Southern Siberia
    • Sayan Mts
      • Eastern Sayan
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (1996)
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
F. Zaccarini et al. , The Canadian Mineralogist, Vol. 42, pp. 545-562 (2004).
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Ufaley District (Ufalei District)
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013), Mikhail Uchitel' specimen
Talovina, I.V., Lazarenkov, V.G., and Vorontsova, N.I. (2003): Lithology and Mineral Resources 38(5), 403-415.
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mintaqah Ash Sharqiyah
    • Rub' al-Khali
T. P. Pedersen, SCHWERTMANNITE AND AWARUITE AS ALTERATION PRODUCTS IN IRON METEORITES. 62nd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Revúca Co.
      • Držkovce
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
      • Ploské
        • Hámor - Forovo
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Dobšiná (Dobschau; Topschau)
Pauliš P., Ďuďa R., 2002:Nejznámejší mineralogická nalezište Slovenska. Kuttna, Kutná Hora, 136p
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Prešov Region
    • Prešov Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
    • Vranov nad Topľou Co.
Ďuďa,R., Kaličiaková,E., 1987: Mineralogicko – paragenetické pomery Hg ložiska Merník. Min.Slovaca, 19,5,423 – 442
Sweden
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Albula Valley
      • Landwasser Valley
        • Davos
          • Wolfgang
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 58
    • Poschiavo Valley
      • Poschiavo (Puschlav)
        • Selva
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 58; Romani E. (2000): Andar per cristalli - Tesori nascosti. Centro studi del Museo mineralogico naturalistico di Bormio, 151 p.
  • Ticino (Tessin)
    • Centovalli
      • Palagnedra
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 58
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Zermatt - Saas Fee area
      • Matt Valley
        • Zermatt
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 58
The Moon
 
  • Fra Mauro Highlands
    • Fra Mauro Base (Apollo 14 landing site)
Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIV (2003) and XXXV (2004)
Trinidad and Tobago
 
  • Tobago
Scott, P.W., Jackson, T.A., and Dunham, A.C. (1999): Mineralium Deposita 34, 718-723.
Turkey
 
  • Central Anatolia Region
    • Eskişehir Province
      • Eskişehir ophiolite
Uysal, I.; Zaccarini, F.; Sadiklar, M. B.; Tarkian, M.; Thalhammer, O. A. R.; Garuti, G. (2009): The podiform chromitites in the Dağküplü and Kavak mines, Eskişehir ophiolite (NW-Turkey): genetic implications of mineralogic and geochemical data. Geologica Acta 7, 351-362. [http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/pdf/505/50513114004.pdf]
Uysal, I.; Zaccarini, F.; Sadiklar, M. B.; Tarkian, M.; Thalhammer, O. A. R.; Garuti, G. (2009): The podiform chromitites in the Dağküplü and Kavak mines, Eskişehir ophiolite (NW-Turkey): genetic implications of mineralogic and geochemical data. Geologica Acta 7, 351-362. [http://redalyc.uaemex.mx/pdf/505/50513114004.pdf]
  • Eastern Anatolia Region
    • Elazig Province
      • Guleman
        • Guleman Mines
Econ Geol (1984) 79:177-184
UK
 
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • De Kalb Co.
T. P. Pedersen, SCHWERTMANNITE AND AWARUITE AS ALTERATION PRODUCTS IN IRON METEORITES. 62nd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting
  • Arizona
    • Coconino Co.
      • Winslow
        • Meteor Crater and vicinity
Space Science Reviews, Volume 14, Issue 6, pp.758-831
  • California
    • Del Norte Co.
      • Klamath Mts
Jamieson, George S. (1905), On the natural iron-nickel alloy, awaruite: American Journal of Science, 4th. series: 19: 414; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 50.
    • Monterey Co.
      • Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range)
        • Los Burros District
          • Burro Mountain
Page, N.J. (1967) Serpentinization at Burro Mountain. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology: 14: 336; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 50.
  • Maryland
    • Cecil Co.
      • State Line District
Mineralogical Record Vol 12 #3 May/June 1981 pp149-156
  • Missouri
    • Warren Co.
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998) Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA.
  • Oregon
    • Josephine Co.
      • Josephine Creek District
Dick, H.J.B. (1974) Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 24, 291-298.
      • Waldo District
Dana Slaughter Minerals dealer stock--via Petrov Minerals
  • Pennsylvania
    • Lancaster Co.
      • State Line Chromite District
        • Fulton Township
Mineralogical Record (1981): 12(3): 149-156.
  • Texas
    • Ector Co.
      • Odessa
Meteoritics, volume 7, number 3, page 309.
    • McLennan Co.
Brearley, A. J. & Jones, R. H. (1998). Chondritic Meteorites. In: Planetary Materials (Papike, J. J., Editor): Chapter 3, 398 pages. Mineralogical Society of America: Washington, DC, USA. (1998)
  • Utah
    • Millard Co.
      • Drum Mts
T. P. Pedersen, SCHWERTMANNITE AND AWARUITE AS ALTERATION PRODUCTS IN IRON METEORITES. 62nd Annual Meteoritical Society Meeting
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi Mining District (Hartley Mining District)
Oberthür, T., Weiser, T. W., Gast, L., & Kojonen, K. (2003). Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements at Hartley Platinum Mine, Zimbabwe. Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 327-343.
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