Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on MindatThe Mindat Store
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryHow to Link to MindatDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Awaruite

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
Ni3Fe
System:
Isometric
Colour:
Silver White to grayish ...
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
5
Name:
For the locality near Awarua Bay, New Zealand.
This page provides mineralogical data about Awaruite.

Classification of Awaruite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
1.AE.20

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
E : Iron-chromium family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.17.6
1.1.11.4

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.65

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-439.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Awaruite

Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Geological Survey of New Zealand, Lower Hutt, New Zealand, P21969.

Occurrences of Awaruite

Geological Setting:
River placers, serpentinized peridotites, meteorites

Physical Properties of Awaruite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Silver White to grayish white
Hardness (Mohs):
5
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN50=265 - 380 kg/mm2
Comment:
Higher Ni content is softer
Tenacity:
Malleable
Density:
7.8 - 8.22 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.74(127) g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Awaruite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fm3m
Space Group Setting:
Fm3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.560Å
Unit Cell Volume:
V 45.12 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Massive, grains, flakes, pebbles
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.044 (10)
1.772 (6)
1.253 (3)
1.069 (4)
1.023 (1)
0.814 (1)
0.792 (1)
Comments:
Awarua Bay, New Zealand.

Optical Data of Awaruite

Type:
Isotropic
Reflectivity:
400nmR=54.4%
420nmR=56.0%
440nmR=57.6%
460nmR=59.1%
480nmR=60.4%
500nmR=61.4%
520nmR=62.4%
540nmR=63.1%
560nmR=63.8%
580nmR=64.4%
600nmR=64.8%
620nmR=65.2%
640nmR=65.5%
660nmR=65.7%
680nmR=66.1%
700nmR=66.4%

Reflectance graph
Graph shows reflectance levels at different wavelengths (in nm). Top of box is 100%. Peak reflectance is 66.4%.

Chemical Properties of Awaruite

Formula:
Ni3Fe
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
South Fork, Smith River, California, USA.
Ni (76.60)
Fe (21.45)
Co (1.19)
Cu (0.66)
S (0.06)
P (0.04)
Total (100.00)
Common Impurities:
Co,Cu,S,P,Si

Relationship of Awaruite to other Species

1.AE.VanadiumV
1.AE.05MolybdenumMo
1.AE.05ChromiumCr
1.AE.05IronFe
1.AE.05Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.AE.05TungstenW
1.AE.05UM2001-06-E:CrFeNiFe7Cr2Ni
1.AE.10Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.AE.10TetrataeniteFeNi
1.AE.10AntitaeniteFe3Ni
1.AE.15ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.AE.15FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.AE.15WairauiteCoFe
1.AE.25JedwabiteFe7(Ta,Nb)3
1.AE.30ManganeseMn
1.1CopperCu
1.2SilverAg
1.5GoldAu
1.6AuricuprideCu3Au
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
1.8ZincZn
1.9CadmiumCd
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZn
1.12MercuryHg
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2
1.18LuanheiteAg3Hg
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2
1.20IndiumIn
1.21AluminiumAl
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24DiamondC
1.25GraphiteC
1.26ChaoiteC
1.27LonsdaleiteC
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSn
1.30LeadPb
1.31AnyuiiteAuPb2
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3
1.33ArsenicAs
1.34ArsenolampriteAs
1.35PaxiteCuAs2
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2
1.37DomeykiteCu3As
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
1.41AntimonySb
1.42StibarsenAsSb
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3As
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2
1.48DyscrasiteAg3Sb
1.49BismuthBi
1.50MaldoniteAu2Bi
1.51SulphurS8
1.52RosickýiteS
1.53SeleniumSe
1.54TelluriumTe
1.55ChromiumCr
1.56RheniumRe
1.57IronFe
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNi
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.64TetrataeniteFeNi
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHg
1.68PaolovitePd2Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
1.70CabriitePd2CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite(Pd,Pt,Au)3(Pb,Sn)
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82PlatinumPt
1.83HongshiitePtCu
1.84NiggliitePtSn
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFe
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)
1.1.17.1IronFe
1.1.17.2NickelNi
1.1.17.3Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.1.17.4Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.1.17.5TetrataeniteFeNi
1.1.17.6Hexaferrum(Fe,Os,Ru,Ir)

Other Names for Awaruite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Strongly magnetic.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Awaruite

Reference List:
Skey, W. (1885) On a new mineral (awaruite) from Barn Bay. Transactions and Proceedings of the New Zealand Institute: 18: 401-402.

Jamieson, G.S. (1905) On the natural iron-nickel alloy, awaruite, American Journal of Science, 4th. Series: 19: 413-415; (also: Zeitschr. Kristallographie, Band 41, pp. 157-160, 1905).

Palache C., Berman H., Frondel C. (1944) Dana's system of mineralogy 7th ed., Vol. I, 117-119.

Ramdohr P (1950) Über josephinit, awaruit, souesit, ihre eigenschaften, entstehung und paragenesis. Mineralogical Magazine: 29: 374-394.

Canadian Mineralogist (1959): 6: 307.

American Mineralogist (1960): 45: 450.[Powder Pat.,Chemistry].

Berry L.G., Thompson R.M. (1962) Geol. Soc. Amer. Mem.: 85: 13.

Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte und Abhandlungen (1967): 107: 241-265.

Ramdohr, P. (1969) The ore minerals and their intergrowths, 3rd ed.: 356-357.

Challis G.A. (1975) Mineralogical Magazine: 44: 225-230.

Ahmed Z., Bevan J.C. (1976) Mineralogical Magazine: 40: 247-251 .

Mineralogical Magazine (1980): 43: 647-650.

Ahmed, Z. and Bevan, J.C. (1981) Awaruite, iridian awaruite, and a new Ru-Os-Ir-Ni-Fe alloy from the Sakhakot-Quila complex, Malakand agency, Pakistan. Mineralogical Magazine: 44: 225-230.

Bayliss, P. (1990) Revised unit cell dimensions, space group, and chemical formula of some metallic minerals. The Canadian Mineralogist: 28: 751-755.

Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh & Nichols (1990) Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. I: 38.

American Mineralogist: 76 (1991): 1356 [Chemistry].

Canadian Mineralogist: 38 (2000: 585 [Chemistry, Optics].

Journal of Alloys and Compounds 343 (2002), 192 [Synthesis,Xl. Structure].

Internet Links for Awaruite

Specimens:
The following Awaruite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Awaruite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2016, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: August 23, 2016 22:06:45 Page generated: August 23, 2016 13:12:57
Go to top of page