Mindat Logo


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.

Name:For A. O. Nier (1912-1994), who was responsible for the now accepted measurement of the atmospheric N-isotope composition. Also was instrumental in the development of mass spectrometry (especially stable isotope mass spectroscopy).

A very rare natural nitride.
Synthetic silicon nitride is a very important high-performance ceramic.

Classification of Nierite

IMA status:Approved
Strunz 8th edition ID:1/A.10-45
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:1.DB.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
D : Nonmetallic Carbides and Nitrides
B : Nonmetallic nitrides
Dana 7th edition ID:
Dana 8th edition ID:

3 : Semi-metals and non-metals
mindat.org URL:http://www.mindat.org/min-7193.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Type Occurrence of Nierite

Type Locality:Indarch meteorite (Elizabethpol; Gindorcha; Glindorcha; Indarh; Indarkh; Schuscha; Suscha [NHM cat.]), Shusha, Naxçıvan District (Naxcivan; Nakhichevan), Azerbaijan

Physical Properties of Nierite

Hardness (Mohs):9
Density (calculated):3.11 g/cm3

Crystallography of Nierite

Crystal System:Trigonal
Cell Parameters:a = 7.74Å, c = 5.61Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 0.725
Unit Cell Volume:V 291.06 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Nierite

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nω = 2.030 nε = 2.020
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.010

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High

Chemical Properties of Nierite

Simplified for copy/paste:Si3N4
Essential elements:N, Si
All elements listed in formula:N, Si

Relationship of Nierite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +

Other Names for Nierite

Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Nierite

Reference List:

- +
American Mineralogist (1996): 81: 251.

Mineralogical Record: 27: 118-119.

Lee M R, Russell S S, Arden J W, Pillinger C T (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites, Meteoritics, 30, 387-398

Internet Links for Nierite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Nierite on Google
  • Look for Nierite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Nierite on Webmineral
  • Look for Nierite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Nierite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Nierite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
  • The Arkenstone - Fine Minerals
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • Mineral Classics - Worldwide Collector Quality Minerals and Gems
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Buy from Dave Bunk Minerals
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Nierite specimens
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Search for Nierite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Top quality minerals from Kristalle of California
  • Nierite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Buy from McDougall Minerals
  • Localities for Nierite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    • Victoria
      • City of Greater Shepparton
        • Murchison
    Stroud, R. M., Nittler, L. R. & Alexander, C. M. O'd. (2006) Supernova Nierite (α-Si3N4) from Murchison (pdf.#5360): Meteoritics & Planetary Science 41 (8, Supplement): page A168. (Aug 2006)
    • Naxçıvan District (Naxcivan; Nakhichevan)
      • Shusha
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Meteoritics, vol. 32, pages 719-732; Lee M R, Russell S S, Arden J W, Pillinger C T (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites, Meteoritics, 30, 387-398
    • Guizhou Province
      • Guiyang Prefecture
        • Qingzhen Co.
    Lin, Yangting, Amari, Sachiko, and Pravdivtseva, Olga (2002) Presolar grains from the Qingzhen (EH3) meteorite. The Astrophysical Journal: 525(1)(08/2002): 257-263.
    Czech Republic
    • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
      • Moravia-Silesia Region
    Lee M R, Russell S S, Arden J W, Pillinger C T (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites, Meteoritics, 30, 387-398
    Outer Space
    European Journal of Mineralogy; December; v. 19; no. 6; p. 771-782; DOI: 10.1127/0935-1221/2007/0019-1766
    • Kansas
      • McPherson Co.
    Lee M R, Russell S S, Arden J W, Pillinger C T (1995) Nierite (Si3N4), a new mineral from ordinary and enstatite chondrites, Meteoritics, 30, 387-398
    Mineral and/or Locality  
    Search Google  
    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
    Current server date and time: October 31, 2014 20:05:23
    Mineral and Locality Search
    and/or Locality:
    Fade toolbar when not in focusFix toolbar to bottom of page
    Hide Social Media Links
    Slideshow frame delay seconds