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Silicon

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Formula:
Si
Colour:
Iridescent (films)
Hardness:
7
This page provides mineralogical data about Silicon.

Classification of Silicon

Approved
1.CB.15

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
C : Metalloids and Nonmetals
B : Carbon-silicon family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.3.6.1
1.3.7.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
3 : Semi-metals and non-metals
1.28

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-3659.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Silicon

Physical Properties of Silicon

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Iridescent (films)
Hardness (Mohs):
7
X-Ray Powder Diffraction:
Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Chemical Properties of Silicon

Formula:
Si
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Silicon to other Species

1.1CopperCu
1.2SilverAg
1.5GoldAu
1.6AuricuprideCu3Au
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
1.8ZincZn
1.9CadmiumCd
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZn
1.12MercuryHg
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2
1.18LuanheiteAg3Hg
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2
1.20IndiumIn
1.21AluminiumAl
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24DiamondC
1.25GraphiteC
1.26ChaoiteC
1.27LonsdaleiteC
1.29TinSn
1.30LeadPb
1.31AnyuiiteAu(Pb,Sb)2
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3
1.33ArsenicAs
1.34ArsenolampriteAs
1.35PaxiteCuAs2
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2
1.37DomeykiteCu3As
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
1.41AntimonySb
1.42StibarsenAsSb
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3As
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2
1.48DyscrasiteAg3Sb
1.49BismuthBi
1.50MaldoniteAu2Bi
1.51SulphurS8
1.52RosickýiteS
1.53SeleniumSe
1.54TelluriumTe
1.55ChromiumCr
1.56RheniumRe
1.57IronFe
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNi
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.64TetrataeniteFeNi
1.65AwaruiteNi3Fe
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHg
1.68PaolovitePd2Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
1.70CabriitePd2CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite(Pd,Pt,Au)3(Pb,Sn)
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82PlatinumPt
1.83HongshiitePtCu
1.84NiggliitePtSn
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFe
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)

Other Names for Silicon

Name in Other Languages:
German:Silizium
Simplified Chinese:自然硅

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Silicon

Reference List:
American Mineralogist (1991): 76: 668.

American Mineralogist (1992): 77: 213.

Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR: 309: 1182-1185.

Internet Links for Silicon

Localities for Silicon

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
China
 
  • Anhui Province
    • Anqing Prefecture
      • Qianshan Co.
Xu, S. et al. (2008): Moissanite in serpentinite from the Dabie Mountains in China. Mineral. Mag. 72, 899-908.
Zaihuang Zhou, Xiuqing Liu, Raotong Jiang, Mei Chen, Yuan Wu, and Lin Lu (1993): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 13(4)
  • Shandong Province
Qirong Liu, Qixin Tan, Yuchi Jiang, Chunrui Han, Yan Sun, and Chengwen Zhu (1995): Marine Geology and Quaternary Geology 15(4)
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
          • Luobusha Mine ("Luobusa" Mine)
Li, G., Fang, Q., Shi, N., Bai, W., Yang, J., Xiong, M., Ma, Z., Rogn, He (2009) Zangboite (TiFeSi2), a new mineral from Luobusha, Tibet, China. Canadian Mineralogist, 47, 1265-1274.
Cuba
 
  • Holguín Province
Am. Min. 76 (1991), 668
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
      • Targhasa massif
L. N. Novoselova, A. Yu. Lyul (1986) Geochemical characteristics of iron silicides from Lower Cambrian reefal limestones, Krasnoyarsk. International Geology Review 28:114-118
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
No reference listed
    • Primorskiy Kray
      • Khanka Lake
[AmMin 84:992]
    • Sakhalinskaya Oblast'
      • Kuril Islands
        • Iturup Island
Korzhinsky, M.A., et. al., 1995, "Native Al and Si Formation", Nature, vol. 375, p. 544.
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
P.M. Kartashov analytical data (1987)
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
Am. Min. 76 (1991), 668
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
        • Plast
          • Kochkar' District
Kuznetsova O. Yu., Mokhov A.V. (1998) Native silicon in gold from deposits of weathering crusts, - Geologiya Rudnyh Mestorozhdenii, v.40, N4, p.393-398 (in Rus.)
    • Subarctic Urals
Kuznetsova O. Yu., Mokhov A.V. (1998) Native silicon in gold from deposits of weathering crusts, - Geologiya Rudnyh Mestorozhdenii, v.40, N4, p.393-398 (in Rus.)
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Izmir Province
Am Min 88:1817-1821
USA
 
  • Michigan
    • Livingston Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Oregon
    • Josephine Co.
      • Josephine Creek District
www.geo.cornell.edu/geology/faculty/Bird.html
Mineral and/or Locality  
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