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Hot-summer Mediterranean climate

Köppen Code: Csa
C : Temperate
s : Dry summer
a : Hot summer


View Index of Climate Classification Types

Temperate, dry hot summer.

The coldest month averaging above 0 °C (32 °F), at least one month's average temperature above 22 °C (71.6 °F), and at least four months averaging above 10 °C (50 °F).

At least three times as much precipitation in the wettest month of winter as in the driest month of summer, and driest month of summer receives less than 30 mm (1.2 in).

Related climatic classifications
CfaHumid subtropical climate
CfbTemperate oceanic climate
CfcSubpolar oceanic climate
CsbWarm-summer Mediterranean climate
CscCool-summer Mediterranean climate
CwaMonsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate
CwbSubtropical highland climate or temperate oceanic climate with dry winters
CwcCold subtropical highland climate or subpolar oceanic climate with dry winters


A selection of mineral localities found in this climate zone.

Himalaya Mine (Himalaya dikes; Himalaya pegmatite), Gem Hill, Mesa Grande District, San Diego Co., California, USA
Christmas Mine (Red Bird shafts; Inspiration Mine; Hackberry shafts), Christmas, Christmas area, Banner District, Dripping Spring Mts, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
Mt Etna, Etna Volcanic Complex, Catania Province, Sicily, Italy
Touissit, Touissit-Bou Beker District, Jerada Province, L'oriental Region, Morocco
Serpieri Mine, Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines), Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza), Lavrion District Mines, Lavreotiki, East Attica, Attica, Greece
Batopilas, Andres del Rio District, Batopilas Municipality, Chihuahua, Mexico
Nador n'Bails Mine, Djebel Nador, Guelma, Constantine Province, Algeria
San Piero in Campo, Campo nell'Elba, Elba Island, Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italy
Choix, Choix Municipality, Sinaloa, Mexico
Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USA
Tourmaline Queen Mine (MS 6458; Queen mine; Tourmaline Queen group; Tourmaline Queen No. 1 claim; Tourmaline Queen No. 2 claim; Tourmaline Queen No. 3 claim), Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn), Pala, Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USA
Passa Limani Cove slag locality (Pacha Limani Cove slag locality), Passa Limani area, Lavrion District slag localities, Lavreotiki, East Attica, Attica, Greece
New Melones Dam, West Belt, Calaveras Co., California, USA
Thorikos Bay slag locality, Thorikos area, Lavrion District slag localities, Lavreotiki, East Attica, Attica, Greece
Monteponi Mine, Iglesias, Carbonia-Iglesias Province, Sardinia, Italy
Fonte del Prete, San Piero in Campo, Campo nell'Elba, Elba Island, Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italy
Tourmaline King Mine (Gem claim; King mine; MS 4500; MS 4926; Schuyler mine; Wilke mine), Tourmaline Queen Mountain (Pala Mtn; Queen Mtn), Pala, Pala District, San Diego Co., California, USA
Finch Mine (Barking Spider Mine), Reagan claims (Regan/Reagan Camp prospects; Lee Reagan property; Lee Reagan prospects; Kullman-McCool group), Keystone Gulch, Chilito, Hayden area, Banner District, Dripping Spring Mts, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
Apache Mine (Defiance Mine; Defiance Lead Mine; Apache Vanadium Mine; Defiance vein; Vanadium shaft), Radium, Burch area, Globe Hills, Globe Hills District, Globe-Miami District, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
Cryo-Genie Mine (Cindy B-Cryogenie claim; Lost Valley Truck Trail prospect), Warner Springs, Warner Springs District, San Diego Co., California, USA
Copper Cities Mine (Sleeping Beauty Mine; Lost Gulch Mine; Yellow Metal Mine; Diamond-H Mine), Copper Cities Mine area, Sleeping Beauty Peak, Miami, Miami-Inspiration District, Globe-Miami District, Gila Co., Arizona, USA
Niccioleta Mine, Massa Marittima, Grosseto Province, Tuscany, Italy
Esquire No. 7 claim, Big Creek, Rush Creek deposit, Big Creek-Rush Creek District, Fresno Co., California, USA
Southern Pacific Silica Quarry (Southern Pacific deposit; Nuevo Mine; Southern Pacific Quarry; S.P. Silica Quarry; S.P. Mine; Nuevo Quarry), Nuevo, Lakeview Mts, Riverside Co., California, USA
Fortullino, Rosignano Marittimo, Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italy
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