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Warm-summer Mediterranean climate

Köppen Code: Csb
C : Temperate
s : Dry summer
b : Warm summer


View Index of Climate Classification Types

Temperate, dry warm summer

The coldest month averaging above 0 °C (32 °F), all months with average temperatures below 22 °C (71.6 °F), and at least four months averaging above 10 °C (50 °F).

At least three times as much precipitation in the wettest month of winter as in the driest month of summer, and driest month of summer receives less than 30 mm (1.2 in).

Related climatic classifications
CfaHumid subtropical climate
CfbTemperate oceanic climate
CfcSubpolar oceanic climate
CsaHot-summer Mediterranean climate
CscCool-summer Mediterranean climate
CwaMonsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate
CwbSubtropical highland climate or temperate oceanic climate with dry winters
CwcCold subtropical highland climate or subpolar oceanic climate with dry winters


A selection of mineral localities found in this climate zone.

Panasqueira Mines, Covilhã, Castelo Branco District, Portugal
Sítio do Castelo Mine (Folgosinho quarry), Folgosinho, Gouveia, Guarda District, Portugal
Valgraveglia Mine (Gambatesa Mine), Reppia, Graveglia Valley, Ne, Genova Province, Liguria, Italy
California State Gem Mine (Dallas Gem Mine; Benitoite Mine; Benitoite Gem Mine; Gem Mine), Dallas Gem Mine area, San Benito River headwaters area, New Idria District, Diablo Range, San Benito Co., California, USA
Morenci Mine (Morenci pit; Phelps Dodge Morenci Mine; Morenci-Metcalf), Morenci, Copper Mountain District (Clifton-Morenci District), Shannon Mts, Greenlee Co., Arizona, USA
Água de Pau Volcano (Fogo Volcano), Água de Pau Massif, São Miguel Island, Azores District, Portugal
Assunção Mine, Aldeia Nova, Ferreira de Aves, Sátão, Viseu District, Portugal
Alum Rock Park, East Foothills, Black Wonder District, Diablo Range, Santa Clara Co., California, USA
Clear Creek claim (Clear Creek Mine), Picacho Peak, New Idria District, Diablo Range, San Benito Co., California, USA
Molinello Mine, Graveglia Valley, Ne, Genova Province, Liguria, Italy
Walker Valley, Mount Vernon, Skagit Co., Washington, USA
Upper dumps, Alto das Quelhas do Gestoso Mine, Gestoso, Manhouce, São Pedro do Sul, Viseu District, Portugal
Cape San Martin prospect (Jade Cove prospect), Jade Cove, Cape San Martin, Plaskett, Los Burros District, Santa Lucia Mts (Santa Lucia Range), Monterey Co., California, USA
Opal Butte, Morrow Co., Oregon, USA
Lemolo Lake, Douglas Co., Oregon, USA
New Idria Mine (New Idria group; New Hope vein), Idria (New Idria), New Idria District, Diablo Range, San Benito Co., California, USA
Rabejac, Lodève, Hérault, Occitanie, France
Ritter Hot Springs, Ritter, Grant Co., Oregon, USA
Mangualde, Viseu District, Portugal
Summit Rock, Klamath Co., Oregon, USA
The Geysers, West Mayacmas District, Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts), Sonoma Co., California, USA
Devils Backbone, North Fork John Day River, Grant Co., Oregon, USA
McLaughlin Mine (Manhattan Mine), Knoxville, Knoxville District, Napa Co., California, USA
Laytonville Quarry (Longvale; Longvale Quarry), Laytonville, Coastal Range, Mendocino Co., California, USA
Josephine Creek placers, Josephine Creek District, Josephine Co., Oregon, USA
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