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Sterling Salt Company Mine, Cuylerville, Livingston Co., New York, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 46' North , 77° 52' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.766666412353516, -77.86666870117188

Ref.: New York State Museum Bull. 223,224, Newland, David H. (July-August 1919), The Mineral Resources of the State of New York: 223. A salt mine started in 1906. Owned by the Sterling Salt Co.

Mineral List

1 valid mineral.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

382.7 - 387.7 Ma
Moscow Formation

Age: Middle Devonian (382.7 - 387.7 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Windom Shale Member; Kashong Shale Member; Menteth Limestone Member

Description: Windom and Kashong Shales, Menteth Limestone Members.

Comments: part of Hamilton Group 200-500 ft. (60-150 m). Secondary unit descriptions from USGS Lexicon website (ref. NY046) and references NY015, NY013, and NY021: Moscow Shale extended from western NY to western PA and in subsurface to northern WV and western MD (de Witt and others, 1993). Uppermost of five major formations in the Hamilton Group. In western NY, consists of gray to black shales, calcareous mudstones and thin limestone. Can be interpreted as a single major depositional sequence, representing 1.5 to 2.0 m.y. of geologic time and bounded above and below by angular unconformities. Lower portion according to authors "might be termed Portland Point subformation" and consists of the Tichenor, Deep Run, Menteth and Kashong Members. In the Cayuga Lake region and in Erie Co., members thin abruptly and merge into a thin limestone-rich interval previously termed the Portland Point Member. The upper, thicker portion of the Moscow consists of the Windom Shale Member in western NY and the Cooperstown Siltstone Member in central NY. In the Finger Lakes region another thin, silty, fossil-rich interval intervenes between the Kashong and the Windom and is here informally termed the "unnamed member." The unnamed member consists primarily of shales and thin concretionary limestone in western areas, but eastward can be subdivided into coarsening-upward mudstone to siltstone packages. The unnamed member extends from Hamilton in the Chenango Valley to just west of Bristol Valley where it is absent due to erosional truncation. It includes the informally named Barnes Gully bed at its base, MEGASTROPHIA beds, Curtice Road bed, and Geer Road bed. Between the Curtice Road and Geer Road beds is a 3-m-thick interval referred to as LONGISPINA-MUCROSPIRIFER shales. Age of the Moscow is Middle Devonian (Givetian) (Brett and Baird, 1994). Lowermost 50 m of the Moscow Formation in the Schoharie Creek and Valenti Road Sections is composed of gray mudstone interbedded with sandstone sets that vary in thickness from 1 cm to 1 m and contain small and medium-scale cross-strata and ripple marks. All strata is burrowed. The lowest 20 m is mudstone dominated and contains marine shelly fossils and quartz pebbles. The middle Moscow is composed of two 35-m-thick sandstone-dominated sequences, parts of which are exposed in this area. A mudstone-rich interval splits the two sandstone sequences. The upper Moscow is predominantly red and gray-green mudstone. The 130-m-thick lower to middle Moscow represents a regressive shoreline sequence on which three smaller-scale regressive sequences are superposed. In this area, the Moscow includes the lower Portland Point Member and the overlying Cooperstown Member. Overlies the Panther Mountain Formation and underlies the Gilboa Formation. Grades eastward into the Manorkill Formation. Age is Middle Devonian. Emphasis of article is on depositional environment. (Bridge and Willis, 1994).

Lithology: Major:{shale}, Minor:{limestone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

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