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Wushan Spessartine Mine, Tongbei, Yunxiao Co., Zhangzhou Prefecture, Fujian Province, China
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Wushan Spessartine Mine, Tongbei, Yunxiao Co., Zhangzhou Prefecture, Fujian Province, China

Photo: Chinellato Matteo
Latitude: 23°54'22"N
Longitude: 117°11'53"E
Name(s) in local language(s): 乌山锰铝榴石矿, 通北, 云霄县, 漳州市, 福建省, 中国
The first specimens of chinese garnet associated with smoky quartz and feldspar appeared on the market in 1998. The locality cited was the city of Lechang, in Guangdong Province; only at the end of 2001 some dealers gave the province of Fujian as the true locality and Yunxiao as the nearest large city.

Samples come from two main collecting sites: the first lies near the village of Tongbei, southwest of Yunxiao; the second is at Yunling in Zhangpu County, about 30 km further northeast. At Tongbei, helvite and topaz occur, but no fluorite, which is present only at Yunling.

The discovery of these localities took place 15 years ago. Granitic rocks originated as intrusions during the late Mesozoic, as a result of the subduction of Paleo-Pacific Plate under the continental plate of southeastern China.

NOTE: The feldspar associated with the spessartine is microcline, not orthoclase as originally reported.

Mineral List

var: Opal-AN

var: Smoky Quartz


19 entries listed. 16 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

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- Ottens, B. (2003): Prächtiger Spessartin-Granat aus den Pegmatiten von Fujian, China. Lapis 28 (4), 13-20
- Ottens, B. (2005): Tongbei. Spessartine localities, Fujian Province, China. Mineralogical Record, 36 (1): 35-43.

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