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Soddyite

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Formula:
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
SiO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
System:OrthorhombicColour:Canary-yellow, ...
Hardness:3 - 4
Name:Named after Frederick Soddy (1877-1956), British physicist and radiochemist.
This page provides mineralogical data about Soddyite.

Classification of Soddyite

IMA status:Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
Strunz 8th edition ID:8/B.36-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:9.AK.05

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
A : Nesosilicates
K : Uranyl neso- and polysilicates
Dana 8th edition ID:53.3.3.1

53 : NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
3 : Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Hey's CIM Ref.:14.16.3

14 : Silicates not Containing Aluminum
16 : Silicates of U
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Type Occurrence of Soddyite

Type Locality:Shinkolobwe Mine (Kasolo Mine), Shinkolobwe, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
Year of Discovery:1922

Physical Properties of Soddyite

Lustre:Vitreous, Greasy, Dull
Diaphaneity (Transparency):Transparent, Translucent, Opaque
Colour:Canary-yellow, amber-yellow
Hardness (Mohs):3 - 4

Crystallography of Soddyite

Crystal System:Orthorhombic
Cell Parameters:a = 8.32Å, b = 11.21Å, c = 18.71Å
Ratio:a:b:c = 0.742 : 1 : 1.669
Unit Cell Volume:V 1,745.03 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Soddyite

Type:Biaxial (-)
RI values: nα = 1.650 - 1.654 nβ = 1.685 nγ = 1.699 - 1.715
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.049 - 0.061

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:High
Dispersion:relatively weak

Chemical Properties of Soddyite

Formula:
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
SiO
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:(UO2)2SiO4·2H2O
Essential elements:H, O, Si, U
All elements listed in formula:H, O, Si, U

Relationship of Soddyite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
9.AK.10Cuprosklodowskite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
9.AK.10Oursinite
(Co,Mg)(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
9.AK.10Sklodowskite
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
9.AK.15Boltwoodite
(K,Na)(UO
 
2
)[HSiO
 
4
] · 0.5H
 
2
O
9.AK.15Kasolite
Pb(UO
 
2
)[SiO
 
4
] · H
 
2
O
9.AK.15Natroboltwoodite
(H
 
3
O)(Na,K)UO
 
2
SiO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
9.AK.15β-Uranophane
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
9.AK.15Uranophane
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
9.AK.15Beta-Uranophane
9.AK.20Swamboite
UH
 
6
(UO
 
2
)
 
6
(SiO
 
4
)
 
6
· 30H
 
2
O
9.AK.25Haiweeite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[Si
 
5
O
 
12
(OH)
 
2
] · 6H
 
2
O
9.AK.25Metahaiweeite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
15
· nH
 
2
O
9.AK.25Ranquilite
9.AK.30Weeksite
K
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(Si
 
5
O
 
13
) · 4H
 
2
O
9.AK.30Coutinhoite
Th
 
x
Ba
 
(1-2x)
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
Si
 
5
O
 
13
· (H
 
2
O)
 
1+y
(0 < x < 0.5 and 0 < y < (2+x))
9.AK.35Ursilite
(Mg,Ca)
 
4
(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
5
)
 
5.5
(OH)
 
5
· 13H
 
2
O
9.AK.35Magnioursilite
Mg
 
4
(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
5
)
 
5
(OH)
 
6
· 20H
 
2
O
9.AK.35Calcioursilite
Ca
 
4
(UO
 
2
)
 
4
(Si
 
2
O
 
5
)
 
5
(OH)
 
6
· 15H
 
2
O
9.AK.40Uranosilite
UO
 
3
· 7SiO
 
2
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
14.16.1Uranosilite
UO
 
3
· 7SiO
 
2
14.16.2Coffinite
(U
4+
 
,Th)(SiO
 
4
)
 
1-x
(OH)
 
4x
14.16.4Swamboite
UH
 
6
(UO
 
2
)
 
6
(SiO
 
4
)
 
6
· 30H
 
2
O
14.16.5Weeksite
K
 
2
(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(Si
 
5
O
 
13
) · 4H
 
2
O
14.16.6Boltwoodite
(K,Na)(UO
 
2
)[HSiO
 
4
] · 0.5H
 
2
O
14.16.7Natroboltwoodite
(H
 
3
O)(Na,K)UO
 
2
SiO
 
4
· H
 
2
O
14.16.8Cuprosklodowskite
Cu(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
14.16.9Sklodowskite
Mg(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
14.16.10Uranophane
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
14.16.11β-Uranophane
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
(HSiO
 
4
)
 
2
· 5H
 
2
O
14.16.12Haiweeite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[Si
 
5
O
 
12
(OH)
 
2
] · 6H
 
2
O
14.16.13Metahaiweeite
Ca(UO
 
2
)
 
2
Si
 
6
O
 
15
· nH
 
2
O
14.16.14Thorogummite
(Th,U)(SiO
 
4
)
 
1-x
(OH)
 
4x
14.16.15Steacyite
(◻,K)(Na,Ca)
 
2
(Th,U)[Si
 
8
O
 
20
]
14.16.16Ekanite
(Ca,Fe
2+
 
,Pb)
 
2
(Th,U)[Si
 
8
O
 
20
]
14.16.17Kasolite
Pb(UO
 
2
)[SiO
 
4
] · H
 
2
O
14.16.18Orlite
Pb
 
3
(UO
 
2
)
 
3
(Si
 
2
O
 
7
)
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O
14.16.19Oursinite
(Co,Mg)(UO
 
2
)
 
2
[HSiO
 
4
]
 
2
· 6H
 
2
O

Other Names for Soddyite

Other Languages:
German:Soddyit
Russian:Соддиит
Spanish:Soddyita

Other Information

Health Warning:Contains uranium - always wash hands after handling. Avoid inhaling dust when handling or breaking. Never lick or ingest. Avoid prolonged exposure in proximity of the body. Store away from inhabited areas.

References for Soddyite

Reference List:

- +
Comptes Rendu Académie des Sciences de la terres et des plantètes, Paris (1922), 174, 1066-1067.

American Mineralogist (1922): 7: 179.

American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 610-625.

Demartin, F., Gramaccioli, C.M., and Pilati, T. (1992) The importance of accurate crystal structure determination of uranium minerals. II. Soddyite (UO2)2(SiO4)·2H2O. Acta Crystallographica: C48: 1-4.

Burns, P.C. (2005) U 6+ minerals and inorganic compounds: insights into an expanded structural hierarchy of crystal structures. Canadian Mineralogist: 43: 1839-1894.

Internet Links for Soddyite

Search Engines:
  • Look for Soddyite on Google
  • Look for Soddyite images on Google
  • External Links:
  • Look for Soddyite on Webmineral
  • Look for Soddyite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Soddyite on Wikipedia
  • Look for Soddyite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Soddyite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • Fabre Minerals - search for Soddyite specimens
  • Fine Minerals from Weinrich Minerals, Inc.
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
  • Fine minerals from bisbeeborn.com
  • DAKOTA MATRIX offers Cabinet and Rare Species from Worldwide Localities.
  • Fine and rare minerals from mintreasure.com
  • Wilensky Fine Minerals
  • Buy from David K Joyce minerals
  • Search for Soddyite on Well-Arranged Molecules
  • Find Soddyite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Specimens:The following Soddyite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

    Localities for Soddyite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Argentina
     
    E. Linares y R. O. Toubes (1960). Los minerales radiactivos de la República Argentina. Primeras Jornadas Geológigas Argentinas, 3, 191-205. San Juan.
    E. Linares y R. O. Toubes (1960). Los minerales radiactivos de la República Argentina. Primeras Jornadas Geológigas Argentinas, 3, 191-205. San Juan.
    E. Linares y R. O. Toubes (1960). Los minerales radiactivos de la República Argentina. Primeras Jornadas Geológigas Argentinas, 3, 191-205. San Juan.
    E. Linares y R. O. Toubes (1960). Los minerales radiactivos de la República Argentina. Primeras Jornadas Geológigas Argentinas, 3, 191-205. San Juan.
    Australia
     
    • Northern Territory
      • Alligator Rivers Region
        • South Alligator River
    Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
    Henry, D.A., Pogson, R.E. and Williams, P.A. (2005) Threadgoldite from the South Alligator Valley uranium field, Northern Territory, Australia: second world occurrence. , Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 11, 7-11
    • South Australia
      • Flinders Ranges
        • North Flinders Ranges
          • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Station)
            • Mt Painter area
    2003, Brugger, J., Ansermet, S. & Pring, A. ' Uranium minerals from Mt Painter, Northern Flinders ranges, South Australia' Australian Journal of Mineralogy, vol. 9, n°1, pp 15-31
    Canada
     
    • New Brunswick
      • York Co.
        • Prince William Parish
          • Lake George
    [MinRec 1991]; WILSON, W.E. (1991) The Lake George antimony mine, New Brunswick. Mineralogical Record 22, 263-267.
    • Ontario
      • Algoma District
        • Elliot Lake area
    Robertson, J.A. (1976) The Blind River Uranium Deposits: the ores and their setting. (Ontario Division of Mines, Miscellaneous paper 65)
    Czech Republic
     
    • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
      • Karlovy Vary Region
    Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
        • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
          • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
    Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
      • Plzeň Region
        • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
    Pauliš P., Kopecký S., Černý P. 2007: Uranové minerály České Republiky a jejich naleziště. 1. část. (Kutna Hora, issue 1)
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
        • Kambove District
        • Kolwezi District
          • Kamoto
    J.W. Anthony, R.A. Bideaux, K.W. Bladh, M.C. Nichols: Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. V (2003)
          • Kolwezi
    No reference listed
        • Lubumbashi (Elizabethville)
        • Shinkolobwe
    C.R.Acad.Sci.Paris,(1922) 174, 1066-1067
        • Swambo
    Christophe Boutry and Vic Sapienza specimens
    Egypt
     
    • Red Sea Governorate
      • Eastern Desert
        • Sikait-Zabara region
    Yehia H. Dawood (2011) Mineral Chemistry and Genesis of Uranyl Minerals Associated with Psammitic Gneisses, Abu Rusheid Area, South Eastern Desert of Egypt. JKAU: Earth Sci., Vol. 21, No. 1, pp: 137-169
    France
     
    • Languedoc-Roussillon
      • Hérault
        • Lodève
    [Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1998, 2, p.13-26]
    Germany
     
    • Baden-Württemberg
      • Black Forest
        • Menzenschwand
    Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Saxony
      • Erzgebirge
        • Johanngeorgenstadt District
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Vogtland
        • Oelsnitz
    Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    Italy
     
    • Sardinia
      • Cagliari Province
        • Capoterra
    Olmi F., Sabelli C., Senesi F., Stara P., 2002. La mineralizzazione uranifera di Arcu su Linnarbu. Riv. Miner. Ital., 3: 148-169.
    Japan
     
    • Honshu Island
      • Kinki Region
        • Shiga Prefecture
    Matsubara and Miyawaki (2006) Catalogue of Japanese Minerals.
    Mexico
     
    • Chihuahua
      • Mun. de Aldama
        • Peña Blanca District
          • Sierra Peña Blanca
    http://www.swri.org/4org/d20/ghs/PBlanca/mineral.html
    Russia
     
    • Northern Region
      • Karelia Republic
        • Northern Karelia
    P.M. Kartashov data
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Yavapai Co.
    Frondel, C. (1958), Systematic Mineralogy of uranium and thorium, USGS Bull. 1064: 315; Grant, Raymond W., Richard A. Bideaux & Sidney A. Williams (2006), Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995 to 2005: 8.
    • Colorado
      • Park Co.
        • Lake George (Badger Flats) Area
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
      • Saguache Co.
        • Marshall Pass District
    Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.; Am Min 50:909-923
    • Georgia
      • Lamar Co.
        • Barnesville
    Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    Minerals of Georgia: Their properties and occurrences. Robert Cook GGWRD Bull 92
    • Nevada
      • Humboldt Co.
    NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology NBMG Open-File Report 96-3 By Stephen B. Castor, Christopher D. Henry, Lisa A. Shevenell
    • New Hampshire
      • Grafton Co.
        • Grafton
    Clifford Frondel (1956) Mineral Composition of Gummite, American Mineralogist 41:539-568.; Rocks & Minerals (2005) 80:242-261 New Hampshire Mineral Locality Index
    • New Mexico
      • Cibola Co.
    Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. rev. ed. (1996)
    NMBMMR Memoir 15 Geology and Technology of the Grants Uranium Region
      • Socorro Co.
    Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    McLemore, Virginia T., Zimmerer, Matthew, (2009) Magmatic activity and mineralization along the Capitan, Santa Rita, and Morenci lineaments in the Chupadera Mesa area, central New Mexico. New Mexico Geological Society Fall Field Conference Guidebook – 60 Geology of the Chupadera Mesa pp. 375-386
    • Utah
      • Juab Co.
    USGS Prof Paper 455A p57
    • Wyoming
      • Fremont Co.
        • Gas Hills District
    Handbook of Mineralogy
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