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Cadmium

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Formula:
Cd
System:
Hexagonal
Colour:
Tin-white with bluish ...
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
1 - 2
Name:
From the greek calamine, as element occurs in ores smelted from calamine (smithsonite).
This page provides mineralogical data about Cadmium.

Classification of Cadmium

Approved 1979
1.AB.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
B : Zinc-brass family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.9.1
1.1.5.2

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.9

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
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First Recorded Occurrence of Cadmium

Year of Discovery:
1979
Geological Setting of First Recorded Material:
Found as microscopic grains in a heavy concentrate from a river in the Vilyui Drainage Basin, Russia; presumably weathered out of the Ust-Khannin intrusive gabbro.

Occurrences of Cadmium

Geological Setting:
Heavy mineral concentrates from gabbro, post magmatic activity in mineralized sandstones and dolomites.

Physical Properties of Cadmium

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Tin-white with bluish tint
Hardness (Mohs):
1 - 2
Tenacity:
Malleable
Density:
8.65 g/cm3 (Measured)    8.65 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
Measured on synthetic material

Crystallography of Cadmium

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P63/mmc
Space Group Setting:
P63/mmc
Cell Parameters:
a = 2.979Å, c = 5.617Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.886
Unit Cell Volume:
V 43.17 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
Morphology:
Microscopic grains to 0.2mm.
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
2.81(70)
2.58(30)
2.35(100)
1.90(30)
1.52(30)
1.49(20)
1.32(20)
1.26(10)

Chemical Properties of Cadmium

Formula:
Cd
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Cadmium to other Species

1.AB.MagnesiumMg
1.AB.05RheniumRe
1.AB.05ZincZn
1.AB.05TitaniumTi
1.AB.10bDanbaiteCuZn2
1.AB.10aZhanghengiteCuZn
1.AB.10aα-BrassCu3Zn
1.AB.10bTongxiniteCu2Zn
1.AB.10aZinccopperiteCu7Zn4 (?)
1.AB.10UM2003-03-E:AgAuCuZn(Cu,Au,Ag)4Zn
1.AB.10UM1980-01-E:CuZnCu3Zn
1.AB.10UM1980-02-E:CuZnCu4.45Zn
1.1CopperCu
1.2SilverAg
1.5GoldAu
1.6AuricuprideCu3Au
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
1.8ZincZn
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZn
1.12MercuryHg
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2
1.18LuanheiteAg3Hg
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2
1.20IndiumIn
1.21AluminiumAl
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24DiamondC
1.25GraphiteC
1.26ChaoiteC
1.27LonsdaleiteC
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSn
1.30LeadPb
1.31AnyuiiteAu(Pb,Sb)2
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3
1.33ArsenicAs
1.34ArsenolampriteAs
1.35PaxiteCuAs2
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2
1.37DomeykiteCu3As
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
1.41AntimonySb
1.42StibarsenAsSb
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3As
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2
1.48DyscrasiteAg3Sb
1.49BismuthBi
1.50MaldoniteAu2Bi
1.51SulphurS8
1.52RosickýiteS
1.53SeleniumSe
1.54TelluriumTe
1.55ChromiumCr
1.56RheniumRe
1.57IronFe
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNi
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.64TetrataeniteFeNi
1.65AwaruiteNi3Fe
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHg
1.68PaolovitePd2Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
1.70CabriitePd2CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite(Pd,Pt,Au)3(Pb,Sn)
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82PlatinumPt
1.83HongshiitePtCu
1.84NiggliitePtSn
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFe
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)

Other Names for Cadmium

Name in Other Languages:
Afrikaans:Kadmium
Albanian:Kadmiumi
Basque:Kadmio
Belarusian:Кадмій
Bosnian (Latin Script):Kadmijum
Catalan:Cadmi
Corsican:Cadmiu
Croatian:Kadmij
Czech:Kadmium
Danish:Cadmium
Dutch:Cadmium
Esperanto:Kadmio
Estonian:Kaadmium
Finnish:Kadmium
French:Cadmium
Friulian:Cadmi
Galician:Cadmio
Haitian:Kadmyòm
Hungarian:Kadmium
Icelandic:Kadmín
Ido:Kadmio
Indonesian:Kadmium
Irish Gaelic:Caidmiam
Italian:Cadmio
Javanese:Kadmium
Korean:카드뮴
Kurdish (Latin Script):Kadmiyûm
Latin:Cadmium
Latvian:Kadmijs
Lithuanian:Kadmis
Lojban:jinmrkadmu
Low Saxon:Cadmium
Luxembourgish:Cadmium
Manx:Cadmium
Norwegian (Bokmål):Kadmium
Norwegian (Nynorsk):Kadmium
Occitan:Cadmi
Polish:Kadm
Portuguese:Cádmio
Quechua:Kadmiyu
Romanian:Cadmiu
Russian:Кадмий
Saterland Frisian:Cadmium
Serbian (Cyrillic Script):Кадмијум
Serbo-Croatian:Kadmijum
Sicilian:Cadmiu
Simplified Chinese:自然镉
Slovak:Kadmium
Slovenian:Kadmij
Spanish:Cadmio
Swahili:Cadimi
Swedish:Kadmium
Turkish:Kadmiyum
Ukrainian:Кадмій
Uzbek (Latin Script):Kadmiy
Vietnamese:Cadmi

Other Information

Magnetism:
Diamagnetic
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Cadmium

Reference List:
American Mineralogist: 65: 1065.

Gaines, Richard V., H. Catherine, W. Skinner, Eugene E. Foord, Brian Mason, Abraham Rosenzweig (1997), Dana's New Mineralogy : The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, 8th. edition: 7.

Internet Links for Cadmium

Localities for Cadmium

(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
      • Verkhoyansk
Novgorodova M.I. et al (1982) Native cadmium from Southern Verkhoyanie, - Zapiski VMO, 111/3, pp. 304-315 (in Russian)
      • Vilyui River Basin (Vilui River Basin; Wilui River Basin)
        • Lower Khann'ya River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
USA
 
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineral and/or Locality  
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