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Zinc

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Formula:
Zn
System:
Hexagonal
Colour:
White metallic
Lustre:
Metallic
Hardness:
2
Name:
Named around 1526 by Swiss alchemist Paracelsus (1493-1541) after the German "Zinke", "pointy object, fork tooth, comb tooth", in allusion to its pointy habit in melting ovens.
Zinc Group

As mm-sized irregular plates with cross hatched striations and hummocky surfaces.

Classification of Zinc

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
1.AB.05

1 : ELEMENTS (Metals and intermetallic alloys; metalloids and nonmetals; carbides, silicides, nitrides, phosphides)
A : Metals and Intermetallic Alloys
B : Zinc-brass family
Dana 7th ed.:
1.1.8.1
1.1.5.1

1 : NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
1 : Metals, other than the Platinum Group
1.8

1 : Elements and Alloys (including the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au)
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-4405.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

First Recorded Occurrence of Zinc

Year of Discovery:
1651

Occurrences of Zinc

Geological Setting:
In permafrost at Elsa Mine

Physical Properties of Zinc

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
White metallic
Streak:
Slightly greyish
Hardness (Mohs):
2
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
perfect on 0001
Fracture:
Hackly
Density:
6.9 - 7.2 g/cm3 (Measured)    7.135 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Zinc

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P63/mmc
Cell Parameters:
a = 2.665Å, c = 4.947Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.856
Unit Cell Volume:
V 30.43 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2

Chemical Properties of Zinc

Formula:
Zn
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Combined x-ray fluorescence and spectrographic analyses on Elsa mine material gave:
Zn ~90%; Sn,Pb,Cd ~10%; Fe,Mn,B,Si,Cu,Ag,Ba,Ca trace
Empirical Formula:
Zn
Common Impurities:
Sn,Pb,Cd,Fe,Mn,B,Si,Cu,Ag,Ca,Ba

Relationship of Zinc to other Species

1.AB.MagnesiumMg
1.AB.05CadmiumCd
1.AB.05RheniumRe
1.AB.05TitaniumTi
1.AB.10bDanbaiteCuZn2
1.AB.10aZhanghengiteCuZn
1.AB.10aα-BrassCu3Zn
1.AB.10bTongxiniteCu2Zn
1.AB.10aZinccopperiteCu7Zn4 (?)
1.AB.10UM2003-03-E:AgAuCuZn(Cu,Au,Ag)4Zn
1.AB.10UM1980-01-E:CuZnCu3Zn
1.AB.10UM1980-02-E:CuZnCu4.45Zn
1.1CopperCu
1.2SilverAg
1.5GoldAu
1.6AuricuprideCu3Au
1.7Tetra-auricuprideAuCu
1.9CadmiumCd
1.10DanbaiteCuZn2
1.11ZhanghengiteCuZn
1.12MercuryHg
1.13KolymiteCu7Hg6
1.14MoschellandsbergiteAg2Hg3
1.15EugeniteAg11Hg2
1.16SchachneriteAg1.1Hg0.9
1.17ParaschachneriteAg3Hg2
1.18LuanheiteAg3Hg
1.19Weishanite(Au,Ag)3Hg2
1.20IndiumIn
1.21AluminiumAl
1.22Khatyrkite(Cu,Zn)Al2
1.23Cupalite(Cu,Zn)Al
1.24DiamondC
1.25GraphiteC
1.26ChaoiteC
1.27LonsdaleiteC
1.28SiliconSi
1.29TinSn
1.30LeadPb
1.31AnyuiiteAu(Pb,Sb)2
1.31NovodnepriteAuPb3
1.32LeadamalgamPb0.7Hg0.3
1.33ArsenicAs
1.34ArsenolampriteAs
1.35PaxiteCuAs2
1.36KoutekiteCu5As2
1.37DomeykiteCu3As
1.38Algodonite(Cu1-xAsx)
1.39NovákiteCu20AgAs10
1.40KutinaiteAg6Cu14As7
1.41AntimonySb
1.42StibarsenAsSb
1.43ParadocrasiteSb3As
1.44HorsforditeCu, Sb
1.45CuprostibiteCu2(Sb,Tl)
1.46Allargentum(Ag1-xSbx)
1.47AurostibiteAuSb2
1.48DyscrasiteAg3Sb
1.49BismuthBi
1.50MaldoniteAu2Bi
1.51SulphurS8
1.52RosickýiteS
1.53SeleniumSe
1.54TelluriumTe
1.55ChromiumCr
1.56RheniumRe
1.57IronFe
1.58ChromferideFe3Cr1-x (x=0.6)
1.59FerchromideCr3Fe1-x
1.60WairauiteCoFe
1.61NickelNi
1.62Kamacite(Fe,Ni)
1.63Taenite(Fe,Ni)
1.64TetrataeniteFeNi
1.65AwaruiteNi3Fe
1.66Palladium(Pd,Pt)
1.67PotaritePdHg
1.68PaolovitePd2Sn
1.69Stannopalladinite(Pd,Cu)3Sn2
1.70CabriitePd2CuSn
1.71Taimyrite-I(Pd,Cu,Pt)3Sn
1.72Atokite(Pd,Pt)3Sn
1.73Rustenburgite(Pt,Pd)3Sn
1.74Zvyagintsevite(Pd,Pt,Au)3(Pb,Sn)
1.75PlumbopalladinitePd3Pb2
1.76Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
1.77Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
1.82PlatinumPt
1.83HongshiitePtCu
1.84NiggliitePtSn
1.85IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
1.86TetraferroplatinumPtFe
1.87TulameenitePt2CuFe
1.88FerronickelplatinumPt2FeNi
1.89Rhodium(Rh,Pt)

Other Names for Zinc

Name in Other Languages:
French:Zinc
German:Zink
Italian:Zinco
Russian:Цинк
Simplified Chinese:自然锌
Spanish:Cinc

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.
Industrial Uses:
Galvanising

References for Zinc

Reference List:
Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume I: 127-128.

American Mineralogist (1970): 55: 1019.

Transactions of the Philosophical Institute of Victoria: 1: 156-158.

National Bureau of Standards (U.S.) Circular 359: 11-195.

Internet Links for Zinc

Localities for Zinc

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
    • Sierra Leone fracture zone
      • Markov Deep
Sharkov, E.V., Abramov, S.S., Simonov, V.A., Krinov, D.I., Skolotnev, S.G., Bel’tenev, V.E., and Bortnikov, N.S. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(6), 467-486.
Australia
 
  • Tasmania
    • Rosebery district
Bottrill & Baker in press - Catalogue of Minerals of Tasmania
  • Victoria
    • Brunswick
Aust Jnl Mineralogy 7(1) 2001
  • Western Australia
    • Meekatharra Shire
      • Doolgunna Station
        • Peak Hill Goldfield
Thompson, 2012. Min Soc WA Newsletter
Austria
 
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • St Gertraudi
Lapis 19 (7/8):69 (1994)
  • Upper Austria
    • Kirchdorf an der Krems
- O.M.Friedrich, in: Zur Erzlagerstättenkarte der Ostalpen (mit Karte 1:500.000). Radex - Rundschau, 7 / 8, Radenthein 1953, Seite 371 – 407.
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne District (Plombières-Altenberg)
        • Plombières (Bleyberg)
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995b): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
  • Limburg Province
    • Dilsen-Stokkem
Canada
 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador
    • Newfoundland
      • Baie Verte Peninsula
Christian Bracke Collection
  • Yukon Territory
    • Mayo Mining District
Sabina (1992) gsc mr 50, 80-84
        • Elsa
Boyle, R. W. (1961): Native zinc at Keno Hill. Can. Mineral. 6, 692-694.
Sabina (1992) GSC MP 50, 80-84
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos district
Am Min 55:5-6 pp 1019-1021
China
 
  • Guizhou Province
    • Qianxi'nan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Anlong Co.
Peters, S.G., Huang Jiazhan, Li Zhiping, and Jing Chenggui (2007): Ore Geology Reviews 31, 170-204.
  • Hebei Province
    • Chengde Prefecture
      • Luan River valley (Luanhe valley)
Shao Dianxin, Zhou Jianxiong, Zhang Jianhong, and Bao Daxi (1984): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 4, 97-101.
  • Henan Province
    • Nanyang Prefecture
      • Xichuan Co.
Zexian Xu, Runji Zhang, Zhenyun Liu, and Xingtu Sheng (1987): Acta Petrologica et Mineralogica 6(4), 351-357
    • Pingdingshan Prefecture
      • Wugang Co.
        • Wugang Fe ore field
          • Batai Mine
Xingjie Jia, Huaiqian Li, and Honglu Zheng (2012): Gold Science and Technology 20(2), 25-31
  • Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Shannan Prefecture (Lhokha Prefecture; Lhoka Prefecture)
      • Qusum Co. (Qusong Co.)
Wenji Bai, Jingsui Yang, Qingsong Fang, Binggan Yan, and Zhongming Zhang (2001): Earth Science Frontiers 8(3), 111-121
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
  • Yunnan Province
    • Lijiang Prefecture
      • Gucheng District
Zhaochong Zhang, Jingwen Mao, Fusheng Wang, and Pirajno, F. (2006): American Mineralogist 91(7), 1178-1183.
Georgia
Am.Min. 66,439(1981)
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Frankfurt
Blessing,C. & Pock,R. (1991). Mineralbildungen in Schlacken auf dem Gelände der ehemaligen Kupferwerke in Frankfurt/M-Heddernheim. Aufschluss, Jg.42, Nr.6, S.339-57
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988): Mineralogische Notizen IV. Der Aufschluss, 39, 153-168.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Sauerland
      • Arnsberg
        • Hüsten
D. Pawlowski: "Mineralfundstellen im Sauerland", Weise (Munich), 1991
Greece
 
  • Peloponnese Department (Peloponnisos)
    • Lakonia Prefecture (Laconia)
      • Molaoi
M. Grossou-Valta, K. Adam, D. C. Constantinides, J. M. Prevosteau, E. Dimou (1990): Mineralogy of and potential beneficiation process for the Molai complex sulphide orebody, Greece. In: P. M. J. Gray, G. J. Bowyer, J. F. Castle, D. J. Vaughan, N. A. Warner (Eds.): Sulphide deposits — their origin and processing, 1990, The Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 119-133.
Guinea
 
  • Bafing river
P.M. Kartashov data
Italy
 
  • Trentino-Alto Adige
    • Trento Province
      • Lagorai Group
        • Telve
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Kanagawa Prefecture
Nishida, et al (1994) Naturwissenschaften, 81, 498-502.
  • Tokyo Metropolis
    • Izu Archipelago
Nishida, et al (1994) Naturwissenschaften, 81, 498-502.
Kazakhstan
No reference listed
  • Southern Kazakhstan Province (Ongtüstik Qazaqstan Oblysy; Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
Tony Nikischer; Tony Nikischer
Mongolia
 
  • Hovd Aimag (Khovd Aimag)
    • Altai Mts
P.M. Kartashov data
Norway
 
  • Sør-Trøndelag
    • Rissa
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985).Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p. (p.25)
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols
      • Vilyui River Basin (Vilui River Basin; Wilui River Basin)
        • Lower Khann'ya River
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
Karpov, G. A., & Mokhov, A. V. (2010). Microparticles of native metals, sulfides, and oxides in andesitic ashes of Karymskii Volcano. Journal of Volcanology and Seismology, 4(3), 164-179.
      • Koryak Mts
[MinRec 31:201]
Active Volcanoes of Kamchatka, vol 2, p 140, S.A. Fedotov
    • Magadanskaya Oblast'
      • Kolyma River Basin
        • Ducat District
          • Omsukchan
Filimonova, L.G., and Trubkin, N.V. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(2), 135-144.
Geologiya Rudnykh Mestorozhdenii, 2008, Vol. 50, No. 2, pp. 153–163.
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Kabardino-Balkarian Republic
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Bashkortostan Republic (Bashkiria Republic)
        • Uchaly
http://forum.catalogmineralov.ru/index.php/topic,23795.75.html
The Moon
 
  • Mare Crisium
Mokhov A.V., Kartashov P.M., Bogatikov O.A. (2007) Moon under a microscope, - Moscow, Nauka, p.128 (in Rus.).
USA
 
  • California
    • Shasta Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • East Shasta Copper - Zinc District
          • Round Mountain
Fairbanks, Harold W. (1893), Geology and mineralogy of Shasta County, California: California Mining Bureau. Report 11: 30; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 391.
  • Colorado
    • Hinsdale Co.
      • Lake City District (Lake District)
The Williamson Southern Group Holdings
Mineral and/or Locality  
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