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Garnet

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Formula:
X3Z2(SiO4)3
X = Ca, Fe, etc.
Z = Al, Cr, etc.
Name:
Named Carchedonius Garamanticus = Carthaginian or Garamantic Carbuncle in 77-79 by Pliny the Elder. Earlier named ΑνθραϪέ by Tyrtamus, commonly known by his honorary name, Theophraestus, possibly about 325-300 BCE, but seemingly a name also used for ruby spinel and red-pink sapphires.
Named from granatum (a pomegranate) for its resemblance to seeds of this fruit.
The classical name for a group of silicate minerals with the same structure.
Not to be confused with the garnet structural group which on Mindat is defined as a larger group of minerals with the same crystal-structure type as that of the classical garnet minerals, but including minerals that are not silicates.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Garnet.

Classification of Garnet

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http://www.mindat.org/min-10272.html
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Chemical Properties of Garnet

Formula:
X3Z2(SiO4)3

X = Ca, Fe, etc.
Z = Al, Cr, etc.
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Other Names for Garnet

Name in Other Languages:
Basque:Granate
Catalan:Granat
Danish:Granat
Dutch:Granaat
French:Grenat
German:Granat
Italian:Granato
Polish:Granat
Romanian:Granat
Simplified Chinese:石榴子石
石榴石
Spanish:Granate

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Garnet

Reference List:
Geiger, C. A. (2013): Garnet: A key phase in nature, the laboratory, and technology. Elements 9, 447-452.

Galoisy, L. (2013): Garnet: From stone to star. Elements 9, 453-456.

[For further references see "Garnet Structural Group" page.]

Internet Links for Garnet

Specimens:
The following Garnet specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Garnet

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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