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Afrikanda Massif, Afrikanda, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 67° 27' 0'' North , 32° 47' 60'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 67.45, 32.8
Name(s) in local language(s):массив Африканда


Ultrabasic alkaline massif just southwest of the Khibiny massif.

Mineral List


56 valid minerals. 4 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 6 erroneous literature entries.

Regional Geology

This information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This data will improve over time as more accurate maps and data sets are added.

Neoarchean - Mesoarchean2500 - 3200 MaIgneous: intrusive; Intrusive: tonalitic-granodioritic

Tonalite, granodiorite, granite gneiss, enderbite, migmatite

Northern Europe, Svecofennian and Lapland-Kola orogens

Orogen, fold-thrust belt, folded region; Koistinen et al., 2001; Sigmond, 2002; Solli, unpublished compilation, 2007-08; Bergman et al., unpublished revisions, 2007-08

Archean2500 - 4000 MaArchean intrusive and metamorphic terranes

Intrusive and metamorphic terranes

Belmorian Gneiss Complex

Mixtures of metamorphic and intrusive or plutonic rocks, tracts known as crystalline, migmatitic terranes, moderately to highly metamorphosed rocks of unknown origin with or without intrusions. This classification is inherently prone to variable interpretation, as other compilers might distinguish some packages by their metamorphic or gneissic protoliths, and the associated age ranges may be more variable.


References for regional geology:

Data provided by Macrostrat.org

J.C. Harrison, M.R. St-Onge, O.V. Petrov, S.I. Strelnikov, B.G. Lopatin, F.H. Wilson, S. Tella, D. Paul, T. Lynds, S.P. Shokalsky, C.K. Hults, S. Bergman, H.F. Jepsen, and A. Solli. Geological map of the Arctic. doi:10.4095/287868. Geological Survey of Canada Map 2159A.

Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d.



The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.37,pp. 177-198.

Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (2002) Calcite–Amphibole– Clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. III. Silicate minerals.

Chakhmouradian, A. R. (2004). Crystal chemistry and paragenesis of compositionally unique (Al-, Fe-, Nb-, and Zr-rich) titanite from Afrikanda, Russia. American Mineralogist, 89(11-12), 1752-1762.

Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.40, pp. 1347-1374.

Chakhmouradian, A. R.; McCammon, C. A. (2005): Schorlomite: a discussion of the crystal chemistry, formula, and inter-species boundaries. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals 32, 277-289.

Chakhmouradian, A.R., Cooper, M.A., Medici, L., Abdu, Y.A., Shelukhina, Y.S. (2015): Anzaite-(Ce), a new rare-earth mineral and structure type from the Afrikanda silicocarbonatite, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Mineralogical Magazine, 79, 1231-1244.

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