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Loparite-(Ce)

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Formula:
(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O
 
3
Hardness:
Member of:Perovskite Group
Name:From the Russian name for the Lapp inhabitants of the Kola peninsula, and the Ce content.
This page provides mineralogical data about Loparite-(Ce).

Classification of Loparite-(Ce)

IMA status:Approved 1983
Strunz 8th edition ID:4/C.10-50
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:4.CC.35

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
C : Metal: Oxygen = 2: 3,3: 5, and similar
C : With large and medium-sized cations
Dana 8th edition ID:4.3.3.3

4 : SIMPLE OXIDES
3 : A2X3
Hey's CIM Ref.:18.2.11

18 : Niobates and Tantalates
2 : Niobates and tantalates containing rare earths but not U
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Type Occurrence of Loparite-(Ce)

Type Locality:Maly Mannepakhk Mt (Malyi Mannepakhk Mt), Khibiny Massif, Kola Peninsula, Murmanskaja Oblast', Northern Region, Russia

Physical Properties of Loparite-(Ce)

Hardness (Mohs):

Chemical Properties of Loparite-(Ce)

Formula:
(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O
 
3
Simplified for copy/paste:(Na,Ce,Ca,Sr,Th)(Ti,Nb,Fe)O3
Essential elements:Na, O, Ti
All elements listed in formula:Ca, Ce, Fe, Na, Nb, O, Sr, Th, Ti

Relationship of Loparite-(Ce) to other Species

Member of:Perovskite Group
Other Members of Group:

- +
Barioperovskite
BaTiO
 
3
Isolueshite
(Na,La,Ca)(Nb,Ti)O
 
3
Lakargiite
Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O
 
3
Latrappite
(Ca,Na)(Nb,Ti,Fe)O
 
3
Lueshite
NaNbO
 
3
Macedonite
PbTiO
 
3
Megawite
CaSnO
 
3
Perovskite
CaTiO
 
3
Tausonite
SrTiO
 
3
Vapnikite
Ca
 
3
UO
 
6
Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
4.CC.05Chrombismite
Bi
 
16
CrO
 
27
4.CC.10Freudenbergite
Na
 
2
(Ti,Fe)
 
8
O
 
16
4.CC.15Grossite
CaAl
 
4
O
 
7
4.CC.20Chlormayenite
Ca
 
12
Al
 
14
O
 
32
Cl
 
2
4.CC.25Yafsoanite
Ca
 
3
Zn
 
3
(TeO
 
6
)
 
2
4.CC.30Latrappite
(Ca,Na)(Nb,Ti,Fe)O
 
3
4.CC.30Lueshite
NaNbO
 
3
4.CC.30Natroniobite
NaNbO
 
3
4.CC.30Perovskite
CaTiO
 
3
4.CC.30Barioperovskite
BaTiO
 
3
4.CC.30Lakargiite
Ca(Zr,Sn,Ti)O
 
3
4.CC.30Megawite
CaSnO
 
3
4.CC.35Macedonite
PbTiO
 
3
4.CC.35Tausonite
SrTiO
 
3
4.CC.35Isolueshite
(Na,La,Ca)(Nb,Ti)O
 
3
4.CC.40Crichtonite
(Sr,La,Ce,Y)(Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Mn)
 
21
O
 
38
4.CC.40Davidite-(Ce)
(Ce,La)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)
 
20
(O,OH)
 
38
4.CC.40Davidite-(La)
(La,Ce)(Y,U,Fe)(Ti,Fe)
 
20
(O,OH)
 
38
4.CC.40Davidite-(Y)
(La,Ce,Na,Ca,Pb)(Y,Fe
2+
 
,◻)(Fe
2+
 
,Mn
2+
 
)
 
2
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
,Nb,Zr)
 
18
O
 
38
(hypothetical)
4.CC.40Landauite
NaMnZn
 
2
(Ti,Fe)
 
6
Ti
 
12
O
 
38
4.CC.40Lindsleyite
(Ba,Sr)(Zr,Ca)(Fe,Mg)
 
2
(Ti,Cr,Fe)
 
18
O
 
38
4.CC.40Loveringite
(Ca,Ce,La)(Zr,Fe)(Mg,Fe)
 
2
(Ti,Fe,Cr,Al)
 
18
O
 
38
4.CC.40Mathiasite
(K, Ba, Sr)(Zr, Fe)(Mg,Fe)
 
2
(Ti,Cr,Fe)
 
18
O
 
38
4.CC.40Senaite
Pb(Ti,Fe,Mn)
 
21
O
 
38
4.CC.40Dessauite-(Y)
(Sr,Pb)(Y,U)(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
20
O
 
38
4.CC.40Cleusonite
(Pb,Sr)(U
4+
 
,U
6+
 
)(Fe
2+
 
,Zn)
 
2
(Ti,Fe
2+
 
,Fe
3+
 
)
 
18
(O,OH)
 
38
4.CC.40Gramaccioliite-(Y)
(Pb,Sr)(Y,Mn)Fe
3+
2
(Ti,Fe
3+
 
)
 
18
O
 
38
4.CC.45Diaoyudaoite
NaAl
 
11
O
 
17
4.CC.45Hawthorneite
Ba(MgTi
 
3
Cr
 
4
Fe
 
4
)O
 
19
4.CC.45Hibonite
(Ca,Ce)Al
 
12
O
 
19
4.CC.45Lindqvistite
Pb
 
2
Mn
2+
 
Fe
 
16
O
 
27
4.CC.45Magnetoplumbite
(Pb,Mn)(Fe,Mn)
 
12
O
 
19
4.CC.45Plumboferrite
Pb
 
2
Fe
3+
11-x
Mn
2+
x
O
 
19-2x
, x = 1/3
4.CC.45Yimengite
K(Cr,Ti,Fe,Mg)
 
12
O
 
19
4.CC.45Haggertyite
Ba[Fe
2+
6
Ti
 
5
Mg]O
 
19
4.CC.45Nežilovite
PbZn
 
2
(Mn
4+
 
,Ti
4+
 
)
 
2
Fe
3+
8
O
 
19
4.CC.45Batiferrite
Ba[Ti
 
2
Fe
3+
8
Fe
2+
2
]O
 
19
4.CC.45Hibonite-(Fe)
(Fe,Mg)Al
 
12
O
 
19
4.CC.45Barioferrite
BaFe
3+
12
O
 
19
4.CC.50Jeppeite
(K,Ba)
 
2
(Ti,Fe)
 
6
O
 
13
4.CC.55Zenzénite
Pb
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
4
Mn
 
3
O
 
13
4.CC.60Mengxianminite
(Ca,Na)
 
3
(Fe,Mn)
 
2
Mg
 
2
(Sn,Zn)
 
5
Al
 
8
O
 
29
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
18.2.1Fergusonite-(Y)
YNbO
 
4
18.2.2Fergusonite-(Y)-β
YNbO
 
4
18.2.3Fergusonite-(Ce)
(Ce,La,Nd)NbO
 
4
18.2.4Fergusonite-(Ce)-β
(Ce,La,Nd)NbO
 
4
18.2.5Fergusonite-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce)(Nb,Ti)O
 
4
18.2.6Fergusonite-(Nd)-β
(Nd,Ce)NbO
 
4
18.2.7Formanite-(Y)
YTaO
 
4
18.2.8Pyrochlore Group
A
 
2
Nb
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
Z
18.2.9Ceriopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
18.2.10Strontiopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)
18.2.12Fersmite
(Ca,Y)(Nb,Ta,Ti)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
18.2.13Aeschynite-(Ce)
(Ce,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
18.2.14Aeschynite-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce,Ca)(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
18.2.15Aeschynite-(Y)
(Y,Ca,Fe,Th)(Ti,Nb)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
18.2.16Nioboaeschynite-(Ce)
(Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
18.2.17Nioboaeschynite-(Nd)
(Nd,Ce,Ca,Th)(Nb,Ti,Fe,Ta)
 
2
(O,OH)
 
6
18.2.18Tantalaeschynite-(Y)
(Y,Ce,Ca)(Ta,Ti,Nb)
 
2
O
 
6
18.2.19Vigezzite
(Ca,Ce)(Nb,Ti)
 
2
O
 
6
18.2.20Murataite-(Y)
(Y,Na)
 
6
Zn(Zn,Fe
3+
 
)
 
4
(Ti,Nb,Na)
 
12
O
 
29
(O,F,OH)
 
10
F
 
4

Other Names for Loparite-(Ce)

Other Languages:
Russian:Лопарит-(Ce)
Varieties:
Nioboloparite

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Loparite-(Ce)

Reference List:

- +
Fersmann (1922) Comptes rendus de l'Académie des sciences de Russie: 59.

American Mineralogist (1927) 12: 97.

Izvestiya Geologicheskogo Komiteta 44: 663-682.

Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume I: Elements, Sulfides, Sulfosalts, Oxides. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York. 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 734 (name).

Doklady Akademii Nauk SSSR 140: 1407-1410.

Zapiski Vserossiyskogo Mineralogicheskogo Obshchestva (Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society) 94: 217-219.

Canadian Mineralogist (1996) 34: 977.

Chakhmouradian, A.R. and Mitchell, R.H. (1998) Compositional variation of perovskite-group minerals from the Khibina complex, Kola peninsula, Russia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 36, 953-969.

Canadian Mineralogist (2000) 38: 145-152.

Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology (1983) 84: 365.

Internet Links for Loparite-(Ce)

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  • Localities for Loparite-(Ce)

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Brazil
     
    • Minas Gerais
      • Serra do Salitre
    Haggerty, S. E., & Mariano, A. N. (1983). Strontian-loparite and strontio-chevkinite: Two new minerals in rheomorphic fenites from the Parana Basin carbonatites, South America. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 84(4), 365-381.
    Canada
     
    • Newfoundland and Labrador
      • Labrador
        • Seal Lake alkaline complex (Letitia Lake)
    GSC locality database; GSC database locality No. 4100
    • Ontario
      • Thunder Bay District
        • Killala Lake Area
    The Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 44, pp. 929-942 (2006)
    • Québec
      • Montérégie
        • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
          • Mont Saint-Hilaire
    CHAKHMOURADIAN, A.R., HALDEN, N.M., MITCHELL, R.H., and HORVÁTH, L. (2007) Rb-Cs-rich rasvumite and sector-zoned “loparite-(Ce)” from the Mont Saint-Hilaire (Québec, Canada) and their petrologic significance. European Journal of Mineralogy, 19, 533-546.
    China
     
    • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
      • Baotou League (Baotou Prefecture)
        • Bayan Obo Mining District
          • Bayan Obo
            • Bayan Obo deposit (Bayun-Obo deposit; Baiyunebo deposit)
    Zhang Peishan, Yang Zhuming, Tao Kejie, and Yang Xueming (1996): "Mineralogy and Geology of Rare Earths in China", Science Press (Beijing), 226 pp.
    • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
      • Dandong Prefecture
        • Fengcheng Co.
          • Saima complex
    Saima Deposit Research Group, Beijing Institute of Uranium Geology (1978): Scientia Sinica 11(3), 365-389
    Egypt
     
    • Red Sea Governorate
      • Eastern Desert
    Gehad M. Saleh (2007) Rare-Metal Pegmatites from the Southeastern Desert, Egypt: Geology, Geochemistry, and Petrogenesis. International Geology Review Vol. 49:824-843.
    Greenland
     
    • Tunu Province (East Greenland)
      • Kangerlussuaq Firth
        • Kangerlussuaq complex
    MinRec 16:485-494
    Norway
     
    • Telemark
      • Nome
        • Fen complex
          • Søve Mines
    Dahlgren, S. (2005): Miljøgeologisk undersøkelse av lavradioaktivt slagg fra ferroniobproduksjonen ved Norsk Bergverk på Søve 1956-1965. Regiongeologen for Buskerud, Telemark og Vestfold, Rapport nt 1, 2005. 19-28.
      • Porsgrunn
        • Bjørkedalen
    Segalstad, T. V. & Larsen, A. O. (1978): Gadolinite-(Ce) from Skien, southwestern Oslo Region, Norway. American Mineralogist 63, 188-195
    • Vestfold
      • Larvik
        • Hedrum
          • Farris
    Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
          • Lågendalen
    Sæbø, P.C. (1965): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway. 1: The first occurrence of the rare mineral barylite, Be2BaSi2O7, in Norway. 2: Note on a new occurrence of chrysoberyl in Norway. 3: The first occurence of ramsayite, Na2Ti2Si2O9, in Norway. 38pp. Unpublished thesis, University of Oslo ; Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p.
    Paraguay
     
    • Concepción Department
    Haggerty, S. E., & Mariano, A. N. (1983). Strontian-loparite and strontio-chevkinite: Two new minerals in rheomorphic fenites from the Parana Basin carbonatites, South America. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 84(4), 365-381.
    Haggerty, S. E., & Mariano, A. N. (1983). Strontian-loparite and strontio-chevkinite: Two new minerals in rheomorphic fenites from the Parana Basin carbonatites, South America. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 84(4), 365-381.
    Romania
     
    • Harghita Co.
      • Ditrău (Ditró)
    Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F., Eds. (2010): Mineralogy of Székelyland, Eastern Transylvania, Romania. Csík County Nature and Conservation Society, Miercurea-Ciuc, Romania, 321 pp.
    Russia
     
    • Eastern-Siberian Region
      • Krasnoyarsk Territory (Krasnoyarsk Kray; Krasnoyarskii Krai)
        • Enisei Range (Yenisei Ridge; Enisei Ridge)
    Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
      • Prebaikalia (Pribaikal'e)
        • Buriatia (Buryatia)
          • Mama River Basin
            • Maigunda River
    [MinRec 32:42]; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
      • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
    [World of Stones 12:49]
      • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    • Northern Region
      • Murmanskaja Oblast'
        • Kola Peninsula
          • Afrikanda
    Chakhmouradian A.R., Zaitsev A.N. (1999): Calcite–amphibole–clinopyroxene rock from the Afrikanda complex, Kola Peninsula, Russia: mineralogy and a possible link to carbonatites. I. Oxide minerals. - Can. Miner., Vol.37,pp. 177-198.
    [var: Nioboloparite] www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/khib.htm
    [var: Nioboloparite] Mitchell, R.H., Chakhmouradian, A.R. and Yakovenchuk, V.N. (1996): "Nioboloparite"; a re-investigation and descreditation. Canadian Mineralogist. 34,991-999
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
              • Astrophyllite Stream
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58)
    Azarova, Y. V., Shlyukova, Z. V., Zolotarev Jr, A. A., & Organova, N. I. (2009). Burovaite-Ca,(Na, K) 4Ca2 (Ti, Nb) 8 [Si4O12] 4 (OH, O) 8· 12H2O, a new labuntsovite-group mineral species and its place in low-temperature mineral formation in pegmatites of the Khibiny pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 51(8), 774-783.
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    PEKOV, I.V. & NIKOLAEV, A.P. (2013) Minerals of the pegmatites and hydrothermal assemblages of the Koashva deposit (Khibiny, Kola Peninsula, Russia). Mineralogical Almanac 189(2), 7-65.
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
              • Marchenko Peak
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Comp. Rend. Acad. Sci.(1922) 59, p59; Izv.Geol.Kom.(1925) 44, 6, 663-682 ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    http://maurice.strahlen.org/kola/khibiny.htm; Mitchell, R. H., & Chakhmouradian, A. R. (1998). Th-rich loparite from the Khibina alkaline complex, Kola Peninsula: isomorphism and paragenesis. Mineralogical Magazine, 62(3), 341-353.
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Maggie Wilson
    Konopleva, N.G., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Pakhomovsky, Y.A., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Korchak, Y.A. (2008): Geology of Ore Deposits 50(8), 720-731.
    Mikhailova, Y.A., Konopleva, N.G., Yakovenchuk, V.N., Ivanyuk, G.Y., Men’shikov, Y.P., and Pakhomovsky, Y.A. (2007): Geology of Ore Deposits 49(7), 590-598.
    Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    Pavel's photo
    [var: Nioboloparite] www.koeln.netsurf.de/~w.steffens/lovo.htm
    Pekov, I. et al (2003): New Data on Minerals: 38: 20-33.
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Pavel M. Kartashov data
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Mikhail Uchitel' data
    [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
    [World of Stones 95:5-6, p64]
            • Seidozero Lake
    Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308
    Semenov E.I. (1972) Mineralogy of Lovozero alkaline massif, - Moscow, Nauka, p. 308 (in Rus.)
            • Suoluaiv Mt
    Mikhail Uchitel' data
            • Vavnbed Mt
    Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
    Slovakia
     
    • Košice Region
      • Spišská Nová Ves Co.
        • Hnilec
    Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
    South Africa
     
    • North West Province
      • Bojanala Platinum District
        • Western Bushveld Complex
    MITCHELL, R.H. & LIFEROVICH, R.P. (2004) Ecandrewsite - zincian pyrophanite from lujavrite. Pilansber alkaline complex, South Africa. Canadian Mineralogist), 42, 1169-1178.
    Spain
     
    • Canary Islands
      • Santa Cruz de Tenerife Province
        • Tenerife
    Ferguson, A.K. (1978): The occurence of Ramseyite, Titan-Lavenite and a fluorine-rich Eucolite in a nepheline-syenite inclusion from Tenerife, Canary Islands, Contrib Mineral Petrol 66, 15-20.
    USA
     
    • Arkansas
      • Hot Spring Co.
    Rocks and Minerals, (1999) 74:189
    • Montana
      • Hill Co.
        • Bearpaw Mts
    Can Min 38:145-152
      • Meagher Co.
    www.cseg.ca/conferences/2000/376.PDF.; Chakhmouradian, A. R. & Mitchell, R. H. (2002): The mineralogy of Ba- and Zr-rich alkaline pegmatites from Gordon Butte, Crazy Mountains (Montana, USA): comparisons between potassic and sodic agpaitic pegmatites. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 143, 93-114.
    Zimbabwe
     
    • Matabeleland South
      • Beitbridge District
    Kopylova, M.G., Gurney, J.J., and Daniels, L.R.M. (1997): Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology 129, 366-384.
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