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Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)

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Name(s) in local language(s):Democratic Republic of the Congo


Formerly known as Belgian Congo, Congo-Kinshasa and Zaïre (from 1971 to 1997).
Not to be confused with Republic Of The Congo (formerly French Congo, Congo-Brazzaville; http://www.mindat.org/loc-18493.html).

From about 2006, the country is to be subdivided into Kinshasa city and 25 provinces. Kinshasa has equal status to a province.
Formerly, Congo (Zaïre) was subdivided into 10 provinces and one 'ville neutre' (neutral city): Bandundu, Bas-Congo, Équateur, Kasaï-Occidental, Kasaï-Oriental, Katanga, Kinshasa City, Maniema, Nord-Kivu, Orientale and Sud-Kivu.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Actinolite

Adamite

Aegirine

Afmite

Agardite-(Y)

Åkermanite

Albite

'Albite-Anorthite Series'

Aliettite

Allophane

var: Cupro-Allophane

Almandine

Althupite (TL)

Alumotantite

Amblygonite

Amphibole Supergroup

Anatase

'Ancylite'

Ancylite-(Ce)

Andradite

var: Melanite

Andrémeyerite (TL)

Anglesite

Anhydrite

Anthoinite (TL)

'Apatite'

Aphthitalite

Aragonite

var: Flos Ferri

Arfvedsonite

Arsenopyrite

Asbolane

var: Cuproasbolane

Astrocyanite-(Ce) (TL)

Atacamite

Athabascaite

Augite

var: Fassaite

Aurichalcite

Aurostibite

Autunite

Azurite

Baddeleyite

Baotite

'Bariopyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'

Baryte

Beaverite-(Cu)

Becquerelite (TL)

Benauite

Bermanite

Beryl

Berzelianite

Betekhtinite

Bieberite

Bijvoetite-(Y) (TL)

Billietite (TL)

'Biotite'

'Bisbeeite'

Bismite

Bismuth

Bismuthinite

Bismutite

Bornite

Brackebuschite

'Bravoite'

Briartite (TL)

Brochantite

Brookite

Buttgenbachite (TL)

Cacoxenite

'Calamine'

Calciotantite

Calcite

var: Cobaltoan Calcite

var: Zincian Calcite

Cancrinite

Carnotite

Carrollite

Cassiterite

Cattierite (TL)

'Cattierite-Vaesite Series'

Celestine

Cerussite

Cesplumtantite (TL)

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcocyanite

Chalcomenite

Chalcopyrite

Chernikovite

'Chlorite Group'

Chromite

Chrysoberyl

var: Cymophane

Chrysocolla

Claringbullite (TL)

Clausthalite

'Clays'

Clinochlore

Clinoclase

'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'

Cobaltite

Cobaltomenite

'Coeruleolactite'

Columbite-(Fe)

'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'

Columbite-(Mn)

'Columbite-Tantalite'

Colusite

Combeite (TL)

Comblainite (TL)

Conichalcite

Connellite

Copper

Cordierite

Cornetite (TL)

Cornubite

Corundum

var: Sapphire

Cosalite

Cousinite (TL)

Covellite

Crandallite

Crocoite

Cronstedtite

Cuprite

var: Chalcotrichite

Cuprosklodowskite (TL)

Curienite

Curite (TL)

Cuspidine

Cyanotrichite

Davidite-(La)

Delhayelite (TL)

Demesmaekerite (TL)

Derriksite (TL)

Descloizite

var: Cuprian Descloizite

Devilline

Dewindtite (TL)

Diamond

Digenite

Diopside

Dioptase

Djurleite

Dolerophanite

Dolomite

var: Cobaltoan Dolomite

var: Ferroan Dolomite

var: Zincian Dolomite

Dravite

Dumontite (TL)

Elbaite

'Electrum'

Elpasolite

Epidote

Erythrite

Eudialyte

Evansite

Eylettersite (TL)

Fayalite

'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'

'Feldspar Group'

Ferberite

Fersmite

Fletcherite

'Florencite'

Florencite-(La) (TL)

Fluorapatite

Fluorite

Foordite

Forsterite

Fourmarierite (TL)

Francevillite

Françoisite-(Nd) (TL)

Fresnoite

Frondelite

Furongite

Galena

Gallite (TL)

'Garnet'

Gauthierite (TL)

Gerhardtite

Germanite

Germanocolusite

Gibbsite

'Glass'

Glaukosphaerite

Goethite

Gold

Gorceixite

Götzenite (TL)

Goyazite

Graphite

Greenockite

Grossular

Guilleminite (TL)

'Gummite'

Gypsum

Gysinite-(Nd) (TL)

Halite

Hedenbergite

Hematite

var: Martite

var: Specularite

Hemimorphite

Heterogenite

'Heterogenite-2H' (FRL)

Hibonite

Hieratite

Hollandite

Hongshiite

'Hornblende'

Hydrocerussite

Hydropyrochlore (TL)

Hydroxycalciomicrolite

Hydroxylapatite

Hydrozincite

Ianthinite (TL)

Idaite

Ilmenite

Iriginite

Iron

var: Kamacite

Ixiolite

Jarosite

Julienite (TL)

Kalsilite

Kamitugaite (TL)

Kamotoite-(Y) (TL)

Kaolinite

Kasolite (TL)

Keckite

'K Feldspar'

Kipushite (TL)

Kirschsteinite (TL)

Kitagohaite (TL)

'Kivuite'

Klockmannite

Kobokoboite (TL)

Kolbeckite

Kolwezite (TL)

Kuramite

Kyanite

Lepersonnite-(Gd) (TL)

'Lepidolite'

Leucite

Leucoxene

Libethenite

Liebigite

Likasite (TL)

'Limonite'

Linnaeite

Lithiophorite

Lithiotantite

Lithiowodginite

Lizardite

Löllingite

Luberoite (TL)

Ludjibaite (TL)

Lueshite (TL)

Magnesite

Magnetite

var: Titaniferous Magnetite

Malachite

'Manganese Oxides'

'var: Manganese Dendrites'

Manjiroite

Marcasite

Marthozite (TL)

Mascagnite

Massicot

Masuyite (TL)

'Melilite Group'

Melonite

Merenskyite

Meta-autunite

Metasaléeite (TL)

Metaschoepite (TL)

Metastudtite (TL)

Metatorbernite

Metatyuyamunite

Metavandendriesscheite (TL)

Metavanmeersscheite (TL)

Meymacite (TL)

'Mica Group'

Microcline

Microlite Group

Millerite

Mimetite

Molybdenite

Molybdite

'Monazite'

Monazite-(Ce)

Monazite-(Nd)

Montebrasite

Monticellite

Montmorillonite

Moreauite (TL)

Morenosite

Mottramite

var: Duhamelite

Mundite (TL)

Muscovite

var: Barian Muscovite

var: Sericite

'Muscovite-2M2'

Nacrite

Nepheline

Népouite

Nickeline

Olivenite

'Olivine'

Oosterboschite (TL)

Opal

Orthoclase

Oursinite (TL)

Palladinite

Palladium

Palladseite

Paraschoepite (TL)

'Parisite'

Parisite-(Ce)

Parsonsite (TL)

Pectolite

Penroseite

Pentlandite

Perovskite

Phlogopite

Phosphuranylite

Phuralumite (TL)

Phurcalite

Piretite (TL)

Plancheite

Planerite

Platinum

var: Ferroan Platinum

'Plessite'

'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)' (FRL)

Polydymite

Protasite (TL)

Pseudojohannite

Pseudomalachite

'Psilomelane'

Pyrite

'Pyrobitumen'

'Pyrochlore'

Pyrochlore Group

var: Zero valent dominant member of Pyrochlore Group

Pyrolusite

var: Polianite

Pyromorphite

Pyrope

'Pyroxene Group'

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Agate

var: Amethyst

var: Blue Quartz

var: Chalcedony

var: Citrine

var: Shocked Quartz

var: Smoky Quartz

Rankamaite (TL)

Ranunculite (TL)

Reichenbachite

Renardite

Renierite (TL)

'Rhabdophane'

Richetite (TL)

'Riebeckite Root Name'

'var: Crocidolite'

Rockbridgeite

Rouaite

Roubaultite (TL)

Rutherfordine

Rutile

var: Ilmenorutile

Saléeite (TL)

Sanidine

Saponite

Sayrite (TL)

'Scapolite'

Scheelite

Schmitterite

Schoepite (TL)

Schuilingite-(Nd) (TL)

Scorodite

Sengierite (TL)

'Serpentine Subgroup'

Shabaite-(Nd) (TL)

Sharpite (TL)

Shattuckite

Shinkolobweite (TL)

'Shungite'

Siderite

Siegenite

Sillimanite

Silver

Simpsonite

Sklodowskite (TL)

Smithsonite

Sodalite

Soddyite (TL)

Spangolite

Sperrylite

Spessartine

Sphalerite

Spherocobaltite

Spinel

Spionkopite

Spodumene

Stannoidite

Staurolite

Stibnite

Stilleite (TL)

Stromeyerite

Strontianite

Studtite (TL)

Sulphur

Sulvanite

Swamboite-(Nd) (TL)

Sylvite

Synchysite-(Ce)

'Synchysite Group'

Taenite

Talc

'Tantalite'

Tantalite-(Fe)

Tantalite-(Mn)

Tanteuxenite-(Y)

'Tapiolite'

Tennantite

Tenorite

'Thénardite'

Thoreaulite (TL)

Thorianite

Threadgoldite (TL)

Tin

Titanite

Topaz

Torbernite

'Tourmaline'

Tremolite

Triangulite (TL)

Trikalsilite (TL)

Trogtalite

Troilite

Tschermigite

Tsumebite

Tungstenite

Turquoise

Tyuyamunite

'UM1975-16-SO:HKZn'

Umangite

Umbrianite

Umohoite

'Unnamed (Pt-Cu Alloy)'

Upalite (TL)

Urancalcarite (TL)

Uraninite

Uranocircite

Uranophane

Uranopilite

Vaesite (TL)

Vanadinite

Vandenbrandeite (TL)

Vandendriesscheite (TL)

Vanmeersscheite (TL)

Variscite

Varlamoffite (TL)

Vauquelinite

Verbeekite (TL)

Vermiculite

Vésigniéite

Veszelyite

Volborthite

Vysotskite

'Wad'

Wakefieldite-(Ce) (TL)

Wavellite

Waylandite

Willemite

Witherite

Wodginite

'Wolframite'

Wollastonite

Wölsendorfite

Wulfenite

Wyartite (TL)

'Xenotime'

Xenotime-(Y)

Ximengite

Yarrowite

Zaïrite (TL)

Zeunerite

Zincite

Zincobriartite (TL)

Zippeite

Zircon

var: Cyrtolite


410 valid minerals. 99 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Neoproterozoic to Paleogene : 938.8 ± 5.1 Ma to 65 ± 1 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Paleogene
   Paleocene
ⓘ Uraninite (youngest age)65 ± 1 MaShinkolobwe Mine (Kasolo Mine), Shinkolobwe, Kambove District, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
    
  
 Paleozoic
  Cambrian
   Furongian
ⓘ Rutile (youngest age)494.36406 MaMusoshi Mine, Musoshi, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
    
 
Precambrian
 Proterozoic
  Neoproterozoic
   Ediacaran
ⓘ Rutile (oldest age)548.91696 MaMusoshi Mine, Musoshi, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
    
    
   Tonian
ⓘ Uraninite (oldest age)741 ± 1 MaMusoshi Mine, Musoshi, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
ⓘ Muscovite (youngest age)934 ± 5.9 MaManono Mine, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
ⓘ Muscovite (oldest age)938.8 ± 5.1 MaManono Mine, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)

Localities in this Region

Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Deliens, M. , Piret, P. & G. Comblain (1981): Les minéraux secondaires d'Uranium du Zaïre. 113 pp.

Deliens, M. , Piret, P. & G. Comblain (1984): Les minéraux secondaires d'uranium du Zaïre, Complément 1. 37 pp

Deliens, M., Piret, P. & van der Meersche, E. (1990): Les minéraux secondaires d'uranium du Zaire - Deuxieme complément, 39 pp.

Daltry, V.D.C. (1992): The type mineralogy of Africa: Zaire.
Annales de la Société Géologique de Belgique, 115: 33-62.

External Links


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