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Asbolane

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Formula:
(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
System:
Hexagonal
Colour:
Bluish to brownish black
Lustre:
Dull
Name:
Named from the Greek "to soil like soot".
A poorly defined species, essentially nickeloan "wad".
The chemical composition is rather variable (the mineral can also contain Co, Cu and other metals).

Classification of Asbolane

Valid - first described prior to 1959 (pre-IMA) - "Grandfathered"
4.FL.30

4 : OXIDES (Hydroxides, V[5,6] vanadates, arsenites, antimonites, bismuthites, sulfites, selenites, tellurites, iodates)
F : Hydroxides (without V or U)
L : Hydroxides with H2O +- (OH); sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
Dana 7th ed.:
6.4.9.1
6.4.9.1

6 : HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
4 : Miscellaneous
7.21.4

7 : Oxides and Hydroxides
21 : Oxides of Co
mindat.org URL:
http://www.mindat.org/min-384.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Occurrences of Asbolane

Geological Setting:
As a weathering product in silicic rocks; in siliceous schists; widespread in residual soils above ultramafic rocks

Physical Properties of Asbolane

Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
Bluish to brownish black
Streak:
Black to brownish black

Crystallography of Asbolane

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.04Å, c = 9.34Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 3.072
Unit Cell Volume:
V 74.75 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Thin lamellar aggregates of platelets up to several µm; massive
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.6 (w)
4.82 (s)
2.445 (mw)
1.7 (vw)
1.419 (vw)
Comments:
Recorded on material from the Lipov deposit, Russia

Optical Data of Asbolane

Type:
Uniaxial

Chemical Properties of Asbolane

Formula:
(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:
Analytical Data:
Analytical data from electron microprobe analysis of material from New Caledonia; total iron calculated as Fe2O3, water content calculated from the mass balance
Empirical formula based on TEM-EDS, supported by TGA and IR, of material from the Lipov deposit; individual results not reported
SiO2 (0.6)
Al2O3 (0.1)
Fe2O3 (0.9)
Co2O3 (1.0)
MnO2 (66.7)
NiO (17.9)
H2O (12.8)

sum 100.0 wt.-%
Empirical Formula:
(Ni0.28Co0.12Ca0.05)=0.45MnO1.5(OH)2 · 0.64H2O
Common Impurities:
Al,Ca,Fe,Si

Relationship of Asbolane to other Species

4.FL.TrébeurdeniteFe22+Fe43+O2(OH)10CO3·3H2O
4.FL.05WoodalliteMg6Cr2(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
4.FL.05IowaiteMg6Fe23+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
4.FL.05Jamborite(Ni2+1-x,Cox3+(OH)2-x(SO4)x·nH2O [x ≤ ⅓; n ≤ (1 - x)]
4.FL.05MeixneriteMg6Al2(OH)16(OH)2 · 4H2O
4.FL.05MuskoxiteMg7Fe4O13 · 10H2O
4.FL.05FougèriteFe42+Fe23+(OH)12[CO3]·3H2O
4.FL.10HydrocalumiteCa4Al2(OH)12(Cl,CO3,OH)2 · 4H2O
4.FL.15KuzeliteCa4Al2(OH)12[SO4] · 6H2O
4.FL.20Aurorite(Mn2+,Ag,Ca)Mn34+O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.20Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.20ErnienickeliteNiMn3O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.20Jianshuiite(Mg,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
4.FL.25WoodruffiteZn(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10·3½H2O
4.FL.35BuseriteNa4Mn14O27 · 21H2O
4.FL.40Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
4.FL.40Takanelite(Mn,Ca)Mn4O9 · H2O
4.FL.45Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
4.FL.55CianciulliiteMn(Mg,Mn)2Zn2(OH)10 · 2-4H2O
4.FL.60JenseniteCu3[TeO6] · 2H2O
4.FL.65LeisingiteCu(Mg,Cu,Fe,Zn)2[TeO6] · 6H2O
4.FL.70Akdalaite4Al2O3 · H2O
4.FL.75Cafetite(Ca,Mg)(Fe,Al)2Ti4O12 · 4H2O
4.FL.80MouriteUMo5O12(OH)10
4.FL.85DeloryiteCu4(UO2)(MoO4)2(OH)6

Other Names for Asbolane

Name in Other Languages:
Simplified Chinese:钴土矿
Traditional Chinese:鈷土礦

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Asbolane

Reference List:
Palache, C., Berman, H. and Frondel, C. (1944): Dana's system of mineralogy, 7th ed., Vol. 1, 566, 568.

Chukhrov, F. V., Gorshkov, A. I., Vitovskaya, I. V., Drits, V. A., Sivtsov, A. V. and Rudnitskaya, Y. S. (1980): Crystallochemical nature of Co-Ni-asbolan. Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR, Ser. Geol. 6, 73-81 (in Russian). - Mineral. Abs. (1981) 32, 322 (abstract). - American Mineralogist (1982) 67: 417 (abstract).

Chukhrov, F. V., Gorshkov, A. I., Vitovskaya, I. V., Drits, V. A., Sivtsov, A. V. and Dikov, Y. P. (1980): Crystallochemical nature of Ni-asbolan. Izv. Akad. Nauk. SSSR, Ser. Geol. 9, 108-120 (in Russian). - American Mineralogist (1982) 67: 418 (abstract).

Llorca, S. and Monchoux, P. (1991): Supergene cobalt minerals from New Caledonia. Canadian Mineralogist 29, 149-161.

Manceau, A., Gorshkov, A. I. and Drits, V. A. (1992): Structural chemistry of Mn, Fe, Co and Ni in mangenese hydrous oxides, part II: Information from EXAFS spectroscopy and electron X-ray diffraction. American Mineralogist 77, 1144-1157.

Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 26.

Internet Links for Asbolane

Localities for Asbolane

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
part of list from university of queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
      • Gunpowder District
        • Mount Gordon
Day, B. E. & Beyer, B. D. (1996): Some mines of the Mt Isa district. Part 3 - The Mt Oxide mine. Australian J. of Mineralogy 2 (1), 3-10.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Karawanken
      • Bad Eisenkappel (Bad Eisenkappl)
        • Ebriach
G. Blass, H. Prasnik: Carinthia II 189./109.:263-266 (1999)
      • Finkenstein
        • Mallestiger Mittagskogel
[Der Aufschluss 1996,4 p.186-192]
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Habach valley
Niedermayr, G. et al. (2008): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVII. Carinthia II, 198./118., 223-274.
    • Lungau
      • Murwinkel
        • Rotgülden
          • Lower Rotgülden lake
E. Fugger: Die Mineralien des Herzogthumes Salzburgs, 11. Jahresber. d. k. k. Ober-Realschule in Salzburg (1878)
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
            • Schwarzleo District
C.Auer (2014)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
  • Styria
    • Liesing - Palten valley
      • Rottenmann
        • Bärndorf
C.Auer (2013)
    • Murau
      • Teufenbach
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2007)
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Obertalbach valley
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
          • Schwaz
            • Ringenwechsel District
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
  • Vorarlberg
    • Montafon
      • Silber valley
        • Fresch alp
Kolitsch, U. (2014): 1857) Allophan(?), Aragonit, Asbolan, Aurichalcit, Brochantit, Calcit, Chalkopyrit, Chlorit, Covellin, Galenit, Goethit, Greenockit(?), Hydrozinkit, Jarosit, Lepidokrokit, Malachit, Mikroklin, Pyrit, Pyrrhotin, Quarz, Siderit, Smithsonit und Sphalerit von einem alten Erzschurf bei der Alpe Fresch im Silbertal, Montafon, Vorarlberg. Pp. 94-96 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2014): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIII. Carinthia II, 204./124., 65-146.
      • Vandans
        • Rells valley
Niedermayr, G. et al. (2007): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVI. Carinthia II, 197/117, 149-190.
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Cornelio Saavedra Province
      • Serranía Huarihuari
GEOBOL, Boletín #11, June 1968.
    • Tomás Frías Province
      • Chulchucani
Ahlfeld, F. (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
Cameroon
 
  • East Region
    • Lomié
Lambert, R.J., and Noble, A.C. (2008): Nkamouna Cobalt Project Feasibility Study. Pincock, Allen & Holt NI 43-101 Technical Report for Geovic Mining Corp.
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Great Bear Lake
Chile
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
Sample in the I. Domeyko Museum, of La Serena School of Mines
    • Huasco Province
      • Freirina
        • Sierra Perdices
Pnud Chile/Corfo; "Evaluaciones de los conocimientos existentes sobre Cobalto, Manganeso, Mercurio"; Stgo de Chile, Chile; 1969
      • Germán Riesco district
C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
      • Sierra Totorita
C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
  • Santiago Metropolitan Region
    • Cordillera Province
C. Ruiz Fuller/F. Peebles (1988): "Yacimientos metalíferos de Chile": Fondecyt, Stgo de Chile.
China
 
  • Guangdong Province
    • Heyuan Prefecture
      • Longchuan Co. (Lungchuan Co.)
Liangkai Gu (1986): Geology and Prospecting 22(1), 15-18
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Lapis 2002(7/8), 63-65
    • Liberec Region
Scharm, B.: Přehled minerálů nalezených v oblasti uranových koncentrací v severočeské křídě. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1995, roč. 3, s. 169-172.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
[var: Cuproasbolane] [Clark, 1993 - "Hey's Mineral Index"]
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Shinkolobwe
Mineralogical Record: 20: 287-288.
Dominican Republic
 
  • La Vega Province
    • Bonao
      • Falcondo Mine
Tamara Gallardo, Esperanca Tauler, Joaquin A. Proenza, John F. Lewis, Salvador Gali, Manuel Labrador, Francisco Longo, Giovanni Bloise (2010): Geology, Mineralogy and Geochemistry of the Loma Ortega Ni Laterite Deposit, Dominican Republic. Macla no 13. septiembre ‘10, Revista de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía.
France
 
  • Auvergne
    • Haute-Loire
      • Lubilhac
  • Languedoc-Roussillon
    • Pyrénées-Orientales
      • Mosset
Remy, P., Gatel, P., Meisser, N. (2014): Indice à terres rares de Mosset (Pyrénées-Orientales). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1-2014, 3-17.
  • Lorraine
    • Moselle
[var: Lampadite] Van King
  • Rhône-Alpes
    • Isère
      • Allemont
Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 517-529; "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Schapbach
        • Wildschapbach valley
J. Gröbner: Neufunde von der Grube Katharina im Wildschapbach, Der Erzgräber 18 (2/2004), 34-37.
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schiltach
        • Stammelbach valley
[Lapis 1992, 11, p.13-20]
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Bensheim
        • Hochstädten
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Lauterberg
J. Gröbner: Neufunde aus den Bergbaurevieren St. Andreasberg, Bad Lauterberg und von Oberschulenberg im Harz, MINERALIEN-WELT 18 (2007), 43-51.
J. Gröbner (2001): Eine neue Mineralisation vom Klingenthaler Gang bei Bad Lauterberg im Harz. Mineralien-Welt 12 (6), 16-22. (in German)
      • Goslar
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Sundern
        • Hellefeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
      • Eisern
Weiss. "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
      • Siegen
Weiss: Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Wernigerode
        • Hasserode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Annaberg District
        • Schlettau
Nickerl, F., and Röthig, H. (2000): Verzeichnis der Berggebäude von Schlettau 1500-1900. Streifzüge durch die Geschichte des oberen Erzgebirges, Bergbaunachrichten. Arbeitskreis Annaberg-Buchholzer Heimatforscher, 124 pp.
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
        • Johanngeorgenstadt
Gröbner, J., Grimm, O. & Zienau, H. (2005): Neufunde interessanter Wismut- und Uranmineralien am Schaarschacht, Johanngeorgenstadt, Sachsen. Lapis 30 (6), 44-51; 62.
      • Niederschlag-Bärenstein District
        • Bärenstein
          • Niederschlag
Lapis, 19 (4), 13-22+50.
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
          • Weißer Hirsch Mine (Shaft 3)
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
        • Wolfgang Maaßen Mine field
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Langenberg
          • Graul
            • Gottes Geschick Vereinigt Feld Mine
http://www.dergraul.de
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
Gröbner, J. and Kolitsch, U. (2007): The minerals of the uranium prospect at Tirpersdorf, Vogtland. Lapis 32, 37-42; 58. (in German)
  • Thuringia
    • Harz
      • Nordhausen
        • Ilfeld
J. Gröbner & J. Wesiger (2008): Die Mineralien des Kupferschieferbergbaus an südlichen Harzrand bei Ilfeld in Thüringen. Mineralien-Welt 19 (2), 18-28.
      • Stempeda
J. Gröbner & J. Wesiger (2008): Die Mineralien des Kupferschieferbergbaus an südlichen Harzrand bei Ilfeld in Thüringen. Mineralien-Welt 19 (2), 18-28.
    • Saalfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Thuringian Forest
      • Schweina
No reference listed
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
No reference listed
Ireland
 
  • Co. Dublin
F. Rutley: "Elements of Mineralogy", 12th Ed. (1900)
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Borzoli
Ciriotti, M.E., Blaß, G. (2010): Pot-pourri 2009: Identificazioni UKiS AMI, Minerali italiani di interesse. Micro, 1/2010, 124-127
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Valsugana
        • Roncegno
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Aichi Prefecture
(mistaken ID for cobalt-rich lithiophorite)
Kazakhstan
 
  • Aktobe Province (Aqtöbe Oblysy; Aktubinskaya Oblast')
    • Urals
P.M. Kartashov data
Am.Min.79,388(1994)
Kyrgyzstan
 
  • Osh Oblast
    • Alai Range (Alay Range)
      • Fergana Valley
        • Fergana
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 26
Mexico
 
  • Coahuila
    • Mun. de Cuatrociénegas
      • Cuatro Ciénegas (Cuatrociénegas de Carranza; Venustiano Carranza)
        • Limestone caves
Forti, P. et al. (2006): ACTA CARSOLOGICA 35/1, 79–98.
  • Queretaro
    • Mun. de San Juan del Río
      • San Pedro Ahuacatlán (Ahuacatlán)
Panczner(1987):100.
  • Sonora
    • Mun. de Hermosillo
      • El Zubiate
Panczner(1987):100.
Moldova
 
  • Edinet
    • Criva
Klimchouk, A. (2012). Gypsum karst in the Western Ukraine. International Journal of Speleology, 25(3), 20.
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
S. Weiß: Lapis 31(7/8), 72-73 (2006)
New Caledonia
 
  • Northern Province
    • Houaïlou Commune
Berger, V.I., Singer, D.A., Bliss, J.D., and Moring, B.C., 2011, Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2011-1058.
  • Southern Province
    • Mont-Dore Commune
C. Gineste
Poland
 
  • Świętokrzyskie
    • Świętokrzyskie Mts (Holy Cross Mts)
      • Kielce District
        • Chęciny
Wojciechowski, J. (1958): Minerals occurring at Miedzianka near Checiny (Swietokrzyskie Mts., Central Poland). Prace Muzeum Ziemi (No. 1), 133-156.
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Antonio Jesus Pimentel specimens; www.mindat.org/mesg-25-107652.html
Red Sea
 
Sediment-Hosted Mineral Deposits: Proceedings of a Symposium Held in Beijing, People's Republic of China, 30 July-4 August 1988
Romania
 
  • Suceava Co.
    • Suceava district
      • Iacobeni (Jakobeny; Jacobeny; Jakabfalva)
http://minerals-of-the-carpathians.eu
Russia
 
  • Central Region
    • Moscow Oblast' (Moskovskaya Oblast')
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Nizhnii Tagil
[var: Lampadite] Kievlenko E.V., Senkevich N.N. (1983) Geology of gem stone deposits, - Moscow, "Nedra", pp. 97-99 (in Rus.)
        • Rezh District
          • Lipovka pegmatite field
Igor.V. Pekov, Lyudmila R. Memetova (2008) Minerals of the Lipovka Granite Pegmatites, Central Urals, Russia. Mineralogical Almanac 13:6-45
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 26
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 26
    • Southern Urals
Anthony, J. W. et al. (1997): Handbook of Mineralogy, Vol. 3, 26
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
      • Ľubietová (Libetbánya; Libethen)
Pauliš,P.,Ďuďa,R.,2002: Nejzajímavejší mineralogická naletište Slovenska. Kuttna,K.Hora, 136p
Pauliš,P.,Ďuďa,R.,2002: Nejzajímavejší mineralogická naletište Slovenska. Kuttna,K.Hora, 136p
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
ARANA CASTILLO, R. (1972) : Investigaciones mineralogicas en Sierra Nevada. PhD report Grenada University.
      • Níjar
        • Huebro
Dr. César Menor Salván
    • Granada
      • Molvizar
J. Gröbner and M. A. Fernández Périz (2006): Minerals of the Copper-Cobalt Deposits Molvizar and Cerro Minado in Andalusia. Mineralup February 2006, 48-56.
    • Jaén
      • Linares-La Carolina District
        • Linares
Colectivo Arrayanes, Fernando J. Palero, Gonzalo Garcia, Cesar Menor (2008): El Coto de la Luz. Bocamina, 22: 56-105.
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Ripollès
        • Camprodon
          • Rocabruna
Joan Rosell
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Chóvar
        • Bellota ravine
Joan Vinals & Miguel Calvo (2007) Corderoite, Kenhsuite and Perroudite, mercury sulphohalides from Chovar (Xovar), Castello, Spain. Mineral Up, June 2007.
        • El Hembrar
Casanova Honrubia, Juan Miguel & Canseco Caballé, Manuel, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
Casanova Honrubia, Juan Miguel & Canseco Caballé, Manuel, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
      • Vall d'Uixó
        • La Corraliza
Casanova Honrubia, Juan Miguel & Canseco Caballé, Manuel, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
    • Valencia
      • Vilamarxant (Villamarchante)
        • La Rodana
CASANOVA HONRUBIA, JUAN MIGUEL & CANSECO CABALLÉ, MANUEL, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante
Turkey
 
  • Aegean Region
    • Manisa Province
      • Turgutlu
Masurenko, C., and Tanaskovic, D. (2007), In: Andrew, C.J. et al. (eds.): Proc. 9th Biennial SGA Meeting, Dublin (Ireland), August 20-24, 2007.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cheshire
      • Alderley Edge
No reference listed
BMS Database
BMS Database
BMS Database
BMS Database
No reference listed
BMS Database
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne - Redruth - St Day District
        • Gwennap
          • St Day United Mines (Poldice Mines)
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): "A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon", 2nd ed., D. Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro, UK), 108 pp.
      • St Austell District
        • St Stephen-in-Brannel
          • St Stephen
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
      • St Just District
        • St Just
          • Botallack
            • Cliff outcrops
Carne, J. (1822): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 2, 290-358; Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Collins, J.H. (1892): A Handbook to the Mineralogy of Cornwall and Devon, 2nd ed., Bradford Barton Ltd. (Truro), 108 pp.
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
    • Shropshire
      • Clive
Dewey & Eastwood: Special Reports on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain, vol XXX Copper Ores of the Midlands, pp18-19
      • Shrewsbury
Dewey & Eastwood: Special Reports on the Mineral Resources of Great Britain, vol XXX Copper Ores of the Midlands, pp19
Tindle, A.G. (2008) Minerals of Britian and Ireland
    • Stirling District
      • Tyndrum
Henwood, W.J. (1871): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 8(1), 643-649
  • Wales
    • Denbighshire
      • Dyserth
Le Neve Foster, C. (1879): Transactions of the Royal Geological Society of Cornwall 10, 107-112
    • Powys
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
USA
 
  • Arkansas
Jay Ellis Ransom,1974, Gems and Minerals of America
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Calico Mts (Calico Hills)
        • Calico District (Daggett District)
          • Borate
[Murdoch, J & Webb, R (1966) Minerals of California, California Division of Mines and Geology Bulletin 189]
    • Tulare Co.
      • Lindsay
        • King C. Gillette farm
Melhase, John (1934), A diversity of many fine minerals available in California for collectors: Oregon Mineralogist: 2(7): 23; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 299.
      • Tennessee Knob
Murdoch, "Minerals of California" 1966 p. 298
  • Missouri
    • Crawford Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
    • Madison Co.
      • Fredericktown District
        • Mine La Motte
Dana 6:1083.
  • North Carolina
    • Catawba Co.
J.H.Pratt,1907,NCGS Economic Paper No.11,The Mining Industry in North Carolina During 1905
    • Gaston Co.
      • Lincolnton
J.H,Pratt,1907,NCGS Economic Paper No.11,The Mining Industry in North Carolina During 1905
    • Wake Co.
J.H,Pratt,1907,NCGS Economic Paper No.11,The Mining Industry in North Carolina During 1905
  • Utah
    • San Juan Co.
      • White Canyon District
        • White Canyon
R&M 75:4 p240-248
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