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Merenskyite

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Hans Merensky
Formula:
(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
White
Hardness:
2 - 3
Name:
For Hans Merensky (1871-1952), South African geologist, prospector, scientist, conservationist and philanthropist.

Classification of Merenskyite

Approved
2.EA.20

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
E : Metal Sulfides, M: S <= 1:2
A : M:S = 1:2 - With Cu, Ag, Au
2.12.14.4

2 : SULFIDES
12 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
3.12.23

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
12 : Sulphides etc. of the platinum metals
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http://www.mindat.org/min-2650.html
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Type Occurrence of Merenskyite

Year of Discovery:
1966
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Ultramafic intrusive

Physical Properties of Merenskyite

Metallic
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Opaque
Colour:
White
Hardness (Mohs):
2 - 3
Hardness (Vickers):
VHN10=82 - 128 kg/mm2
Density:
8.547 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Crystallography of Merenskyite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m - Ditrigonal Pyramidal
Space Group:
P3m1
Cell Parameters:
a = 3.978(1) Å, c = 5.125(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.288
Unit Cell Volume:
V 70.24 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Minute grains

Optical Data of Merenskyite

Type:
Anisotropic
Anisotropism:
Distinct to strong, from dark brown to light greenish gray
Colour in reflected light:
White
Pleochroism:
Weak
Comments:
White to grayish white in air, more distinct in oil

Chemical Properties of Merenskyite

Formula:
(Pd,Pt)(Te,Bi)2
Essential elements:
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Merenskyite to other Species

Series:
Forms a series with Melonite (see here)
2.EA.05Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
2.EA.10CalaveriteAuTe2
2.EA.15KostoviteCuAuTe4
2.EA.15KrenneriteAu3AgTe8
2.EA.20BerndtiteSnS2
2.EA.20KitkaiteNiTeSe
2.EA.20MeloniteNiTe2
2.EA.20Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
2.EA.20ShuangfengiteIrTe2
2.EA.20SudovikovitePtSe2
2.EA.25VerbeekitePdSe2
2.EA.30DrysdalliteMo(Se,S)2
2.EA.30JordisiteMoS2
2.EA.30MolybdeniteMoS2
2.EA.30TungsteniteWS2
3.12.1Seinäjokite(Fe,Ni)(Sb,As)2
3.12.2LauriteRuS2
3.12.3Ruthenarsenite(Ru,Ni)As
3.12.4Anduoite(Ru,Os)As2
3.12.5Ruarsite(Ru,Os)AsS
3.12.6Xingzhongite(Pb,Cu,Fe)(Ir,Pt,Rh)2S4
3.12.7RhodplumsiteRh3Pb2S2
3.12.8Cuprorhodsite(Cu,Fe)Rh2S4
3.12.9KonderiteCu3Pb(Rh,Pt,Ir)8S16
3.12.10Bowieite(Rh,Ir,Pt)2S3
3.12.11CherepanoviteRhAs
3.12.12Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
3.12.13Vysotskite(Pd,Ni)S
3.12.14Vasilite(Pd,Cu)16(S,Te)7
3.12.15PalladseitePd17Se15
3.12.16Oosterboschite(Pd,Cu)7Se5
3.12.17TelluropalladinitePd9Te4
3.12.18TemagamitePd3HgTe3
3.12.19SopcheiteAg4Pd3Te4
3.12.20MicheneritePdBiTe
3.12.21KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
3.12.22Telargpalite(Pd,Ag)3(Te,Bi)
3.12.24PalladoarsenidePd2As
3.12.25StillwateritePd8As3
3.12.26AtheneitePd2As0.75Hg0.25
3.12.27MajakitePdNiAs
3.12.28PalarstanidePd5(Sn,As)2
3.12.29ArsenopalladinitePd8(As,Sb)3
3.12.30VincentitePd3As
3.12.31PalladobismutharsenidePd2(As,Bi)
3.12.32StibiopalladinitePd5Sb2
3.12.33Hexatestibiopanickelite(Pd,Ni)(Sb,Te)
3.12.34Sudburyite(Pd,Ni)Sb
3.12.35TestibiopalladitePdTe(Sb,Te)
3.12.36BorovskitePd3SbTe4
3.12.37IsomertieitePd11Sb2As2
3.12.38Mertieite-IPd11(Sb,As)4
3.12.39Mertieite-IIPd8(Sb,As)3
3.12.40SobolevskitePd(Bi,Te)
3.12.41Frooditeα-PdBi2
3.12.42PolaritePd(Bi,Pb)
3.12.43UrvantsevitePd(Bi,Pb)2
3.12.44CooperitePtS
3.12.45Braggite(Pt,Pd,Ni)S
3.12.46Kharaelakhite(Cu,Pt,Pb,Fe,Ni)9S8
3.12.47MalaniteCu(Pt3+,Ir3+)2S4
3.12.48Moncheite(Pt,Pd)(Te,Bi)2
3.12.49MaslovitePtBiTe
3.12.50SperrylitePtAs2
3.12.51PlatarsitePtAsS
3.12.52GeversitePtSb2
3.12.53DaomaniteCuPtAsS2
3.12.54Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
3.12.55StumpflitePt(Sb,Bi)
3.12.56InsizwaitePt(Bi,Sb)2
3.12.57ErlichmaniteOsS2
3.12.58Omeiite(Os,Ru)As2
3.12.59Osarsite(Os,Ru)AsS
3.12.60Kashinite(Ir,Rh)2S3
3.12.61InaglyiteCu3Pb(Ir,Pt)8S16
3.12.62Cuproiridsite(Cu,Fe)Ir2S4
3.12.63Iridarsenite(Ir,Ru)As2
3.12.64Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
3.12.65TolovkiteIrSbS

Other Names for Merenskyite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Merenskyite

Reference List:
Mineralogical Magazine (1966): 35: 815-834.

American Mineralogist (1967): 52: 926.

Internet Links for Merenskyite

Localities for Merenskyite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • La Rioja
    • General Lamadrid department
      • Villa Castelli
        • Sierra de Cacho
DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W.H., Topa, D., Sureda, R.J., Stumpfl, E. and Mühlhans, H. (2004) Merenskyita, PdTe2, en las menas de selenio, cobre y plata de la mina Las Asperezas, distrito minero Sierra de Umango, provincia de La Rioja, Argentina. 7th Congreso de Mineralogía y Metalogenia, Actas, 113-118, Buenos Aires.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
  • San Luis
Mineralogical Magazine 1997 61 : 861-877; DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; FERRACUTTI, G.; BJERG, E. and MOGESSIE, A.. Precious and base metals in Las Águilas, Sierra de San Luis: Mineralogy, genesis and evolution. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2007, vol.62, n.3, pp. 434-446.; Mineralogy and Petrology (2000) 68: 85-114; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Cunningham Co.
      • Trundle
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Victoria
    • Baw Baw Shire
      • Walhalla
G.W.Cochrane 1982. Copper,Lead, Zinc and Barium deposits of Victoria, Geological Survey of Victoria, Bulletin No. 61, pp. 110-118
  • Western Australia
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Kambalda
        • Kambalda Nickel mines
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1218-1225
    • Ngaanyatjarraku Shire
      • West Musgrave Block
        • Jamieson Community (Mantamaru)
Mineral. Deposita 42 (2007) 551-581.
Botswana
 
  • North-East District
    • Francistown District
Maier, W.D., Barnes, S.-J., Chinyepi, G., Barton, Jr., J.M., Eglington, B., and Setshedi, I. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 37-60.
Brazil
 
  • Bahia
    • Campo Formoso ultramafic complex
      • Campo Formoso
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p41
  • Goiás
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Diversity of Platinum group minerals (PGM) in chromitites from Brazil, preliminary results
  • Minas Gerais
The Canadian Mineralogist; August 2007; v. 45; no. 4; p. 751-773;
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Zlatitsa Obshtina
      • Zlatitsa
Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.; Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.; Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.; K. Bogdanov, A. Filipov, R. Kehayov (2005): Au-Ag-Te-Se minerals in the Elatsite porphyry-copper deposit, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43, 13-19.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • New Westminster Mining Division
      • Hope
Manor, M.J., Scoates, J.S., Nixon,G.T., and Ames, D.E., 2014. Platinum-group mineralogy of the Giant Mascot Ni-CuPGE deposit, Hope, B.C. In: Geological Fieldwork 2013, British Columbia Ministry of Energy and Mines, British Columbia Geological Survey Paper 2014-1, pp. 141-156.
  • Manitoba
    • Flin Flon District
      • Bear Lake
Olivo & Theyer (2004) CM 42, 667
    • Thompson Nickel Belt
      • Moab-Setting Lakes area
Y. Chen, M. E. Fleet and Y. Pan (1993) Platinum-group minerals and gold in Arsenic-rich ore at the Thompson mine, Thompson Nickel Belt, Manitoba, Canada. Mineralogy and Petrology 49:127-146; Chen, Yuan, "Precious-metal Mineralization And Sulfide-silicate Relationships In Some Canadian Nickel-copper Sulfide Deposits: Thompson Mine, Manitoba; Sudbury, Ontario; Dundonald Beach, Ontario" (1993). Digitized Theses. Paper 2231.
  • Ontario
    • Kenora District
      • Kapkichi Lake Area
Can Mineral 1984 22: 13-21
    • Nipissing District
      • Phyllis Township
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Copperfield%27s_Mine; Canadian Mineralogist (1973): 12: 193-198
    • Sudbury District
      • Blezard Township
; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Creighton-Davies Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Denison Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787; Chen, Yuan, "Precious-metal Mineralization And Sulfide-silicate Relationships In Some Canadian Nickel-copper Sulfide Deposits: Thompson Mine, Manitoba; Sudbury, Ontario; Dundonald Beach, Ontario" (1993). Digitized Theses. Paper 2231.
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
        • Fraser mine
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Sarah A. S. Dare, Sarah-Jane Barnes, Hazel M. Prichard und Peter C. Fisher (2011): Chalcophile and platinum-group element (PGE) concentrations in the sulfide minerals from the McCreedy East deposit, Sudbury, Canada, and the origin of PGE in pyrite. Mineralium Deposita 46, 381-407.; Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
R. C. Smith, II, SEM, 5/24/10
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • MacLennan Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • McKim Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Norman Township
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., (2003), Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
Ames, D.E., Kjarsgaard, I.M., and Douma, S.L., 2003, Sudbury Ni-Cu-PGE Ore Mineralogy Compilation: Sudbury Targeted Geoscience Initiative (TGI): Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 1787
      • Rathbun Township
Econ Geol (1988) 83:492-510; Econ Geol (1986) 81:1272-1277
      • Wisner Township
Econ. Geol. 103 (2008) 1005-1028.
Robert C. Smith, II Pennsylvania Geological Survey, 10-03-10
    • Thunder Bay District
Mulja & Mitchell (1990)
      • Hagey Township
Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 16, pp. 659-663 (1978)
      • Lac des Iles Area
CanMin 22:233-237
Canadian Mineralogist, Vol.22, pp. 125-136 (1984); D. H. Watkinson and G. Dunning v(1979) Geology and platinum-group mineralization, Lac-des-Iles Complex, northwestern Ontario. Can Mineral 17:453-462
      • O'Neill Township
Can. Min. 30, 121; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
      • Seeley Lake Area
Mulja, T. & Mitchell, R.H. (1990) Platinum-group minerals and tellurides from the Geordi Lake intrusion, Coldwell complex, Northwestern Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 28, 489-501.; Geological Association of Canada (2014) Abstracts Fredericton Vol 37
    • Timiskaming District
      • Boston Township
Econ Geol (1993) 88:817-836; CM 30, 109; STONE, W.E., FLEET, M.E.,CROCKET, J.H. & KINGSTON, D.M. (1992) Platinum group minerals in pyroxenite from the Boston Creek Flow basaltic komatite, Abitibi greenstone belt, Ontario. Canadian Mineralogist 30, 109-119.
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
      • Nunavik
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
          • Raglan nickel-copper mine
Charlie L. Seabrook, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C. Fisher (2004) Platinum-group minerals in the Raglan Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposit, Cape Smith, Quebec, Canada (in Platinum-group elements; petrology, geochemistry, mineralogy) The Canadian Mineralogist 42:485-497
        • Ungava
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1147-1158
Charlie L. Seabrook, Hazel M. Prichard and Peter C. Fisher (2004) Platinum-group minerals in the Raglan Ni-Cu-(PGE) sulfide deposit, Cape Smith, Quebec, Canada (in Platinum-group elements; petrology, geochemistry, mineralogy) The Canadian Mineralogist 42:485-497
  • Yukon Territory
    • Whitehorse Mining District
      • Kluane District
Barkov, A.Y., Laflamme, J.H.G., Cabri, L.J., and Martin, R.F. (2002) Platinum-group minerals from the Wellgreen Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, Yukon, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 40: 651-669.; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
China
 
  • Gansu Province
    • Jinchang Prefecture
      • Jinchuan District
Enhuan Jia (1986): Mineral Deposits 5(1), 27-38; Wenfeng Zhu and Youbin Liang (2000): Geology and Prospecting 36(1), 26-28; Yang, X.-Z., Ishihara, S., and Zhao, D.-H. (2006): Mineralogy and Petrology 86 (1/2), 109-128; Yang, Xuan-Zhu;Matsueda, Hiroharu;Yui, Shunzo;Dong, Xian-Yang (1992) : Chemical Compositions and Paragenesis of the Platinum-group Element Minerals in the Jinchuan Sulfide Deposit, Gansu Province, China. Journal of the Faculty of Science, Hokkaido University. Series 4, Geology and mineralogy;Vol.XXIII, No.2
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Hohhot League (Huhehaote Prefecture)
      • Wuchuan Co.
Youbin Liang (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(12), 18-21
Chen Keqiao, Yang Huifang, Ma Letian, and Peng Zhizhong (1981): Dizhi Lunping [Geological Review] 27(2), 108-115.
  • Jiangxi Province
    • Shangrao Prefecture
      • Dexing Co.
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Jilin Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Tonghua Prefecture
      • Tonghua Co.
Xiangwen Wang (2002): Mineral Deposits 21(suppl.), 689-692
  • Sichuan Province
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Huili Co.
Hangxin Cheng, Chuandong Zhao, Guangmin Zhuang, Yinhan Liu, Haifeng Nie, and Lu Qi (2007): Geology and Prospecting 43(4), 56-60
    • Panzhihua Prefecture
      • Eastern District
      • Miyi Co.
Yao, Y., and Viljoen, M.J. (2003): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2003, A560
    • Ya'an Prefecture
      • Shimian Co.
Yao, Y., and Viljoen, M.J. (2003): Goldschmidt Conference Abstracts 2003, A560
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Yili Hasake Autonomous Prefecture (Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture)
      • Aletai Prefecture (Altay Prefecture)
        • Fuyun Co. (Koktokay Co.)
Minqing Cheng, Yuchun Yang, Fuyi Jia, Qingshan Yang, Guifang Zhao, Cunchang Wang, and Sen Huang (1993): Geology and Prospecting 29(7), 35-39
  • Yunnan Province
    • Dali Autonomous Prefecture
      • Midu Co.
Huanbin Song, Mingqin He, Shangzhong Zhang, and Fenghuang Yi (2008): Chinese Journal of Geochemistry 27, 104-108.; Bilun Luo (1979): Geology and Prospecting 15(3), 11-15; Shengwei Wang, Xiaoming Sun, Zhenwen Liao, Bangguo Zhou, Maojin Luo, Yang Guo, Xiaofang Jiang, Huaping Zhu, Dong Ma, and Zhanwu Shen (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(6), 1259-1276
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Johan, Z., Merenskyite, Pd(Te,Se) (sub 2) , and the low-temperature selenide association from the Predborice uranium deposit, Czechoslovakia. Neues Jahrbuch fuer Mineralogie. Monatshefte, vol.1989, no.4, pp.179-191, 1989.; Econ Geol (1997) 92:468-484
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Kolwezi District
        • Kolwezi
www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
      • Shinkolobwe
www.ulb.ac.be/sciences/katangapgm/CAP.pdf.
Egypt
 
  • Red Sea Governorate
    • Eastern Desert
Helmy, H.M., and Mogessie, A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 58-71.
      • Wadi Haimur
Helmy, H.M., and Mogessie, A. (2001): Mineralium Deposita 36, 58-71.; Helmy, H. M., Stumpfl, E. F., & Kamel, O. A. (1995). Platinum-group minerals from the metamorphosed Abu Swayel Cu-Ni-PGE deposit, South Eastern Desert, Egypt. Economic Geology and the Bulletin of the Society of Economic Geologists, 90(8), 2350-2360.
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Outokumpu Cu-Co-Zn-Ni-Ag-Au ore field
GEOLOGIAN TUTKIMUSKESKUKSEN ETELÄ-SUOMEN PLATINATUTKIMUS V. 1989 90.
  • Lapland Region
    • Koillismaa Complex
Kojonen, K. and Iljina, M. 2001. Platinum-Group Minerals in the Early Proterozoic Kuusijärvi Marginal Series, Koillismaa Layered Igneous Complex, Northeastern Finland. In A. Piestrzynski et al. (eds). Proceedings of the sixth Biennial SGA-SEG meeting, Balkema Publishers, Lisse, pp 653-656
    • Penikat complex
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1126-1136
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1126-1136; Huhtelin, T. A., Alapieti, T. T., & Lahtinen, J. J. (1990). The Paasivaara PGE reef in the Penikat layered intrusion, northern Finland. Mineralogy and Petrology, 42(1-4), 57-70.; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
    • Sodankylä
Lamberg, P., Välimaa, J., Parkkinen, J., & Kojonen, K. (2005). Structural, geochemical and magmatic modelling of the early Proterozoic Keivitsa Ni-Cu-PGE deposit in Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract. In 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume.; Gervilla, F., Kojonen, K. and Merkle, R.K.W., 2005. Platinum-group minerals in the Proterozoic Keivitsa mafic-ultramafic intrusion, Sodankylä, northern Finland. Extended Abstract, 10th International Platinum Symposium, Abstract volume
Gervilla, F., & Kojonen, K. (2002). The platinum-group minerals in the upper section of the Keivitsansarvi Ni–Cu–PGE deposit, northern Finland. The Canadian Mineralogist, 40(2), 377-394.; Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Geological Survey of Finland 2008 Pahtavaara - Gold Database
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Pudasjärvi
Karinen, Tuomo 2010. The Koillismaa intrusion northeasten Finland - evidence for PGE reef forming processes in the layered series. Geological Survey of Finland Bulletin 404
Greece
 
  • Macedonia Department
    • Chalkidiki Prefecture
      • Cassandra Mines
M. Tarkian et al., N. Jb. Miner. Mh. H12 (1991) 529-537
India
 
  • Orissa
CanMin 40:277-309
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Different Municipalities
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
    • Vercelli Province
      • Mastallone Valley
        • Rimella
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
      • Sesia Valley
        • Scopello
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.; Econ Geol (1986) 81:113-1217
        • Varallo Sesia
Econ Geol (1986) 81:113-1217
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
Morocco
 
  • Souss-Massa-Draâ Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azer District (Bou Azzer District)
          • Bleida
El Ghorfi, M., Oberthür, T., Melcher, F., Lüders, V., El Boukhari, A., Maacha, L., Ziadi, R., and Baoutoul, H. (2006): Mineralium Deposita 41, 549-564.
Norway
 
  • Nord-Trøndelag
    • Grong
      • Grong ore field
Grønlie, A. (1988): Platinum-group minerals in the Lillefjellklumpen nickel-copper deposit, Nord-Trøndelag, Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 68, 65-72
Nilsson, L. P. & Larsen, R. B. (1998): Edle mineraler i mafiske og ultramafiske bergarter- en oppsummering av platina-gruppe mineraler (PGM) funnet i Norge i de senere år. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 14: 40-49
Papua New Guinea
 
  • Western Province (Fly Province)
    • Star Mts
      • Mount Fubilan
Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.
Philippines
 
  • Luzon
    • Cordillera Administrative Region
      • Benguet Province
        • Baguio District
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
Poland
 
  • Podlaskie
    • Suwałki District
Nejbert K. 2008: Mineralogy of sulphides in mafic rocks of the Suwałki Anorthosite Massif, NE Poland. Mineralogia - Special Papers, vol. 32, p. 116
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Taymyrskiy Autonomous Okrug
      • Taimyr Peninsula
        • Putoran Plateau
Econ Geol (1986) 81:1203-1212
            • Talnakh Cu-Ni Deposit
              • Oktyabr'skoe Cu-Ni deposit (Oktyabr'skoye; Oktyabr'sky)
2014 Ultramafic-mafic intrusions, volcanic rocks and PGE-Cu-Ni sulfide deposits of the Noril’sk Province, Polar Siberia . 12th International Platinum Symposium
    • Transbaikalia (Zabaykalye)
      • Chitinskaya Oblast'
        • Chiney massif
Seltmann, R., Soloviev, S., Shatov, V., Pirajno, F., Naumov, E., & Cherkasov, S. (2010). Metallogeny of Siberia: tectonic, geologic and metallogenic settings of selected significant deposits*. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 57(6), 655-706
    • Tuva Republic
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
      • Sayan Mts
        • Eastern Sayan
Alexander V. Dedeev et al (2002) The PGE-Bearing Sulphide Ores of the Kingash Mafic-Ultramafic Differentiated Intrusion and Ore Processing Characteristics, East Sajan, Russia. 9th annual platinum symposium
  • Northern Region
    • Karelia Republic
      • Northern Karelia
        • Oulanka plutonic complex
          • Olanga River (Oulanka River)
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
Can Min (2002) 40, (2), 679-692; Mineralogical Magazine 1996 60 : 973-978.
Grishaenko, M. V. P., & Federation, R. (2007). Independent Report on the Shalozerskoe (Burakovsky), Lukkulaisvaara and Tsipringa Platinum, Palladium, Copper, Nickel Deposits in the Autonomous Republic of Karelia Russian Federation
(2014) 12th International Platinum Symposium p63
    • Murmanskaja Oblast'
      • Kola Peninsula
Gabov, D. A. (2010). PGE and Au minerals from the low-sulfide ore of the Pana Tundra Pluton, Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 52(7), 624-629.
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session MPM-04 Platinum-group mineralogy: Platinum-group minerals in the PGE deposit of the Fedorovo-Pansky layered intrusion, Kola Peninsula
        • Monche-Tundra
http://www.duke.edu/~boudreau/9thPtSymposium/Grokhovskaya_Abstract.pdf
Yury L. Voytekhovsky, Yury N. Neradovsky (2008) The Cu-Ni-PGE and Cr deposits of the Monchegorsk area, the Kola Peninsula, Russia. 33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
            • Monchegorsk Cu-Ni Deposit
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
33 IGC excursion No 48, August 15 – 21, 2008
http://www4.geology.utoronto.ca/faculty/mungall/Website/igcp479northasia/dp803.html.
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
Abzalov, M.Z., and Both, R.A. (1997): Mineralogy and Petrology 61, 119-143.
Chashchin, V. V., & Petrov, S. V. (2013). Low-sulfide PGE ore in the Volchetundra gabbro-anorthosite pluton, Kola Peninsula, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 55(5), 357-382.
Serbia
 
  • Bor District
    • Bor-Majdanpek mining district
Stribrny, B., Wellmer, F.-W., Burgath, K.-P., Oberthür, T., Tarkian, M., and Pfeiffer, T. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 260-281.
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Bushveld Complex
      • Burgersfort
Minerals of South Africa
        • Sekhukhuneland
Minerals of South Africa
      • Waterberg District
        • Mokopane (Potgietersrus)
Minerals of South Africa
Holwell, D. A., McDonald, I., & Armitage, P. E. B. (2006). Platinum-group mineral assemblages in the Platreef at the Sandsloot Mine, northern Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine, 70(1), 83-101.
Minerals of South Africa
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
      • Waterval
http://www.minsoc.org.za/pubs/BaseMetals2003.pdf
H.F.J. Theart and C.D. de Nooy (2001) The Platinum Group Minerals in two parts of the Massive Sulphide Body of the Uitkomst Complex, Mpumalanga, South Africa. SOUTH AFRICAN JOURNAL OF GEOLOGY, VOLUME 104, PAGE 287-300
  • North West Province
    • Bojanala Platinum District
      • Western Bushveld Complex
http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/merenskyite.pdf
        • Rustenburg (Rustenburg District)
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Extremadura
    • Badajoz
      • Monesterio
Suárez, S. et al. (2010): Mineralium Deposita 45, 331-350. ; R. Piña, F. Gervilla, L. Ortega, R. Lunar (2008): Mineralogy and geochemistry of platinum-group elements in the Aguablanca Ni-Cu deposit (SW Spain). Mineralogy and Petrology 92, 259-282.
Sweden
 
  • Härjedalen
    • Berg
      • Storsjö
  • Lappland
    • Vittangi
No reference listed
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries & Galloway
      • Newton Stewart
MinMag 68(2):395-411
    • North West Highlands
      • Isle of Rum
Power, M.R., Pirrie, D., Andersen, J.C.O., and Butcher, A.R. (2000): Mineralium Deposita 35, 762-775.
USA
 
  • Montana
    • Stillwater Co.
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; Canadian Mineralogist Vol. 17, pp. 589-594 (1979)
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Virgin Mts
        • Bunkerville District
          • Whitney Pocket Basin
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999.
  • Wyoming
    • Albany Co.
      • Lake Owen Complex
5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
      • New Rambler District
R.R. Loucks, M.E. McCallum (1980) Platinum-group minerals in the New Rambler copper-nickel deposit, Wyoming: A preliminary report. ft Sulphosalts, Platinum Minerals and Ore Microscopy, 200-218. Proc. XI IMA Meet., Novosibirsk.(Am Min 74:1217); Econ Geol (1988) 83:492-510
Zimbabwe
 
  • Masvingo
    • Chiredzi Mining District (Hartley Mining District)
      • Chiredzi
Chusi Li, Ripley, E.M., Oberthür, T., Miller, Jr., J.D., and Joslin, G.D. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 97-110.; Economic Geology (1990) 85:556-584; Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342; Oberthür, T., Weiser, T. W., Gast, L., & Kojonen, K. (2003). Geochemistry and mineralogy of platinum-group elements at Hartley Platinum Mine, Zimbabwe. Mineralium Deposita, 38(3), 327-343.
  • Midlands
    • Zvishavane District
      • Zvishavane (Shabani; Shabanie; Shavani)
Allan H. Wilson and Martin D. Prendergast (2001) Platinum-Group Element Mineralisation in the Great Dyke, Zimbabwe, and its Relationship to Magma Evolution and Magma Chamber Structure. South African Journal of Geology, 104:319-342; Nashwa, Velaphi Moses. "The flotation of high talc-containing ore from the Great Dyke of Zimbabwe." (2008). MS Thesis
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