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Claringbullite

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Formula:
Cu
 
4
(OH)
 
7
Cl · nH
 
2
O
System:Hexagonal
Name:After Gordon Frank Claringbull (1911-1990), former Keeper of Mineralogy and Director of the British Natural History Museum, London, England.
Isostructural with:Barlowite, Fejerite
This page provides mineralogical data about Claringbullite.

Classification of Claringbullite

IMA status:Approved 1976
Strunz 8th edition ID:3/D.03-10
Nickel-Strunz 10th (pending) edition ID:3.DA.15

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
A : With Cu, etc., without Pb
Dana 8th edition ID:10.5.6.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
5 : Am(O,OH)pXq
Hey's CIM Ref.:8.2.10

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
2 : Halides of Cu
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Type Occurrence of Claringbullite

Co-type Localities:M'sesa Mine, Kambove District, Katanga Copper Crescent, Katanga (Shaba), Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
Nchanga Mine, Chingola, Chingola District, Copperbelt Province, Zambia
Year of Discovery:1976

Crystallography of Claringbullite

Crystal System:Hexagonal
Cell Parameters:a = 6.67Å, c = 9.18Å
Ratio:a:c = 1 : 1.376
Unit Cell Volume:V 353.69 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Optical Data of Claringbullite

Type:Uniaxial (-)
RI values: nω = 1.782 nε = 1.780
Maximum Birefringence:δ = 0.002

Chart shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:Very High

Chemical Properties of Claringbullite

Formula:
Cu
 
4
(OH)
 
7
Cl · nH
 
2
O
Simplified for copy/paste:Cu4(OH)7Cl·nH2O
Essential elements:Cl, Cu, H, O
All elements listed in formula:Cl, Cu, H, O

Relationship of Claringbullite to other Species

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping):

- +
3.DA.05Melanothallite
Cu
 
2
Cl
 
2
O
3.DA.10aAtacamite
Cu
 
2
(OH)
 
3
Cl
3.DA.10bBotallackite
Cu
 
2
(OH)
 
3
Cl
3.DA.10bClinoatacamite
Cu
 
2
(OH)
 
3
Cl
3.DA.10aHibbingite
Fe
2+
2
(OH)
 
3
Cl
3.DA.10aKempite
Mn
2+
2
(OH)
 
3
Cl
3.DA.10cParatacamite
Cu
 
3
(Cu,Zn)(OH)
 
6
Cl
 
2
3.DA.10bBelloite
Cu(OH)Cl
3.DA.10cHerbertsmithite
Cu
 
3
Zn(OH)
 
6
Cl
 
2
3.DA.10cKapellasite
Cu
 
3
Zn(OH)
 
6
Cl
 
2
3.DA.10cGillardite
Cu
 
3
Ni(OH)
 
6
Cl
 
2
3.DA.10cHaydeeite
Cu
 
3
Mg(OH)
 
6
Cl
 
2
3.DA.10dAnatacamite
Cu
 
2
(OH)
 
3
Cl
3.DA.15Barlowite
Cu
 
4
BrF(OH)
 
6
3.DA.20Simonkolleite
Zn
 
5
Cl
 
2
(OH)
 
8
· H
 
2
O
3.DA.25Buttgenbachite
Cu
 
19
(NO
 
3
)
 
2
(OH)
 
32
Cl
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
3.DA.25Connellite
Cu
 
19
(SO
 
4
)(OH)
 
32
Cl
 
4
· 3H
 
2
O
3.DA.30Abhurite
Sn
 
21
Cl
 
16
(OH)
 
14
O
 
6
3.DA.35Ponomarevite
K
 
4
Cu
 
4
Cl
 
10
O
3.DA.40Anthonyite
Cu(OH,Cl)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
3.DA.40Calumetite
Cu(OH,Cl)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
3.DA.45Khaidarkanite
Na
 
0.34
Cu
 
4
Al
 
3
(OH)
 
14
F
 
3
· 2H
 
2
O
3.DA.50Bobkingite
Cu
 
5
Cl
 
2
(OH)
 
8
· 2H
 
2
O
3.DA.55Avdoninite
K
 
2
Cu
 
5
(OH)
 
4
Cl
 
8
· H
 
2
O
3.DA.60Droninoite
Ni
 
6
Fe
2+
3
(OH)
 
16
Cl
 
2
· 4H
 
2
O
Related Minerals - Hey's Index Grouping:

- +
8.2.1Nantokite
CuCl
8.2.2Tolbachite
CuCl
 
2
8.2.3Eriochalcite
CuCl
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.2.4Atacamite
Cu
 
2
(OH)
 
3
Cl
8.2.5Paratacamite
Cu
 
3
(Cu,Zn)(OH)
 
6
Cl
 
2
8.2.6Botallackite
Cu
 
2
(OH)
 
3
Cl
8.2.7Melanothallite
Cu
 
2
Cl
 
2
O
8.2.8Calumetite
Cu(OH,Cl)
 
2
· 2H
 
2
O
8.2.9Anthonyite
Cu(OH,Cl)
 
2
· 3H
 
2
O
8.2.11Marshite
CuI
8.2.12Mitscherlichite
K
 
2
CuCl
 
4
· 2H
 
2
O
8.2.13Ponomarevite
K
 
4
Cu
 
4
Cl
 
10
O

Other Names for Claringbullite

Synonyms:
IMA1976-029
Other Languages:
German:Claringbullit
Russian:Кларингбуллит
Spanish:Claringbullita

Other Information

Health Warning:No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Claringbullite

Reference List:

- +
Fejer, E.E., Clark, A.M., Couper, A.G., and Elliott, C.J. (1977) Claringbullite, a new hydrated copper chloride. Mineralogical Magazine: 41: 433-436.

American Mineralogist (1988): 63: 793 (abstract).

Burns, P.C., Cooper, M.A., and Hawthorne, F.C. (1995) Claringbullite: a Cu2+ oxysalt with Cu2+ in trigonal-prismatic coordination. Canadian Mineralogist: 33: 633-639.

Internet Links for Claringbullite

Search Engines:
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  • External Links:
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  • Look for Claringbullite on Athena Mineralogy
  • Look for Claringbullite on Mineralien Atlas
  • Raman and XRD data at RRUFF project
  • American Mineralogist Crystal Structure Database
  • Claringbullite details from Handbook of Mineralogy (PDF)
  • Mineral Dealers:
  • rare and unusual minerals mainly crystallized
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  • Find Claringbullite on www.crystalclassics.co.uk
  • Buy RARE Minerals from Rocks of Africa
  • SpiriferMinerals.com - high quality low prices
  • Claringbullite specimens for sale - minfind.com
  • Buy fine minerals and gemstones from Pala International
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  • Rare and Unusual minerals at Mineralogical Research Company
  • Localities for Claringbullite

    The map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
    (TL) indicates type locality. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
    Australia
     
    • Queensland
      • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
        • Cloncurry District
          • Cloncurry
    [UKJMM 19:24]
    Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
     
    • Katanga (Shaba)
      • Katanga Copper Crescent
        • Kambove District
    Min.Mag.(1977) 41, 433-436
        • Kisamfu
    Xiangqian Li, Yanling Yan, and Xianli Xu (2009): Mineral Resources and Geology 29(3), 253-257
    France
     
    • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
      • Alpes-Maritimes
        • Guillaumes
          • Daluis
    Sarp, H., Mari, G., Mari, D., Rolland, P. (1996) Données nouvelles sur laminéralogie des indices cupriféres de Roua (Daluis et Guillaumes, Alpes-Maritimes, France). Riviera Scientifique, bulletin de l'Association des naturalistes de Nice et des Alpes-Maritimes, pp. 27-36.
    Germany
     
    • Lower Saxony
      • Harz
        • Goslar
          • Astfeld
    van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
    Greece
     
    • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
      • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
        • Lavrion District Mines
          • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
    No reference listed
          • Sounion area
            • Sounion Mines
    Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
    Hungary
     
    • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
      • Rudabányai Mtns
        • Rudabánya
    GEODA 2010/1
    Italy
     
    • Liguria
      • Genova Province
        • Genova
          • Varenna Valley
    Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
    Mexico
     
    • Durango
      • Mun. de Mapimí
        • Mapimí
    http://rruff.info/general=ojuela/display=default/R090014 (X-ray diffraction confirmed)
    Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 6
    USA
     
    • Arizona
      • Cochise Co.
        • Mule Mts
          • Warren District
    Mineralogical Record 12 302; Min.Mag.(1977) 41, 433-436; Bob Meyer (2012) Micro Mineral Collector. Friends of Mineralogy National Newsletter 42:10-13
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 175; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
    Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 175; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
    Zambia
     
    • Copperbelt Province
      • Chingola District
        • Chingola
    Min.Mag.(1977) 41, 433-436
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    Copyright © Jolyon Ralph and Ida Chau 1993-2014. Site Map. Locality, mineral & photograph data are the copyright of the individuals who submitted them. Site hosted & developed by Jolyon Ralph. Mindat.org is an online information resource dedicated to providing free mineralogical information to all. Mindat relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters. Mindat does not offer minerals for sale. If you would like to add information to improve the quality of our database, then click here to register.
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