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Claringbullite

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Formula:
Cu4ClF(OH)6
Originally assumed to be Cu4(OH)7Cl.nH2O.
System:
Hexagonal
Name:
After Gordon Frank Claringbull (1911-1990), former Keeper of Mineralogy and Director of the British Natural History Museum, London, England.
Isostructural with:
This page provides mineralogical data about Claringbullite.

Classification of Claringbullite

Redefined Approved 2016
Explanation of status:
Redefinition after acceptation of IMA 15-L proposal. Source: New minerals and nomenclature modifications approved in 2015 and 2016 - Nomenclature proposal approved in January 2016
3.DA.15

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
A : With Cu, etc., without Pb
10.5.6.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
5 : Am(O,OH)pXq
8.2.10

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
2 : Halides of Cu
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http://www.mindat.org/min-1058.html
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Type Occurrence of Claringbullite

Year of Discovery:
1976

Crystallography of Claringbullite

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P63/mmc
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.6733(5) Å, c = 9.185(1) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.376
Unit Cell Volume:
V 354.23 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
2
X-Ray Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
5.75 (vvs)
4.89 (s)
4.58 (s)
2.889 (ms)
2.700 (vvs)
2.445 (vs)
1.797 (ms)

Optical Data of Claringbullite

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.782 nε = 1.780
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.002
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of Claringbullite

Formula:
Cu4ClF(OH)6

Originally assumed to be Cu4(OH)7Cl.nH2O.
All elements listed in formula:

Relationship of Claringbullite to other Species

3.DA.05MelanothalliteCu2Cl2O
3.DA.10aAtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
3.DA.10bBotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
3.DA.10bClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
3.DA.10aHibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
3.DA.10aKempiteMn22+(OH)3Cl
3.DA.10cParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
3.DA.10bBelloiteCu(OH)Cl
3.DA.10cHerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
3.DA.10cKapellasiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
3.DA.10cGillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2
3.DA.10cHaydeeiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
3.DA.15BarlowiteCu4BrF(OH)6
3.DA.20SimonkolleiteZn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2O
3.DA.25ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
3.DA.25ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
3.DA.30AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
3.DA.35PonomareviteK4Cu4Cl10O
3.DA.40AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
3.DA.40CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
3.DA.45KhaidarkaniteNa0.34Cu4Al3(OH)14F3 · 2H2O
3.DA.50BobkingiteCu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2O
3.DA.55AvdoniniteK2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2O
3.DA.60DroninoiteNi6Fe32+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
8.2.1NantokiteCuCl
8.2.2TolbachiteCuCl2
8.2.3EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
8.2.4AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
8.2.5ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
8.2.6BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
8.2.7MelanothalliteCu2Cl2O
8.2.8CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
8.2.9AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
8.2.11MarshiteCuI
8.2.12MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
8.2.13PonomareviteK4Cu4Cl10O

Other Names for Claringbullite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Claringbullite

Reference List:
Fejer, E.E., Clark, A.M., Couper, A.G., Elliott, C.J. (1977) Claringbullite, a new hydrated copper chloride. Mineralogical Magazine: 41: 433-436.

Fleischer, M., Pabst, A., White, J.S. (1978) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 63: 793.

Burns, P.C., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C. (1995) Claringbullite: a Cu2+ oxysalt with Cu2+ in trigonal-prismatic coordination. The Canadian Mineralogist: 33: 633-639.

Rumsey, M., Welch, M., Origlieri, M., Cressey, G., Kampf, A., Burgio, L., Spratt, J., Humphrey-Williams, E., Kirk, C. (2014) A redefinition of claringbullite to Cu4ClF(OH)6; the importance of type material and group/series based studies. 21st General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2014), Gauteng, South Africa, September 1-5; Abstract Volume, 375.

IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (CNMNC). New minerals and nomenclature modifications approved in 2015 and 2016. Nomenclature proposal approved in January 2016.
http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=12600

Internet Links for Claringbullite

Localities for Claringbullite

map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Mount Isa - Cloncurry area
      • Cloncurry District
        • Cloncurry
[UKJMM 19:24]
Steve Sorrell Collection
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre) (TL)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Katanga Copper Crescent
      • Kambove District
Mineralogical Magazine(1977) 41, 433-436
      • Kisamfu
Xiangqian Li, Yanling Yan, and Xianli Xu (2009): Mineral Resources and Geology 29(3), 253-257
France
 
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Guillaumes
        • Daluis
Sarp, H., Mari, G., Mari, D., Rolland, P. (1996) Données nouvelles sur laminéralogie des indices cupriféres de Roua (Daluis et Guillaumes, Alpes-Maritimes, France). Riviera Scientifique, bulletin de l'Association des naturalistes de Nice et des Alpes-Maritimes, pp. 27-36.
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
        • Sounion area
          • Sounion Mines
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
GEODA 2010/1
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Mapimí
      • Mapimí
http://rruff.info/general=ojuela/display=default/R090014 (X-ray diffraction confirmed)
Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 6
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Mineralogical Record 12 302; Mineralogical Magazine(1977) 41, 433-436; Bob Meyer (2012) Micro Mineral Collector. Friends of Mineralogy National Newsletter 42:10-13
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 175; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 175; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Zambia (TL)
 
  • Copperbelt Province
    • Chingola District
      • Chingola
Mineralogical Magazine(1977) 41, 433-436
Mineral and/or Locality  
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