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About ClaringbulliteHide

Gordon F. Claringbull
Originally assumed to be Cu4(OH)7Cl.nH2O.
Crystal System:
Named in honor of Gordon Frank Claringbull (21 August 1911 - 23 November 1990), former Keeper of Mineralogy and Director of the British Natural History Museum, London, England. He helped describe six new minerals including the rare gemstones taaffeite, sinhalite, and painite.
Isostructural with:
This page provides mineralogical data about Claringbullite.

Classification of ClaringbulliteHide

Redefined by the IMA
First Published:
Approval History:
Originally approved with the formula Cu4Cl(OH)7. Redefined by IMA in 2016, as it was recognised that the correct formula of claringbullite is Cu2+4FCl(OH)6.

D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
A : With Cu, etc., without Pb

5 : Am(O,OH)pXq

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
2 : Halides of Cu

Pronounciation of ClaringbulliteHide

PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Optical Data of ClaringbulliteHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.782 nε = 1.780
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.002
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of ClaringbulliteHide


Originally assumed to be Cu4(OH)7Cl.nH2O.

Crystallography of ClaringbulliteHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) - Dihexagonal Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 6.6733(5) Å, c = 9.185(1) Å
a:c = 1 : 1.376
Unit Cell V:
354.23 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
5.75 (vvs)
4.89 (s)
4.58 (s)
2.889 (ms)
2.700 (vvs)
2.445 (vs)
1.797 (ms)

Type Occurrence of ClaringbulliteHide

Fejer, E. E., Clark, A. M., Couper, A. G., & Elliott, C. J. (1977). Claringbullite, a new hydrated copper chloride. Mineralogical Magazine, 41(320), 433-436.

Synonyms of ClaringbulliteHide

Other Language Names for ClaringbulliteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cuprite8 photos of Claringbullite associated with Cuprite on mindat.org.
Atacamite4 photos of Claringbullite associated with Atacamite on mindat.org.
Brochantite3 photos of Claringbullite associated with Brochantite on mindat.org.
Spangolite3 photos of Claringbullite associated with Spangolite on mindat.org.
Malachite2 photos of Claringbullite associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Connellite1 photo of Claringbullite associated with Connellite on mindat.org.
Cerussite1 photo of Claringbullite associated with Cerussite on mindat.org.
Tenorite1 photo of Claringbullite associated with Tenorite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

3.DA.CentennialiteCaCu3Cl2(OH)6 · nH2O (n ~ 0.7)Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.10aAtacamiteCu2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DA.10bBotallackiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/m
3.DA.10bClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m
3.DA.10aKempiteMn2+2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.DA.10cParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
3.DA.10bBelloiteCu(OH)ClMon. 2/m : P21/b
3.DA.10cHerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.DA.10cKapellasiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.10cGillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.DA.10cHaydeeiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.15BarlowiteCu4BrF(OH)6Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.20SimonkolleiteZn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
3.DA.25ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
3.DA.25ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2OHex. 6 m2 : P62c
3.DA.40AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m
3.DA.40CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2OOrth.
3.DA.45KhaidarkaniteNa0.34Cu4Al3(OH)14F3 · 2H2OMon.
3.DA.50BobkingiteCu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
3.DA.55AvdoniniteK2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2OMon. 2/m
3.DA.60DroninoiteNi6Fe2+3(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

8.2.1NantokiteCuClIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
8.2.3EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.2.4AtacamiteCu2(OH)3ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.2.5ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
8.2.6BotallackiteCu2(OH)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.2.8CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2OOrth.
8.2.9AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2OMon. 2/m
8.2.11MarshiteCuIIso. 4 3m : F4 3m
8.2.12MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for ClaringbulliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Fejer, E.E., Clark, A.M., Couper, A.G., Elliott, C.J. (1977) Claringbullite, a new hydrated copper chloride. Mineralogical Magazine: 41: 433-436. https://rruff-2.geo.arizona.edu/uploads/MM41_433.pdf
Fleischer, M., Pabst, A., White, J.S. (1978) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 63: 793.
Burns, P.C., Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C. (1995) Claringbullite: a Cu2+ oxysalt with Cu2+ in trigonal-prismatic coordination. The Canadian Mineralogist: 33: 633-639.
Frost, R. L., Williams, P. A., Kloprogge, J. T., & Martens, W. (2003). Raman spectroscopy of the copper chloride minerals nantokite, eriochalcite and claringbullite–implications for copper corrosion. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie-Monatshefte, 2003(10), 433-445. http://eprints.qut.edu.au/23828/1/Raman_spectroscopy_of_the_copper_chloride_minerals_nantokite%2C_eriochalcite_and_claringbullite.pdf
Rumsey, M., Welch, M., Origlieri, M., Cressey, G., Kampf, A., Burgio, L., Spratt, J., Humphrey-Williams, E., Kirk, C. (2014) A redefinition of claringbullite to Cu4ClF(OH)6; the importance of type material and group/series based studies. 21st General Meeting of the IMA (IMA2014), Gauteng, South Africa, September 1-5; Abstract Volume, 375.
IMA Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (CNMNC). (2016) New minerals and nomenclature modifications approved in 2015 and 2016. Nomenclature proposal approved in January 2016.

Internet Links for ClaringbulliteHide

Localities for ClaringbulliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
Museum Victoria specimen http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/object.php?irn=45991 [UKJMM 19:24]; Sharpe, J.L. & Williams, P.A. (2000) Exotic Secondary Copper Mineralization in the Eastern Mt Isa Block, Northwest Queensland. The Royal Society of New South Wales 133:31-32
      • Kajabbi
Museum Victoria specimen http://collections.museumvictoria.com.au/object.php?irn=47161&QueryPage=%2Fobject.php
DR Congo (TL)
  • Haut-Katanga
    • Kambove District
Mineralogical Magazine(1977) 41, 433-436
  • Lualaba
    • Kolwezi mining district
      • Kisamfu
Xiangqian Li, Yanling Yan, and Xianli Xu (2009): Mineral Resources and Geology 29(3), 253-257
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
      • Guillaumes
        • Daluis
Sarp, H., Mari, G., Mari, D., Rolland, P. (1996) Données nouvelles sur laminéralogie des indices cupriféres de Roua (Daluis et Guillaumes, Alpes-Maritimes, France). Riviera Scientifique, bulletin de l'Association des naturalistes de Nice et des Alpes-Maritimes, pp. 27-36.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
van den Berg, W. & van Loon, C. (1990): Slag Minerals from the Rammelsberg, Harz Mountains, Germany. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 8, 18-23.
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion District Mines
No reference listed
          • Sounion area
            • Sounion Mines
Rieck, B. & Wendel, W. (1999): Plaka – Sounion Top aktuell: Die Funde vom Frühjahr 1999. Lapis 24 (7-8), 77-78.
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
GEODA 2010/1
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
  • Durango
    • Mapimí Municipality
      • Mapimí
Rumsey, M.S., Welch, M.D., Kampf, A.R., Kirk, C.A., Cressey, G. and Spratt, J.(2012): Fejerite, IMA 2012-014. CNMNC Newsletter No. 14, October 2012, page 1282; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 1281-1288.
Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 6; http://www.minrec.org/archivedetail.asp?id=122
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Mineralogical Record 12 302; Mineralogical Magazine(1977) 41, 433-436; Bob Meyer (2012) Micro Mineral Collector. Friends of Mineralogy National Newsletter 42:10-13
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 175; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 175; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Zambia (TL)
  • Copperbelt
    • Chingola
      • Chingola
Mineralogical Magazine(1977) 41, 433-436
Mineral and/or Locality  
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