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Paratacamite

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Formula:
Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
System:
Trigonal
Colour:
Green to greenish-black.
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
3
Member of:
Name:
Named for its relationship to atacamite.
Atacamite Group.
A secondary copper mineral. Easily confused with the closely related Clinoatacamite and Anatacamite.

Derivatives are paratacamite-(Mg) and paratacamite-(Ni).

Also closely related to Herbertsmithite and Gillardite (both have halved a-axes by comparison to paratacamite).
On heating paratacamite reversibly transforms into herbertsmithite between 353 and 393 K (Welch et al., 2014).

Paratacamite contains essential zinc; therefore it is not a polymorph of atacamite.

"Ni-bearing paratacamite": compare Gillardite.


Classification of Paratacamite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
3.DA.10c

3 : HALIDES
D : Oxyhalides, hydroxyhalides and related double halides
A : With Cu, etc., without Pb
Dana 7th ed.:
10.1.2.1
10.1.2.1

10 : OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
1 : A2(O,OH)3Xq
8.2.5

8 : Halides - Fluorides, Chlorides, Bromides and Iodides; also Fluoborates and Fluosilicates
2 : Halides of Cu

Physical Properties of Paratacamite

Vitreous
Diaphaneity (Transparency):
Translucent
Colour:
Green to greenish-black.
Streak:
Green
Hardness (Mohs):
3
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {10_11}
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Conchoidal
Density:
3.74 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.75 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Paratacamite

Type:
Uniaxial (+)
RI values:
nω = 1.843 nε = 1.848
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.005
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness) and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of Paratacamite

Formula:
Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
IMA Formula:
Cu32+(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Elements listed in formula:
Common Impurities:
Zn

Crystallography of Paratacamite

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Cell Parameters:
a = 13.65 Å, c = 13.95 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 1.022
Unit Cell Volume:
V 2,250.97 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Rhombohedral. Granular massive.
Twinning:
On {10_11} common; polysynthetic at times.

Occurrences of Paratacamite

Type Occurrence of Paratacamite

Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Relationship of Paratacamite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of Group:
AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
GillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2
HaydeeiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
HerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
IyoiteMnCuCl(OH)3
KapellasiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
LeverettiteCu3Co(OH)6Cl2
MisakiiteCu3Mn(OH)6Cl2
Paratacamite-(Mg)Cu3(Mg,Cu)(OH)6Cl2
Paratacamite-(Ni)Cu3(Ni,Cu)(OH)6Cl2
TondiiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Unnamed (Cu-Zn Chloride Hydroxide)CuZnCl(OH)3
Common Associates:
3.DA.05MelanothalliteCu2Cl2O
3.DA.10aAtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
3.DA.10bBotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
3.DA.10bClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
3.DA.10aHibbingiteFe22+(OH)3Cl
3.DA.10aKempiteMn22+(OH)3Cl
3.DA.10bBelloiteCu(OH)Cl
3.DA.10cHerbertsmithiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
3.DA.10cKapellasiteCu3Zn(OH)6Cl2
3.DA.10cGillarditeCu3Ni(OH)6Cl2
3.DA.10cHaydeeiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
3.DA.15ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
3.DA.15BarlowiteCu4BrF(OH)6
3.DA.20SimonkolleiteZn5Cl2(OH)8 · H2O
3.DA.25ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
3.DA.25ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
3.DA.30AbhuriteSn21Cl16(OH)14O6
3.DA.35PonomareviteK4Cu4Cl10O
3.DA.40AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
3.DA.40CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
3.DA.45KhaidarkaniteNa0.34Cu4Al3(OH)14F3 · 2H2O
3.DA.50BobkingiteCu5Cl2(OH)8 · 2H2O
3.DA.55AvdoniniteK2Cu5(OH)4Cl8 · H2O
3.DA.60DroninoiteNi6Fe32+(OH)16Cl2 · 4H2O
8.2.1NantokiteCuCl
8.2.2TolbachiteCuCl2
8.2.3EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
8.2.4AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
8.2.6BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
8.2.7MelanothalliteCu2Cl2O
8.2.8CalumetiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 2H2O
8.2.9AnthonyiteCu(OH,Cl)2 · 3H2O
8.2.10ClaringbulliteCu4ClF(OH)6
8.2.11MarshiteCuI
8.2.12MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
8.2.13PonomareviteK4Cu4Cl10O

Other Names for Paratacamite

Name in Other Languages:

Other Information

Other Information:
Readily soluble in acids.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Paratacamite

Reference List:
Scacchi (1873) Reale accademia delle scienze fisische e matematiche, Naples: 6, no. 9: 22.

Smith (1906) Mineralogical Magazine: 14: 170.

Frondel, C. (1950) Mineralogical Magazine: 29: 34.

Palache, C., Berman, H., Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 74-76.

American Mineralogist (1951): 36: 384.

Acta Crystallographica: B31: 183-187.

Pollard, A.M., Thomas, R.G., Williams, P.A. (1989) Synthesis and stabilities of the basic copper(II) chlorides atacamite, paratacamite and botallackite. Mineralogical Magazine: 53: 557-563.

Braithwaite, R.S.W., Mereiter, K., Paar, W.H. Clark, A.M. (2004) Herbertsmithite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new species, and the definition of paratacamite. Mineralogical Magazine: 68: 527-539.

Malcherek, T., Schlüter, J. (2008) The crystal structure of clinoatacamite and the quest for paratacamite. Poster, Annual Meeting of the DMG, Berlin, Germany, September 14-17, 2008; CD with abstracts, Abs. no. 527.

Chu, S. (2011) Magnetic properties of geometrically frustrated polymorphic crystals of Cu4-xMgx(OH)6Cl2. J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 273, 012123.

Welch, M.D., Sciberras, M.J., Williams, P.A., Leverett, P., Schlüter, J., Malcherek, T. (2014) A temperature-induced reversible transformation between paratacamite and herbertsmithite. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 41: 33-48.

Internet Links for Paratacamite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-3115.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Paratacamite specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Paratacamite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Antarctica
 
  • Western Antarctica
Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Argentina
 
  • Río Negro
    • Nueve de Julio department
      • Comicó
American Mineralogist (1978) 63, 1175-1181
Atlantic Ocean
 
  • Mid-Atlantic Ridge complex
Gablina, I.F., Semkova, T.A., Stepanova, T.V., and Gor'kova, N.V. (2006): Lithology and Mineral Resources 41(1), 27-44.
    • Trans-Atlantic Geotraverse hydrothermal field (TAG)
Canadian Mineralogist Vol.26, pp. 697-711 (1988)
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
      • Hatches Creek
Ryan, G.R. (1961), The Geology and Mineral Resources of the Hatches Creek Wolfram Field. Northern Territory, Department of National Development/Bureau of Mineral Resources Geology and Geophysics, Commonwealth of Australia, Bulletin No. 6, 1961
      • Tennant Creek
Teale, G.S. (1995) Report on the Shamrock Prospect, Tennant Creek, (MCC 211) Werrie Gold Ltd.
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Cloncurry
      • Selwyn District
  • South Australia
    • Eyre Peninsula
      • Middleback Range
        • Iron Knob
Australian Jour.Min. v.6, no. 1
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Leigh Creek
          • Copley
            • Mount Coffin Mines
Personal Collection of Mark Willoughby
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
      • Wadnaminga goldfield
Pring, A., Elliot, P. (1987) Sideronatrite: first recorded occurrences in Australia. Australian Mineralogist, Vol. 2, No. 2, pg. 3-6.
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Pernatty Lagoon
        • Mount Gunson Copper mines (Pernatty Lagoon - Mount Gunson Cu Deposits)
Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals-1983, Government Printer, Adelaide.; Noble R.J., Just J. and Johnson J. E., 1983, Catalogue of South Australian Minerals:1983, Government Printer, Adelaide.
  • Tasmania
    • Central Coast municipality
http://www.crocoite.com/locationbulletins/part1/zeolites.pdf
      • Penguin
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
    • Circular Head municipality
      • Balfour-Temma district
        • Temma
Bottrill & Baker (in prep) Catalogue of minerals of Tasmania
  • Victoria
    • Bass Coast Shire
      • Phillip Island
Birch, W.D. (1988): Zeolites from Phillip Island and Flinders. Mineralogical Record, 19 (6), 451-460.
    • Flinders area
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Min. Record 24,203-218(1993)
Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
Min.Record 24,203-218(1993)
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Nepean
M. Jacobson, M. Calderwood, B. Grguric; Pegmatites of Western Australia; (Perth 2007)
      • Widgiemooltha
Colchester et al., 2007; Nickel E H, Robinson B W, Mumme W G (1993) Widgiemoolthalite: the new Ni analogue of hydromagnesite from Western Australia. American Mineralogist 78, 819-821
Eardleyite as a Product of the Supergene Alteration of Nickel Sulphides; E Nickel, C Davis, M Bussell, P Bridge, J Dunn, R Macdonald; American MIneralogist, Vol 62, pp449-457, 1977
    • Leonora Shire
      • Eulaminna (Murrin Murrin mining centre)
Sue Koepke collection via Jiri Just
    • Menzies Shire
      • Menangina Station
Mineralogical Magazine 1974 39 : 737-743; Mineralogical Magazine 1977 41 : 37-41; Min Mag (1979) 43, 97-98
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Raabs an der Thaya
        • Eibenstein an der Thaya
Niedermayr, G. (1997): 1085. Cuprit, Paratakamit und Skapolith von Eibenstein, Niederösterreich. In: Niedermayr et al. (1997): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLVI. – Carinthia II, 187./107. 169-214.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Parrsboro
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97: 456 pages.
    • Hants Co.
R.W. Boyle, "The Geology, Geochemistry, and Origin of the Barite, Manganese, and Lead-Zinc-Copper-Silver Deposits of the Walton-Cheverie Area, Nova Scotia", Geological Survey of Canada, Bulletin 166, 1972.
    • Pictou Co.
A.P. Sabina, "Rocks and Minerals for the Collector - Northeastern Nova Scotia, Cape Breton, and Prince Edward Island", GSC Paper 65-10, 1965.
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Cobalt area
          • Coleman Township
Sabina, Ann P., 2000. Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Cobalt-Belleterre-Timmins, Ontario and Quebec, Miscellaneous Report 57, 266 p.
  • Prince Edward Island
SABINA, A.P. (1965): Rocks & minerals for the collector: Northeastern Nova Scotia, Cape Breton and Prince Edward Island. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 65-10, 58-63.
  • Québec
    • Abitibi-Témiscamingue
      • Abitibi RCM
        • Launay
Crook III, W.W. & Jambor, J.L. (1979) Nickelbischofite, a new nickel chloride hydrate. Canadian Mineralogist 17, 107-109.
    • Estrie
      • Les Sources RCM
        • Asbestos
HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. and SPERTINI, F. (2013) The Jeffrey mine, Asbestos, Québec, Canada: A mineralogical review. Mineralogical Record, 44, 375-417.
    • Montréal
TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Baquedano
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
      • Cuevitas
        • San Cristóbal
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 75.
Econ Geol (1991) 86:1222-1237
Cameron, E.M., Leybourne, M.I., and Palacios, C. (2007): Mineralium Deposita 42, 205-218.
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
Mineralogical Magazine (1906): 14: 170; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 75.
Mineralogical Magazine (1906): 14: 170; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 75.
Neues Jahrbuch Min. Mon.: 1996:188-192. (much of it here is zincian)
        • Caracoles mining district
          • Quebrada Honda
Knut Eldjarn specimen
M.Dini & A.Molina collections-analysed material
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Chuquicamata District
R.B. Cook: "Famous mineal locality; Chuquicamata, Chile": Mineralogical Record, sept.-oct. 1973
          • Toki Cu deposit (Toki Cluster)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 45, 75, 374.
    • Tocopilla Province
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
      • Sierra Gorda district
        • Caracoles
Maurizio Dini, Dr. Jochen Schluter.
  • Arica and Parinacota Region
    • Arica Province
      • Caleta Vítor district
Maurizio Dini (sample analysed by Tony Kampf, senior curator of NHM of LAC, California)
  • Atacama Region
    • Chañaral Province
      • El Salado
Collected by Skip Szenics. In the collection of Brent Thorne.
        • Cerro Negro district
maurizio dini collection
Bob Jenkins & M. Dini collections
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cabeza de Vaca district
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 75.
      • Nantoko
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 76.
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Las Pintadas district
          • Cerro Pintado
No reference listed
        • Pampa Larga district
          • Alacrán
samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn and Joy Desor
samples analysed by Gerhard Mohn and Joy Desor
    • Huasco Province
      • Vallenar
Frondel C. (1950); "On Paratacamite and some related copper chlorides; Min. Magazine, Vol. 29
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Challacollo
maurizio dini collection - analysed material
      • Huara
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
      • Pozo Almonte
M.Dini & A.Molina collection
      • Quebrada Maní
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
      • Salar Grande
samples analysed by Anthony Kampf, Curator Emeritus of Mineral Sciences at NHM of LAC, California
China
 
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Tulufan Prefecture (Turfan Prefecture; Turpan Prefecture)
      • Shanshan Co. (Piqan Co.; Pichan Co.)
        • Kanggur-Xifengshan gold belt
Kaiyin Bai and Zhaoxin Han (2007): Northwestern Geology 40(2), 114-117
France
 
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Crozon Peninsula
        • Telgruc-sur-Mer
R.PIERROT, L. CHAURIS, C. LAFORET (1973) : "Inventaire minéralogique de la France : 29- Finistère.", B.R.G.M. Paris.
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
Ream, L. (1993) New Minerals. Mineral News 9(1):10
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Lahr
        • Reichenbach
          • Weiler
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Eifel
      • Mechernich
        • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Essen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Siegerland
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Aegean Islands Department (Aiyaíon)
    • Kykládes Prefecture
      • Cyclade Islands (Cyclades; Kikladhes; Nomos Kikladhon)
        • Milos Island (Melos)
Alfieris, D., & Voudouris, P. (2005). Ore mineralogy of transitional submarine to subaerial magmatic-hydrothermal deposits in W. Milos, Greece. Au-Ag-Te–Se deposits, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 43Sofia, 1-6
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
            • Hilarion area
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
        • Sounion area
Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); W. Krause, H.-J. Bernhardt, R. S. W. Braithwaite, U. Kolitsch and R. Pritchard (2006): Kapellasite, Cu3Zn(OH)6Cl2, a new mineral from Lavrion, Greece. Mineralogical Magazine 70, 331-342; Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1982a): Connellit, Botallackit, Paratacamit und Leadhillit in den antiken Bleischlacken Laurions. Der Aufschluss 33, 3-6. ; Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
        • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
        • Sounion area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
        • Thorikos area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; ko Jansen.
        • Vrissaki area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
Iran
 
  • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
    • Nain County (Nayin County)
      • Anarak District
S. Weiß: Lapis 29(12):38-39 (2004)
  • Hormozgan Province
    • Qeshm Island
Michal Filippi, et al (2002) Mineralien Welt, 13, 1, 60-72.
Israel
 
  • Southern District (HaDarom District)
    • Eilat
http://whc.unesco.org/en/tentativelists/1489/; Shlomovitch, N., Bar-Matthews, M., & Matthews, A. (1999). Sedimentary and epigenetic copper mineral assemblages in the Cambrian Timna Formation, southern Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences, 48(140), 195-208.
Bartura, Y., & Würzburger, U. (1974). The Timna copper deposit. Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique. p277-285
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 75.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
    • Savona Province
      • Maremola Valley
        • Magliolo
analysed by Dr. Anthony Kampf, Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, USA
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Furtei
Da Pelo, S. & Frau, F (2000):, Magnesian aubertite, (Cu,Mg)Al(SO4)2Cl·14H4O, from the gold mine of Furtei in Sardinia, Italy. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte, 2000(6), 279-288.
    • Sassari Province
      • Sassari
Orlandi, P., & Gelosa, M. (2007). Argentiera della Nurra. I minerali di alterazione della miniera di sfalerite e galena argentifera. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 31 (1), 22-31. ; Ara D., Sanna L., Rossi A., Galli E., De Waele J. (2013): Minerali secondari in ambiente sotterraneo: la miniera dell’Argentiera (Sardegna nord-occidentale). In: Cucchi F., Gudi P. (eds.), Atti del XXI Congresso Nazionale di Speleologia “Diffusione delle conoscenze”, Sessione Attività di esplorazione e ricerca. Trieste 2-5 giugno 2011. Edizioni Università di Trieste, Trieste, 290-295.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Marco Bonifazi Collection
      • Elba Island
        • Capoliveri
C.L. Garavelli (1955) – Sulla presenza di paratacamite e di gesso cuprifero fra i minerali secondari del giacimento di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) – Rend. Soc. Min. It., 11: 147-175.
        • Rio Marina
AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.
      • Piombino
Cerutti, G. and Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20 (4), 13-18; 50 (in German).
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Kagoshima Prefecture
      • Satsumasendai City
        • Koshiki Archipelago
          • Sato-mura
Masutomi Museum specimen (Kyoto); Kato et al (1980) Chigaku Kenkyu, 31, 455-459
  • Shikoku Island
    • Ehime Prefecture
      • Ikata (Sadamisaki Peninsula)
www.issp.u-tokyo.ac.jp/labs/mdcl/lab/denken/wordpress/?page_id=803
Mexico
 
  • Baja California Sur (BC Sur)
    • Mun. de Mulegé
      • Santa Rosalía
[MinRec 29:43]
Bariand, P. et al. (1998). Famous mineral localities: Boléo, Baja California, Mexico. Mineralogical Record. 29: 4-49
Namibia
 
  • Karas Region
    • Lüderitz District
      • Rosh Pinah
Bezing, L. von, Bode, R. & Jahn, S. (2007): Namibia. Minerals and Localities. Edition Schloss Freudenstein, Bode Verlag, Haltern, 396 pp. (in English)
New Zealand
 
  • North Island
    • Waikato
      • Taupo
        • Orakeikorako Thermal Area
Rod Martin, Minerals of Ruatapu Cave, Orakei Korako, Taupo Volcanic Zone. Essence of Microscope (NZ)
Nicaragua
 
  • León Department
    • Cerro Negro Volcano
www.excaliburmineral.com
Norway
 
  • Vestfold
    • Horten
      • Borre
        • Løvøya
Larsen, K.E. (2016): Kobberforekomsten i Kirkebukta, Løvøya, Horten, Vestfold. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2016: 81-91
Peru
 
  • Ica Department
    • Nazca Province
Yuming Chen and Kaitian Wang (2008): Geophysical & Geochemical Exploration 32(2), 126-130
    • Pisco Umay
Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.; Hyrsl & Rosales (2003) Mineralogical Record, 34, 241-254.
Portugal
 
  • Castelo Branco District
    • Vila Velha de Rodão
Romania
 
  • Hunedoara Co.
    • Hunedoara
      • Boșorod
Onac, B.P., Breban, R., Kearns, J., and Tamas, T. (2002) Unusual minerals related to phosphate deposits in Cioclovina Cave, Şureanu Mts. (Romania). Theoretical and Applied Karstology: 15: 27-34.
Russia
 
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Kamchatka Oblast'
      • Tolbachik volcano
        • Great Fissure eruption (Main Fracture)
          • Northern Breakthrough (North Breach)
            • Second scoria cone
N. V. Chukanov, M. N. Murashko, A. E. Zadov & A. F. Bushmakin (2006): Avdoninite, K2Cu5Cl8(OH)4• H2O, a new mineral from volcanic exhalations and from the zone of technogenesis at massive sulphide ore deposits. Proceedings of the Russian Mineralogical Society 135(3), 38–42
  • Urals Region
    • Southern Urals
      • Chelyabinsk Oblast'
Cesnokov, B., Kotrly, M. and Nisanbajev, T. (1998): Brennende Abraumhalden und Aufschlüsse im Tscheljabinsker Kohlenbecken - eine reiche Mineralienküche. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (3), 54-63 (in German).
Saudi Arabia
 
  • Mintaqah Makkah
Surour, A. A. (2015). Cu–Mn–Fe alloys and Mn-rich amphiboles in ancient copper slags from the Jabal Samran area, Saudi Arabia: With synopsis on chemistry of Fe–Mn (III) oxyhydroxides in alteration zones. Journal of African Earth Sciences, 101, 70-83.
South Africa
 
  • Northern Cape Province
    • Namakwa District (Namaqualand)
      • Aggeneys
T. Q. Meyer, W. A. van der Westhuizen, G. J. Beukes, H. de Bruiyn and A. E. Schoch (1986) An Occurrence of the Hydrous Lead-Copper-Iron Silicate Creaseyite in South Africa. Mineralogical Magazine 50:346-348
  • Western Cape Province
    • Central Karoo District
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
VIÑALS, J., CALVO, M., and MARTÍ, J. (2004): Parnauita, paratacamita y otros minerales secundarios de Cerro Minado, Almería. Revista de Minerales, 2, 5, 47-49.(in Spanish). Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya) and in English version (Mineral Up)
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
          • Cerro de los Guardias
Christiane & Jean-Robert EYTIER collection
      • San José
http://gr-mulhacen.foroactivo.com/t1885-clinoatacamita-paratacamita-mina-santa-barbara-san-jose-nijar-almeria-andalucia-espana#16761
    • Córdoba
      • El Guijo
A. Carmona & I. Ramos Collection.
  • Valencian Community
    • Castellón
      • Villahermosa del Rio
        • San Rafael claim
Casanova Honrubia, Juan Miguel & Canseco Caballé, Manuel, 2002, Minerales de la Comunidad Valenciana : 237 p. Ed. Caja de Ahorros del Mediterráneo. Alicante; - Cócera, H., Menor-Salván, C. and Muñoz-Alvarado, R. (2010): Mineralogía de la concesión San Rafael, Villahermosa del Río, Castellón, España. Acopios, 1, 1-51. [http://mti-acopios.blogspot.com/ ; http://issuu.com/malacate/docs/acopios-1-1?mode=a_p]
Switzerland
 
  • Vaud (Waadt)
    • Bex
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Verlag Wepf & Co. (Basel), p. 55-56
Turkmenistan
 
  • Balkan Province
    • Cheleken Peninsula
Lebedev, L.M., Nikitina, J.B. (1983): The Cheleken ore forming system. Russ. Acad. Sci., Moscow (in Russian.)
U.S. Virgin Islands
 
  • St. John
Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • St Agnes District
        • Crantock
BMS Newsletter 79, March 2010 (http://britishmicromountsociety.homestead.com/Gannell-Smelter.html)
        • Perranzabuloe
          • Cligga Head
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 46 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • St Just District
        • St Just
          • Botallack
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
P Haas, collected May 2005
            • Cliff outcrops
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
          • Kenidjack Valley
            • Boswedden Mine (incl. Wheal Praze; Wheal Williams; Yankee Boy Mine)
P Haas, collected 2009
          • Pendeen
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 46 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
          • Trewellard
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Wadebridge District
        • Padstow
          • Gunver Head
No reference listed
        • Tintagel
          • Trebarwith
No reference listed
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Sivash Gulf area
        • Armyansk area
Geologiya SSSR. Poleznye iskopaemye (The geology of USSR. Commercial mineral)- Nedra (Moscou), 1974, vol. VIII, 205 p.
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Clay Co.
      • Alabama Copper Belt
        • Coleta
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
  • Alaska
    • Aleutians West Borough
      • Aleutian Islands District
        • Gareloi Island
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 143.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 321.
            • Queen Hill
              • Copper Queen Mine (Halero Mine)
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 320.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 175, 321, 351; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
Rolf Luetcke
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Tonopah
            • Belmont Mountain
Am.Min.: 81: 244-248.
    • Pima Co.
      • Tohono O'odom (Papago) Indian Reservation
        • Comobabi Mts
          • Cababi District (Comobabi District)
            • Ko Vaya
              • Mildren Mine group
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 278, 321; Williams, S.A, (1963), Oxidation of sulfide ores in the Mildren and Steppe mining districts, Pima Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 58: 1119-1125.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 321; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181.
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Nopah Range
        • Upper Noonday Camp
          • Shoshone Mines (Shoshone Mines group; Shoshone Mine group; Grant Mine; Mabel Mine; Black Prince Mine)
Robert M. Housley (2005) Noonday and War Eagle mines, Tecopa Pass, Inyo Co. CA. Abstracts from the 2005 Desert Symposium. California State University, Desert Studies Consortium and LSA Associates, Inc.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
            • Otto Mountain
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. PXRD analyzed by Tony Kampf.
XRD analyzed by Tony Kampf.
  • Colorado
    • Boulder Co.
      • Jamestown District
Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
  • Connecticut
    • Fairfield Co.
      • Stamford
Henderson, William, A., Jr. (1967), A Copper Analog of Laurium, Greece. Rocks & Minerals: 42(5): 273-276.
  • Kentucky
    • Lincoln Co.
Rocks & Minerals Vol. 70, No. 4, p.256
Mineralogical Record, v. 28, n. 6, 1997 ; Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
  • Michigan
    • Houghton Co.
      • Centennial
Rocks & Min.:58:109. 80:163
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
      • Hancock
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
      • Osceola
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Mohawk
        • Mohawk Mine
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
    • Ontonagon Co.
      • Mass City
Rocks & Min.:58:112.
      • White Pine
Mineralogy of Michigan (2004) Heinrich & Robinson
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 65-69
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Weepah District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lyon Co.
      • Churchill District
Rocks & Minerals, Nov. 1999
      • Singatse Range
        • Yerington District
          • Yerington
Pullman, Steven, and Thomssen, Richard, "Nevada Mineral Locality Index" Rocks & Minerals, Vol. 74 No. 6. pg. 375
      • Yerington District
        • Artesia Lake
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New York
    • St. Lawrence Co.
      • Balmat-Edwards Zinc District
No reference listed
Mineral and/or Locality  
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