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Botallack Mine, Botallack, St Just, Cornwall, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Botallack MineMine (Abandoned)
BotallackVillage
St JustCivil Parish
CornwallCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 50° 8' 27'' North , 5° 41' 22'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 50.14111,-5.68972
GeoHash:G#: gbgvnxbv5
UK National Grid Reference:SW364334
Locality type:Mine (Abandoned) - last checked 2018
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
St Just1,957 (2017)2.0km
Madron626 (2017)8.9km
Penzance19,872 (2017)11.2km
Mousehole697 (2017)12.5km
Marazion1,294 (2017)15.4km


Worked under the name Botallack, the sett includes the mines Cock, Crowns, Carnyorth, Botallack and Parknoweth. The workings commenced as a number of small mines some of which are now only represented as shafts (e.g. Wheals Bal, Tolvan, Button and Hazard)

The early history of the mines is not known but its lodes have been exploited since at least 1721. The submarine levels at Wheal Cock were being worked in 1778, when Pryce described how the miners were frightened by the rumbling of the rocks on the sea-bed above them during a storm. Joseph Carne stated in 1822 that it had been “....wrought under the sea beyond the memory of any person now living.....”

In 1858 work began on sinking the famous Boscawen Diagonal Shaft at the Crowns to provide access to the seaward extension of its lodes a third of a mile under the Atlantic. Many distinguished visitors came to Botallack to descend the shaft. Among them were the Prince and Princess of Wales (later Edward VII and Queen Alexandra) who were here on July 24th, 1865; Prince Arthur, Queen Victoria’s 12 year-old son; a party of senior officers of the Russian Navy; R. N. Ballantyne, the well-known Victorian author. None appear to have been deterred by an accident in 1863 when the wagon chain broke, sending 8 men and a boy hurtling to their deaths. These underground 'adventures' became so popular among the nobility and the leisured class that they threatened to become a hindrance to the working of the mine unless they were restricted. A charge of half a guinea was imposed on each visitor. The money was donated to a fund for the relief of widows and injured miners.

During the 1870's, as a result of a severe mining depression, Botallack began to make heavy losses, and in 1874 the Crowns section was abandoned. The adventurers struggled on for another 20 years but finally, in 1895, following the collapse of an underground dam in Wheal Cock, which flooded that section of the 112 fathom level, the mine was closed.

In 1905 a rise in the price of tin encouraged a new company to re-start Botallack. A new vertical shaft, known as Allen's Shaft, was sunk. After several disappointing years and the expenditure of a great deal of money, the enterprise was wound up and Botallack closed for a second time on March 14th, 1914.

Further exploration and a small amount of development work took place at Botallack during the 1980s through the expansion plans of Geevor Tin Mines.

An extensive history of the mine is given in "BOTALLACK", by Cyril Noall.

The coordinates given are those of Allen's Shaft.




Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
British IslesGroup of Islands
Devon and Cornwall metalliferous mining district, England, UKMining District
St Just Mining Region, Cornwall, England, UKRegion
St Just Mining District, Cornwall, England, UKMining District

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

102 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 2 erroneous literature entries.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
'Apatite'
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Arsenic
Formula: As
Arsenogoyazite
Formula: SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
'Axinite Group'
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
'Bismuth Ochre'
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Botallackite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Buttgenbachite
Formula: Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcomenite
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chalcopyrite var: Blister Copper
Formula: CuFeS2
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinoclase
Formula: Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Clinoptilolite-Ca
Formula: Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Clinoptilolite-Ca-Heulandite-Ca Series'
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprite var: Chalcotrichite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprite var: Tile ore
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprosklodowskite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Feldspar Group'
'Ferro-sadanagaite'
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Feruvite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorapatite var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum ?
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Herderite ?
Formula: CaBePO4(F,OH)
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Heulandite-K
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
'Heulandite subgroup'
'Hornblende'
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite
Formula: Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
'K Feldspar'
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Liroconite ?
Formula: Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Fire Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Paracostibite ?
Formula: CoSbS
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phenakite ?
Formula: Be2SiO4
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Posnjakite ?
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Prehnite ?
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Carnelian
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Citrine
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Ferruginous Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Sadanagaite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
'Stilbite subgroup' ?
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Talc var: Steatite
Formula: Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Uraninite var: Pitchblende
Formula: UO2
'Uvite Series'
Formula: Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wittichenite ?
Formula: Cu3BiS3
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
var: Blister Copper2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Paracostibite ?2.EB.10eCoSbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Wittichenite ?2.GA.20Cu3BiS3
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Botallackite (TL)3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Buttgenbachite3.DA.25Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Chalcomenite4.JH.05CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Chalcotrichite4.AA.10Cu2O
var: Tile ore4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Fire Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Carnelian4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Citrine4.DA.05SiO2
var: Ferruginous Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
var: Pitchblende4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum ?7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kröhnkite7.CC.30Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite ?7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Woodwardite7.DD.35Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arsenogoyazite8.BL.10SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Clinoclase8.BE.20Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Cornubite8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Herderite ?8.BA.10CaBePO4(F,OH)
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Liroconite ?8.DF.20Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Pitticite8.DB.05(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinoptilolite-Ca9.GE.05Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Cuprosklodowskite9.AK.10Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Feruvite9.CK.05Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Helvine ?9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Heulandite-K9.GE.05(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kasolite9.AK.15Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phenakite ?9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Prehnite ?9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Sadanagaite ?9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
var: Steatite9.EC.05Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
'Uvite Series'9..Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Axinite Group'-
'Bismuth Ochre'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinoptilolite-Ca-Heulandite-Ca Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Ferro-sadanagaite'-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Stilbite subgroup' ?-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Paracostibite ?2.12.7.2CoSbS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Wittichenite ?3.4.8.1Cu3BiS3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Botallackite (TL)10.1.3.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 19 - NITRATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Anhydrous Nitrates Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Buttgenbachite19.1.2.1Cu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Kröhnkite29.3.2.1Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum ?29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Woodwardite31.2.2.1Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite ?31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Chalcomenite34.2.2.1CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq
Clinoclase41.3.1.1Cu3(AsO4)(OH)3
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornubite41.4.2.1Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Herderite ?41.5.4.1CaBePO4(F,OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite41.8.1.4Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Liroconite ?42.2.1.1Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Arsenogoyazite42.7.4.3SrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Pitticite43.5.3.1(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite ?51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 53 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions or Complex Cations
Insular SiO4 Groups and Other Anions of Complex Cations with (UO2)
Cuprosklodowskite53.3.1.4Cu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Kasolite53.3.1.1Pb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Feruvite61.3.1.4Ca(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Uvite Series'61.3.1.3Ca(Mg3)MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(F/OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite ?72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine ?76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Axinite Group'-
'Bismuth Ochre'-
Chalcopyrite
var: Blister Copper
-CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinoptilolite-Ca-Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Clinoptilolite-Ca-Heulandite-Ca Series'-
Cuprite
var: Chalcotrichite
-Cu2O
var: Tile ore-Cu2O
'Feldspar Group'-
'Ferro-sadanagaite'-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
Heulandite-K-(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
'Hornblende'-
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Opal
var: Fire Opal
-SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Carnelian-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Citrine-SiO2
var: Ferruginous Quartz-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
Sadanagaite ?-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
'Stilbite subgroup' ?-
Talc
var: Steatite
-Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Uraninite
var: Pitchblende
-UO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
H ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
H ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H Opal (var: Fire Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
H FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H Ferro-sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
NNitrogen
N ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
OOxygen
O BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
O ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
O ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
O ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O TenoriteCuO
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O Opal (var: Fire Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O Quartz (var: Ferruginous Quartz)SiO2
O Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
O FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Cuprite (var: Tile ore)Cu2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O UraniniteUO2
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Ferro-sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O BismiteBi2O3
O HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
O LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
FFluorine
F Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
NaSodium
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Ferro-sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Na Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Al Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al Ferro-sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Al LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si Quartz (var: Citrine)SiO2
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Opal (var: Fire Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Talc (var: Steatite)Mg3(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Ferruginous Quartz)SiO2
Si Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Si FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Ferro-sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
P Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
SSulfur
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S DigeniteCu9S5
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S Chalcopyrite (var: Blister Copper)CuFeS2
S StibniteSb2S3
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S ParacostibiteCoSbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S WitticheniteCu3BiS3
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
ClChlorine
Cl BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
CaCalcium
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Fluorapatite (var: Carbonate-rich Fluorapatite)Ca5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca Ferro-sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
Ca HerderiteCaBePO4(F,OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3Al2}(Si5Al3O22)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
FeIron
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
Fe Chalcopyrite (var: Blister Copper)CuFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe FeruviteCa(Fe2+)3MgAl5(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Fe Ferro-sadanagaite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe3Al2}(Al3Si5O22)(OH)2
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
Co ParacostibiteCoSbS
CuCopper
Cu BotallackiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ButtgenbachiteCu19(NO3)2(OH)32Cl4 · 2H2O
Cu ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu Chalcopyrite (var: Blister Copper)CuFeS2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
Cu Cuprite (var: Tile ore)Cu2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu Cuprite (var: Chalcotrichite)Cu2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Cu WitticheniteCu3BiS3
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
ZnZinc
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenicAs
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
As ClinoclaseCu3(AsO4)(OH)3
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
SeSelenium
Se ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
SrStrontium
Sr ArsenogoyaziteSrAl3(AsO4)(AsO3OH)(OH)6
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb AntimonySb
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb ParacostibiteCoSbS
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi WitticheniteCu3BiS3
UUranium
U KasolitePb(UO2)[SiO4] · H2O
U Uraninite (var: Pitchblende)UO2
U CuprosklodowskiteCu(UO2)2(SiO3OH]2 · 6H2O
U UraniniteUO2

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Late Triassic : 231 ± 3 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Triassic
   Late Triassic
ⓘ K Feldspar231 ± 3 MaWheal Cock, Botallack Mine, Botallack, St Just, Cornwall, England, UK
    
  
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Guadalupian
ⓘ Major polymetallic mineralization~270 MaCornwall, England, UK
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (latest age)~275 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (latest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Porphyry dikes intruded (earliest age)~280 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Formation of metallized pegmatites~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Greisenization (earliest age)~285 MaCornwall, England, UK
ⓘ Emplacement of major plutons~295 MaCornwall, England, UK

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Permian
251.902 - 298.9 Ma



ID: 3191499
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 298.9 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Devonian
358.9 - 419.2 Ma



ID: 2031044
Unnamed Extrusive Rocks, Devonian

Age: Devonian (358.9 - 419.2 Ma)

Lithology: Mafic lava

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3130462
Ordovician granite

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Granite group

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dines (1956)
Dana 7: I: 298, 649.
Rocks & Min.: 60(1): 24.
Weiss, S. (1986) Die Grubenbezirke St. Just und St. Ives in Cornwall. LAPIS 11 (5), 9-32 [Botallack mine pp. 9-11].

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