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About Clinoptilolite-CaHide

Generally not pure but containing additional Na and/or K. Formula previously given as (Ca,Na,K)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36.12H2O.
3½ - 4
Crystal System:
From the Greek klino - "oblique" ptylon - "feather" and lithos - "stone." The Ca-dominant member of the clinoptilolite series.

Classification of Clinoptilolite-CaHide

First Published:

9 : SILICATES (Germanates)
G : Tektosilicates with zeolitic H2O; zeolite family
E : Chains of T10O20 Tetrahedra

Physical Properties of Clinoptilolite-CaHide

3½ - 4 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of Clinoptilolite-CaHide

Biaxial (+/-)
RI values:
nα = 1.476 - 1.491 nβ = 1.479 - 1.493 nγ = 1.479 - 1.497
Measured: 31° to 48°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.003 - 0.006
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
r > v to r < v strong

Chemical Properties of Clinoptilolite-CaHide


Generally not pure but containing additional Na and/or K. Formula previously given as (Ca,Na,K)2-3Al3(Al,Si)2Si13O36.12H2O.
IMA Formula:
Ca3(Si30Al6)O72 · 20H2O

Crystallography of Clinoptilolite-CaHide

Crystal System:
Cell Parameters:
a = 17.66 Å, b = 17.963 Å, c = 7.4 Å
β = 116.47°
a:b:c = 0.983 : 1 : 0.412
Unit Cell V:
2,101.39 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of Clinoptilolite-CaHide

Koyama, K. and Y. Takeuchi (1977) Clinoptilolite: The distribution of potassium atoms and its role in thermal stability. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 145: 216-239.

Other Language Names for Clinoptilolite-CaHide

Relationship of Clinoptilolite-Ca to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
Clinoptilolite-KK6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2OMon. 2/m
Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
12 photos of Clinoptilolite-Ca associated with Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
7 photos of Clinoptilolite-Ca associated with Erionite
5 photos of Clinoptilolite-Ca associated with CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
3 photos of Clinoptilolite-Ca associated with Erionite-K(K2,Ca,Na2)2[Al4Si14O36] · 15H2O
3 photos of Clinoptilolite-Ca associated with Dachiardite-Ca(Ca,Na2,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O
2 photos of Clinoptilolite-Ca associated with Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
2 photos of Clinoptilolite-Ca associated with AmethystSiO2
2 photos of Clinoptilolite-Ca associated with ChalcedonySiO2
2 photos of Clinoptilolite-Ca associated with CalciteCaCO3
2 photos of Clinoptilolite-Ca associated with Dachiardite-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)5Al10Si38O96 · 25H2O

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

9.GE.05Clinoptilolite-KK6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2OMon. 2/m
9.GE.05Clinoptilolite-NaNa6(Si30Al6)O72·20H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.05Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.05Heulandite-K(K,Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.05Heulandite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6(Si,Al)36O72 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.05Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.05Heulandite-Ba(Ba,Ca,K)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 22H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.10Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.10Stilbite-Na(Na,Ca,K)6-7[Al8Si28O72] · nH2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
9.GE.15Barrerite(Na,K,Ca0.5)2[Al2Si7O18] · 7H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
9.GE.15StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Fmmm
9.GE.20Brewsterite-Ba(Ba,Sr)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
9.GE.20Brewsterite-Sr(Sr,Ba,Ca)[Al2Si6O16] · 5H2O

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Clinoptilolite-CaHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Alberti, A. (1972) On the crystal structure of the zeolite heulandite, Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 18: 129-146.
Koyama, K. and Y. Takeuchi (1977) Clinoptilolite: The distribution of potassium atoms and its role in thermal stability. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie: 145: 216-239.
Armbruster, T. (1993) Dehydration mechanism of clinoptilolite and heulandite: Single-crystal X-ray study of Na-poor, Ca-, K-, Mg-rich clinoptilolite at 100K. American Mineralogist: 78: 260-264.
Coombs, D., A. Alberti, T. Armbruster, G. Artioli, C. Colella, E. Galli, J. Grice, F. Liebau, J. Mandarino, H. Minato, E. Nickel, E. Passaglia, D. Peacor, S. Quartieri, R. Rinaldi, M. Ross, R. Sheppard, E. Tillmanns, G. Vezzalini (1997) Recommended Nomenclature for Zelite Minerals: Report of the Subcommittee on Zeolites of the International Mineralogical Association, Commission on New Minerals and Mineral Names. The Canadian Mineralogist: 35: 1571-1606.
Esenli, Fahri and Isik Kumbasar (1998) X-Ray Diffraction Intensity Ratios I(111)//(311) of Natural Heulandites and Clinoptilolites. Clays and Clay Minerals: 46(6): 679-686.
Snellings, R.A., Gualtieri, A.F., Elsen, J. (2009) The Rietveld structure refinement of an exceptionally pure sample of clinoptilolite from Ecuador and its Na-, K-, and Ca-exchanged forms. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie Supplements: 30: 395-400.

Internet Links for Clinoptilolite-CaHide

Localities for Clinoptilolite-CaHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • Neuquén Province
    • Lácar department
      • Caleufú
Pablo Rodrigo Leal, María Elena Vattuone, and Carlos Oscar Latorre (2011) Zeolite assemblages from Northern Patagonian Andes, Argentina: A review. Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Geológicas, v.28, núm. 2, 2011, p. 212-225
  • Tavush Province
    • Idzhevan
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Lower Austria
    • Krems-Land District
      • Maria Laach am Jauerling
        • Zintring
Kolitsch, U. & Löffler, E. (2012): 1759) Apatit, Klinoptilolith-Ca, Meionit, Prehnit, Titanit, Zirkon und weitere Mineralien aus einem Steinbruch bei Zintring, Maria Laach am Jauerling, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 161-162 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2012): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXI. Carinthia II, 202./122., 123-180.
    • Waidhofen an der Thaya District
      • Raabs an der Thaya
        • Eibenstein an der Thaya
Kolitsch, U., Schillhammer, H. & Lamatsch, P. (2015): 1936) Analcim, Axinit-(Fe), Chamosit, Datolith, Gips, Heulandit-Ca, Hyalit, Jarosit, Klinochlor, Klinoptilolith-Ca, Laumontit, Malachit, Molybdänit, Siderit, Sphalerit und Uraninit vom Steinbruch Hengl bei Eibenstein an der Thaya, Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. Pp. 243-245 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Kardzhali Province
    • Momchilgrad Obshtina
Encheva, S., Petrov, P., Chukanov, N., Pekov, I., Енчева, С., Петко, П., ... & Пеков, И. Dachiardite-K from the area of Austa village, Momchilgrad municipality, Eastern Rhodopes–a new mineral species of zeolite group Дакиардит-K от района на с. Ауста, община Момчилград, Източни Родопи–нов минерален вид от групата на зеолитите.
  • Nova Scotia
    • Cumberland Co.
      • Parrsboro
Pe-Piper, G. and Miller, L. (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia, Atlantic Geology: 38(1): 11-28. (Sample W180)
    • Kings Co.
Pe-Piper, Georgia and Miller, Lisa (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology: 38: 11–28.
Pe-Piper, G. (2000) Mode of occurrence, chemical variation and genesis of mordenite and associated zeolites from the Morden area, Nova Scotia, Canada. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1215-1232.
Pe-Piper, G. (2000) Mode of occurrence, chemical variation and genesis of mordenite and other associated zeolites from Morden, Nova Scotia. Canadian Mineralogist: 38: 1215-1232.
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • South Lorrain Township
Reiner Mielke 2016
  • Québec
    • Laurentides
      • Argenteuil RCM
        • Wentworth
          • Laurel
Van Velthuizen et al. (2006) Mineral. Record 37, 283 [locality 48]
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth collection XRD & EMPA EDS
  • Larnaca District (Larnaka District; İskele District)
Prüfer, P. (2010): Mineralien der Insel Zypern. Der Aufschluss 61, 97-106. (in German)
Czech Republic
  • Ústí nad Labem Region
    • Děčín District
      • Krásná Lípa
P.Pauliš,L.Hrůzek,O.Janeček,J.Sejkora,R.Malíková,F.Fedyuk(2014)Dachiardite Ca and associated mineralization from Doubice-Vápenka near Krásná Lípa(Czech Rep.),Bull.Miner.-Petrolog.od.Národní Muzeum Praha,22,1,2014.
  • French Southern and Antarctic Lands
    • Kerguelen Islands
Renac, C., Kyser, K., Bowden, P., Moine, B., & Cottin, J. Y. (2010). Hydrothermal fluid interaction in basaltic lava units, Kerguelen Archipelago (SW Indian Ocean). European Journal of Mineralogy, 22(2), 215-234.
  • Bavaria
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Freyung-Grafenau
        • Röhrnbach
Habel, M. (2009): Der Granodioritbruch der Fa. Josef Uhrmann OHG, Steinerleinbach bei Röhrnbach. Mineralien-Welt 20 (2), 66-86.
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén County
    • Szerencs District
      • Rátka
WDS - Norbert Zajzon
  • Heves County
    • Kisnána
GEODA, 2000
  • Veszprém County
    • Veszprém district
Szakáll-Gatter-Szendrei: Mineral Species of Hungary, 2005
Indian Ocean
  • Ninety East Ridge (90° E Ridge; Indian Ridge)
    • D.S.D.P.
      • Leg 26
D. Besse et al. , Bell. Minéral. , 1981, 104, pp. 56-63.
  • Fukuoka prefecture
Nendo Kagaku v.30, no.1 (1990)
  • Fukushima
Z. Kristallogr. 145, 216; Can. Mineral. (1997) 35, 1571
  • Shizuoka
    • Kawazu
PXRD + XRF by Alfredo Petrov, 28-08-2017.
New Zealand
  • Canterbury Region
    • Selwyn District
S. J. Mills, Museum Victoria
  • Waikato Region
    • Thames-Coromandel District
      • Coromandel peninsula
        • Whitianga
S. J. Mills, Museum Victoria
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Níjar
Calvo, M. (2018). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IX. Silicatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 767 págs.
  • Canary Islands
    • Las Palmas Province
various added photos
        • La Aldea de San Nicolás
various added photos
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Just
        • Botallack
          • Botallack Mine
J.Russell Socierty 2006, 68-71
  • Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Seven Troughs Mining District
Robert E. Walstrom Collection
  • New Mexico
    • Otero Co.
      • Cornudas Mts
Michael C. Michayluk collection
  • Oregon
    • Clackamas Co.
RRUFF database specimen no. RO61098
    • Malheur Co.
Altaner,Stephan P. and Grim,Ralph E.(1990) Mineralogy,Chemistry,And Diagenesis Of Tuffs In The Sucker Creek Formation (Miocene) Eastern Oregon: Clays and Clay Minerals,Vol.38,No.6,pp 561-572,pg 562. RRUFF database specimen No.RO60662
    • Tillamook Co.
Wise, W.S. and Tschernich, R.W. (1976): Dachiardite-bearing zeolite assemblages in the Pacific Northwest, in: Sand, L.B. and Mumpton, F. (eds.): Natural Zeolites Occurrence, Properties, Use. Pergamon Press (Oxford, New York), pp. 105-111.
  • Virginia
    • Amelia Co.
      • Winterham
Kearns, Lance E., Martin, Betsy S., Wise, Michael A. (2016), Mineral News, Vol. 32, No. 3
  • Washington
    • Douglas Co.
Tschernich (1991): Zeolites of Washington State. Rock & Minerals, 66(4); American Mineralogist, Volume 67, pages 799-803, 1982
    • Wahkiakum Co.
      • Altoona
Cannon, B. (1975): Minerals of Washington, p.75; Micro Probe Volume IX Number 3 Spring 2001
Rudy Tschernich Zeolite Collection
Mineral and/or Locality  
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