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Pitticite

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Formula:
(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Colour:
Yellowish, reddish-brown, brownish red to brownish black, grey, nearly white; pale yellowish to reddish brown in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy, Dull
Hardness:
2 - 3
Specific Gravity:
2.2 - 2.5
Crystal System:
Amorphous
Name:
from the Greek πίττǎ for "pitta" = pitch, for the pitchy appearance of the material.
An amorphous Fe3+ hydrous arsenate sulphate of questionable validity.
Chemical composition appears to be variable.

"Microprobe analyses of 7 pitticites from various localities indicate that it is a gel-like mineral of widely varying composition with no apparent stoichiometry. Previously reported minor amounts of Si, Ca, P and Al are constituents of pitticites but are non-essential. Pitticite is retained as a generic name for amorphous, gel-like, ferric iron arsenate minerals of varying chemical composition." (P. J. Dunn (1982) New data for pitticite and a second occurrence of yukonite at Sterling Hill, New Jersey. Mineral Mag., 46, 261-264.)

A secondary mineral formed at near-surface conditions from the oxidation of arsenopyrite, realgar, or orpiment; also forms as a recent deposit from mine and spring waters.



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Classification of PitticiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959), Questionable
8.DB.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
B : With only medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4< 1:1
43.5.3.1

43 : COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
5 : Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
22.3.30

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
3 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with sulphates

Physical Properties of PitticiteHide

Vitreous, Greasy, Dull
Transparency:
Transparent, Opaque
Colour:
Yellowish, reddish-brown, brownish red to brownish black, grey, nearly white; pale yellowish to reddish brown in transmitted light.
Comment:
May exhibit deep red internal reflections from cracks
Streak:
Yellow to white
Hardness:
2 - 3 on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Very brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven, Splintery, Conchoidal
Density:
2.2 - 2.5 g/cm3 (Measured)    

Optical Data of PitticiteHide

Type:
Biaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.610 - 1.630 nβ = 1.616 - 1.635
Max Birefringence:
δ = 1.610
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate

Chemical Properties of PitticiteHide

Formula:
(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
IMA Formula:
[Fe,AsO4,SO4,H2O](?)

Crystallography of PitticiteHide

Crystal System:
Amorphous
Morphology:
Massive; reniform to botryoidal or stalactitic; opaline crusts; earthy; also as slimy coatings.

Type Occurrence of PitticiteHide

Synonyms of PitticiteHide

Other Language Names for PitticiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
DiadochiteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
HaidingeriteCaHAsO4 · H2O
Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
MelanteriteFeSO4 · 7H2O
PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
PharmacosideriteKFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Mimetite6 photos of Pitticite associated with Mimetite on mindat.org.
Olivenite2 photos of Pitticite associated with Olivenite on mindat.org.
Quartz1 photo of Pitticite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DB.05DiadochiteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OAmor.
8.DB.05DestineziteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 6H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DB.10VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
8.DB.15SchooneriteZnMn2+Fe2+2Fe3+(PO4)3(OH)2 · 9H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbam
8.DB.20SinkankasiteMn2+Al(PO3OH)2(OH) · 6H2OTric.
8.DB.25MitryaevaiteAl6(PO4)((P,S)O3(OH,O))2F2(OH)2 · 14.5H2OTric.
8.DB.30SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
8.DB.35SarmientiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DB.40BukovskýiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DB.45ZýkaiteFe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2OOrth.
8.DB.50GiniiteFe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5 · 2H2OMon. 2/m : P2/b
8.DB.55Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2OOrth.
8.DB.60McauslaniteFe3Al2(PO4)3(PO3OH)F · 18H2OTric.
8.DB.65GoldquarryiteCuCd2Al3(PO4)4F2(H2O,F)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.DB.70BirchiteCd2Cu2(PO4)2(SO4) · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
8.DB.75BraithwaiteiteNaCu5(Ti4+Sb5+)(AsO4)4(HAsO4)2O2 · 8H2OTric. 1 : P1

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

43.5.3.2ZýkaiteFe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

22.3.1ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2OOrth. mm2 : Pmn21
22.3.2ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
22.3.3Machatschkiite(Ca,Na)6(AsO4)(HAsO4)3(PO4,SO4) · 15H2OHex.
22.3.4ClinotyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4,SO4)4(OH,O)10 · 10H2OMon.
22.3.5PeisleyiteNa2Al9[(P,S)O4]8(OH)6•28H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.6ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2OTrig. 3 : R3
22.3.7WoodhouseiteCaAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.8Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
22.3.9SvanbergiteSrAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.10KemmlitziteSrAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.11SanjuaniteAl2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2O
22.3.12KribergiteAl5(PO4)3(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.13HotsoniteAl11(SO4)3(PO4)2(OH)21 · 16H2OTric.
22.3.14WeileriteBaAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
22.3.15TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
22.3.16ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
22.3.17HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.18HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.19OrpheitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig.
22.3.20CoconinoiteFe3+2Al2(UO2)2(PO4)4(SO4)(OH)2 · 20H2OMon.
22.3.21Sasaite(Al,Fe3+)14(PO4)11(SO4)(OH)7 · 83H2OOrth.
22.3.22Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2OHex.
22.3.23CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.24BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
22.3.25DiadochiteFe3+2(PO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OAmor.
22.3.26SarmientiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.3.27BukovskýiteFe3+2(AsO4)(SO4)(OH) · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
22.3.28ZýkaiteFe3+4(AsO4)3(SO4)(OH) · 15H2OOrth.
22.3.29TooeleiteFe3+6(As3+O3)4(SO4)(OH)4 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
22.3.31Xiangjiangite(Fe3+,Al)(UO2)4(PO4)2(SO4)2(OH) · 22H2OTet.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Readily soluble in acids. Decomposed by strong alaklies, leaving a residue of iron oxide.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PitticiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Karsten, D.L.G. & H.M. Klaproth (1808): Untersuchung des Eisenpecherzes, von der Christbescherung unweit Freiberg.- Der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin Magazin für die neuesten Entdeckungen in der gesammten Naturkunde III, 191-194 (as Eisenpecherz).
Haüy, R.J. (1809) Tableau comparative des résultants de la cristallographie et de l’analyse chimique relativement à la classification des minéraux. Paris: 98 (as Fer oxydé, resinite).
Hausmann, J.F.L. (1813): Handbuch der Mineralogie.- Göttingen, 1. Band, S. 285-286 (as Pittizit).
Hoffmann, C.A. S. (1816) Handbuch der Mineralogie volume 3, b: 302 (citing Werner) (as Eisensinter).
Hoffmann, C.A. S. (1817 [1818 ?]) Handbuch der Mineralogie volume 4, a (b ?): 141 (as Eisensinter).
Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 609 (as Sideretine).
Stromeyer (1843) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 61: 181.
Breithaupt, A. (1847) Vollständige Handbuch der Mineralogie. Vol. 3: 1022 (as Pitticit).
Rammelsberg, C.F. (1860) Handbuch der Mineralchemie. First edition, Leipzig: 384.
Church (1871) Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, London: 24: 136.
Rammelsberg, C.F. (1875) Handbuch der Mineralchemie. second edition: 355.
Genth (1890) American Journal of Science: 40: 205.
Pilipenko (1907) Bulletin of the University of Tomsk: 28: 1.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 121.
Barthoux (1925) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 48: 106.
Foshag and Clinton (1927) American Mineralogist: 12: 290.
Hintze, Carl (1931) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4B]: 1067.
Dessau G. (1932), Le proprietà magnetiche della pitticite. Periodico di Mineralogia – Roma pp. 124-134.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 1014-1015.
P. J. Dunn (1982) New data for pitticite and a second occurrence of yukonite at Sterling Hill, New Jersey. Mineral Mag., 46, 261-264.
Clark (1993), "Hey's Mineral Index".

Internet Links for PitticiteHide

Localities for PitticiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Frantschach-St Gertraud
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Hüttenberger Erzberg
          • Lölling District
H. Meixner: Der Karinthin 23:277-280 (1953)
A. Brunlechner: Carinthia II 84:152-153 (1894)
Puttner, M. (1987): Mineralien von St. Martin am Silberberg (Kärnten) und Sekundärbildungen in Schlackenhohlräumen. – Carinthia II, Klagenfurt, 177./97.: 149-157.
G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Glockner group
        • Hochtor area
          • Kloben (south slope)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
    • Packalpe
      • Bad St Leonhard
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Saualpe
      • Prebl
H. Meixner: Carinthia II 154./74.: 9-10 (1964); MEIXNER, H. (1964): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XIX. Carinthia II, 154./74., 7-21.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Fusch valley
        • Brennkogel area
          • Kloben (north slope)
Bergbau in Westkärnten
      • Gastein valley
        • Erzwies area
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
        • Naßfeld valley
          • Kreuzkogel massif
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
        • Siglitz - Bockhart area
          • Siglitz - Bockhart Gold Mining District
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
            • Hoher Sonnblick
Schnorrer, G. & Bacher, F. (2000): Die Mineralien von der Sonnblick- Nordwand, Rauris, Salzburg / Österreich - insbesondere der erste Khaidarkanit- Fund in Österreich. Mineralien-Welt, 11 (5), 52-57.
    • Lungau
      • Murwinkel
        • Rotgülden
          • Lower Rotgülden lake
peter neschen collection
    • St Johann im Pongau
Paar (1978)
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
  • Styria
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Obertalbach valley
Pribitzer, F. (1956): Die Minerallagerstätte Zinkwand bei Schladming in Steiermark (Österreich). Aufschluss, 7 (3), 59-63; A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989); Leikauf, B., Bojar, H.P. & Postl, W. (2000): 1234. Skorodit und Pharmakosiderit von der Zinkwand (Neualpe) bei Schladming, Steiermark. P. 216 in: Niedermayr, G. et al.: Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLIX. Carinthia II, 190./110., 181-224.
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
Schnorrer, G. and Poeverlein, R. (2002) Schwaz-Brixlegg-Fundstellen: 2. Die Minerale des Stockerstollens bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss, 53, 209-228.
Schnorrer, G. & Poeverlein, R. (2008): Schwaz-Brixlegger Fundstellen. 6. Die Minerale des Gratlspitz bei Brixlegg in Tirol. Aufschluss 59, 7-28.
Bolivia
 
  • Cochabamba Department
    • Ayopaya Province
Collections of Alfredo Petrov and Dr. Jaroslav Hyrsl. Checked by SEM and wet chemical analysis.
  • La Paz Department
    • Aroma Province
      • Laurani District
Federico Ahlfeld and Jorge Muñoz Reyes (1955) Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia. (Banco Minero de Bolivia)
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Kutná Hora (Kuttenberg)
AmMin 84:1439-1444; Dobešová, B. (2012). Halda Kaňk: hydrogeochemie pórových vod. Masters Thesis MASARYKOVA UNIVERZITA; E. Kocourková-Víšková, J. Loun, O. Sracek, S. Houzar & J. Filip (2015): Secondary arsenic minerals and arsenic mobility in a historical waste rock pile at Kaňk near Kutná Hora, Czech Republic. Mineralogy and Petrology 109, 17-33.
American Mineralogist (1978) 63: 1284.
No reference listed
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1015.
      • Vlašim (Wlaschim)
Zemek, V.: Zlatodůl Roudný u Vlašimi. Pod Blaníkem, 5. samostatná příloha, 2001: Podblanické ekocentrum Českého svazu ochránců přírody a Muzeum okresu Benešov, 108 s.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
No reference listed
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
          • Jáchymov (St Joachimsthal)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1008; Lapis 2002(7/8), 54.
    • South Bohemia Region
      • Písek
Historic mineral collection National museum of Czech Republic
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou District
        • Křižanov
Staněk, J.: Parageneze minerálů pegmatitových žil z Hatí u Dolních Borů na západní Moravě. Acta Mus. Moraviae, Sci. nat., vol. 76, pages 19-49.
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
        • Neuenberg
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
Paul De Bondt
Pierre et Terre 1982
          • Sankt Ludwig vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
  • Occitanie
    • Gard
      • Mercoirol
Favreau, G. & Pecorini, R. (1999): Mas Dieu - Mercoirol - Extension Sud (Gard, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, no. 3, 3-43.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Alpirsbach
        • Reinerzau District
          • Auerhahn Inn
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Calw
Walenta, K. (1992): "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
      • Freudenstadt
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Lahr
        • Reichenbach
          • Weiler
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Menzenschwand
        • Vorderdorf
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Münstertal
        • Hof
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Staufen
          • Grunern
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West. Weise (Munich).; Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., and Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1195-1198.
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Sulzburg
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Waldshut
        • Detzeln
Falkenstein, F. (2010): Ein bislang unbekanntes Mineral- und Fossilvorkommen im Porphyr-Steinbruch bei Detzeln, im südöstlichsten Schwarzwald. Aufschluss, 61, 157-74.
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Frohnbach valley
No reference listed
          • Rankach valley
WALENTA, K. (1997): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara 7. Folge. - Lapis 22 (11), 37-47.
    • Odenwald
      • Schriesheim
        • Branich hill (Pranig hill)
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich)
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Weißenstadt
          • Kirchenlamitz
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Spessart
        • Aschaffenburg
          • Dörrmorsbach
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
        • Hösbach
          • Sailauf
            • Hartkoppe
see locality page
    • Lower Bavaria
      • Bodenmais
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Leonberg
        • Pfaffenreuth
F. Müller: "Bayerns steinreiche Ecke", 2nd. ed. (1984), pp. 29-32
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Lautertal (Odenwald)
        • Reichenbach
          • Hohenstein
Collection of Steffen Michalski, ex-collection and collected by Klaus PETITJEAN
      • Mühltal
        • Nieder-Beerbach
No reference listed
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Taunus
      • Usingen
        • Münster
Emser Hefte 1982(2), 42-48
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Harzburg
        • Radau valley
Schnorrer, G., (1993): Mineralogische Notitzen VI, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 44, 44-58
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Beerberg
No reference listed
Schnorrer, G., Kronz, A., Ließmann, W., Kehr. A., (2009): Zur Mineralogie der ehemaligen Grube Alter Theuerdank, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 60, pp. 29-62
        • Oder valley
Krause, W. & Bischoff, W. (1982): Parasymplesit und Arseniosiderit aus dem Odertal, Harz. Der Aufschluß 33(10), 361-366.
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Niederberg area
      • Heiligenhaus
        • Flandersbach
no reference listed
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988): Der Niederbergische Erzbezirk des Werdener Bergreviers in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Lapis 13(1): 11-35
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Müsen
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
      • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Lahn valley
      • Bad Ems District
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Harzgerode mining district
        • Straßberg
Thomas Lühr collection
      • Stolberg
Gröbner, J., Hajek, W., Junker, R. & Nikoleizig, J. (2011): Neue Mineralschätze des Harzes. Papierflieger Verlag GmbH, Clausthal-Zellerfeld, Germany, 127 pp.
Gröbner, J., W. Hajek, R. Junker & J. Nikoleizig (2011). Neue Mineralienschätze des Harzes. S.89-97. Papierflieger-Verlag, Clausthal-Zellerfeld.
      • Wernigerode
        • Hasserode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Altenberg
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Freiberg District
        • Brand-Erbisdorf
Frenzel, A. (1874): Lexicon fpr das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig
        • Bräunsdorf
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
        • Freiberg
Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
        • Großvoigtsberg
Karsten & Klaproth (1808): Untersuchung des Eisenpecherzes, von der Christbescherung unweit Freiberg.- Der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin Magazin für die neuesten Entdeckungen in der gesammten Naturkunde, 191-194
        • Kleinvoigtsberg
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
        • Langenrinne
Frenzel, A. (1874): Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Königreich Sachsen, Leipzig.
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Lauter-Bernsbach
        • Oberpfannenstiel
https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Sachsen/Erzgebirgskreis/Lauter-Bernsbach/Oberpfannenstiel/Stollen%20Nr.%207%20%28Sulfidnaja%29
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1015.
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Langenberg
          • Graul
http://www.dergraul.de
http://www.dergraul.de
        • Pöhla
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Meißen
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Sachsen/Mei%DFen/Munzig
    • Vogtland
      • Klingenthal
        • Kielberg
Andreas Gerstenberg collection
  • Thuringia
    • Saalfeld
      • Garnsdorf
F. Rüger, L. Senf & T. Witzke: Lapis 1995 (1), 15-26
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Germany & Czech Republic
 
  • Erzgebirge; Krusné Hory Mts (Ore Mts)
Lapis 17(2), 31-35 (1992); Pauliš, P. et al.: Nové výskyty nerostů na Sn-W ložisku Cínovec. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 1, 113-117.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
No reference listed
GRÖBNER, J. (2001): Roter Skorodit und weitere ungewöhnliche Arsenate: Die Mineralien des Abbaus 132 der Grube Christiana, Lavrion/Griechenland. Lapis, 26 (11), 13-21.
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German).
No reference listed
Iran
 
  • Lorestan Province
    • Ashour Abad
Nezafatis, N. (2006): Au-Sn-W-Cu Mineralization in the Astaneh-Sarband Area, West Central Iran. PhD thesis, University of Tübingen (Germany), 116 pp.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Murialdo
        • Pastori
M.E. Ciriotti Probed 2005
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Lanzo Valleys
        • Viù Valley
          • Usseglio
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Villaputzu
- Stara P., Astolfi M. and Pani F. (1991): Nuovi ritrovamenti nella miniera di Baccu Locci - Sardegna. Riv. Miner. Ital., I, pagg. 1-15.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Aurina Valley (Ahrnbach Valley)
        • Predoi (Prettau)
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
      • Passiria Valley (Passeier Valley)
Exel, R. (1987): Guida mineralogica del Trentino e del Sudtirolo. Athesia, Bolzano, 204 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
vom Rath G. (1868): Die Berge von Campiglia in der Toskanischen Maremme. Zeitschr. Deutsch. Gesell. Geowiss., 20, 307-364.
Malaysia
 
  • Borneo
    • Sarawak
      • Kuching
        • Bau
Breward, N., & Williams, M. (1994). Preliminary Apparaisal of the Environmental Geochemistry of the Bau Mining Area, Sarawak, Malaysia. British Geological Survey.
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Bindal
      • Kolsvika
Pers. Com. G. Raade (Feb. 1993) in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1990-1993. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1993, p 171-173
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Ząbkowice District
      • Bardo commune
Nejbert, K., Siuda, R., Borzęcki, R., Matyszczak, W. (2013): Mineralogy of antimony ores mined at Dębowina in the Bardzkie Mts (Sudetes), SW Poland. Mineralogia Special Papers: 41: 68
Siuda, R. (2014): Secondary arsenic minerals from old adits in the Złoty Stok area (Sudetes, Poland). Mineralogia Special Papers: 42: 104-105
  • Małopolskie
    • Nowy Targ District
      • Szczawnica
Wojciechowski J. 1955: O żyłach kruszcowych pod Szczawnicą. Biul. Inst. Geol. 101
Wojciechowski J. 1955: O żyłach kruszcowych pod Szczawnicą. Biul. Inst. Geol. 101
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
Romania
 
  • Alba Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1015.
  • Maramureș Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1015.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Bystrica Co.
Koděra, M., a kol.: Topografická mineralogie Slovenska. Sv. 3 Sed-Ž, Bratislava, Veda 1990, s. 1247-1256.
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
      • Banská Štiavnica Mining District
        • Vyhne
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
GRÖBNER, J. and FERNÁNDEZ PÉRIZ, M., A. (2006): Los minerales de los yacimientos de Cu y Co de Molvizar y Cerro Minado en Andalucia. Revista de Minerales, 3, 1, 48-56. (in Spanish). Versions simultaneously published in Catalan (Mineralogistes de Catalunya) and in English version (Mineral Up)
    • Granada
      • Molvizar
J. Gröbner and M. A. Fernández Périz (2006): Minerals of the Copper-Cobalt Deposits Molvizar and Cerro Minado in Andalusia. Mineralup February 2006, 48-56.
  • Galicia
    • A Coruña (La Coruña)
      • Santa Comba
Carlos J. Rodríguez
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Riddes
      • Isérables
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 305.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Camborne
Royal Cornwall Polytechnic Society (1870): 38. Annual Report, pp. 30-31
      • Mount's Bay District
        • St Hilary
Goley, P. and Williams R. (1995) Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications
      • Redruth
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 48 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • St Just
        • Botallack
Golley, P. & Williams, R. (1995): Cornish Mineral Reference Manual. Endsleigh Publications (Truro), 104 pp.
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Carrock Fell
No reference listed
Ukraine
 
  • Crimea Oblast'
    • Crimea peninsula
      • Kerch peninsula (Kertch peninsula)
        • Kerchenskyi (Fe)-ore basin
          • Kerchenskoe deposit
Arbuzov V.A. et al. (1967) Kerch Iron-Ore Basin (Kerchenskii Zhelezorydny Bassein)/ - Moscow:Nedra. - 576 h/ (Rus.)
USA
 
  • Alabama
    • Clay Co.
Rocks & Min 70:5 pp 320-333
    • Randolph Co.
      • Cragford District
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
Mineralogy of Alabama Geol Surv Ala. Bull120
  • Alaska
    • Matanuska-Susitna Borough
      • Yentna District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • California
    • Mariposa Co.
      • East Belt
        • Hite Cove District
          • Peachtree Bar
            • Devil Gulch
Rogers, Austin Flint (1912), Notes on rare minerals from California: Columbia University, School of Mines Quarterly: 33: 375; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 290, 333.
    • Tuolumne Co.
      • Mother Lode Belt
        • Jamestown District
          • Jamestown
Goudey, Hatfield (1947), Scorodite near Jamestown, California: Mineral Notes and News, Bulletin 114: 12, March, 1947: 12; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 290.
  • Colorado
    • Ouray Co.
      • Red Mountain District
        • Red Mountain
Min Rec (1986) 17:229-236
  • Connecticut
    • Middlesex Co.
      • East Hampton (Chatham)
        • Cobalt
Januzzi (1976): Mineral Localities of Connecticut & Southeastern New York State, p. 235.
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan District
          • Manhattan
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Mineralogical Record 16:86
        • Northumberland District
MinRec 16(1):37-41.
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • Utah
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Temple Mountain
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah; USGS Prof Paper 300 p295; M. E. Thompson, B. Ingram, & E. B. Gross (1956) Abernathyite, a new uranium mineral of the metatorbernite group. American Mineralogist, 41:82-90.
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1015; UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
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