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Caldbeck Fells Mining Region, Cumbria, England, UKi
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Caldbeck Fells Mining RegionMining District
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Cooper & Stanley (1991):

"The Caldbeck Fells mining district is a loosely defined area covering some 25 square km to the south of the village of Caldbeck in the northeastern corner of the English Lake District, about 12 km north-northeast of Keswick. Before the county boundary changes of 1974, the Caldbeck Fells were part of the ancient county of Cumberland now absorbed in the new county of Cumbria.

For the most part, the Caldbeck Fells (the word "fell" generally refers to an upland pasture, moor or high plateau) consist of rolling, treeless moorland dissected by numerous watercourses running in steep-sided valleys known locally by the old Norse name of "gills". It was in these gills that the majority of mineral veins worked by the early miners were discovered.

The area is part of the Lake District National Park, and vehicular access is restricted; however, many of the mines may be reached without too strenuous a walk, the main hazard is the weather which is apt to be wet and dismal. Away from the mine dumps the Caldbeck Fells have a subtle beauty rarely seen by the countless casual visitors and tourists who flock to the central Lake District. It is surprising that despite hundreds of years of commercial exploitation and study by generations of mineralogists and collectors, the mineral localities continue to produce new discoveries of common and exotic mineral species."

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Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

233 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Fortey, 1978).
Adamite
Formula: Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Adamite var: Cuprian Adamite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
'Agardite'
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Agardite-(La)
Formula: LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).;
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Rastall, R.H. (1910) The Skiddaw granite and its metamorphism. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 66, 116-141.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall, 1910 and Eastwood et al., 1968).
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall & Wilcockson, 1915).
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Rastall, R.H. (1910) The Skiddaw granite and its metamorphism. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 66, 116-141.; Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall, 1910 and Rastall & Wilcockson, 1917).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Andalusite var: Chiastolite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1875) "Wulfenite" at "Caldbeck Fell". Geological Magazine, 2(11), 565-566.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Reference: Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain. Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).;
Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Apatite'
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall & Wilcockson, 1915 and Eastwood et al., 1968).
'Apatite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Arsendescloizite
Formula: PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Arsentsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Trevor F. Bridges, David Green, Michael S. Rumsey and C. Michael Leppington (2011) A review of the mineralisation of the Roughton Gill mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 3 Roughton Gill Mine Journal of the Russell Society 14:3-23.
Asbolane
Formula: (Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Bechererite
Formula: Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Beraunite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Biotite'
Reference: Rastall, R.H. (1910) The Skiddaw granite and its metamorphism. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 66, 116-141.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall, 1910).
Bismite
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of Mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. London, p. 378.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) Cosalite and other lead sulpho-salts at Grainsgill, Carrock Fell, Caldbeck, Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 296-300.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Bismuth Ochre'
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "the 'bismuth ochre' reported from 'Brandy Gill' as an associate of bismuth (Goodchild, 1882: 104) may have been bismite or bismutite."
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1882) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 2]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 7 (for 1881-1882), 189-204.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Goodchild, 1882).
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Braunite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Listed in error for beraunite in Young (1987)."
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).
Breithauptite ?
Formula: NiSb
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Brewsterite' ?
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "The 'brewsterite' recorded by Hall (1868) as an associate of tenorite and chalcopyrite is unlikely to be the zeolitic brewsterite (of Brooke) as assumed by Young (1987). It is more likely to be the 'brewsterite' listed by Branston (1910) and Postlethwaite (1913) as 'protoxide of copper'. Although the latter is a synonym of cuprite, the name brewsterite in this context does not appear in any standard mineralogy or synonymy known to the authors and the precise definition of the term appears to be lost."
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford, London, 168 pp.; Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall & Wilcockson, 1915).
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Carpholite
Formula: Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Cesàrolite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Chalcanthite ?
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Description: Kingsbury reference. Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Specimens labelled chalcanthite, showing thin bluish crusts on quartz-sulphide matrix, are preserved in the Kingsbury Collection (BM(NH)). Kingsbury (unpublished manuscript) comments on the occurrence: 'x-ray photo has since shown it to be an 'unidentified' sulphate'. The persistence of chalcanthite in an area of such high rainfall is doubtful."
Reference: Kingsbury (xxxx) Unpublished manuscript.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Chalcophyllite
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Chenite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "'Some time last year [1880-1881]a notice went the round of our local newspaper to the effect that cinnabar... had been discovered somewhere or other out Caldbeck Fells way' (Goodchild, 1882: 105). Goodchild doubted the occurrence."
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1882) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 1]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 7 (for 1881-1882), 101-126.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Claudetite
Formula: As2O3
Reference: [J.Russell Soc. 1998:36]
Claudetite var: Antimonian Claudetite
Formula: (As,Sb)2O3
Reference: [J.Russell Soc. 1998:36]
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Forms minute grains (exceptionally up to 180µm, but mostly < 30µm) in arsenopyrite, scheelite and carbonate minerals replacing wolframite. Mangano-columbite is the dominant end-member at Carrock (Beddoe-Stephens & Fortey, 1981).
Reference: Beddoe-Stephens, B. and Fortey, N.J. (1981) Columbite from the Carrock Fell tungsten deposit. Mineralogical Magazine, 44, 217-223.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Beddoe-Stephens & Fortey, 1981).; BMS Database
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Copper Pitch Ore'
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Cornubite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp.; Davidson, W.F. and Thomson, N. (1951) Some notes on the minerals of Westmorland and Cumberland. North West Naturalist, 23 (for 1948), 136-154.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Greg & Lettsom, 1858 and Davidson & Thomson, 1951).
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Crocoite ?
Formula: PbCrO4
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Hutchinson, W. (1794) The history of the county of Cumberland. F. Jolie, Carlisle, 2 vols; 600, 686 pp. (vol. 1, 44) [facsimile reprint by E.P. Publishing Ltd/Cumbria County Library, 1974, with an introduction by C.R. Hudleston, 1, v-xxiii].; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hutchinson, 1794).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Dolomite var: Ferroan Dolomite
Formula: Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Dufrénite
Formula: Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Duftite
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Duftite var: Calcio-duftite
Formula: (Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): Kingsbury & Hartley claimed that material they had collected resembled, but was not identical with duftite was actually an intermediate between duftite and conichalcite. They coined the term 'calcio-duftite' for this mineral on the basis of the intermediate nature of the x-ray powder spacings and a qualitative (spectrographic) analysis that showed significant calcium. Claringbull also mentioned the affinity of the x-ray pattern of Brandy Gill duftite with conichalcite and commented on the variation of refractive index within individual spherules of the mineral which, he suggested, resulted from a corresponding variation in composition with the core being richer in lead than the outer areas.
Reference: Claringbull, G.F. (1951) New occurrences of duftite. Mineralogical Magazine, 29, 609-614.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Duftite var: Duftite-β
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Most duftite from Brandy Gill appears to be β-duftite as defined by Guillemin (1956: 70), who re-examined Claringbull's (1951) x-ray data. Infra-red absorption spectrophotometry readily distinguishes α- and β-duftite and also shows the predominance of the latter at this locality (R.S.W. Braithwaite, pers. comm.)."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
'Duftite-alpha'
Formula: PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Habit: globular masses
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "a few specimens recently examined appear to be α-duftite which, at Brandy Gill, forms small globular masses on quartz (M.P. Cooper Collection, det. P.J. Dunn, Smithsonian Institution: XRD) or minute crystals with agardite-mixite (det. BM(NH): XRD, C.M. Leppington, pers. comm.)"
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall & Wilcockson, 1915).
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Ferrimolybdite
Formula: Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Finlayson, A.M. (1910) The ore-bearing pegmatites of Carrock Fell. Geological Magazine, 7, 19-28. (analysis of "apatite" from Carrock mine showing it to be a fluorapatite).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Finlayson, 1910).; TVM Specimen - Ex Mike Gough
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Fraipontite
Formula: (Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Pluth, J. J., Steele, I. M., Kampf, A. R. & Green, D. I. (2005): Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)•H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England: description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 30 localities in this region.
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1875) "Wulfenite" at "Caldbeck Fell". Geological Magazine, 2(11), 565-566.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 22 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Calvert, J. (1853) The gold rock of Great Britain and Ireland... Chapman and Hall, London, 324 pp. [Facsimile R. Bird, 1989].; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Calvert, 1853).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Grünlingite' ?
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Hedleyite
Formula: Bi7Te3
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Hedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Hidalgoite ?
Formula: PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Hinsdalite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Hisingerite
Formula: Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Ianbruceite
Formula: [Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.; Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall & Wilcockson, 1915 and Eastwood et al., 1968).
Ingodite
Formula: Bi2TeS
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Iron oxide'
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Joséite'
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cook, N.J., Ciobanu, C.L., Wagner, T., and Stanley, C.J. (2007) Minerals of the system Bi–Te–Se–S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. The Canadian Mineralogist, 45(4), 665-708.; BMS Database
Joséite-A
Formula: Bi4TeS2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Joséite-B
Formula: Bi4Te2S
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hitchen, 1934).
Kermesite ?
Formula: Sb2S2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Kintoreite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Kipushite ?
Formula: (Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Köttigite
Formula: Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Krupkaite
Formula: PbCuBi3S6
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Lavendulan
Formula: NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 24 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Lindgrenite
Formula: Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Liroconite ?
Formula: Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Macphersonite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Eastwood et al., 1968 and Fortey, 1978).
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 27 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Mattheddleite
Formula: Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Mawbyite
Formula: Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Mercury has been detected in ppm in the Wet Swine Gill 'antimony vein' (Fortey et al., 1984)."
Reference: Fortey, N.J., Ingham, J.D., Skilton, B.R.H., Young, B., and Shepherd, T.J. (1984) Antimony mineralization at Wet Swine Gill, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 45(1-2), 59-65.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Fortey et al., 1984).
Metavivianite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
'Mica Group'
Colour: yellow
Reference: Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hitchen, 1934).;
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report n° 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Fortey, 1978).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Mimetite var: Campylite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1875) "Wulfenite" at "Caldbeck Fell". Geological Magazine, 2(11), 565-566.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Montetrisaite ?
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
Description: Green et al. (2008): "full confirmation (of redgillite vs. its dimorph montetrisaite) requires XRD for which there is insufficient material at present."
Reference: Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Rastall, R.H. (1910) The Skiddaw granite and its metamorphism. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 66, 116-141.; Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall, 1910 and Hitchen, 1934).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Muscovite var: Gilbertite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report n° 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Fortey, 1978).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Parahopeite ?
Formula: Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: [J. Russell Soc. 2001 - 92]
Parnauite
Formula: Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Petitjeanite
Formula: Bi3(PO4)2O(OH)
Reference: Rumsey, M.S., et al., (2007): UK Journal of Mines & Minerals (28), 47-50
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Phaunouxite
Formula: Ca3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Phosgenite
Formula: Pb2CO3Cl2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Habit: botryoidal crusts
Colour: pale to dark green
Reference: Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Prehnite ?
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Reference: Rumsey, M.S. (2007): UK Journal of Mines & Minerals (28), 51-53
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Psilomelane'
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 28 localities in this region.
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1875) "Wulfenite" at "Caldbeck Fell". Geological Magazine, vol. 2, n° 11, 565-566.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 893.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 39 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2008) A review of the mineralisation at Red Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 29-47.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Queitite
Formula: Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Ramsbeckite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Redgillite (TL)
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Habit: crystalline crusts
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): an 'unknown copper sulphate' on oxidized sulphides from the 'Golden Hugh' (D.R. Middleton Collection, det. BM(NH): XRD, 1987) and in an old ore pile on the west bank of the gill [NY29953415] (D.I. Green, pers. comm.)
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Pluth, J.J., Steele, I.M., Kampf, A.R., Green, D.I. (2005) Redgillite, Cu6(OH)10(SO4)·H2O, a new mineral from Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England, UK: Description and crystal structure. Mineralogical Magazine, 69, 973-980.; Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, 11, 3-28.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Rockbridgeite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Rooseveltite
Formula: Bi(AsO4)
Reference: Rumsey, M.S. (2007): UK Journal of Mines & Minerals (28), 51-53
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall & Wilcockson, 1915).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Habit: brush-like clusters in quartz
Description: As 'brush-like clusters in quartz' (Hitchen, 1934: 186); in a vein at the foot of the gill (R.S.W. Braithwaite, pers. comm.).
Reference: Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hitchen, 1934).
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Schultenite
Formula: Pb(HAsO4)
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Scotlandite
Formula: PbSO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Senarmontite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Serpierite
Formula: Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Reference: Young, B. (1987) Glossary of the minerals of the Lake District and adjoining areas. British Geological Survey, Newcastle upon Tyne, 104 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Young, 1987).
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Description: Shaw (1970: 67) records 'a small "lead" vein in the Endeavour level containing arsenopyrite, 'marmatite', and 'a very little galena'.
Reference: Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake district: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Shaw, 1970).
'Stibiconite'
Formula: Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Stilbite-Ca ?
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Description: Erroneous entry for stibnite (Hartley, 1984) (Hartley, pers. comm., 1988).
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; BMS Database
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Strashimirite
Formula: Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Strengite
Formula: FePO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Strontianite ?
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Switzerite
Formula: Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 8, 2003
Sylvanite ?
Formula: (Au,Ag)2Te4
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Symplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series' ?
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Tetradymite ?
Formula: Bi2Te2S
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall & Wilcockson, 1915).;
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall & Wilcockson, 1915).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Tsumebite
Formula: Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Wad'
Witherite
Formula: BaCO3
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Wooldridgeite
Formula: Na2CaCu2+2(P2O7)2 · 10H2O
Habit: tapering blades/prisms
Colour: aquamarine blue
Description: Cooper & Stanley (1990): "Sprays of tapering bladed aquamarine blue transparent crystals to 1.5mm on chrysocolla in quartz have been shown by XRD (BM(NH) & Leeds Univ.) and semi-quantitative EPMA (M. Rothwell, pers. comm.) to be a probable new species. Only two very small specimens have been found (J. Dickinson & P. Braithwaite Collections). The XRD pattern is closely related to that of the magnesium phosphate bobierrite (D.I. Green, pers. comm.)." Bridges et al. (2011): "A copper calcium sodium pyro-phosphate hydrate occurring as ‘sprays of tapering bladed aquamarine crystals’ was described as an unknown species from the dumps of Roughton Gill Mine by Cooper and Stanley (1990, pp. 132-133). [...] Wooldridgeite was identified on a few small specimens collected by the late Peter Braithwaite and the late John Dickinson on the 90-fathom level dumps at Roughton Gill Mine. It occurs as pale ice-blue tapering prismatic crystals, which exceptionally reach 1.8 mm in length, but are usually much smaller than this. The crystals are commonly associated with ‘chrysocolla’ in porous quartz. They are very late in the paragenetic sequence. A few overgrow recent fractures in the quartz matrix which indicate a post-mining origin. It has not been found in this study."
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2011) A review of the mineralisation of the Roughton Gill mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 3 Roughton Gill Mine. Journal of the Russell Society, 14, 3-23 (referring to Cooper & Stanley, 1990).
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Reference: Goodchild, J.G. (1875) "Wulfenite" at "Caldbeck Fell". Geological Magazine, 2(11), 565-566.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Reference: Dawson, J. and Harrison, R.K. (1966) Uraninite in the Greinsgill greisen, Cumberland. Bulletin of the Geological Survey of Great Britain, 25, 91.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Dawson & Harrison, 1966).
Yarrowite
Formula: Cu9S8
Reference: Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Zálesíite
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zinkenite
Formula: Pb9Sb22S42
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Rastall & Wilcockson, 1915).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Antimony1.CA.05Sb
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Breithauptite ?2.CC.05NiSb
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Fülöppite2.HC.10aPb3Sb8S15
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Hedleyite2.DC.05Bi7Te3
Ingodite2.DC.05Bi2TeS
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Joséite-B2.DC.05Bi4Te2S
Kermesite ?2.FD.05Sb2S2O
Krupkaite2.HB.05aPbCuBi3S6
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Sylvanite ?2.EA.05(Au,Ag)2Te4
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetradymite ?2.DC.05Bi2Te2S
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Yarrowite2.CA.05dCu9S8
Zinkenite2.JB.35aPb9Sb22S42
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Asbolane4.FL.30(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Bismite4.CB.60Bi2O3
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cesàrolite4.FG.10Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Claudetite4.CB.45As2O3
var: Antimonian Claudetite4.CB.45(As,Sb)2O3
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Scotlandite4.JE.20PbSO3
Senarmontite4.CB.50Sb2O3
'Stibiconite'4.DH.20Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Brianyoungite5.BF.30Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Ferroan Dolomite5.AB.10Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Macphersonite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite ?5.AB.15SrCO3
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Witherite5.AB.15BaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Bechererite7.DD.55Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite ?7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chenite7.BC.70Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Crocoite ?7.FA.20PbCrO4
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Ferrimolybdite7.GB.30Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Lindgrenite7.GB.05Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Montetrisaite ?7.DD.85Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Ramsbeckite7.DD.60(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Redgillite (TL)7.DD.70Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Serpierite7.DD.30Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Adamite8.BB.30Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
var: Cuprian Adamite8.BB.30(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Agardite-(La)8.DL.15LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Arsendescloizite8.BH.35PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Arsentsumebite8.BG.05Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Bariopharmacosiderite8.DK.10Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Bayldonite8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beraunite8.DC.27Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cacoxenite8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Chalcophyllite8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornubite8.BD.30Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Dufrénite8.DK.15Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Duftite8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
var: Calcio-duftite8.BH.35(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
var: Duftite-β8.BH.35PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Hidalgoite ?8.BL.05PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hinsdalite8.BL.05PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Ianbruceite8.DA.50[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Kintoreite8.BL.10PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Kipushite ?8.DA.35(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Köttigite8.CE.40Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Lavendulan8.DG.05NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Liroconite ?8.DF.20Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Mawbyite8.CG.15Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Metavivianite8.DC.25Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
var: Campylite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Parahopeite ?8.CA.70Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Parasymplesite8.CE.40Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Parnauite8.DF.35Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Petitjeanite8.BO.10Bi3(PO4)2O(OH)
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Phaunouxite8.CJ.40Ca3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
Philipsburgite8.DA.35(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Phosphohedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Pitticite8.DB.05(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Preisingerite8.BO.10Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rockbridgeite8.BC.10Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
Rooseveltite8.AD.50Bi(AsO4)
Schultenite8.AD.30Pb(HAsO4)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Strashimirite8.DC.12Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Strengite8.CD.10FePO4 · 2H2O
Switzerite8.CE.25Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Symplesite8.CE.45Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Tsumebite8.BG.05Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Wooldridgeite8.FC.25Na2CaCu2+2(P2O7)2 · 10H2O
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Zálesíite8.DL.15CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
var: Chiastolite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Braunite ?9.AG.05Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
Carpholite9.DB.05Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fraipontite9.ED.15(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hisingerite9.ED.10Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mattheddleite9.AH.25Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Gilbertite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Prehnite ?9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Queitite9.BF.20Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Stilbite-Ca ?9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Agardite'-
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-
'Apatite Group'-
'Biotite'-
'Bismuth Ochre'-
'Brewsterite' ?-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Copper Pitch Ore'-
'Duftite-alpha'-PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Grünlingite' ?-
'Iron oxide'-
'Joséite'-Bi4TeS2
Joséite-A-Bi4TeS2
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series' ?-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Hedleyite2.6.3.3Bi7Te3
'Joséite'2.6.2.1Bi4TeS2
Joséite-B2.6.2.2Bi4Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Yarrowite2.7.3.1Cu9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Breithauptite ?2.8.11.2NiSb
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Ingodite2.8.20.4Bi2TeS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
Tetradymite ?2.11.7.1Bi2Te2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sylvanite ?2.12.13.3(Au,Ag)2Te4
Oxysulfides
Kermesite ?2.13.1.1Sb2S2O
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Krupkaite3.4.5.2PbCuBi3S6
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Fülöppite3.6.20.1Pb3Sb8S15
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Semseyite3.6.20.4Pb9Sb8S21
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
1 < ø < 2
Zinkenite3.8.1.1Pb9Sb22S42
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Bismite4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Claudetite4.3.10.1As2O3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Senarmontite4.3.9.2Sb2O3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Miscellaneous
Asbolane6.4.9.1(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
(AB)2X3
Braunite ?7.5.1.3Mn2+Mn3+6(SiO4)O8
(AB)5X8
Cesàrolite7.6.1.1Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite ?14.1.3.3SrCO3
Witherite14.1.3.2BaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Macphersonite17.1.4.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite ?29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chenite30.1.16.1Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Elyite30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Montetrisaite ?31.2.8.Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Ramsbeckite31.4.9.1(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Serpierite31.6.2.1Ca(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Scotlandite34.1.1.2PbSO3
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
AXO4
Crocoite ?35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 37 - ANHYDROUS ACID PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES AND VANADATES
Miscellaneous
Schultenite37.1.2.1Pb(HAsO4)
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Rooseveltite38.4.4.1Bi(AsO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O
Mawbyite40.2.9.4Pb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Köttigite40.3.6.5Zn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Parahopeite ?40.3.3.1Zn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Parasymplesite40.3.6.6Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Phaunouxite40.3.12.1Ca3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
Switzerite40.3.5.4Mn2+3(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Symplesite40.3.8.1Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Strengite40.4.1.2FePO4 · 2H2O
Metavivianite40.11.9.4Fe2+Fe3+2(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornubite41.4.2.1Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Arsendescloizite41.5.1.9PbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Bayldonite41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Duftite41.5.1.4PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
'Duftite-alpha'41.5.2.5PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Adamite41.6.6.3Zn2(AsO4)(OH)
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hedyphane41.8.2.1Ca2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Rockbridgeite41.9.2.1Fe2+Fe3+4(PO4)3(OH)5
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Petitjeanite41.10.10.1Bi3(PO4)2O(OH)
Preisingerite41.10.9.1Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kipushite ?42.2.4.1(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Liroconite ?42.2.1.1Cu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Philipsburgite42.2.4.2(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Zálesíite42.5.1.7CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
A2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Ianbruceite42.6.11.[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Strashimirite42.6.5.1Cu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Kintoreite42.7.3.6PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Segnitite42.7.4.4PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite42.8.1a.3Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Dufrénite42.9.1.2Ca0.5Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Lavendulan42.9.4.2NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Beraunite42.11.16.1Fe2+Fe3+5(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Arsentsumebite43.4.2.2Pb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hidalgoite ?43.4.1.3PbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Hinsdalite43.4.1.5PbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Tsumebite43.4.2.1Pb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Parnauite43.5.13.1Cu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Pitticite43.5.3.1(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
'Stibiconite'44.1.1.1Sb3+Sb5+2O6(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Lindgrenite48.3.1.1Cu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Group 49 - HYDRATED MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
Hydrated Normal Molybdates and Tungstates
Ferrimolybdite49.2.1.1Fe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Mattheddleite52.4.9.6Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Queitite58.1.3.1Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Carpholite65.1.5.1Mn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Fraipontite71.1.2c.4(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Hisingerite71.1.5.2Fe3+2(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite ?72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
'Brewsterite' ?77.1.7.1
Stilbite-Ca ?77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Adamite
var: Cuprian Adamite
-(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
'Agardite'-
Agardite-(La)-LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andalusite
var: Chiastolite
-Al2(SiO4)O
'Apatite'-
'Apatite Group'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Bechererite-Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
'Biotite'-
'Bismuth Ochre'-
Brianyoungite-Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
'Chlorite Group'-
Claudetite
var: Antimonian Claudetite
-(As,Sb)2O3
'Columbite-(Fe)-Columbite-(Mn) Series'-
'Copper Pitch Ore'-
Dolomite
var: Ferroan Dolomite
-Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Duftite
var: Calcio-duftite
-(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
var: Duftite-β-PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
'Feldspar Group'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Grünlingite' ?-
'Iron oxide'-
Joséite-A-Bi4TeS2
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Mica Group'-
Mimetite
var: Campylite
-Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Mimetite-Pyromorphite Series'-
Muscovite
var: Gilbertite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phosphohedyphane-Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
'Psilomelane'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Milky Quartz-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
Redgillite (TL)-Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
'Tennantite-Tetrahedrite Series' ?-
Tetrahedrite
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wad'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Wooldridgeite-Na2CaCu2+2(P2O7)2 · 10H2O
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
H ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
H BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
H StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
H SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
H TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
H LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
H CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
H ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
H Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
H BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
H KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
H Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
H SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
H ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
H Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
H BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
H PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
H PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Duftite (var: Calcio-duftite)(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
H Duftite-alphaPbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Duftite (var: Duftite-β)PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
H KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
H WooldridgeiteNa2CaCu22+(P2O7)2 · 10H2O
H Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
H LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
H HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C WitheriteBaCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
C BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
C SideriteFeCO3
C Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
OOxygen
O RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
O ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Andalusite (var: Chiastolite)Al2(SiO4)O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BismiteBi2O3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O CupriteCu2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O RutileTiO2
O SenarmontiteSb2O3
O StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
O TenoriteCuO
O TungstiteWO3 · H2O
O UraniniteUO2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O WitheriteBaCO3
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
O QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
O StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
O SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
O HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
O TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O ScotlanditePbSO3
O SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
O HübneriteMnWO4
O LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
O CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
O Claudetite (var: Antimonian Claudetite)(As,Sb)2O3
O ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O ClaudetiteAs2O3
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Mimetite (var: Campylite)Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
O Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
O BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
O KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
O Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
O SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
O ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
O BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
O RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
O PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O CorundumAl2O3
O Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Duftite (var: Calcio-duftite)(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
O Duftite-alphaPbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O Duftite (var: Duftite-β)PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
O KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
O WooldridgeiteNa2CaCu22+(P2O7)2 · 10H2O
O Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O KermesiteSb2S2O
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
O LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
O HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O CrocoitePbCrO4
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
O BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na WooldridgeiteNa2CaCu22+(P2O7)2 · 10H2O
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Andalusite (var: Chiastolite)Al2(SiO4)O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Al HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Al HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Andalusite (var: Chiastolite)Al2(SiO4)O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Si QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
P StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
P MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
P PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
P KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P WooldridgeiteNa2CaCu22+(P2O7)2 · 10H2O
P PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
P ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
SSulfur
S RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
S ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
S AnglesitePbSO4
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyriteFeS2
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S BaryteBaSO4
S SulphurS8
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S DigeniteCu9S5
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S IngoditeBi2TeS
S Joséite-ABi4TeS2
S Joséite-BBi4Te2S
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S StibniteSb2S3
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
S SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
S QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S ScotlanditePbSO3
S SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S CinnabarHgS
S Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
S Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
S YarrowiteCu9S8
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
S JoséiteBi4TeS2
S ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
S TetradymiteBi2Te2S
S KermesiteSb2S2O
S HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Cl HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl Mimetite (var: Campylite)Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Gilbertite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Ca LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Ca ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Duftite (var: Calcio-duftite)(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
Ca WooldridgeiteNa2CaCu22+(P2O7)2 · 10H2O
Ca PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CrChromium
Cr CrocoitePbCrO4
MnManganese
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Mn CarpholiteMn2+Al2(Si2O6)(OH)4
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Mn Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn SwitzeriteMn32+(PO4)2 · 7H2O
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn BrauniteMn2+Mn63+(SiO4)O8
FeIron
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe HisingeriteFe23+(Si2O5)(OH)4 · 2H2O
Fe BerauniteFe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)5 · 6H2O
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe DufréniteCa0.5Fe2+Fe53+(PO4)4(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe RockbridgeiteFe2+Fe43+(PO4)3(OH)5
Fe StrengiteFePO4 · 2H2O
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe MetavivianiteFe2+Fe23+(PO4)2(OH)2 · 6H2O
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Fe SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Dolomite (var: Ferroan Dolomite)Ca(Mg,Fe)(CO3)2
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
NiNickel
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni Asbolane(Ni,Co)2-xMn4+(O,OH)4 · nH2O
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
Ni BreithauptiteNiSb
CuCopper
Cu RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Cu ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu CopperCu
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Cu TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Cu Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
Cu Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Cu StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
Cu YarrowiteCu9S8
Cu ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Cu BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Cu Duftite (var: Calcio-duftite)(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
Cu Duftite-alphaPbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu Duftite (var: Duftite-β)PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Cu WooldridgeiteNa2CaCu22+(P2O7)2 · 10H2O
Cu Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Cu LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Zn AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
Zn Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Zn Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Zn BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Zn KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Zn Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
Zn Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
Zn Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
Zn BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Zn Fraipontite(Zn,Al)3((Si,Al)2O5)(OH)4
Zn ParahopeiteZn3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Zn Kipushite(Cu,Zn)5Zn(PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
As AdamiteZn2(AsO4)(OH)
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
As CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As CornubiteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
As SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As SymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
As HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As Pitticite(Fe, AsO4, H2O) (?)
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
As Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
As Claudetite (var: Antimonian Claudetite)(As,Sb)2O3
As ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ClaudetiteAs2O3
As Mimetite (var: Campylite)Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
As PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2O
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
As ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As KöttigiteZn3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As LavendulanNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
As MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As ParnauiteCu9(AsO4)2(SO4)(OH)10 · 7H2O
As SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As StrashimiriteCu8(AsO4)4(OH)4 · 5H2O
As ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
As Adamite (var: Cuprian Adamite)(Zn,Cu)2AsO4OH
As Ianbruceite[Zn2(OH)(H2O)(AsO4)](H2O)2
As PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
As RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
As Duftite (var: Calcio-duftite)(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
As Duftite-alphaPbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As Duftite (var: Duftite-β)PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
As ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
As LiroconiteCu2Al(AsO4)(OH)4 · 4H2O
As HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
YYttrium
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo FerrimolybditeFe2(MoO4)3 · nH2O
Mo LindgreniteCu3(MoO4)2(OH)2
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb AntimonySb
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Sb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Sb SenarmontiteSb2O3
Sb StibiconiteSb3+Sb25+O6(OH)
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb Claudetite (var: Antimonian Claudetite)(As,Sb)2O3
Sb BreithauptiteNiSb
Sb KermesiteSb2S2O
TeTellurium
Te HedleyiteBi7Te3
Te IngoditeBi2TeS
Te Joséite-ABi4TeS2
Te Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Te JoséiteBi4TeS2
Te Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
Te TetradymiteBi2Te2S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Ba WitheriteBaCO3
Ba BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
LaLanthanum
La Agardite-(La)LaCu6(AsO4)3(OH)6 · 3H2O
WTungsten
W TungstiteWO3 · H2O
W HübneriteMnWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W StolzitePb(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Sylvanite(Au,Ag)2Te4
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MercuryHg
PbLead
Pb ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Pb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Pb ZinkenitePb9Sb22S42
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Pb QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb DuftitePbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb SchultenitePb(HAsO4)
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3Cl
Pb HinsdalitePbAl3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb TsumebitePb2Cu(PO4)(SO4)(OH)
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb ScotlanditePbSO3
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Pb Mimetite (var: Campylite)Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb ArsendescloizitePbZn(AsO4)(OH)
Pb MawbyitePb(Fe3+,Zn)2(AsO4)2 · 2(OH,H2O)
Pb SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb Duftite (var: Calcio-duftite)(Pb,Ca)CuAsO4(OH)
Pb Duftite-alphaPbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb Duftite (var: Duftite-β)PbCu(AsO4)(OH)
Pb KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb ArsentsumebitePb2Cu(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)
Pb PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Pb HidalgoitePbAl3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CrocoitePbCrO4
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi HedleyiteBi7Te3
Bi IngoditeBi2TeS
Bi Joséite-ABi4TeS2
Bi Joséite-BBi4Te2S
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi KrupkaitePbCuBi3S6
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi JoséiteBi4TeS2
Bi PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Bi RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
Bi PetitjeaniteBi3(PO4)2O(OH)
Bi TetradymiteBi2Te2S
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Phanerozoic : 282 Ma to 178 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Mesozoic
  Jurassic
   Early Jurassic
ⓘ Illite (youngest age)178 MaRoughton Gill Mine, Roughton Gill, Caldbeck, Allerdale, Cumbria, England, UK
    
  
 Paleozoic
  Permian
   Cisuralian
ⓘ Illite (oldest age)282 MaCarrock Mine, Mungrisdale, Eden, Cumbria, England, UK

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Anonymous (1747) A journey to Caudebec Fells, with a map and description of the same. The Gentleman's Magazine, and Historical Chronicle, 17, 522-525.
Hutchinson, W. (1794) The history of the county of Cumberland. F. Jolie, Carlisle, 2 vols; 600, 686 pp. [facsimile reprint by E.P. Publishing Ltd/Cumbria County Library, 1974, with an introduction by C.R. Hudleston, 1, v-xxiii].
Sowerby, H. (1850) Popular mineralogy; comprising a familiar account of minerals and their uses. Reeve and Benham, London [Collecting minerals, by B.M. Wright, 14-23].
Calvert, J. (1853) The gold rock of Great Britain and Ireland... Chapman and Hall, London, 324 pp. [Facsimile R. Bird, 1989]. [reports gold from an unspecified locality in the Caldbeck Fells on p. 106].
Greg, R.P. and Lettsom, W.G. (1858) Manual of the mineralogy of Great Britain and Ireland. John Van Voorst, London, ix, 483 pp. [facsimile reprint, with addenda, by Lapidary Publications, Broadstairs, 1977].
Hall, T.M. (1868) The Mineralogist's Directory: or a guide to the principal mineral localities in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
Goodchild, J.G. (1875) "Wulfenite" at "Caldbeck Fell". Geological Magazine, 2(11), 565-566.
Goodchild, J.G. (1882) Contributions towards a list of minerals occurring in Cumberland and Westmorland [part 1]. Transactions of the Cumberland Association for the Advancement of Literature and Science, 7 (for 1881-1882), 101-126.
Abrahams, I. (1899-1901) Joachim Gaunes: a mining incident in the reign of Queen Elizabeth. Transactions of the Jewish Historical Society of Great Britain, 4, 83-101.
Rastall, R.H. (1910) The Skiddaw granite and its metamorphism. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 66, 116-141.
Postlethwaite, J. (1913) Mines and Mining in the (English) Lake District. 3rd edition, Moss and Sons, Whitehaven, 1964 pp. [also facsimile reprints by Michael Moon, Beckermet 1976 and later].
Rastall, R.H. and Wilcockson, W.H. (1915) The accessory minerals of the granitic rocks of the English Lake District. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 71, 592-622.
Brown, W. (1921) Caldbeck in 1642. In: Addenda antiquaria. Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archeological Society (new series), 21, 276-279.
Collingwood, W.G. (1928) The Keswick and Coniston mines in 1600 and later. Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archeological Society, 28, 1-32.
Day, F.H. (1928) Some notes on the minerals of the Caldbeck Fells. Transactions of the Carlisle Natural History Society, 4, 66-79.
Hitchen, C.S. (1934) The Skiddaw granite and its residual products. Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, 90, 158-200.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 893.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, 31(235), 289-295.
Eastwood, T. (1959) The Lake District mining field. pp. 149-174 in Taylor (1959).
Taylor, B.J. (ed.) (1959) The future of non-ferrous mining in Great Britain and Ireland, a symposium. Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, London, 614 pp.
Eastwood, T., Hollingworth, S.E., Rose, W.C.C., and Trotter, F.M. (1968) Geology of the country around Cockermouth and Caldbeck. Memoirs of the Geological Survey of Great Britain.
Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].
Hammersley, G. (1973) Technique or economy? The rise and decline of the early English copper industry, c. 1550-1660. Economic History, 15, 1-31.
Ineson, P.R. and Mitchell, J.G. (1974) K-Ar isotopic age determinations from some Lake District mineral localities. Geological Magazine, 111, 521-537.
Fortey, N.J. (1978) Mineral parageneses of the Harding vein tungsten deposit, Carrock Fell mine, Cumbria. Mineralogy Unit Report n° 228, Institute of Geological Sciences.
Moseley, F. (ed.) (1978) The geology of the Lake District. Yorkshire Geological Society, Occasional Publication 3, 284 pp.
Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.
Adams, J. (1988) Mines of the Lake District Fells. Dalesman Books, Clapham, Lancaster, 160 pp.
Braithwaite, R.S.W. and Ryback, G. (1988) Philipsburgite from the Caldbeck Fells and kipushite from Montana, and their infrared spectra. Mineralogical Magazine, 52(367), 529-533.
Cooper, M.P. (1988) An early account of mineral collecting in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. U.K. Journal of Mines and Minerals, 4, 5-7 [a reprint of 'Collecting minerals' by B.M. Wright in Sowerby, 1850].
Cooper, M.P., Green, D.I., and Braithwaite, R.S.W. (1988) The occurrence of mattheddleite in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: a preliminary note. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 5, 21.
Braithwaite, R.S.W., Cooper, M.P., and Hart, A.D. (1989) Queitite, a mineral new to Britain, from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Mineralogical Magazine, 53(372), 508-509.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Young, B., Cooper, M.P., Green, D.I., and Nancarrow, P. (1990) Supergene minerals from Low Pike, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 2, 25-28.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
Neall, T. and Leppington, M. (1994) Cinnabar from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(2), 123-124.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1997) Die Mineralien von Caldbeck Fells, Cumberland, England. Lapis 22(3), 13-34 (in German).
Smith, R., Murphy, S., and Allison, W. (2001) The lost German mines at Caldbeck. Transactions of the Cumberland and Westmorland Antiquarian and Archaeological Society, 1, 89-104.
Bridges, T.F. and Green, D.I. (2008) Baryte formation in supergene environments in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 48-50.

Localities in this Region
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