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Witherite

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William Withering
Formula:
BaCO3
Colour:
Colourless, white, greyish, light yellow; colourless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Resinous
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Specific Gravity:
4.289 - 4.293
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Member of:
Name:
Named after William Withering (1741-1799), English physician and naturalist, who first described the mineral.
The Ba analogue of strontianite.

Found in low-temperature hydrothermal vein deposits.

Compare 'UM1974-03-CO:BaCaMg'.

Visit gemdat.org for gemological information about Witherite.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of WitheriteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.AB.15

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
A : Carbonates without additional anions, without H2O
B : Alkali-earth (and other M2+) carbonates
14.1.3.2

14 : ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
1 : A(XO3)
11.5.2

11 : Carbonates
5 : Carbonates of Sr and Ba

Physical Properties of WitheriteHide

Vitreous, Resinous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colourless, white, greyish, light yellow; colourless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3 - 3½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {010} distinct; on {110} imperfect. Possibly also on {110} and {112}.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
4.289 - 4.293 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.29 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of WitheriteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.529 nβ = 1.676 nγ = 1.677
2V:
Measured: 16° , Calculated: 8°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.148
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
relatively weak

Chemical Properties of WitheriteHide

Formula:
BaCO3
CAS Registry number:
513-77-9

CAS Registry numbers are published by the American Chemical Society
Common Impurities:
Ca,Sr

Crystallography of WitheriteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.31 Å, b = 8.9 Å, c = 6.43 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.597 : 1 : 0.722
Unit Cell V:
303.88 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals universally twinned on {110}, yielding pseudo-hexagonal dipyramids; also short prismatic [001] or tabular to lenticular with a convex base. Faces commonly rough and horizontally striated. Globular, tuberose, and botryoidal; structure columnar, granular, or coarse fibrous.
Twinning:
On {110}, universal.

Crystallographic forms of WitheriteHide

Crystal Atlas:
Image Loading
Click on an icon to view
Witherite no.9 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Witherite no.10 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Witherite no.11 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Witherite no.19 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
Witherite no.22 - Goldschmidt (1913-1926)
3d models and HTML5 code kindly provided by www.smorf.nl.

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Edge Lines | Miller Indicies | Axes

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Opaque | Translucent | Transparent

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Along a-axis | Along b-axis | Along c-axis | Start rotation | Stop rotation

Epitaxial Relationships of WitheriteHide

Epitaxial Minerals:
BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2
BaryteBaSO4
Epitaxy Comments:
Witherites in parallel growth on Barytocalcite (Blagill). Baryte on witherite, with baryte [010]{102} parallel with witherite [100]{011} and {031}; also otherwise oriented.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
3.72 (100)
3.68 (53)
3.215 (15)
2.628 (24)
2.590 (23)
2.150 (28)
2.019 (21)

Type Occurrence of WitheriteHide

Synonyms of WitheriteHide

Other Language Names for WitheriteHide

Relationship of Witherite to other SpeciesHide

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
AragoniteCaCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
CerussitePbCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
StrontianiteSrCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Fluorite44 photos of Witherite associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.
Alstonite40 photos of Witherite associated with Alstonite on mindat.org.
Calcite38 photos of Witherite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Baryte32 photos of Witherite associated with Baryte on mindat.org.
Barytocalcite18 photos of Witherite associated with Barytocalcite on mindat.org.
Sphalerite11 photos of Witherite associated with Sphalerite on mindat.org.
Galena4 photos of Witherite associated with Galena on mindat.org.
Siderite2 photos of Witherite associated with Siderite on mindat.org.
Paralstonite1 photo of Witherite associated with Paralstonite on mindat.org.
Strontianite1 photo of Witherite associated with Strontianite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.AB.05CalciteCaCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05GaspéiteNi(CO3)Hex.
5.AB.05MagnesiteMgCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05OtaviteCdCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m)
5.AB.05RhodochrositeMnCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05SideriteFeCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05SmithsoniteZnCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.05SpherocobaltiteCoCO3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3c
5.AB.10AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.10DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.10KutnohoriteCa(Mn,Mg,Fe)(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.10MinrecorditeCaZn(CO3)2Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.15AragoniteCaCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.15CerussitePbCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.15StrontianiteSrCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.AB.20VateriteCaCO3Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
5.AB.25HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
5.AB.30NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
5.AB.35AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2Tric.
5.AB.40OlekminskiteSr(Sr,Ca,Ba)(CO3)2Trig.
5.AB.40ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2Trig.
5.AB.45BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.AB.50Carbocernaite(Ca,Na)(Sr,Ce,Ba)(CO3)2Orth. mm2
5.AB.55BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13Trig. 3 : R3
5.AB.60JuangodoyiteNa2Cu(CO3)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

14.1.3.3StrontianiteSrCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
14.1.3.4CerussitePbCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.5.1StrontianiteSrCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.5.3NorsethiteBaMg(CO3)2Trig. 3 2 : R3 2
11.5.4AlstoniteBaCa(CO3)2Tric.
11.5.5ParalstoniteBaCa(CO3)2Trig.
11.5.6BarytocalciteBaCa(CO3)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
11.5.7BenstoniteBa6Ca6Mg(CO3)13Trig. 3 : R3

Other InformationHide

Thermal Behaviour:
Inverts under CO2 pressure to a hexagonal (?), and then an isometric modification upon heating.
Notes:
Soluble in dilute HCl.
Health Risks:
Barium Carbonate is toxic if ingested, and it has been used as a rat poison. Handling of Witherite is not a major cause of concern as long as you avoid breathing in dust (such as may be generated by grinding, sawing or trimming specimens) and you wash your hands after handling.

MSDS Data sheet on Barium Carbonate - NOTE this refers to the powder which is more dangerous to handle than crystalline Witherite.
Oral ld50 between 100 and 300mg/kg.

References for WitheriteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Withering (1783) Phil. Trans.: 293 (as Terra ponderosa aerata).
Watt (1790) Mem. Manchester Society: 3: 599 (as Aerated Barytes).
Werner (1790) Bergmaaennusches Journal, Freiberg (Neues Bergmannische Journal): 2: 225 (as Witherit).
Kirwan, R. (1794) Elements of Mineralogy. (1784), second edition. London: 1: 134 (as Barolite).
Des Cloizeaux, A. (1874) Manuel de minéralogie. 2 volumes and Atlas, Paris. volume 2: 75.
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 284.
Jackson (1894) Journal of the Chemical Society, London: 65: 734 (luminescence).
Mallard (1895) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 18: 8.
Bary (1900) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 130: 776.
Kunz and Baskerville (1903) Science: 769.
Mügge (1903) Jb. Min., Beil.-Bd.: 16: 399.
Boeke (1906) Zeitschrift für anorganische und allgemeine Chemie, Hamburg, Leipzig: 50: 244.
Groth, P. (1908) Chemische Krystallographie. Leipzig. 5 volumes: vol. 2: 209.
Boeke (1913) Mitt. Naturfor. Ges. Halle: 3: 1.
Samojloff (1915) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 161.
Madelung and Fuchs (1921) Annalen der Physik, Halle, Leipzig: 65: 289.
Goldschmidt, V. (1923) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text. Heidelberg. vol. 9: 80.
Hintze, Carl (1926) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [3A]: 3045.
Szebellédy (1926) Inaugural Dissertation, Budapest [Min. Abs.: 3: 261 (1927)].
Wilson (1928) Physical Review, a Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Physics: 31: 305.
Cork and Gerhard (1931) American Mineralogist: 16: 71.
Köhler and Leitmeier (1934) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 87: 146.
Colby and LaCoste (1935) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 90: 1.
Hackspill and Wolf (1937) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 204: 1820.
Faivre (1946) Comptes rendus de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 222: 227.
Sidorenko (1947) Comptes rendus de l’académie des sciences de l’U.R.S.S., n.s.: 55: 149.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: Halides, Nitrates, Borates, Carbonates, Sulfates, Phosphates, Arsenates, Tungstates, Molybdates, Etc. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged: 194-196.
American Mineralogist (1971): 56: 758.
Holl C.M., J.R. Smyth, H.M.S. Laustsen, S.D. Jacobsen, & R.T. Downs (2000), Compression of witherite to 8 GPa and the crystal structure of BaCO3-II: Physics and Chemistry of Minerals: 27: 467-473.
Reviews in Mineralogy, Mineralogical Society of America 11.
Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie (1988): 111: 139.
Sanchez-Pastor, N. et al. (2011): Raman study of synthetic witherite-strontianite solid solutions. Spectroscopy Letters 44(7-8), 500-504.

Internet Links for WitheriteHide

Localities for WitheriteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Afghanistan
 
  • Herat Province (Hirat Province)
    • Zinda Jan District (Zindajan District)
Orris, G.J., and Bliss, J.D. (2002): Mines and Mineral Occurrences of Afghanistan. United States Geological Survey Open-File Report 02-110
Angola
 
  • Lunda Sul Province
    • Catoca kimberlite field
Cruz, S. R., Watangua, M., Melgarejo, J. C., & Gali, S. (2008). New insights into the concept of ilmenite as an indicator for diamond exploration, based on kimberlit petrographic analysis. Revista de la sociedad española de mineralogia, 9, 205-206.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Forbes Co.
      • Grenfell
Kawachi Y., Ashley P. M., Vince D., Goodwin M., 1994. Sugilite in manganese silicate rocks from the Hoskins mine and Woods mine, New South Wales, Australia. Mineralogical Magazine, 58: 671-677; Oberti, R., Boiocchi, M., Hawthorne, F. C., Ball, N. A., & Ashley, P. M. (2016). PREPUBLICATION: Oxo-mangani-leakeite from the Hoskins mine, New South Wales, Australia: occurrence and mineral description. Mineralogical Magazine.
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Arkaroola Region (Arkaroola Station)
          • Mt Painter area
SA Geodata Database - Mineral Deposit Details Deposit Number: 2119
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Glen Osmond
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Rosebery district
        • Rosebery
Ralph Bottrill collection, XRD ID
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • Hüttenberg
        • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Goldberg group
        • Innerfragant
          • Wurten
Bergbau in Westkärnten
    • Klagenfurt
      • Magdalensberg massif
        • Mairist
Gruber, J. & Puttner, M. (1985): Untersuchungen von Witherit vom Magdalensberg bei Mairist/Kärnten und von Witherit aus Northumberland/England. Carinthia II, 175./95., 257-260.; G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995; Puttner, M. (2002): Witherit von Mairist bei St. Donat; Gold aus dem Schottenauer Graben, Hüttenberg; Koninckit von Oberbuchach, Gailtal sowie Bournonit und Chalkostibit vom Dragonerfels-Bergstein (Kärnten) - ein Nachtrag. Carinthia II, 192./112., 255-260.
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
            • Kolm-Saigurn
A. Strasser: Die MInerale Salzburgs (1989)
Niedermayr, G. & Wittern, A. (2009): Mineralreiches Österreich - Tirol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 144 pp.
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
E. Fugger: "Die Mineralien des Herzogthumes Salzburg", 11. Jahresber. d. k. k. Ober-Realschule in Salzburg (1878)
  • Styria
    • Mariazell
      • Gollrad
http://www.vstm.at/Sammeln/Gollrad.htm
Redlich, K.A. und Stanczak, W. (1923) , Die Erzvorkommen der Umgebung von Neuberg bis Gollrad.
      • Niederalpl
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993); Gerald Gesselbauer (06.2010); Taucher, J. & Postl, W. (1991)
Franz Bernhard Collection
    • Neuberg an der Mürz
historic locality
    • Peggau
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
      • Waldstein
Victor Ritter von Zepharovich, Mineralogisches Lexicon für das Kaiserthum Österreich 1790 – 1857, p. 473
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
          • Schwaz
Lapis 19(7/8):13-78 (1994)
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Conselheiro Pena
Canadian Mlneralogist Vol. 20, pp. 87-89 (1982)
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
Marcus Vau Collection
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
Anton R. Chakhmouradian and Roger H. Mitchell (2001) Three compositional varieties of perovskite from kimberlites of the Lac de Gras Field (Northwest Territories, Canada). Mineralogical Magazine 65:133-148
  • Ontario
    • Cochrane District
      • South of Ridge Lake Area
SAGE, R.P. (1981) Geology of the Martison carbonatite complex. Ontario Geological Survey Open File Report 5420, 99p.
    • Thunder Bay District
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 196.
George Christian Hoffmann (1893) Catalogue of section one of the museum of the Geological survey: embracing the Systematic Collection of Minerals. Geological Survey of Canada, Ottawa; Sessional papers (1908) - Legislature of the Province of Ontario, Volume XL Part 1; Robert Hauck, Sterling Hill Mining Museum, based on data provided by current owner.
      • O'Connor Township
Dana, E.S. (1892) System of Mineralogy, 6th. Edition, New York: 1101.
      • Scoble Township
Willet Miller (1905) Sessional Papers (Mines Report) By Ontario. Legislative Assembly (11th Session)
  • Québec
    • Nord-du-Québec
Nadeau, O.,Cayer, A., Pelletier, M., Stevenson, R. & Jébrak, M. (2015) The Paleoproterozoic Montviel carbonatite-hosted REE–Nb deposit, Abitibi, Canada: Geology, mineralogy, geochemistry and genesis. Ore Geology Reviews 67, 314-335.
  • Yukon
    • Watson Lake Mining District
      • Itsi Mt.
        • Wilson Lake
Canadian Mineralogist:11:444; Alfors, J.T. & Pabst, A. (1984): Titanian taramellites in western North America, American Mineralogist, 69, 358-373.
Kampf, A.R., Peterson, R.C., Joy, B.R. (2014): Itsiite, Ba2Ca(BSi2O7)2, a new mineral species from Yukon, Canada: Description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 52, 401-407.
      • Macmillan Pass
Econ Geol (1985) 80:1257-1276
Econ Geol (1989)84:841-856
China
 
  • Chongqing Municipality
    • Chengkou Co.
http://www.chuanyumining.com/template/resou-e.htm
  • Guizhou Province
    • Liupanshui Prefecture
      • Shuicheng Co.
Shaoyin Huang (1975): Geology and Prospecting 11(2), 6-12
  • Hubei Province
Jingfang Jin and Hui Jin (2000): Journal of Gems and Gemmology 2(2), 36-39
    • Shiyan Prefecture
      • Zhushan Co.
Lü Zhi-cheng, Liu Cong-qiang, Liu Jia-jun, Zhao Zhi-qi, Wu Feng-chang, and Li Jian (2005): Geochimica 34(6), 557-573.
  • Liaoning Province (Manchuria; Dongbei Region)
    • Dandong Prefecture
      • Fengcheng Co.
        • Qingchengzi ore field
Yubo Ma, Shuwen Xing, Zengjie Zhang, and Jinggui Sun (2012): Mineral Deposits 31(3), 569-578
  • Shaanxi Province
    • Ankang Prefecture
      • Hanbin District
Shenghua Wu, Jiajun Liu, Zhenjiang Liu, Degao Zhai, and Meijuan Yao (2010): Geology in China 37(5), 1469-1479; Shenghua Wu, Jiajun Liu, Nai Zhang, and Zhenjiang Liu (2010): Geoscience 24(2), 237-244; Jiajun Liu, Guowu Li, Qian Mao, Shenghua Wu, Zhenjiang Liu, Shangguo Su, Ming Xiong, and Xiaoyan Yu (2012): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 32(2), 173-182
      • Xunyang Co.
Shenghua Wu, Jiajun Liu, Zhenjiang Liu, Degao Zhai, and Yongliang Xing (2011): Mineral Deposits 30(6), 1100-1112
      • Ziyang Co.
Lü Zhi-cheng, Liu Cong-qiang, Liu Jia-jun, Zhao Zhi-qi, Wu Feng-chang, and Li Jian (2005): Geochimica 34(6), 557-573.
  • Sichuan Province
    • Dazhou Prefecture
      • Wanyuan Co.
Tang Juxing, Wendi Lin, Derong Gao, and Jilu Mu (1998): Mineral Deposits 17(3), 264-276
Zhongcheng Wang (1996), In: Zhonghe Pang, Jindong Zhang, and Jianhong Sun (eds.): Advances in Solid Earth Sciences. Science Press (Beijing), 202-209
    • Liangshan Autonomous Prefecture
      • Dechang Co.
Xiaoyu Li (2005): Mineral Deposits 24(2), 151-160; Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
      • Mianning Co.
Zengqian Hou, Shihong Tian, Yuling Xie, Zhusen Yang, Zhongxin Yuan, Shuping Yin, Longsheng Yi, Hongcai Fei, Tianren Zou, Ge Bai, and Xiaoyu Li (2009): Ore Geology Reviews (in press)
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram
        • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
          • Březové Hory deposit
[Bull.N.M.Praha 2002, 10, p.43-77]
    • Pardubice Region
      • Třemošnice (Tremoschnitz)
Fengl, M., Jansa, J., Novák, F.: Witherit z fluoritového ložiska Běstvina. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1987, roč. 32, č. 1, s. 105.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Moravia-Silesia Region
      • Frýdlant nad Ostravicí
        • Kunčice pod Ondřejníkem
Kudělásek, V., Mandour, M. A., Matýsek, D.: Výskyt witheritu a barytu v těšínitických horninách na lokalitě Kunčice pod Ondřejníkem. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1989, roč. 34, č. 2, s. 205-207.
    • Vysočina Region
      • Žďár nad Sázavou District
        • Bystřice nad Pernštejnem
Novák, F., Pauliš, P., Šikola, D.: Witherit, harmotom a baryt z uranového ložiska Rožná. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2001, roč. 9, s. 307-310.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Katanga (Shaba)
    • Kipushi
Cook, R. B. (2007). Connoisseur's Choice Witherite: Fallowfield, Northumberland, England. Rocks & Minerals, 82(3), 222-225.
Finland
 
  • Lapland Region
    • Savukoski
      • Tulppio
Vartiainen, H. 1980 The petrography, mineralogy and petrochemistry of the Sokli carbonative massif, northern Finland. Geological Survey of Finland, Bulletin, 313
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Ardèche
      • Saint-Péray
TREILLARD Michel Collection
    • Cantal
      • Lanobre
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195; "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
    • Haute-Loire
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.
      • Paulhaguet
        • La Chomette
        • Mazerat-Aurouze
          • Aurouze
P.G. Pélisson : "Etude Minéralogique et Métallogénique du District Filonien Polytype de Paulhaguet (Haute-Loire, Massif Central Français)", Doctorate Thesis, Orléans, France, 1989
        • Salzuit
  • Nouvelle-Aquitaine
    • Corrèze
      • Juillac
TREILLARD Michel collection
Germany
 
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • St Andreasberg District
        • St Andreasberg
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195; Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990; Dana 7:II:195.
      • Wildemann
        • Hütschen valley
No reference listed
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Freiberg District
        • Brand-Erbisdorf
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.
      • Schlema-Hartenstein District
    • Limbach-Oberfrohna
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Sachsen/Chemnitz%2C%20Direktionsbezirk/Zwickau%2C%20Landkreis/Wolkenburger%20Bergbaurevier
    • Vogtland
      • Oelsnitz
        • Schönbrunn
Lapis, 17 (7/8), 13-25+90.
Italy
 
  • Emilia-Romagna
    • Piacenza Province
      • Trebbia Valley
        • Bobbio
Giovanni Scapin collection
  • Piedmont
    • Verbano-Cusio-Ossola Province
      • Ossola Valley
        • Mergozzo
          • Candoglia
; American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
  • Sardinia
    • Cagliari Province
      • Donori
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
Stara, P., Rizzo, R. & Tanca, G.A. - Iglesiente - Arburese, Miniere e Minerali - Gruppi Min. Italiani Ed.Vol.I, 240pp.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Midori City
          • Seta
Hirowatari and Fukuoka (1983) Sankai-Gakko Kou'en-Youshi, 104.
    • Tohoku region
      • Akita Prefecture
        • Hachimori
          • Hinshu
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195; Ryoichi SADANAGA and Michiaki BUNNO (1974) THE WAKABAYASHI MINERAL COLLECTION Bulletin No. 7 The University Museum, The University of Tokyo
Kazakhstan
 
  • Southern Kazakhstan Province (Ongtüstik Qazaqstan Oblysy; Yuzhno-Kazakhstanskaya Oblast')
    • Karatau Range
      • Kentau
United States Geological Survey (USGS) Mineral Resources Data
Mexico
 
  • Baja California (Baja California Norte; BC Norte)
    • Tres Pozos
American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
Morocco
 
  • Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab Region
Bea, F., Montero, P., Haissen, F., & El Archi, A. (2013). 2.46 Ga kalsilite and nepheline syenites from the Awsard pluton, Reguibat Rise of the West African Craton, Morocco. Generation of extremely K-rich magmas at the Archean–Proterozoic transition. Precambrian Research, 224, 242-254.
Namibia
 
  • Karas Region
    • Lüderitz District
      • Rosh Pinah
Econ Geol (1985) 80:1257-1276
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Mineralogical Record (1977) Tsumeb: 8: 34/85.
  • Otjozondjupa Region
    • Grootfontein District
      • Kombat
Dunn, P.J. (1991), Rare minerals of the Kombat Mine, Mineralogical Record: 22(6): 421-425.
Netherlands
 
  • Gelderland
    • Winterswijk
      • Vosseveld
T.G. Nijland, J.C. Zwaan, D. Visser, J. Leloux - De mineralen van Nederland - 2007
Norway
 
  • Nordland
    • Fauske
      • Sulitjelma
        • Sulitjelma Cu Mines
Nordrum, F.S. (2004): Mineralene i Sulitjelma kobbergruver, Fauske. STEIN 31 (3): 3-25
  • Svalbard
33rd International Geological Congress (2008) session AAA-11 Metallogeny of the Arctic region
Nordrum, F.S. (2001): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2000-2001, part II. STEIN 28 (3): 16- 24
Kjærnet, T. (2012): Minerallokaliteter på Svalbard. Stein. 39 (1),30-38
Russia
 
  • Eastern-Siberian Region
    • Sakha Republic (Saha Republic; Yakutia)
      • Aldan Shield
New Data on Minerals (2004): 39: 50-64
        • Chara and Tokko Rivers Confluence
[Lapis 1993:4 p.13-20]
  • Far-Eastern Region
    • Khabarovskiy Kray
      • Taikan Ridge
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Karachaevo-Cherkesskaya Republic (Karachai-Cherkess Republic; Karachay-Cherkessia Republic)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.
      • Djalankol
Groth (1891) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Kristallgeometrie, Kristallphysik, Kristallchemie (1891): 18: 631; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Belye Tundry Massif
Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
      • Khibiny Massif
Pekov, I.V. & Podlesnyi, A.S. (2004): Kukisvumchorr Deposit: Mineralogy of Alkaline Pegmatites and Hydrotermalites. Mineralogical Almanac, vol. 7, 140 pages + xxiv photo's pages
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altaiskii Krai
      • Rudnyi Altai
        • Alei River Basin
          • Korbalikha River
            • Zmeevka Stream
Lapis Nov -94 p48-49
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Brezno Co.
Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590k
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Vyšná Slaná (Obersalz)
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
  • Žilina Region
    • Liptovský Mikuláš Co.
Števko M., Sejkora J., Bačík P., 2012: Witherit z antimonitového ložiska Dúbrava (Slovenská republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha), 21, 2, 223-227 (in Slovak with English abstract).
Novotný P. & Pauliš P., 2005: Witherit z Vyšné Boce, Slovenská republika. Zprávy Vlastivědného muzea v Olomouci, 283, 68-71.
Novotný P. & Pauliš P. 2005: Witherit z Vyšné Boce, Slovenská republika. Zprávy Vlastivědného muzea v Olomouci, 283, 68-71. (in Czech)
Slovenia
 
  • Litija (Littai)
Scopolia - Journal of the Slovenian Museum of natural History - Mineralna bogastva Slovenije, p. 52 - 65, Ljubljana, 2006
South Africa
 
  • Limpopo Province
    • Phalaborwa
  • Northern Cape Province
Costin, G., Fairey, B., Tsikos, H., Gucsik, A. (2015): Tokyoite, As-Rich Tokyoite, and Noélbensonite: New Occurrences From the Postmasburg Manganese Field, Northern Cape Province, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist: 53: 981-990
      • Kathu
        • Sishen
John M. Moore, Barbara K. Kuhn, Darren F. Mark, and Harilaos Tsikos (2011): A sugilite-bearing assemblage from the Wolhaarkop breccia, Bruce iron-ore mine, South Africa: Evidence for alkali metasomatism and 40Ar-39Ar dating. Eur. J. Mineral. 23, 661-673.
Moore, J.M., Kuhn, B., Mark, D.F., Tsikos, H. (2011): A sugilite-bearing assemblage from the Wolhaarkop breccia, Bruce iron-ore mine, South Africa: Evidence for alkali metasomatism and 40Ar-39Ar dating. European Journal of Mineralogy: 23: 661-673; http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?f=5&t=7909 (2016)
Costin, G., Fairey, B., Tsikos, H. and Gucsik, A. (2016). Tokyoite, As-rich tokyoite and noélbensonite: new occurrences from the Postmasburg Manganese Field, Northern Cape province, South Africa. The Canadian Mineralogist, 53, 981-990.
Swaziland
 
  • Hhohho District
Roerdink, D. L., Mason, P. R., Whitehouse, M. J., & Brouwer, F. M. (2016). Reworking of atmospheric sulfur in a Paleoarchean hydrothermal system at Londozi, Barberton Greenstone Belt, Swaziland. Precambrian Research, 280, 195-204.
Tanzania
 
  • Arusha Region
Victoria Sekisova, Victor Victorovich Sharygin, A. N. Zaitsev, Stanislav Strekopytov (2015) Liquid Immiscibility Геология и геофизика, 2015, т. 56, № 12, с. 2173—2197
UK
 
  • England
    • Cheshire
      • Alderley Edge
No reference listed
    • Co. Durham
      • Durham Coalfield
        • Annfield Plain
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.
        • Brandon
        • Craghead
        • Deerness Valley
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 278-279
Spencer, L.J. (1910) On the occurrence of alstonite and ullmannite (a species new to Britain) in a barytes-witherite vein at the New Brancepeth Colliery Near Durham. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 15, n° 71, 302-311.; Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387. (referring to Spencer, 1910).; Smythe, J.A. (1947) Chemical analysis of ullmannite from New Brancepeth, Co. Durham. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 28, n° 198, 173-174.
        • South Moor
        • Tantobie
      • North Pennines
        • Lunedale
Dunham KC. 1990. Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield. Vol 1 Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
        • Teesdale
          • Cowgreen area
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 232, 234-235.
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 90, 231-234.
    • Cumbria
      • Alston Moor District
        • Nent Valley
BMS Database
        • Nenthead
GREEN, D.I., McCALLUM, D. and WOOD, M. (2000) Famous mineral localities: The Brownley Hill Mine, Alston Moor District, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 31, 231-250.
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 136-138, 143-144
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Potts Gill
No reference listed
      • Escarpment District
        • Dufton
[Specimen in the Natural History Museum, London]
        • Hilton
          • Scordale
Rocks and Minerals (2009) 84: 114-121
Dunham K C, Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield, Vol 1, Tyne to Stainmore. HMSO
        • Milburn
          • Dun Fell
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 106, 112.
      • Mungrisdale
BMS Database
      • Ullswater
        • Glenridding
No reference listed
    • Derbyshire
      • Bradwell
Alan Ions collection
    • Devon
      • Tavistock District
        • Peter Tavy
          • Devon United Mines
UKJMM Vol.29 p.49-52
    • Lancashire
      • Chorley
Hogg, T. (1825): A Manual of Mineralogy. Polyblank Publishers (London), p. 206
    • North Yorkshire
      • North Pennines
        • Arkengarthdale
          • Booze
            • Slei Gill
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
          • Langthwaite
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
          • Whaw
            • Northside Mines
Dunham Sir K C. Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield. Vol 2. Stainmore to Craven. HMSO
        • Richmond
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 2 Stainmore to Craven (2nd Edition), pp 156-158.
        • Swaledale
          • Grinton
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
          • Gunnerside
Paul Render
Paul Render
          • Gunnerside Gill
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 2 Stainmore to Craven (2nd Edition), pp 130, 139-140.
            • Friarfold Mine
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 2 Stainmore to Craven (2nd Edition), pp 129-131.
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 2 Stainmore to Craven (2nd Edition), pp 124-126.
M Wood, Strontianite in Gunnerside Gill, UKJMM No 12
M Wood, Strontianite from Gunnerside Gill, in UKJMM No 12
          • Keld
          • Low Row
Paul Nicholson collection
          • Marrick
Paul Render
          • Reeth
Paul render
            • Kearton
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 2 Stainmore to Craven (2nd Edition), pp 132-133.
Braithwaite, R.S.W., Kampf, A.R., Pritchard, R.G., Lamb, R.P.H. (1993): The occurrence of thiosulfates and other unstable sulfur species as natural weathering products of old smelting slags. Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 255-261.
            • Old Gang Mines
Paul Render
Paul Render
Paul Render
        • Wensleydale
          • Askrigg
Paul
Paul Render
          • Carperby
Paul Render
          • Redmire
Paul Render
Paul Render
    • Northumberland
      • North Pennines
        • Alston Moor District
          • South Tynedale
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 119, 120.
        • West Allendale
          • Carrshield
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 154
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 153-154
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 156-158
          • Ninebanks
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 152-153
Dunham: The Geology of the Northern Pennine Orefield, Vol I Tyne to Stainmore pp 140.
      • Tyne Valley
        • Fourstones
Spencer, L.J. (1910) On the occurrence of alstonite and ullmannite (a species new to Britain) in a barytes-witherite vein at the New Brancepeth Colliery Near Durham. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 15, n° 71, 302-311.; Russell, A. (1927) Notice of an occurrence of niccolite and ullmannite at the Settlingstones mine, Fourstones, Northumberland; and of serpierite at Ross Island mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry, Ireland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 21, n° 119, 383-387.; Smythe, J.A. (1947) Chemical analysis of ullmannite from New Brancepeth, Co. Durham. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 28, n° 198, 173-174.; Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195.
        • Hexham
          • Acomb
Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 271
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 195; L. J. Spencer (1910) On the Occurrence of Alstonite and Ullmannite (A Species New to Britain) in a Barytes-Witherite Vein at the New Brancepeth Colliery Near Durham. Mineralogical Magazine 15:302-311
    • Shropshire
      • Callow Hill-Bog District
        • Snailbeach
Hall, T.M. (1868): The Mineralogist's Directory. Edward Stanford (London), 168 pp.
      • Chirbury
BMS Database
      • Hope-Shelve District
Paul Render
        • Stiperstones
Paul Render
Paul Render
      • Middletown
Paul Render
    • Somerset
      • Kilve
Paul Render
      • Watchet
Paul Render
    • Staffordshire
      • Fawfieldhead
Ford, T.D. (2000): Bulletin of the Peak District Mines Historical Society 14(4), 1-22
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries & Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
[MinRec 12:293]
    • Lothian
      • Linlithgow
BMS Database
  • Wales
    • Powys
      • Llangynog
BMS Database
BMS Database
BMS Database
BMS Database
      • Llanidloes
BMS Database
BMS Database
[www.thamesvalleyminerals.com]
No reference listed
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
National Museum of Wales Database; Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
    • Rhondda-Cynon-Taff
      • Llantrisant
No reference listed
USA
 
  • Alaska
    • North Slope Borough
      • Noatak District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Northwest Arctic Borough
      • Lisburne District (Red Dog district)
Schardt, C. et al. (2008): Mineralium Deposita 43, 735-757.
    • Skagway-Hoonah-Angoon Borough
      • Juneau District
        • Glacier Bay District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
    • Wrangell-Petersburg Borough
      • Kupreanof District
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
U.S. Geological Survey, 2008, Alaska Resource Data File (ARDF): U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1225.
  • Arizona
    • Mohave Co.
Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals AZ Dept. of Mines and Mineral Resources Mineral Rpt. 4; MRDS file #10064848.
    • Pima Co.
      • Sierrita Mts
        • Pima District (Olive District; Mineral Hill District; Twin Buttes District)
          • San Xavier
            • Mission complex
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 421.
    • Yuma Co.
      • Castle Dome Mts
Nevius, J.N. (1912) The Castle Dome lead district, Arizona: Mining and Scientific Press: 104: 854-855.
          • Kofa Game Range
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 421; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 49.
  • Arkansas
    • Garland Co.
      • Lake Catherine
Rocks and Minerals, (1988) 63:104-125; Erickson, Ralph Leroy; Blade, Lawrence Vernon (1963) Geochemistry and petrology of the alkalic igneous complex at Magnet Cove, Arkansas. USGS Prof. Paper 425
    • Montgomery Co.
      • Glenwood
Rocks & Min.: 56:248 & 63:113.
  • California
    • Fresno Co.
      • Big Creek-Rush Creek District
Alfors, J.T., M.C. Stinson, R.A. Matthews & A. Pabst (1965), Seven new barium minerals from eastern Fresno County, California: American Mineralogist: 50: 318, 322-324; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 464.
          • Big Creek
American Mineralogist (1981), Volume 66, pages 1050-1053
Bob Walstrom, p.c.
          • Rush Creek
Mineralogical Record (2002) 33: 163.; Jambor, J.L. and Roberts, A.C. (2002) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 87: 765-768.
    • Kern Co.
      • Kramer District (Kramer Borate District)
        • Boron
Morgan, V. and Erd, R.C. (1969) Minerals of the Kramer borate district, California California Division of Mines and Geology Mineral Information Service: 22(9&10): 147, 172; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222.
    • Mariposa Co.
      • East Belt
        • Clearing House District
          • Clearing House
            • Trumbull Peak
Rogers, Austin Flint (1932), Sanbornite, a new barium silicate mineral from Maricopa County, California: American Mineralogist: 17: 171; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 385; Mineralogical Record (1999): 30: 414; American Mineralogist (1981): 66: 1050-1053; Canadian Mineralogist (1984): 22: 653-658.
        • Hite Cove District
          • Peachtree Bar
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10031291.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 196.
Brobst, D.A. (1958), Barite Resources of the United States, USGS Bull. 1072-B: 97; Fitch, A.A. (1931), Barite and witherite from near El Portal, Mariposa County, California: Am.Min.: 16(10): 461-468.; Dolbear, S.H. (1917), Possible sources of barium carbonate: Mining and Scientific Press: 116: 611; Bradley, W.W. (1929b), Barite in California: AI.M.E. Tech. Pub. 266, 9 pp.: 6; Fitch, A.A. (1931), Barite and witherite from near El Portal, Mariposa County, California: American Mineralogist: 16(10): 461; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 196.
    • Plumas Co.
      • Diamond Mts
        • Last Chance District
          • Adams Peak
Dunning, G.E., Cooper, J.F. (2005) Mineralogy of the Spring Creek area, Last Chance mining district, Plumas County, California. Axis: 1: 1-30.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Picacho Peak
            • Clear Creek area
American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Santa Cruz
Gross, E.B., Wainwright, J.E.N., and Evans, B.W. (1965) Pabstite, the tin analogue of benitoite. American Mineralogist: 50: 1164-1169; Gross, E.B., Chesterman, C.W., Dunning, G.E., and Cooper, J.F. (1967) Mineralogy of the Kalkar quarry, Santa Cruz, California. California Division Mines and Geol. Special Report 92: 3-10; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222.
    • Shasta Co.
      • Klamath Mts
        • Harrison Gulch District
          • Platina
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 196.
    • Trinity Co.
      • Coastal Range
        • Mad River Rock
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 222; Tony Kampf (PXRD analysis).
    • Tulare Co.
      • Dumtah
American Mineralogist, Volume 69, pages 358-373, 1984; Mineralogical Record: 34(2): 159-166
  • Illinois
    • Hardin Co.
      • Cave-in-Rock Sub-District
Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
          • Ozark-Mahoning group
Rocks & Min.: 63: 211, 222 & 226.
Rocks & Min.: 63:211.
Mineralogical Record: 5: 266-269; Rocks & Minerals: 63: 221.; Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
Mineralogical Record (1997) 28:3-49
            • Saline Mines
Rocks & Min.: 24:359; 57:71.
Christian Bracke Collection.
Danny Jones
www.missourigeologists.org/Min-Loc2.pdf.
Anderson (1994) Kentucky Geol. Survey Ser. XI Spec. Pub 20
    • Boyle Co.
      • Danville
        • Caldwell Stone Company Quarry
    • Fayette Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 196.
    • Scott Co.
Alan Goldstein (2006) Kentucky Mineral Locality Index. Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Easthampton
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
  • Michigan
    • Arenac Co.
Mineralogy of Michigan (E. W. Heinrich & G. W. Robinson)
  • Missouri
    • Washington Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
  • Montana
    • Glacier Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 196; Ross (1959), USGS Professional Paper 296.
  • Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Lone Mountain District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Lynn District
        • Elko
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Maggie Creek District
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lander Co.
      • Argenta District
NBMG Bull 80 Geology and Mineral Deposits of Lander County, Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Northumberland District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Mexico
    • Bernalillo Co.
Northrop, 3rd rev. ed. (1996) Minerals of New Mexico
    • Eddy Co.
      • Carlsbad
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd. Rev. Ed., 1996
    • Sierra Co.
Minerals of New Mexico 3rd ed.
    • Socorro Co.
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd Rev. ed., 1996
  • New York
    • Montgomery Co.
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    • Onondaga Co.
      • Jamesville
George Robinson & Steven Chamberlain (2007) Gazetteer of major New York State mineral localities. Rocks & Minerals, 82, #6, 472-483.
    • Seneca Co.
      • Covert
Rocks & Min.:64(5):388.
  • Tennessee
    • Rutherford Co.
      • Central Tennessee Ba-F-Pb-Zn District
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
  • Utah
    • Tooele Co.
      • Wildcat Mountain
  • Wyoming
    • Sweetwater Co.
      • Green River formation
Am Min 46:420-429
Mineral and/or Locality  
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