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Phosphohedyphane

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Formula:
Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Colour:
Colourless
Lustre:
Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness:
4
Specific Gravity:
5.92 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Name:
For its phosphate content and relationship with Hedyphane.
Isostructural with:
Apatite Supergroup. Svabite Subgroup.
The phosphate analogue of Hedyphane. The Pb3Ca2 analogue of Pyromorphite and Chlorapatite. The Cl analogue of Fluorphosphohedyphane.

Pb and Ca atoms are ordered on two different sites in the crystal structure.

Specimens from numerous localities worldwide have previously been labelled "calcian pyromorphite", and some of them may be identical with this species.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Approved
Approval Year:
2005
7/B.39-135
8.BN.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
N : With only large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 0.33:1

Physical Properties of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Vitreous, Greasy
Transparency:
Transparent
Colour:
Colourless
Streak:
White
Hardness:
Hardness Data:
Measured
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
None Observed
Fracture:
Sub-Conchoidal
Density:
5.92 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.935 nε = 1.928
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.007
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Formula:
Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl

Crystallography of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Crystal System:
Hexagonal
Class (H-M):
6/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
P63/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.857 Å, c = 7.13 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 0.723
Unit Cell V:
599.9 ų
Z:
2
Morphology:
Forms observed are {100} and {101} good, {411} poor, and {10.0.1} and {20.0.1} (approx.)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
8.538 (20)
4.054 (60)
3.565 (30)
2.942 (100)
2.882 (30)
2.139 (35)
1.918 (25)
1.890 (25)

Type Occurrence of PhosphohedyphaneHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Transparent, colourless, tapering hexagonal prisms, as individuals up to about 0.5 mm in length and 0.1 mm in diameter, commonly doubly terminated; often in subparallel intergrowths and irregular clusters
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Secondary mineral in the oxidized zone of a Cu-Pb-Ag deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Other Language Names for PhosphohedyphaneHide

Relationship of Phosphohedyphane to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AiolositeNa4Bi(SO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
CaracoliteNa3Pb2(SO4)3ClMon.
CesaniteNa3Ca2(SO4)3(OH)Hex.
FluorphosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
Miyahisaite(Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F Hex. 6/m : P63/m
MorelanditeCa2Ba3(AsO4)3Cl

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Vanadinite17 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Vanadinite on mindat.org.
Quartz16 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Quartz on mindat.org.
Wulfenite10 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Wulfenite on mindat.org.
Mottramite8 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Mottramite on mindat.org.
Mimetite8 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Mimetite on mindat.org.
Goethite7 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Goethite on mindat.org.
Descloizite5 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Descloizite on mindat.org.
Creaseyite3 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Creaseyite on mindat.org.
Ca-bearing Pyromorphite3 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Ca-bearing Pyromorphite on mindat.org.
Fornacite3 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Fornacite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BN.05AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)Hex.
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)Hex.
8.BN.05ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Mimetite-MPb5(AsO4)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05Johnbaumite-MCa5(AsO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BN.05FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.BN.05HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05MimetitePb5(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05MorelanditeCa2Ba3(AsO4)3Cl
8.BN.05PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05SvabiteCa5(AsO4)3FHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.BN.05TurneaureiteCa5(AsO4)3ClHex.
8.BN.05VanadinitePb5(VO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Belovite-(La)NaLaSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Deloneite(Na0.5REE0.25Ca0.25)(Ca0.75REE0.25)Sr1.5(CaNa0.25REE0.25)(PO4)3F0.5(OH)0.5Trig.
8.BN.05FluorcaphiteSrCaCa3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Kuannersuite-(Ce)NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5Trig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Hydroxylapatite-MCa5(PO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorphosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Carlgieseckeite-(Nd)NaNdCa3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Miyahisaite(Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F Hex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.10ArctiteNa2Ca4(PO4)3FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PhosphohedyphaneHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kampf, A.R., I.M. Steele, and R.A. Jenkins (2006): "Phosphohedyphane, the phosphate analog of hedyphane: Description and crystal structure": Am. Mineral. 91: 1909-1917.
Birch, W. D. & Mills, S. J. (2007) Sulphide–carbonate reaction in recrystallised limestone at Lilydale, Victoria, Australia: a new occurrence of phosphohedyphane, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 13(2), 73–82.

Internet Links for PhosphohedyphaneHide

Localities for PhosphohedyphaneHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Leigh Creek
          • Lyndhurst
Ben Grguric
  • Victoria
    • Yarra Ranges Shire
      • Lilydale
Birch, W. D. & Mills, S. J. (2007) Sulphide–carbonate reaction in recrystallised limestone at Lilydale, Victoria, Australia: a new occurrence of phosphohedyphane, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 13(2), 73–82.
  • Western Australia
    • Northampton Shire
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017): Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 18 (1), 35-49.
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R,. Blockley, J., Verrall, M (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol 18 (1), pp 47, June 2017
Brazil
 
  • Minas Gerais
    • Vazante
Slezak, P. R., 2012, Geology, mneralogy, and geochenmistry of the Vazante Noorthern Extension zinc silicate deposit, Minas Gerais, Brazil: M.S. thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario (pdf available at https://qspace.library.queensu.ca/handle/1974/7027?mode=full).
Chile (TL)
 
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga district
Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
China
 
  • Guangdong Province
    • Yunfu Prefecture
      • Luoding Co.
Cuitian Qiu (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(2), 148-152
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
http://is.muni.cz/th/379397/prif_b/?lang=en
        • Slivice
Sejkora, J., Litochleb, J., Strnad, J., Kubica, J.: Supergenní mineralizace slivického pásma (žíla Karel) jv. od Příbrami, Česká republika. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 1, 1-10.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Chenelette
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Schönau
Niels van Velzen collection Mindat Photo ID: 618510. Obtained from dealer Horst Geuer at Mineralientage 2012, Munich, Germany.
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Cairo Montenotte
        • Curagnata
Balestra, C., Balestra, G., Palenzona, A., Martinelli, A. (2009): Fosfoedifane prima segnalazione italiana in Liguria. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana. 4-2009, 264-266
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda
Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39 - 42.
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Numata City
Hirama, T, Yamada, T., Shiobara, Y., Nakamura, H., Kosuge, Y., Fujiwara, T.: "Pb-containing apatite supergroup minerals from Numata City, Gunma Prefecture, Japan."
Kazakhstan
 
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Mexico
 
  • Zacatecas
    • Mun. de Ojo Caliente
      • La Blanca
Parker, R. (2010). Geology And Mineral Resources Of The Bilbao Silver-Lead-Zinc Deposit, State Of Zacatecas, Mexico. Private Company Report for Xtierra Inc.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province)
      • Taouz
        • Tadaout
Joan Rosell - Rosell Minerals
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Ząbkowice District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
        • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
Pieczka, A., Włodek, A., Gołębiowska, B., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K. (2015): Phosphate-bearing pegmatites in the Góry Sowie Block and adjacent areas, Sudetes, SW Poland. 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015 Książ, Poland. Abstracts: 77-78
Portugal
 
  • Beja District
    • Moura
      • Sobral da Adiça
Pedro Alves collection
Russia
 
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Berezovskii (Berezovskii Zavod)
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Granada
      • Albuñuelas
Analysis made by César Menor Salván of specimens recently collected by himself
  • Cantabria
    • Torrelavega
      • Viérnoles
Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Toledo
      • Madridejos
        • Cerro de Pichita in La Perdiguera
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
        • Cerros de La Perdiguera
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
  • Extremadura
    • Cáceres
      • Zarza la Mayor
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
Tunisia
 
  • Siliana Governorate
    • Siliana
      • Djebel Sekarna
Dill, Weiss, Botz, Dohrmann, Paleontological, mineralogical and chemical studies of syngenetic and epigenetic Pb–Zn–Ba–P mineralizations at the stratotype of the K/P boundary, International Journal of Earth Sciences, Feb 2010.
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Liskeard District
        • Menheniot
Tony Aldworth Collection/Chris Jewson Collection
      • St Agnes District
        • Cubert
          • Wheal Cubert (Cubert United Mine)
Rob Bowell, pers. comm. (Cardiff University analysis)
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Roughton Gill
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume11, 2008
    • Derbyshire
      • Whitwell
Peter Briscoe collection
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries & Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
        • Wanlock Dod-Whytes Cleuch
Manchester University Museum, S.Rust collection
        • Whytes Cleuch
Steve Rust
Steve Rust
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Chiricahua Mts
        • California District
rolf luetcke
      • Huachuca Mts
        • Hartford District (Huachuca Mountains District)
          • Carr Canyon
"The Accidental Pocket" talk presented by Robert E. Walstrom at 2012 NCMA meeting.
      • Johnny Lyon Hills
        • Tres Alamos Wash
Robert Jenkins Raman Spectroscopy
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
Rob Bowell, lab tested
Rolf Luetcke
          • Tombstone Extension Mines
Rolf Luetcke
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
Rolf Luetcke
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Tonopah
            • Belmont Mountain
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mts
        • Harshaw District
          • Harshaw
            • Hardshell Gulch
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Russ District
          • Reward
Adams, Paul (2010) The Brown Monster and Reward Mines Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 41:175-193.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Ord District
        • Ord Mts
          • Ord Mountain
            • Ord Mountain Mine (Ord Mountain Mine System; Ord Mine; Ord Mountain deposits; Osborn; Rio Vista claim; Brilliant claim; Josephine claim; Belgium claim; Copper Junction claim)
MarekC Collection (2017)
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
            • Otto Mountain
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Joe Marty specimens
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Housley R., pers.comm., May 2017
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
Specimen from the 2A glory hole collected and analyzed by Bob Housley.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 65-69
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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