Donate now to keep alive!Help|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
What is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their MineralsGeological TimeMineral Evolution
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery


This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Vitreous, Greasy
Specific Gravity:
5.92 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
For its phosphate content and relationship with Hedyphane.
Isostructural with:
Apatite Supergroup. Svabite Subgroup.
The phosphate analogue of Hedyphane. The Pb3Ca2 analogue of Pyromorphite and Chlorapatite. The Cl analogue of Fluorphosphohedyphane.

Pb and Ca atoms are ordered on two different sites in the crystal structure.

Specimens from numerous localities worldwide have previously been labelled "calcian pyromorphite", and some of them may be identical with this species.

Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Approval Year:

B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
N : With only large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 0.33:1

Physical Properties of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness Data:
None Observed
5.92 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.935 nε = 1.928
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.007
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of PhosphohedyphaneHide


Crystallography of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
6/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.857 Å, c = 7.13 Å
a:c = 1 : 0.723
Unit Cell V:
599.9 ų
Forms observed are {100} and {101} good, {411} poor, and {10.0.1} and {20.0.1} (approx.)

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
8.538 (20)
4.054 (60)
3.565 (30)
2.942 (100)
2.882 (30)
2.139 (35)
1.918 (25)
1.890 (25)

Type Occurrence of PhosphohedyphaneHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Transparent, colourless, tapering hexagonal prisms, as individuals up to about 0.5 mm in length and 0.1 mm in diameter, commonly doubly terminated; often in subparallel intergrowths and irregular clusters
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Secondary mineral in the oxidized zone of a Cu-Pb-Ag deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Other Language Names for PhosphohedyphaneHide

Relationship of Phosphohedyphane to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AiolositeNa4Bi(SO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
FluorphosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
Miyahisaite(Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F Hex. 6/m : P63/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Vanadinite17 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Vanadinite on
Quartz16 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Quartz on
Wulfenite10 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Wulfenite on
Mottramite8 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Mottramite on
Mimetite8 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Mimetite on
Goethite7 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Goethite on
Descloizite5 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Descloizite on
Creaseyite3 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Creaseyite on
Ca-bearing Pyromorphite3 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Ca-bearing Pyromorphite on
Fornacite3 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Fornacite on

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BN.05AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)Hex.
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)Hex.
8.BN.05ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Mimetite-MPb5(AsO4)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05Johnbaumite-MCa5(AsO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BN.05FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.BN.05HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05MimetitePb5(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05SvabiteCa5(AsO4)3FHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.BN.05VanadinitePb5(VO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Belovite-(La)NaLaSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05FluorcaphiteSrCaCa3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Kuannersuite-(Ce)NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5Trig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Hydroxylapatite-MCa5(PO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorphosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Carlgieseckeite-(Nd)NaNdCa3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Miyahisaite(Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F Hex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.10ArctiteNa2Ca4(PO4)3FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PhosphohedyphaneHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kampf, A.R., Steele, I.M., and Jenkins, R.A. (2006) Phosphohedyphane, Pb3Ca2(PO4)3Cl, the phosphate analogue of hedyphane: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 91: 1909-1917.
Birch, W.D. & Mills, S.J. (2007) Sulphide–carbonate reaction in recrystallised limestone at Lilydale, Victoria, Australia: a new occurrence of phosphohedyphane, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 13(2), 73–82.

Internet Links for PhosphohedyphaneHide

Localities for PhosphohedyphaneHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Leigh Creek
          • Lyndhurst
Ben Grguric
  • Victoria
    • Yarra Ranges Shire
      • Lilydale
Birch, W. D. & Mills, S. J. (2007) Sulphide–carbonate reaction in recrystallised limestone at Lilydale, Victoria, Australia: a new occurrence of phosphohedyphane, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 13(2), 73–82.
  • Western Australia
    • Northampton Shire
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017): Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 18 (1), 35-49.
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R,. Blockley, J., Verrall, M (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol 18 (1), pp 47, June 2017
  • Minas Gerais
    • Vazante
Slezak, P. R., 2012, Geology, mneralogy, and geochenmistry of the Vazante Noorthern Extension zinc silicate deposit, Minas Gerais, Brazil: M.S. thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario (pdf available at
Chile (TL)
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga district
Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
  • Guangdong Province
    • Yunfu Prefecture
      • Luoding Co.
Cuitian Qiu (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(2), 148-152
Czech Republic
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
        • Slivice
Sejkora, J., Litochleb, J., Strnad, J., Kubica, J.: Supergenní mineralizace slivického pásma (žíla Karel) jv. od Příbrami, Česká republika. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 1, 1-10.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Chenelette
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Schönau
Niels van Velzen collection Mindat Photo ID: 618510. Obtained from dealer Horst Geuer at Mineralientage 2012, Munich, Germany.
      • St Blasien
        • Urberg
Markl, G. (2017): Schwarzwald: Lagerstätten und Mineralien aus vier Jahrhunderten. Band 4 - Südlicher Schwarzwald. Bode Verlag, Salzhemmendorf-Lauenstein, Germany, 880 pp.
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Cairo Montenotte
        • Curagnata
Balestra, C., Balestra, G., Palenzona, A., Martinelli, A. (2009): Fosfoedifane prima segnalazione italiana in Liguria. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana. 4-2009, 264-266
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda
Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39 - 42.
  • Honshu Island
    • Kanto Region
      • Gunma Prefecture
        • Numata City
Hirama, T, Yamada, T., Shiobara, Y., Nakamura, H., Kosuge, Y., Fujiwara, T.: "Pb-containing apatite supergroup minerals from Numata City, Gunma Prefecture, Japan."
  • Karagandy Province (Qaragandy Oblysy; Karaganda Oblast')
    • Balkhash Region (Balqash; Karatas; Prebalkhashie)
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Zacatecas
    • Mun. de Ojo Caliente
      • La Blanca
Parker, R. (2010). Geology And Mineral Resources Of The Bilbao Silver-Lead-Zinc Deposit, State Of Zacatecas, Mexico. Private Company Report for Xtierra Inc.
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Er Rachidia Province (Errachidia Province)
      • Taouz
        • Tadaout
Joan Rosell - Rosell Minerals
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Ząbkowice Slaskie District
      • Ząbkowice (Frankenstein)
        • Szklary (Gläsendorf)
Pieczka, A., Włodek, A., Gołębiowska, B., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K. (2015): Phosphate-bearing pegmatites in the Góry Sowie Block and adjacent areas, Sudetes, SW Poland. 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015 Książ, Poland. Abstracts: 77-78
  • Beja District
    • Moura
      • Sobral da Adiça
Pedro Alves collection
    • Odemira
      • São Luís
Alves, P. and Kampf, A.R. (2017) A mina de ferro e manganês da Herdade dos Pendões, Odemira, sudoeste de Portugal. Acopios, 8: 17-62. (in Portuguese).
  • Urals Region
    • Middle Urals
      • Sverdlovskaya Oblast'
        • Ekaterinburg (Sverdlovsk)
          • Berezovskii (Berezovskii Zavod)
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
  • Andalusia
    • Granada
      • Albuñuelas
ACOPIOS 2011 V2:23-28 Actualización mineralógica de las minas de Albuñuelas (Granada). Cesar MENOR-SALVAN
Analysis made by César Menor Salván of specimens recently collected by himself
  • Cantabria
    • Torrelavega
      • Viérnoles
Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Toledo
      • Madridejos
        • Cerro de Pichita in La Perdiguera
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
        • Cerros de La Perdiguera
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Baix Empordà
        • Mont-ras
Joan Rosell -
  • Extremadura
    • Cáceres
      • Zarza la Mayor
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
  • Siliana Governorate
    • Siliana
      • Djebel Sekarna
Dill, Weiss, Botz, Dohrmann, Paleontological, mineralogical and chemical studies of syngenetic and epigenetic Pb–Zn–Ba–P mineralizations at the stratotype of the K/P boundary, International Journal of Earth Sciences, Feb 2010.
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Liskeard District
        • Menheniot
Tony Aldworth Collection/Chris Jewson Collection
      • St Agnes District
        • Cubert
          • Wheal Cubert (Cubert United Mine)
Rob Bowell, pers. comm. (Cardiff University analysis)
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Roughton Gill
Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
    • Derbyshire
      • Whitwell
Peter Briscoe collection
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries & Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
        • Wanlock Dod-Whytes Cleuch
Manchester University Museum, S.Rust collection
        • Whytes Cleuch
Steve Rust
Steve Rust
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Chiricahua Mts
        • California District
rolf luetcke
      • Huachuca Mts
        • Hartford District (Huachuca Mountains District)
          • Carr Canyon
"The Accidental Pocket" talk presented by Robert E. Walstrom at 2012 NCMA meeting.
      • Johnny Lyon Hills
        • Tres Alamos Wash
Robert Jenkins Raman Spectroscopy
      • Tombstone Hills
        • Tombstone District
Rob Bowell, lab tested
Rolf Luetcke
          • Tombstone Extension Mines
Rolf Luetcke
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
Rolf Luetcke
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Tonopah
            • Belmont Mountain
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mts
        • Fresno Canyon
          • Palmetto District
            • Tres de Mayo Mine group
Rolf Luetcke
        • Harshaw District
          • Harshaw
            • Hardshell Gulch
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Russ District
          • Reward
Adams, Paul (2010) The Brown Monster and Reward Mines Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 41:175-193.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Ord District
        • Ord Mts
          • Ord Mountain
            • Ord Mountain Mine (Ord Mountain Mine System; Ord Mine; Ord Mountain deposits; Osborn; Rio Vista claim; Brilliant claim; Josephine claim; Belgium claim; Copper Junction claim)
MarekC Collection (2017)
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Baker
            • Otto Mountain
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Joe Marty specimens
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Housley R., pers.comm., May 2017
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
Specimen from the 2A glory hole collected and analyzed by Bob Housley.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mts
        • Goodsprings District
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 65-69
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point District
        • Valmy
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: March 21, 2018 18:34:58 Page generated: March 21, 2018 09:06:46
Go to top of page