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About PhosphohedyphaneHide

Vitreous, Greasy
Specific Gravity:
5.92 (Calculated)
Crystal System:
For its phosphate content and relationship with Hedyphane.
Isostructural with:
Apatite Supergroup. Svabite Subgroup.
The phosphate analogue of Hedyphane. The Pb3Ca2 analogue of Pyromorphite and Chlorapatite. The Cl analogue of Fluorphosphohedyphane.

A possible OH analogue is IMA-coded as UM2002-53-PO:CaHPb.

Pb and Ca atoms are ordered on two different sites in the crystal structure.

Specimens from numerous localities worldwide have previously been labelled "calcian pyromorphite", and some of them may be identical with this species.

Classification of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Approval Year:

B : Phosphates, etc., with additional anions, without H2O
N : With only large cations, (OH, etc.):RO4 = 0.33:1

Physical Properties of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Vitreous, Greasy
Hardness Data:
None Observed
5.92 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 1.935 nε = 1.928
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.007
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of PhosphohedyphaneHide


Crystallography of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Crystal System:
Class (H-M):
6/m - Dipyramidal
Space Group:
Cell Parameters:
a = 9.857 Å, c = 7.13 Å
a:c = 1 : 0.723
Unit Cell V:
599.9 ų
Forms observed are {100} and {101} good, {411} poor, and {10.0.1} and {20.0.1} (approx.)

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0004255PhosphohedyphaneKampf A R, Steele I M, Jenkins R A (2006) Phosphohedyphane, Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl, the phosphate analogue of hedyphane: Description and crystal structure American Mineralogist 91 1909-19172006Capitana mine, Copiapo, Atacama Province, Chile0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
8.538 Å(20)
4.054 Å(60)
3.565 Å(30)
2.942 Å(100)
2.882 Å(30)
2.139 Å(35)
1.918 Å(25)
1.890 Å(25)

Type Occurrence of PhosphohedyphaneHide

General Appearance of Type Material:
Transparent, colourless, tapering hexagonal prisms, as individuals up to about 0.5 mm in length and 0.1 mm in diameter, commonly doubly terminated; often in subparallel intergrowths and irregular clusters
Place of Conservation of Type Material:
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County
Geological Setting of Type Material:
Secondary mineral in the oxidized zone of a Cu-Pb-Ag deposit
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of PhosphohedyphaneHide

Other Language Names for PhosphohedyphaneHide

Relationship of Phosphohedyphane to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
AiolositeNa4Bi(SO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
CesaniteNa3Ca2(SO4)3(OH)Hex. 6 : P6
FluorphosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
HydroxylhedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3(OH)Trig. 3 : P3
Miyahisaite(Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F Hex. 6/m : P63/m

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
17 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
16 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with QuartzSiO2
10 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with WulfenitePb(MoO4)
8 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
8 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
7 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
5 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
3 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with CreaseyitePb2Cu2Fe3+2(Si4.67Al0.33)O15.33(OH)3 · H2O
3 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with Ca-bearing Pyromorphite(Pb,Ca)5(PO4)3Cl
3 photos of Phosphohedyphane associated with FornacitePb2Cu(CrO4)(AsO4)(OH)

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.BN.AraditeBaCa6[(SiO4)(VO4)](VO4)2FTrig. 3m : R3m
8.BN.05AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Belovite-(Ce)NaCeSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich FluorapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(F,O)Hex.
8.BN.05Carbonate-rich HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4,CO3)3(OH,O)Hex.
8.BN.05ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Mimetite-MPb5(AsO4)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05Johnbaumite-MCa5(AsO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/m
8.BN.05FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.BN.05HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)Hex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05MimetitePb5(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorstrophiteSrCaSr3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05SvabiteCa5(AsO4)3FHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
8.BN.05VanadinitePb5(VO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Belovite-(La)NaLaSr3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Deloneite(Na0.5REE0.25Ca0.25)(Ca0.75REE0.25)Sr1.5(CaNa0.25REE0.25)(PO4)3F0.5(OH)0.5Trig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05FluorcaphiteSrCaCa3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Kuannersuite-(Ce)NaCeBa3(PO4)3F0.5Cl0.5Trig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Hydroxylapatite-MCa5(PO4)3OHMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.BN.05StronadelphiteSr5(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05FluorphosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3FHex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.05Carlgieseckeite-(Nd)NaNdCa3(PO4)3FTrig. 3 : P3
8.BN.05Miyahisaite(Sr,Ca)2Ba3(PO4)3F Hex. 6/m : P63/m
8.BN.10ArctiteNa2Ca4(PO4)3FTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for PhosphohedyphaneHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Kampf, A.R., Steele, I.M., and Jenkins, R.A. (2006) Phosphohedyphane, Pb3Ca2(PO4)3Cl, the phosphate analogue of hedyphane: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 91: 1909-1917.
Birch, W.D. & Mills, S.J. (2007) Sulphide–carbonate reaction in recrystallised limestone at Lilydale, Victoria, Australia: a new occurrence of phosphohedyphane, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 13(2), 73–82.

Internet Links for PhosphohedyphaneHide

Localities for PhosphohedyphaneHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
  • Northern Territory
    • Barkly Region
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Mount Lyndhurst station
Ben Grguric
  • Victoria
    • Yarra Ranges Shire
      • Lilydale
Birch, W. D. & Mills, S. J. (2007) Sulphide–carbonate reaction in recrystallised limestone at Lilydale, Victoria, Australia: a new occurrence of phosphohedyphane, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 13(2), 73–82.
  • Western Australia
    • Northampton Shire
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R., Blockley, J., Verrall, M. (2017): Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, 18 (1), 35-49.
Downes, P.J., Deacon, G.L., Grguric, B.A., Bevan, A.W.R,. Blockley, J., Verrall, M (2017), Minerals of the Northampton Lead-Copper Field Western Australia, Australian Journal of Mineralogy, Vol 18 (1), pp 47, June 2017
  • Burgenland
    • Oberpullendorf District
      • Kobersdorf
        • Pauliberg
Kolitsch, U., Postl, W., Bernhard, F., Bojar, H.-P., Trattner, W. (2019): 2152) Ägirin, Albit, Alunit, Baryt, Calcit, Chalkopyrit, Cordierit, Corkit, Cristobalit, Diopsid, Dolomit, Dravit, Fayalit, Fluorapatit, Gehlenit, Gips, Goethit, Hämatit, Hauyn, Jarosit, Kaolinit, Kupfer, Laihunit(?), Magnesit, Magnetit, Montmorillonit, Mullit, Natroalunit, Natrojarosit, Nephelin, Opal (Hyalit), Plumbojarosit, Phosphohedyphan, Pyrit, Pyromorphit, Pyrrhotin, Quintinit(?), Rhönit, Rutil, Sodalith, Todorokit, Topas, Tridymit und Uricit aus dem Steinbruch am Pauliberg bei Landsee, Burgenland. Pp. 310-319 in Walter, F. et al. (2019): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVIII. Carinthia II, 209./129., 237-362.
  • Lower Austria
    • Melk District
      • Dunkelsteinerwald
        • Häusling
Knobloch, G., Löffler, E., Kolitsch, U., Schillhammer, H. (2018): 2086) Ein weiterer Nachweis lagenförmiger Blei-Zink-Vererzungen in einem Marmorzug der Drosendorf-Einheit nebst mehr als 30 Begleitmineralien in einem kleinen Steinbruch bei der Lokalität „In der Luck’n“, Häusling, Dunkelsteinerwald, Niederösterreich. Pp. 221-223 in Walter, F. et al. (2018): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXVII. Carinthia II, 208./128., 185-254.
  • Minas Gerais
    • Vazante
Slezak, P. R., 2012, Geology, mneralogy, and geochenmistry of the Vazante Noorthern Extension zinc silicate deposit, Minas Gerais, Brazil: M.S. thesis, Queen’s University, Kingston, Ontario (pdf available at
Chile (TL)
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Las Animas Mining District
Kampf, A.R., Steele, I.M., Jenkins, R.A. (2006) Phosphohedyphane, Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl, the phosphate analog of hedyphane: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist, 91(11-12), 1909-1917.
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga mining district
Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
  • Guangdong
    • Yunfu
      • Luoding Co.
Cuitian Qiu (1983): Acta Mineralogica Sinica 3(2), 148-152
Czech Republic
  • Central Bohemian Region
      • Slivice
Sejkora, J., Litochleb, J., Strnad, J., Kubica, J.: Supergenní mineralizace slivického pásma (žíla Karel) jv. od Příbrami, Česká republika. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 1, 1-10.
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Rhône
      • Villefranche-sur-Saône
        • Chénelette
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Lörrach
        • Kleines Wiesental
Niels van Velzen collection Mindat Photo ID: 618510. Obtained from dealer Horst Geuer at Mineralientage 2012, Munich, Germany.
      • Waldshut
        • Dachsberg
          • Urberg
Markl, G. (2017): Schwarzwald: Lagerstätten und Mineralien aus vier Jahrhunderten. Band 4 - Südlicher Schwarzwald. Bode Verlag, Salzhemmendorf-Lauenstein, Germany, 880 pp.
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 29(5), 32-77 (in German).
          • Plaka
            • Plaka mines
Rieck, B., Kolitsch, U., Voudouris, P., Giester, G., Tzeferis, P. (2020): Lavrion, Griechenland: Weitere Neufunde aus dem berühmten Bergbaurevier. Mineralien-Welt 31(3), 6-21 (in German).
  • Liguria
    • Savona Province
      • Cairo Montenotte
        • Curagnata
Balestra, C., Balestra, G., Palenzona, A., Martinelli, A. (2009): Fosfoedifane prima segnalazione italiana in Liguria. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana. 4-2009, 264-266
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda
Orlandi, P. (2011): Zibaldone di mineralogia italiana 2010. Micro, 1/2011, 39 - 42.
  • Gunma Prefecture
    • Numata City
Hirama, T, Yamada, T., Shiobara, Y., Nakamura, H., Kosuge, Y., Fujiwara, T. (2011): "Pb-containing apatite supergroup minerals from Numata City, Gunma Prefecture, Japan." Abstracts for Annual Meeting of Japan Association of Mineralogical Sciences 2011(0), 146-146.
  • Karaganda Region
    • Karkaraly
Lemanski, Chester (2009) collection (#21,751), ex. Exotic Minerals of Russia (Fersman Museum, Moscow) specimen.
    • Shet
Pavel M. Kartashov data
  • Zacatecas
    • Ojocaliente Municipality
      • La Blanca
Parker, R. (2010). Geology And Mineral Resources Of The Bilbao Silver-Lead-Zinc Deposit, State Of Zacatecas, Mexico. Private Company Report for Xtierra Inc.
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Errachidia Province
      • Taouz
        • Tadaout
Joan Rosell - Rosell Minerals
  • Viken
    • Lunner
      • Grua
        • Grua mining district
Folvik, H.(2019) Mineralene fra Skjerpemyr på Grua, Lunner, Oppland. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019: 52-70
  • Lower Silesian Voivodeship
    • Ząbkowice Śląskie County
      • Gmina Ząbkowice Śląskie
        • Szklary
Pieczka, A., Włodek, A., Gołębiowska, B., Szełęg, E., Szuszkiewicz, A., Ilnicki, S., Nejbert, K., Turniak, K. (2015): Phosphate-bearing pegmatites in the Góry Sowie Block and adjacent areas, Sudetes, SW Poland. 7th International Symposium on Granitic Pegmatites, PEG 2015 Książ, Poland. Abstracts: 77-78; Pieczka, A., Evans, R. J., Grew, E. S., Groat, L. A., Ma, C., & Rossman, G. R. (2013). The dumortierite supergroup. II. Three new minerals from the Szklary pegmatite, SW Poland: Nioboholtite,(Nb0. 6⃞0. 4) Al6BSi3O18, titanoholtite,(Ti0. 75⃞0. 25) Al6BSi3O18, and szklaryite, ⃞Al6BAs33+ O15. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(6), 2841-2856.; Pieczka, A., Biagioni, C., Gołębiowska, B., Jeleń, P., Pasero, M., & Sitarz, M. (2018). Parafiniukite, Ca2Mn3 (PO4) 3Cl, a New Member of the Apatite Supergroup from the Szklary Pegmatite, Lower Silesia, Poland: Description and Crystal Structure. Minerals, 8(11), 485.
  • Beja
    • Moura
      • Sobral da Adiça
Pedro Alves collection
    • Odemira
      • São Luís
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Alves, P. and Kampf, A.R. (2017) A mina de ferro e manganês da Herdade dos Pendões, Odemira, sudoeste de Portugal. Acopios, 8: 17-62. (in Portuguese).
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
  • Bragança
    • Freixo de Espada à Cinta
      • Lagoaça
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Beryozovsky
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
  • Andalusia
    • Granada
      • Albuñuelas
ACOPIOS 2011 V2:23-28 Actualización mineralógica de las minas de Albuñuelas (Granada). Cesar MENOR-SALVAN
Analysis made by César Menor Salván of specimens recently collected by himself
  • Cantabria
    • Torrelavega
      • Viérnoles
Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
  • Castile-La Mancha
    • Toledo
      • Madridejos
        • Cerro de Pichita in La Perdiguera
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
        • Cerros de La Perdiguera
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
Menor, César (2010): Mineralogía de Pb-Zn en Madridejos (Toledo). Rev. Acopios vol.1. pp. 53-67.
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Sobrado
Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
  • Catalonia
    • Girona (Gerona)
      • Baix Empordà
        • Mont-ras
Joan Rosell -
  • Extremadura
    • Cáceres
      • Zarza la Mayor
Calvo, M. (2015): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VII, Fosfatos, arseniatos y vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 pp.
  • Siliana
    • Siliana
      • Djebel Sekarna
Dill, Weiss, Botz, Dohrmann, Paleontological, mineralogical and chemical studies of syngenetic and epigenetic Pb–Zn–Ba–P mineralizations at the stratotype of the K/P boundary, International Journal of Earth Sciences, Feb 2010.
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Menheniot
Tony Aldworth Collection/Chris Jewson Collection
      • Perranzabuloe
        • Wheal Cubert (Cubert United Mine)
Rob Bowell, pers. comm. (Cardiff University analysis)
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
          • Roughton Gill
Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
    • Derbyshire
      • Bolsover District
        • Whitwell
Peter Briscoe collection
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
        • Wanlock Dod-Whytes Cleuch
Manchester University Museum, S.Rust collection
        • Whytes Cleuch
Steve Rust
Steve Rust
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
      • Carr Canyon
"The Accidental Pocket" talk presented by Robert E. Walstrom at 2012 NCMA meeting.
Rob Bowell, lab tested
      • Johnny Lyon Hills
        • Tres Alamos Wash
Robert Jenkins Raman Spectroscopy
Rolf Luetcke
      • Tombstone Extension Mines
Rolf Luetcke
rolf luetcke
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mountains
        • Banner Mining District
          • Christmas
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
          • Hayden area
            • Chilito
Rolf Luetcke
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Osborn Mining District
        • Tonopah
          • Belmont Mountain
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth Mining District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
    • Santa Cruz Co.
      • Patagonia Mountains
        • Fresno Canyon
          • Palmetto District
            • Tres de Mayo Mine group
Rolf Luetcke
        • Harshaw Mining District
          • Harshaw
            • Hardshell Gulch
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Russ Mining District
          • Reward
Adams, Paul (2010) The Brown Monster and Reward Mines Inyo County, California. Mineralogical Record 41:175-193.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Ord Mining District
        • Ord Mountains
          • Ord Mountain
            • Ord Mountain Mine (Ord Mountain Mine System; Ord Mine; Ord Mountain deposits; Osborn; Rio Vista claim; Brilliant claim; Josephine claim; Belgium claim; Copper Junction claim)
MarekC Collection (2017)
      • Silver Lake Mining District
        • Soda Mountains
          • Baker
Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., & Housley, R. M. (2010). The crystal structure of munakataite, Pb2Cu2 (Se4+ O3)(SO4)(OH) 4, from Otto Mountain, San Bernardino County, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 74(6), 991-998.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Joe Marty specimens
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
Housley R., pers.comm., May 2017
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
Specimen from the 2A glory hole collected and analyzed by Bob Housley.
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
      • Spring Mountains
        • Goodsprings Mining District
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Collected and analyzed by Joy Desor.
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
Rocks & Minerals 83:1 pp 65-69
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne.
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Iron Point Mining District
        • Valmy
Am.Min. 91, 1909-1917(2006)
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