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Reef Mine (Tungsten Reef Mine; Exposed Reef Mine; Sitric Mine; Reef group of claims), Carr Canyon, Hartford District (Huachuca Mountains District), Huachuca Mts, Cochise Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Reef Mine (Tungsten Reef Mine; Exposed Reef Mine; Sitric Mine; Reef group of claims)Mine
Carr CanyonCanyon
Hartford District (Huachuca Mountains District)Mining District
Huachuca MtsMountain Range
Cochise Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 31° 25' 37'' North , 110° 17' 16'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 31.42694,-110.28778
GeoHash:G#: 9t9df34gh
USGS MRDS Record:10008524
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Sierra Vista Southeast14,797 (2011)7.4km
Miracle Valley644 (2011)13.8km
Sierra Vista43,355 (2017)14.3km
Palominas212 (2011)16.9km
Huachuca City1,755 (2017)22.8km


A former small surface and underground W-Au-Ag-Pb-Cu-Zn (Te) mine located on 9 patented and 5 unpatented claims on the crest of the range (7,000 feet of altitude), at the head of Carr Canyon, in the SW¼ sec. 14 & East-central sec. 15, T23S, R20E (Miller Peak 7.5 minute topo map), S of Carr Canyon and about 12 miles W of Hereford. Discovered 1895. Produced 1875, 1916-1918, 1934-1942, 1953-1954, 1956. Reopened during WWI. Owned at times, or in part, by the Primos Chemical Co., Tungsten Reef Mines Co. (1918- ); and, the Exposed Reef Tungsten Co. ( -1918).

Mineralization is irregular and sporadic bunches and disseminations of scheelite with some gold and silver values and weak, base metal sulfides along fractures and at joint intersections in a quartz blanket at the base of the Cambrian Abrigo Limestone. Also includes oxidized copper minerals.

Cambrian Bolsa Quartzite and Abrigo Limestone have been weakly deformed by a series of thrust drag folds of gentle northwestward plunge and broken by fractures of NW- and northward trends.

Quartz veins lie near the base of the Abrigo formation & in general dip conformably in the flexed strata. There are two principal veins from a few feet to 12 feet apart. The lower vein ranges from less than 1 foot to 6 feet and the upper from about 2 feet to 15 feet thick. Coarsely crystalline grayish-white quartz and minerals comprise the vein filling.

Workings include numerous trenches, pits and open stopes and a few adit workings. Minor gold-silver production in the early 1900's and a total of several thousand tons of tungsten ore and concentrates produced in 1916-1918, 1934-1942, and 1955-1956 periods.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


43 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Burckhardtite
Formula: Pb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Corkite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Dugganite
Formula: Pb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Khinite
Formula: Pb2+Cu2+3[Te6+O6](OH)2
Kuksite
Formula: Pb3Zn3(PO4)2(TeO6)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Mcalpineite
Formula: Cu3(Te6+O6)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Otavite
Formula: CdCO3
Phosphohedyphane
Formula: Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Raspite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Silver
Formula: Ag
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
'Turgite'

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Khinite4.FD.30Pb2+Cu2+3[Te6+O6](OH)2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Raspite4.DG.20Pb(WO4)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Otavite5.AB.05CdCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Mcalpineite7.DE.55Cu3(Te6+O6)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Corkite8.BL.05PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Dugganite8.DL.20Pb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
Kuksite8.DL.20Pb3Zn3(PO4)2(TeO6)
Phosphohedyphane8.BN.05Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Burckhardtite9.EC.70Pb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Turgite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Bromargyrite9.1.4.2AgBr
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Otavite14.1.1.7CdCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 33 - SELENATES AND TELLURATES
(AB)m(XO4)pZq
Khinite33.1.3.1Pb2+Cu2+3[Te6+O6](OH)2
(AB)m(XO6)·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Mcalpineite33.2.5.1Cu3(Te6+O6)
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Normal Compound Phosphates, etc·
Dugganite43.2.5.1Pb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
Kuksite43.2.5.2Pb3Zn3(PO4)2(TeO6)
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Corkite43.4.1.2PbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Raspite48.1.4.1Pb(WO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Burckhardtite78.5.3.1Pb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Phosphohedyphane-Ca2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
'Turgite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KhinitePb2+Cu32+[Te6+O6](OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C OtaviteCdCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O HübneriteMnWO4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KhinitePb2+Cu32+[Te6+O6](OH)2
O KuksitePb3Zn3(PO4)2(TeO6)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O McalpineiteCu3(Te6+O6)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O OtaviteCdCO3
O PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O RaspitePb(WO4)
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
AlAluminium
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
P KuksitePb3Zn3(PO4)2(TeO6)
P PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S BaryteBaSO4
ClChlorine
Cl PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu KhinitePb2+Cu32+[Te6+O6](OH)2
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu McalpineiteCu3(Te6+O6)
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn KuksitePb3Zn3(PO4)2(TeO6)
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
AsArsenic
As DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
BrBromine
Br BromargyriteAgBr
AgSilver
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag BromargyriteAgBr
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
Ag IodargyriteAgI
Ag SilverAg
CdCadmium
Cd OtaviteCdCO3
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
Te KhinitePb2+Cu32+[Te6+O6](OH)2
Te KuksitePb3Zn3(PO4)2(TeO6)
Te McalpineiteCu3(Te6+O6)
Te BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6
IIodine
I IodargyriteAgI
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W StolzitePb(WO4)
W HübneriteMnWO4
W RaspitePb(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CorkitePbFe3(PO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb DugganitePb3Zn3(AsO4)2(TeO6)
Pb KhinitePb2+Cu32+[Te6+O6](OH)2
Pb KuksitePb3Zn3(PO4)2(TeO6)
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb PhosphohedyphaneCa2Pb3(PO4)3Cl
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb RaspitePb(WO4)
Pb BurckhardtitePb2(Fe3+Te6+)[AlSi3O8]O6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3187054
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Serpukhovian - Early Cambrian
323.2 - 541 Ma



ID: 2832780
Mississippian, Devonian, and Cambrian sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (323.2 - 541 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Tapeats Sandstone; Bright Angel Shale; Muav Limestone; Temple Butte Formation; Redwall Limestone; Bolsa Quartzite; Abrigo Formation; Martin Formation; Escabrosa Limestone

Description: Brown to dark gray sandstone grades upward into green and gray shale, overlain by light to medium gray or tan limestone and dolostone. This unit includes the Tapeats Sandstone, Bright Angel Shale, Muav Limestone, Temple Butte Formation and Redwall Limestone in northern Arizona, and the Bolsa Quartzite, Abrigo Formation, Martin Formation, and Escabrosa Limestone in southern Arizona. These rocks record intermittent sea-level rise and inundation in early Paleozoic time. (330-540 Ma)

Comments: Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{sandstone,shale,limestone}, Minor:{dolostone,quartzite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Palache, C. (1941a), Crystallographic notes: Cahnite, stolzite, zincite, ultrabasite, American Mineralogist: 26: 429-436.
Wilson, E.D. (1941), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 148: 48-49.
Weber, R.H. (1950), The Geology of the East-central Portion of the Huachuca Mountains, Arizona, University of Arizona, PhD. Thesis: 122-156.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bulletin 158: 37.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 81
Dale, V.B., et al (1960), Tungsten deposits of Cochise, Pima, and Santa Cruz Counties., Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 5650: 28-32.
Lemmon, D.M., and Tweto, O.L. (1962) Tungsten in the U.S., USGS Mineral Resources map, MR-25.
Keith, Stanton B. (1973), Arizona Bureau of Geology & Mineral Technology, Geological Survey Branch Bull. 187, Index of Mining Properties in Cochise Co., Arizona: 67 (Table 4).
Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals, 2nd. Edition, Arizona Department of Mines & Minerals Mineral Report 4, 185 pp.: 156.
Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992), Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 5 (Table 1).
Sawyer, M.B., Gurmendi, A.C., Daley, M.R., and Howell, S.B. (1992) Principal Deposits of Strategic and Critical Minerals in Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Special Publication, 334 pp.
Tuftin, S.E. and Armstrong, R.C. (1994) U.S. Bureau of Mines Open File Report Mineral Land Assessment (MLA) 1-94.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 165, 228, 362, 384.
Walstrom, Robert E. (2012), "The Accidental Pocket," talk presented at 2012 NCMA meeting. (unpublished).
U.S. Bureau of Mines file data.
MRDS database Dep. ID file #10008524, MRDS ID #D000755; and, Dep. ID #10233922, MRDS ID #M241502, MAS ID #0040030202.

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Collecting at the Reef Mine, Huachuca Mts. Arizona by Rolf Luetcke



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