Donate now to keep alive!Help|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
What is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their MineralsGeological TimeMineral Evolution
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Blue Bell Mine (Blue Bell claims; Hard Luck Mine; Hard Luck claims; Atkinson), Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort), Soda Mts, Silver Lake District, San Bernardino Co., California, USA

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 35° 14' 30'' North , 116° 12' 16'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 35.24194,-116.20472
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate

A group of Ag-Cu-Pb-Zn-Au-Bi-V-Mo claims and former lode mine located in the SE¼ sec. 2, T13N, R7E, SBM, 14.3 km (8.9 miles) NW of Zzyzx and about 6 miles N of interstate highway 15 and 12.3 km (7.7 miles) W of Baker, on Bureau of Land Management-administered land. It is accessed off the Zzyzx Road offramp of Interstate 15. The Zzyzx Road off-ramp is 6.4 miles southeast of Baker, California. NOTE: MRDS file #10034014 places the locality in sec. 27, T14N, R7E, SBM.

NOTE: Coordinates are for the adit 1A/parking area of the complex. Taken by Steve Stuart, Jan. 2012.

NOTE: Not to be confused with the "Blue Bell Mine" near Baker ( which - apparently - only produced corundum.

Mineralization is a lenticular ore body hosted in granite and limestone. The ore minerals occur in a carbonate gangue. Local rocks include Mesozoic granitic rocks, unit 3 (Sierra Nevada, Death Valley area, Northern Mojave Desert and Transverse Ranges).

Workings include underground openings consisting of a 48-foot deep shaft and several irregular adits connected by irregular stopes.

Production included the shipment of complex ore to Selby in 1949 and 1951. Average recovery was 7.5% Pb, 0.95% Cu, 5.31 ounces Ag per ton, plus some Au. Assays show Cu up to 4.5%.

Mineral List

85 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

Cisuralian - Mississippian
272.3 - 358.9 Ma

ID: 2815142
Carboniferous marine rocks, unit 2 (SE California Carbonate Assemblage)

Age: Paleozoic (272.3 - 358.9 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Anvil Spring Formation; Bird Spring Formation; Tihvipah Limestone (part); Monte Cristo Limestone; Santa Rosa Hills Limestone; Perdido Group; Stone Canyon Formation; Tin Mountain Limestone; Indian Springs Formation

Description: Shale, sandstone, conglomerate, limestone, dolomite, chert, hornfels, marble, quartzite; in part pyroclastic rocks

Comments: Southeastern California carbonate assemblage (eastern Mojave Desert and southeastern Death Valley area). Consists primarily of limestone with minor siltstone and sandstone.Includes some rocks of Early Permian age,

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor:{sandstone,siltstone mudstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Wright, L.A., et al (1953), Mines and mineral resources of San Bernardino County, California: California Journal of Mines and Geology, California Division of Mines (Report 49): 49(1-2): 64, tabulated list of mines p. 71, 101.
Goodwin, Joseph Grant (1957) Lead and zinc in California. California Journal of Mines and Geology, Division of Mines (Report 53): 53(3&4): 616.
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 144.
Crowley, Jack A. (1977), Minerals of the Blue Bell mine, San Bernardino County, California. Mineralogical Record: 8: 494-497.
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 104, 162, 183-184, 190, 196, 211, 229, 233, 234, 298, 299, 340, 514.
Maynard, M. F. (editor) (1984), The Blue Bell Claims San Bernardino County, California, San Bernardino County Museum, pp. 61.
Rocks & Minerals (1985): 60(1): 8.
American Mineralogist (2000): 85: 604, 607.
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10189211 & 10034014.
Kamph, Anthony R., George R. Rossman and Robert M. Housley (2009), Plumbophyllite, a new species from the Blue Bell claims near Baker, San Bernardino County, California, American Mineralogist: 94: 1198–1204.
Marty, J., Kampf, A. R., Housley, R. M., Mills, S. J. & Weiß, S.. (2010). Seltene neue Tellurmineralien aus Kalifornien, Utah, Arizona und New Mexiko (USA). Lapis: 35(12): 42-51, 66.
Mills, S.J., Kampf, A.R., Kolitsch, U., Housley, R.M. & Raudsepp, M. (2010) The crystal chemistry and crystal structure of kuksite, Pb3Zn3Te6+P2O14, and a note on the crystal structure of yafsoanite, (Ca,Pb)3Zn(TeO6)2. American Mineralogist: 95(7): 933–938.
Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Housley, R.M., Bottrill, R.S. and Kolitsch, U. (2011): Reynoldsite, IMA 2011-051. CNMNC Newsletter No. 10, October 2011: 2560.
Mills, S.J., Kampf, A.R., Christy, A.G., Housley, R.M., Rossman, G.R., Reynolds, R.E., Marty, J. (2014): Bluebellite and mojaveite, two new minerals from the central Mojave Desert, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 78, 1325-1340.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #0060710234.
Mineralogical Magazine: 75: 2549-2561.

External Links

Mineral and/or Locality is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: January 20, 2018 01:05:22 Page generated: January 16, 2018 16:53:30
Go to top of page