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Kawazulite

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Classification of KawazuliteHide

Approved
2.DC.05

2 : SULFIDES and SULFOSALTS (sulfides, selenides, tellurides; arsenides, antimonides, bismuthides; sulfarsenites, sulfantimonites, sulfbismuthites, etc.)
D : Metal Sulfides, M: S = 3 :4 and 2:3
C : Variable M:S
2.11.7.5

2 : SULFIDES
11 : AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
3.7.34

3 : Sulphides, Selenides, Tellurides, Arsenides and Bismuthides (except the arsenides, antimonides and bismuthides of Cu, Ag and Au, which are included in Section 1)
7 : Sulphides etc. of V, As, Sb and Bi

Physical Properties of KawazuliteHide

Hardness:
1½ on Mohs scale

Chemical Properties of KawazuliteHide

Formula:
Bi2Te2Se
Common Impurities:
Fe,S

Crystallography of KawazuliteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 4.24 Å, c = 29.66 Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 6.995
Unit Cell V:
461.78 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)

Type Occurrence of KawazuliteHide

Synonyms of KawazuliteHide

Other Language Names for KawazuliteHide

German:Kawazulit
Japanese:河津鉱
Spanish:Kawazulita

Relationship of Kawazulite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
IngoditeBi2TeSTrig.
SkippeniteBi2TeSe2Trig.
SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2STrig.
TelluronevskiteBi3TeSe2Trig.
TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
VihorlatiteBi24Se17Te4Trig.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Gold2 photos of Kawazulite associated with Gold on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

2.DC.05HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.DC.05IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3Trig.
2.DC.05IngoditeBi2TeSTrig.
2.DC.05Joséite-BBi4Te2STrig.
2.DC.05LaitakariteBi4Se2STrig. 3m : R3m
2.DC.05NevskiteBi(Se,S)Trig.
2.DC.05ParaguanajuatiteBi2Se3Trig.
2.DC.05PilseniteBi4Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.DC.05SkippeniteBi2TeSe2Trig.
2.DC.05SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2STrig.
2.DC.05TellurantimonySb2Te3Trig.
2.DC.05TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3Trig.
2.DC.05TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.DC.05TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
2.DC.05BaksaniteBi6Te2S3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3m1
2.DC.05Joséite-CBi16Te3S9
2.DC.05ProtojoséiteBi3(Te,S)2Trig.
2.DC.05SztrókayiteBi3TeS2
2.DC.05VihorlatiteBi24Se17Te4Trig.
2.DC.05TelluronevskiteBi3TeSe2Trig.
2.DC.05UM1983-09-S:BiPbTePbBi3S2Te

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

2.11.7.1TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
2.11.7.2TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3Trig.
2.11.7.3TellurantimonySb2Te3Trig.
2.11.7.4ParaguanajuatiteBi2Se3Trig.
2.11.7.6SkippeniteBi2TeSe2Trig.

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

3.7.1PatróniteVS4Mon.
3.7.2DuranusiteAs4SOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pmna
3.7.3DimorphiteAs4S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.4RealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m
3.7.5PararealgarAs4S4Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.6AlacrániteAs8S9Mon. 2/m : P2/b
3.7.7UzoniteAs4S5Mon.
3.7.8OrpimentAs2S3Mon. 2/m
3.7.9JeromiteAmor.
3.7.10LaphamiteAs2(Se,S)3Mon. 2/m
3.7.11GetchelliteAsSbS3Mon. 2/m : P21/b
3.7.12Wakabayashilite[(As,Sb)6S9][As4S5]Orth. mm2 : Pna21
3.7.13PääkköneniteSb2AsS2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
3.7.14StibniteSb2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.15MetastibniteSb2S3Amor.
3.7.16TellurantimonySb2Te3Trig.
3.7.17BismuthiniteBi2S3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
3.7.18NevskiteBi(Se,S)Trig.
3.7.19GuanajuatiteBi2Se3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
3.7.21IkunoliteBi4(S,Se)3Trig.
3.7.22LaitakariteBi4Se2STrig. 3m : R3m
3.7.23PoubaitePbBi2(Se,Te,S)4Trig.
3.7.24TellurobismuthiteBi2Te3Trig.
3.7.25SoučekitePbCuBi(S,Se)3Orth.
3.7.26TsumoiteBiTeTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3 1m
3.7.27PilseniteBi4Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.28HedleyiteBi7Te3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.29TetradymiteBi2Te2STrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.30JoséiteBi4TeS2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
3.7.31Joséite-BBi4Te2STrig.
3.7.32IngoditeBi2TeSTrig.
3.7.33SulphotsumoiteBi3Te2STrig.
3.7.36SkippeniteBi2TeSe2Trig.
3.7.37KochkaritePbBi4Te7Trig.
3.7.38RucklidgeitePbBi2Te4Trig.
3.7.39AleksitePbBi2Te2S2Trig.
3.7.40JunoiteCu2Pb3Bi8(S,Se)16Mon. 2/m : B2/m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for KawazuliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
American Mineralogist (1972): 57: 1312.
Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen (1995): 169: 305-308.
Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Wagner, T., Stanley, C. J. (2007): Minerals of the system Bi-Te-Se-S related to the tetradymite archetype: review of classification and compositional variation. Canadian Mineralogist 45, 665-708.

Internet Links for KawazuliteHide

Localities for KawazuliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Salta
    • Los Andes department
      • San Antonio de los Cobres
        • Organullo mining district
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina); DE BRODTKORB, Milka K. Precious metaltellurides and other Te-bearing minerals in different paragenesis of Argentina: A review. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2009, vol.64, n.3, pp. 365-372.; Paar, W. H., Putz, H., Topa, D., de Brodtkorb, M. K., & Sureda, R. J. (2005, January). Occurrence and paragenesis of tellurium in mineral deposits of Argentina. In Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge (pp. 1419-1422). Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
Australia
 
  • South Australia
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
Ehrig, K., McPhie, J., Kamenetsky, V. (2012) Geology and mineralogical zonation of the Olympic Dam iron oxide Cu-U-Au-Ag deposit, South Australia. Economic Geology Special Publication 16, pg. 237-267.
Bulgaria
 
  • Sofiya Oblast (Sofia Oblast)
    • Chelopech
Bonev, I.K.; Petrunov, R.; Cook, N. J.; Ciobanu, C. L. (2005): Kostovite and its argentian varieties: Deposits and mineral associations. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology. 42, 1-22
    • Zlatitsa Obshtina
      • Zlatitsa
Georgiev, Georgi (2008) A genetic model of the Elatsite porphyry copper deposit, Bulgaria. GEOCHEMISTRY, MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY • SOFIA 46, 143-160.
Canada
 
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mazenod Lake District
Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Chad
 
  • Mayo-Kebbi Ouest Region
    • Pala
Rigobert, T., Claude, D. J., Marambaye, D., & Yannick, B. (2013). On the occurrence of gold mineralization in the Pala Neoproterozoic formations, South-Western Chad. Journal of African Earth Sciences. Volume 84, August 2013, Pages 36–46
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
Brent Thorne specimen
Mineral label from Steffen Mockel. In the collection of Brent Thorne.
Finland
 
  • Eastern Finland Region
    • Rantasalmi
Kojonen,Kari 2008. Au-Ag tellurides-selenides in Finland. International Geological Congress, Oslo August 6-14th. Abstract
  • Northern Finland Region
    • Kuusamo
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland ; Geological Survey of Finland 2007 Juomasuo - Gold Database
Greece
 
  • Thraki Department (Thrace; Thracia)
    • Évros Prefecture
      • Alexandroupoli (Alexandroupolis)
Panagiotis Christos Voudouris, Vasilios Melfos, Paul G. Spry, Robert Moritz, Constantinos Papavassiliou und George Falalakis (2011): Mineralogy and geochemical environment of formation of the Perama Hill high-sulfidation epithermal Au-Ag-Te-Se deposit, Petrota Graben, NE Greece. Mineralogy and Petrology 103, 79-100.
Hungary
 
  • Heves Co.
    • Mátra Mts
      • Gyöngyössolymos
GEODA, 2001
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Shiribeshi Province
Shuji Ono, et al. (2004) Resource Geology, 54, 4, 453-464.
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Shizuoka Prefecture
        • Shimoda City
          • Rendaiji
Am. Min.: 57:1312 (1972 )(abstract); Kato (1970).; Int Geol Congr (2008) Oslo. MRD-09
Norway
 
  • Telemark
    • Fyresdal
      • Moisesberg Mines
Nordrum, F.S. (2001): Noen funn av mineraler i Norge 2000-2001. STEIN 28 (2): 13- 19
Romania
 
  • Caraş-Severin Co.
    • Banat Mts
      • Ocna de Fier-Dognecea District
        • Ocna de Fier (Vaskö-Moraviţa; Vaskö-Moravicza; Eisenstein)
Mineralogical Magazine, Vol. 65(3), pp. 351–372
Sweden
 
  • Hälsingland
    • Ljusdal
No reference listed
  • Södermanland
    • Nyköping
      • Tunaberg
        • Dammgruvan Ore Field
Dobbe, R. T. M. (1991): Tellurides, Selenides and Associated Minerals in the Tunaberg Copper Deposits, SE Bergslagen, Central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology. 44:89-106
Dobbe, Rene T. M. (1991): Tellurides, selenides, and associated minerals in the Tunaberg copper deposits, SE Bergslagen, central Sweden. Mineralogy and Petrology 44, 89-106
  • Värmland
    • Arvika
      • Glava
Cook, N. J.,Ciobanu, C.L.& Danushevskiy, L, (2007): LA-ICP-MS determination of gold in Bi-chalcogenides from four deposits in the Fennoscandian Shield. Geological Survey of Finland, Guide 53, 23-30; Cook, N. J., Ciobanu, C. L., Spry, P. G., & Voudouris, P. (2009). Understanding gold-(silver)-telluride-(selenide) mineral deposits. Episodes, 32(4), 249.
USA
 
  • California
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Silver Lake District
        • Soda Mts
          • Zzyzx (Fort Soda; Soda; Soda Springs; Zzyzx Mineral Spring Resort)
Collected by and in the collection of Brent Thorne. PXRD analzyed by Tony Kampf.
  • Nevada
    • Mineral Co.
      • Fitting District
        • Kinkaid
Handbook of Mineralogy
    • White Pine Co.
      • Ward District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
Uzbekistan
 
  • Kyzylkum Desert
    • Central Kyzylkum Region
      • Zarafshan
        • Muruntau ore field
Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov, Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005), In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406
  • Tashkent Viloyati (Toshkent)
    • Angren Region
      • Chatkal-Kuraminskii Range
Kovalenker, V. et al New Data on Minerals (2003): 38: 45-56; Plotinskaya, O. Y., Kovalenker, V. A., Seltmann, R., & Stanley, C. J. (2006). Te and Se mineralogy of the high-sulfidation Kochbulak and Kairagach epithermal gold telluride deposits (Kurama Ridge, Middle Tien Shan, Uzbekistan). Mineralogy and Petrology, 87(3-4), 187-207.
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