Donate now to keep mindat.org alive!Help mindat.org|Log In|Register|
Home PageMindat NewsThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusManagement TeamContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatSponsor a PageSponsored PagesTop Available PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
The most common minerals on earthMineral PhotographyThe Elements and their Minerals
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralSearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsMember ListBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Lavendulan

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Formula:
NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O
Colour:
Turquoise-blue, greenish blue, pale blue
Lustre:
Vitreous, Waxy
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.54
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named after the lavender colour of the "type" specimen, which has been determined to be a mixture with no relationship to modern lavendulan (Ondruš et al., 2006). Lavendulan does not exhibit a lavender colour.
Dimorph of:
Isostructural with:
Lavendulan Group.

A polymorph of Lemanskiite, the Ca analogue of Zdenekite and the arsenate analogue of Sampleite.

Compare also the chemically and visually similar Mahnertite.

Data regarding this species have been significantly defined in recent years [see Ondruš et al. (2006) and the crystal structure determination by Giester et al. (2007)], including a re-examination of Breithaupt's type specimen. That effort disclosed that the "type specimen" of lavendulan was a mixture unrelated to present-day lavendulan. The second locality from which "lavendulan" was found is Jachymov (Joachimsthal), Czech Republic; therefore, the type locality of the species was changed to the latter locality, pending any formal declarations to the contrary.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of LavendulanHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.DG.05

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
D : Phosphates, etc. with additional anions, with H2O
G : With large and medium-sized cations, (OH, etc.):RO4< 0.5:1
42.9.4.2

42 : HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
9 : (AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
22.2.2

22 : Phosphates, Arsenates or Vanadates with other Anions
2 : Phosphates, arsenates or vanadates with chloride

Physical Properties of LavendulanHide

Vitreous, Waxy
Transparency:
Translucent
Comment:
Satinly in aggregates
Colour:
Turquoise-blue, greenish blue, pale blue
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
Good on {010}
Distinct on {100} {001}
Density:
3.54 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.597 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of LavendulanHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.660 nβ = 1.715 nγ = 1.734
2V:
Measured: 33° , Calculated: 58°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.074
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
High
Dispersion:
weak
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
O= pale blue to pale greenish blue
E= blue to greenish blue

Chemical Properties of LavendulanHide

Formula:
NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2O

Crystallography of LavendulanHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.011 Å, b = 19.478 Å, c = 10.056 Å
β = 90.37°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.514 : 1 : 0.516
Unit Cell V:
1960.8 ų
Z:
4
Morphology:
Thin rectangular, pseudo-orthorhombic plates.
Twinning:
Commmon.
Comment:
Space group P21/n. Pseudo-orthorhombic metrics.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
9.716 (100)
7.084 (5)
6.970 (5)
5.003 (7)
4.865 (16)
4.449 (7)
4.371 (5)
3.243 (4)
3.156 (6)
3.110 (9)
3.082 (5)
2.968 (9)
2.752 (7)
2.668 (4)
2.513 (5)
2.482 (5)
(
Comments:
From ICDD-PDF no. 49-1857 (based on crystal structure).

Type Occurrence of LavendulanHide

Synonyms of LavendulanHide

Other Language Names for LavendulanHide

Varieties of LavendulanHide

ZinclavendulanZn-bearing lavendulan (originally thought to be the Zn-dominant analogue of lavendulan).
Modern reinvestigation desirable.

First reported from Tsumeb Mine (Tsumcorp Mine), Tsumeb, Otjikoto (Oshikoto) Region, Namibia.

Relationship of Lavendulan to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
ZdenĕkiteNaPbCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
Forms a series with:

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Conichalcite23 photos of Lavendulan associated with Conichalcite on mindat.org.
Azurite18 photos of Lavendulan associated with Azurite on mindat.org.
Lammerite15 photos of Lavendulan associated with Lammerite on mindat.org.
Olivenite13 photos of Lavendulan associated with Olivenite on mindat.org.
Cyanotrichite10 photos of Lavendulan associated with Cyanotrichite on mindat.org.
Ondrušite8 photos of Lavendulan associated with Ondrušite on mindat.org.
Mansfieldite8 photos of Lavendulan associated with Mansfieldite on mindat.org.
Erythrite8 photos of Lavendulan associated with Erythrite on mindat.org.
Magnesiokoritnigite7 photos of Lavendulan associated with Magnesiokoritnigite on mindat.org.
Arsenocrandallite6 photos of Lavendulan associated with Arsenocrandallite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.DG.05SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
8.DG.05ShubnikoviteCa2Cu8(AsO4)6(OH)Cl · 7H2O
8.DG.05ZdenĕkiteNaPbCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.DG.05LemanskiiteNaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2OTet. 4 2 2 : P41 2 2

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

42.9.4.1SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
42.9.4.3ZdenĕkiteNaPbCu5(AsO4)4Cl · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

22.2.1SampleiteNaCaCu5(PO4)4Cl · 5H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Cmmm
22.2.3ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
22.2.4TurneaureiteCa5(AsO4)3ClHex.
22.2.5ShubnikoviteCa2Cu8(AsO4)6(OH)Cl · 7H2O
22.2.6RichelsdorfiteCa2Cu5Sb(AsO4)4(OH)6Cl · 6H2OMon. 2/m
22.2.7AlforsiteBa5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
22.2.8MorelanditeCa2Ba3(AsO4)3Cl
22.2.9PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
22.2.10MimetitePb5(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
22.2.11Mimetite-MPb5(AsO4)3ClMon. 2/m : P21/b
22.2.12SahlinitePb14(AsO4)2O9Cl4Mon.
22.2.13GeorgiadèsitePb4(AsO3)Cl4(OH)Mon.
22.2.14VanadinitePb5(VO4)3ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
22.2.15KombatitePb14(VO4)2O9Cl4Mon.
22.2.16LeningraditePbCu3(VO4)2ClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ibam
22.2.17HedyphaneCa2Pb3(AsO4)3ClHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
22.2.18NealitePb4Fe2+(As3+O3)2Cl4 · 2H2OTric. 1 : P1

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for LavendulanHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Breithaupt, A. (1837) Bestimmung neuer Mineralien. 3. Lavendulan. Journal für praktische Chemie: 10: 505-506.
Goldsmith, E. (1877) On lavendulite from Chile, S.A. Proceedings of the Academy of Sciences Philadelphia: 192-193.
Foshag, W.F. (1924) Note on lavendulan from Joachimstal, Bohemia. American Mineralogist: 9: 29-30.
Foshag, W.F. (1924) Freirinite: A new mineral species. American Mineralogist: 9: 30-31. (as freirinite).
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 750-751, 920-921. (as freirinite).
Guillemin, G. (1956) Contribution à la minéralogie des arséniates, phosphates et vanadates de cuivre. I. Arséniates de cuivre. Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie: 79: 7-95.
Fleischer, M. (1957) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 42: 117-124.
Strunz, H. (1959) Tsumeb, seine Erze und Sekundärmineralien, insbesondere der neu aufgeschlossenen zweiten Oxydationszone. Fortschritte der Mineralogie: 37: 87-90.
Ondruš, P., Veselovský, F, Sejkora, J., Skála, R., Pažout, R., Frýda, J., Gabašová, A., and Vajdak, J. (2006) Lemanskiite, NaCaCu5(AsO4)4Cl•5H2O, a new mineral species from the Abundancia mine, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist: 44: 523-531. (type specimen data).
Frost, R.L., Weier, M.L., Williams, P.A., Leverett, P., and Kloprogge, J.T. (2007) Raman spectroscopy of the sampleite group of minerals. Journal of Raman Spectroscopy: 38: 574-583.
Giester, G., Kolitsch, U., Leverett, P., Turner, P., and Williams, P.A. (2007) The crystal structures of lavendulan, sampleite, and a new polymorph of sampleite. European Journal of Mineralogy: 19: 75-93.

Internet Links for LavendulanHide

Localities for LavendulanHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Antofagasta de la Sierra department
      • Antofagasta de la Sierra
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
  • Salta
    • Guachipas department
      • Alemania
Sureda, R.J., Galliski, M.A., Gorustovich, S.A. Los minerales de uranio y cobre en la manifestacion nuclear Cajoncillo, provincia de Salta. 9 Congreso Geologico Argentino, 7: 407-417 1984.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
    • Cloncurry Shire
      • Selwyn District
[UKJMM 19:24]
  • South Australia
    • Mt Lofty Ranges
      • South Mt Lofty Ranges (Adelaide Hills)
        • Callington
Noble, R. J., Just, J. and Johnson, J. E. (1983): Catalogue of South Australian Minerals - 1983. South Australia Department of Mines and Energy Handbook 7, 244 pp.; Uwe Kolitsch collection
        • Clarendon
Kolitsch, U. and Elliott, P. (1999): Mineralogy of the Mount Malvern Mine near Clarendon, South Australia. Australian J. Mineral. 5, 3-17.
    • Olary Province
      • Boolcoomatta Reserve (Boolcoomata Station; Boolcoomatta)
Kleeman, A.W. and Milnes, A.R. (1973): Phosphorian lavendulan from Dome Rock mine, South Australia. Transactions of the Royal Society of South Australia: 97: 135-137.; Vera Munro-Smith (2006) Cobalt Mineralisation in Selected Australian Deposits. PhD thesis, University of Western Sydney.
      • Kalabity homestead area
Jack Leach collection & Museum of Victoria
    • Stuart Shelf
      • Roxby Downs
South Australian Museum collection
  • Victoria
    • Loddon Shire
No reference listed
  • Western Australia
    • Ashburton Shire
Nickel, E.H., Gartrell, B.J. (1993) Secondary Minerals of Ashburton Downs Western Australia, Mineralogical Record (May-June 1993) 24:3: 203-218.
Mineralogical Record 24,203-216,218.
Ashburtonite, a new bicarbonate-silicate mineral from Ashburton Downs; J.D. Grice, E.H. Nickel, R.A. Gault; American Mineralogist, Vol 76, 001701-1707, 1991
    • Coolgardie Shire
      • Widgiemooltha
Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
    • Ravensthorpe Shire
      • Kundip
P Haas and RD Green collections
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Kreuzeck group
      • Oberdrauburg
        • Zwickenberg
          • Fundkofel
Brandstätter, F., Niedermayr, G. & Walter, F. (2009): 1575: Ein bisher noch nicht klar zuordenbares Cu-Arsenat aus dem Goldvorkommen am Fundkofel bei Oberdrauburg, Kärnten. In: Niedermayr, G. et al. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LVIII. Carinthia II, 199/119, 198-199.
  • Salzburg
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
            • Vogel Alp
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Bolivia
 
  • La Paz Department
    • Aroma Province
      • Laurani District
J.Coordination Chemistry 61,15-29(2008); Paar, W. H., Cooper, M. A., Hawthorne, F. C., Moffatt, E., Gunter, M. E., Roberts, A. C., & Dunn, P. J. (2009). Braithwaiteite, NaCu5 (TiSb) O2 (AsO4) 4 [AsO3 (OH)] 2 (H2O) 8, a new mineral species from Laurani, Bolivia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 47(4), 947-952.
Canada
 
  • Nova Scotia
    • Hants Co.
      • Walton
Canadian Mineralogist 9, 718; Transactions of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy and the Mining Society of Nova Scotia , Volume 69 p398
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
      • Santa Catalina
        • Guanaco (Huanaco)
U. Kolitsch collection (SXRD analysed); IMA submission #037-99, Dr. F. Veselovsky, Czech Geol. Survey; Clissold, M. E. (2007) Aspects of the Supergene Geochemistry of Copper, Nickel and Bismuth. PhD Thesis University of Sydney, Australia 162pp.
In the collection of Brent Thorne
      • Sierra Gorda District
        • Caracoles
http://www.mindat.org/picshow.php?id=47147 (questionable)
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany
    • Tocopilla Province
Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.
  • Atacama Region
    • Copiapó Province
      • Tierra Amarilla
        • Pampa Larga district
Samples analysed by Tony Kampf of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA; Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Housley, R. M., Rossman, G. R., Nash, B. P., Dini, M., & Jenkins, R. A. (2013). Joteite, Ca2CuAl [AsO4][AsO3 (OH)] 2 (OH) 2· 5H2O, a new arsenate with a sheet structure and unconnected acid arsenate groups. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(6), 2811-2823.; Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., Nash, B. P., Dini, M., & Molina Donoso, A. A. (2015). Tapiaite, Ca5Al2 (AsO4) 4 (OH) 4· 12H2O, a new mineral from the Jote mine, Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 79(2), 345-354.
Yang, H., Jenkins, R.A., Downs, R.T., Evans, S.H., Tait, K.T. (2011): Rruffite, Ca2Cu(AsO4)2·2H2O,a new member of the roselite group, from Tierra Amarilla, Chile. Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 877-884
maurizio dini collection - quantitative analysis
    • Huasco Province
      • Freirina
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 921; Josef Vajdak (2002) Mineral News, 18, #1, 6.
  • Tarapacá Region
    • El Tamarugal Province
      • Salar Grande
Kampf, A.R., Nash, B.P., Dini, M., Molina Donoso, A.A. (2013): Magnesiokoritnigite, Mg(AsO3OH)•H2O, from the Torrecillas mine, Iquique Province, Chile: the Mg-analogue of koritnigite. Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3081-3092.
Czech Republic (TL)
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 751.
Lapis (2002): 7/8: 54.
            • Rovnost Mine (Werner Mine)
Brent Thorne specimen with hlousekite.
Lapis 2002(7/8), 54
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Carcassonne
        • Mas-Cabardès
          • Salsigne
Pelison P., Descouens D. (1987), Présence de minéraux de néoformation dans les scories de l'ancienne usine de Villagnère (Aude), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 6-10
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
[Le Règne Minéral 1997, 13, p.5-18]
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Var
      • Le Pradet
[UKJMM 2:11-15 "Cap Gronne Secondary Copper and Lead - W.R. van den Berg"]
Georges FAVREAU and CLAUDE Jean-Marie collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Alpirsbach
        • Reinerzau District
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Baden-Baden
        • Müllenbach U deposit
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schiltach
        • Stammelbach valley
[Lapis 1992, 11, p.13-20]
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German); Blaß, G. & Draxler, V. (2015): Babánekit, ein Erstfund für die Grube Clara im Schwarzwald. Mineralien-Welt 26 (6), 16-19.
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Fichtelgebirge
        • Weißenstadt
          • Rudolfstein
Meier, S. & Dünkel, B. (2010): Das Zinn- und Uranbergwerk am Rudolfstein bei Weißenstadt, Fichtelgebirge. Lapis 35 (2), 29-37; 54.
      • Spessart
        • Aschaffenburg
          • Dörrmorsbach
A. Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", Schweizerbart (Stuttgart), 2001
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Bad Lauterberg
J. Gröbner: Neufunde aus den Bergbaurevieren St. Andreasberg, Bad Lauterberg und von Oberschulenberg im Harz, MINERALIEN-WELT 18 (2007), 43-51.
Gröbner, J. & Kloss, D. (2010): Neufunde von der Grube Wolkenhügel bei Bad Lauterberg im Harz. Lapis 35 (1), 39-41; 62.
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Beerberg
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Eifel
      • Düren
        • Untermaubach
Graf, HW., (1992):Fundstellen und Mineralien in de Nordeifel (Teil 1+2), MineralienWelt 1/1992, 3/1992
      • Mechernich
        • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31. [in fact sampleite]
    • Niederberg area
      • Heiligenhaus
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988): Der Niederbergische Erzbezirk des Werdener Bergreviers in Nordrhein-Westfalen. Lapis 13(1): 11-35
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Adenau
        • Antweiler
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Lahn valley
      • Bad Ems District
        • Frücht
Möhn, G., Frohwein, J. & Blaß, G. (2009): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Friedrichssegen bei Bad Ems. Lapis 34 (5), 35-40; 58.
    • Palatinate
      • Winnweiler
        • Imsbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Annaberg District
        • Annaberg-Buchholz
          • Frohnau
            • Schreckenberg
              • König David samt Galiläische Wirtschaft Mine
A. Breithaupt (1837): Bestimmung neuer Mineralien. 3. Lavendulan.- Journal für praktische Chemie 10, 505-506
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Marienberg District
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
        • Wolkenstein
Lapis, Jg 33 (2008), No.9, pag 26-27.
      • Schneeberg District
        • Neustädtel
J. Gröbner, U. Kolitsch: Lapis 30(7/8):71-73 (2005)
  • Thuringia
    • Saalfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
          • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
Elbin, K. & Wendel, W. (1996): Lavendulan aus Lavrion. Lapis, 21 (11), 42-43; 62; Hanke, H. (1998): Laurion - ein Rückblick auf die Funde der letzten drei Jahre. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (2), 37-45.
            • Hilarion area
Elbin, K. and Wendel, W. (1996): Lavendulan aus Laurion. lapis: 21(11): 42-43.
Simone Citon specimen
        • Plaka
          • Villia
Lapis, 28/5 (May 2003)
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Rewitzer, C., Standfuss, L. & Standfuss, K. (1988): Weitere Neufunde aus Lavrions antiken Schlacken. Lapis 13 (2), 11-14.
        • Sounion area
Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude etc.
        • Vrissaki area
No reference listed
Hungary
 
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
  • Fejér Co.
    • Velencei Mts
      • Lovasberény
        • Meleg Hill
HOM Collection,Szakáll S.,2010
Iran
 
  • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
    • Nain County (Nayin County)
      • Anarak District
Collection of NHM, Vienna
Bariand, P., Bachet, B., Brassy, C., Medenbach, O., Deliens, M., Vautier, R., & Piret, P. (1993) A New Uranium Mineral from the Talmessi Mine, Iran, and Rabejac, France. Mineralogical Record: 24: 463-467
Ireland
 
  • Co. Kerry
    • Killarney
S. MORETON, P. DAVIDSON, D. I. GREEN and G. RYBACK (1999) Unusual Supergene Minerals at Muckross Mine, Killarney, Co. Kerry. Irish Journal of Earth Sciences 17:19-24
  • Co. Mayo
S. Burchmore Collection
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Monard
  • Co. Waterford
No reference listed
Italy
 
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Ne
[MinRec 32:360]
          • Reppia
Redazione (2005): Sistematica ligure: resoconto 2005. Notiziario di Mineralogia Ferrania Club, 19, 3-5.
    • La Spezia Province
      • Rocchetta Vara
- Balestra C. (preliminary EDS analysis). - Bracco, R. and Balestra, C. (2014): La miniera di Monte Nero, Rocchetta Vara, La Spezia, Liguria: minerali classici e novità. Micro, 12, 1, 2-28.
    • Savona Province
      • Murialdo
        • Pastori
M.E. Ciriotti Probed 2005
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 192 pp.
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Furtei
Sergio Mascia finding
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Brizzi, G., Olmi, F., Sabelli, C. (1994): Gli arseniati di Pira Inferida, Gonnofanadiga (CA). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 17, 3 (3-1994), 193-206.
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 239 pp.
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 239 pp.
  • Tuscany
    • Massa-Carrara Province
      • Apuan Alps
Orlandi P., Franzini M., 1994. I minerali del marmo di Carrara. Amilcare Pizzi S.p.A., Milano. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp.
Orlandi P., Criscuolo A. (2009): Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Parco delle Alpi Apuane - Pacini Editore, Ospedaletto-Pisa, Italy, 180 pp.
        • Massa
Olmi F., Orlandi P., Passarino G.(1994) : Mushistonite e lavendulano di Carrara. Riv. Min. Ital., 4, 348-350. ; Orlandi, P. & Criscuolo, A. (2009). Minerali del marmo delle Alpi Apuane. Pacini editore, Pisa, 180 pp
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Djebel Saghro (Jbel Saghro)
        • Imiter District
Barral, J.-P., Favreau, G. and Lheur, C. (2008). La mine d'argent d'Imiter (Maroc) - Géologie, histoire exploitation et description des espèces minérales. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs 3/2008, 1-110. (in French)
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azzer District (Bou Azer District)
          • Aghbar
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Agoudal
Tomasz Praszkier (2010) Lapis, 35, #11, 29-31.
          • Bou Azer
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Ightem
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Khder
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Méchoui
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Oumlil
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Tamdrost
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Marques de Sá, J. & Leal Gomes, C. (2010): Les mines de cuivre et nickel de Palhal et Telhadela, Albergaria-a-Velha, Aveiro, Portugal. Le Règne Minéral, 92, 36-47.
  • Évora District
    • Montemor-o-Novo
      • Silveiras
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Almería
      • Huércal-Overa
        • Cuesta Alta
          • Cerro Minado Mines
FAVREAU et al. (2013)
      • Níjar
        • Rodalquilar
          • Cerro de los Guardias
Christiane & Jean-Robert EYTIER collection
S.Rust collection
  • Aragón
    • Zaragoza
      • Alpartir
Calvo, M. (2008). Minerales de Aragón. Prames,Zaragoza. 463 pags.
  • Catalonia
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • El Pallars Jussà
        • La Vall Fosca
          • La Torre de Cabdella (La Torre de Capdella)
            • Castell-estaó
Joan Abella i Creus and Joan Viñals i Olià (2012) NUEVOS MINERALES DE LA “MINA EUREKA”: METAMUNIRITA, SCHRÖCKINGERITA, BOLTWOODITA Y GORDAITA, CASTELL-ESTAÓ, LA TORRE DE CABDELLA, LLEIDA, ESPAÑA. - http://mineralsabella.blogspot.com.es/2012/06/nuevos-minerales-de-la-mina-eureka.html
    • Tarragona
      • Conca de Barberà
        • Vimbodí
Viñals, J.,Bareche,E.y Coca, J. (1990) Mines de Catalunya, Vimbodí (II).Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 4, 213-227.
      • Priorat
        • El Molar
Xavi Ortiz Collection
  • Murcia
    • Lorca
      • Ramonete
MinRec-2003-0708-315
    • Mazarrón
      • Pastrana
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Sion (Sitten)
      • Granges
Le Règne Minéral, 44, p15-21
    • Turtmann Valley
      • Blüomatttälli
Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • St Agnes District
        • Perranzabuloe
          • Perranporth
            • Cligga Head
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 37 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
      • St Just
        • Botallack
[Journal of the Russell Society, 6(1), 17-26 (1995)]
Steve Rust collection
      • Wadebridge District
        • St Minver
          • Polzeath
[Golley & Williams, 1995, 37 - "Cornish Mineral Reference Manual"]
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
    • Devon
      • East Devon
        • Budleigh Salterton
Embrey, P.G. (1978) Fourth supplementary list of British Minerals. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 42, n° 322, 169-177.; Braithwaite, R.S.W. and Knight, J.R. (1990) Rare minerals, including several new to Britain, in supergene alteration of U-Cu-As-Bi-Co mineralisation near Dalbeattie, South Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374, 129-131.; Kemp, A.J., Palmer, M.R., and Ragnarsdottir, K.V. (1994) The uranium-thorium and rare earth element geochemistry of reduction nodules from Budleigh Salterton, Devon. Proceedings of the Ussher Society, Volume 8, Part 3, 214-218.; Minerals of the World MSN community message board;
      • North Devon
        • Lynton
Paul Render
    • Leicestershire
      • Leicester
BMS Database
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries & Galloway
Braithwaite, R.S.W. and Knight, J.R. (1990) Rare Minerals, Including Several New to Britain, in Supergene Alteration of U-Cu-As-Bi-Co Mineralisation Near Dalbeattie, South Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 54, n° 374: 129-131.
BMS Database
BMS Database
      • Needle's Eye
BMS Database; R. S. W. Braithwaite and J. R. Knight (1990) Rare Minerals, Including Several New to Britain, in Supergene Alteration of U-Cu-As-Bi-Co Mineralisation Near Dalbeattie, South Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine 54:129-131.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Tonopah
            • Belmont Mountain
              • Tiger Wash
Raman analyzed at the University of Arizona.
  • Michigan
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Mohawk
[Mineralogical Record - Vol 23 No. 2]
  • Nevada
    • Churchill Co.
      • Table Mountain District
        • Cottonwood Canyon
          • Bolivia
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Truckee District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Esmeralda Co.
      • Weepah District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Lincoln Co.
      • Silver King District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
Jensen, M. (1993): Update on the mineralogy of the Majuba Hill mine, Pershing County. Mineralogical Record. 24, 171-180.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Nickischer, Tont and Feinglos, Mark, Mineral News, 2014, Picking Table 2014
  • Utah
    • Juab Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
        • Tintic District
          • Mammoth
Collected by Brent Thorne
    • San Juan Co.
      • Big Indian District (Big Indian Wash - Lisbon Valley Area)
Min News 10:12 p5
    • Tooele Co.
      • Deep Creek Mts
        • Gold Hill District (Clifton District)
          • Gold Hill
Kokinos, M. and Wise, W.S. (1993), Famous Mineral Localities: the Gold Hill mine, Tooele County, Utah. Mineralogical Record: 24(1): 11-22.
collected by Brent Thorne; Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22 (mine in general).
Collected by Robert Meyer.
Min Rec 24:1 pp11-22
Zimbabwe
 
  • Mashonaland West
    • Kadoma District
Vetter, U., Weck, H.-D., Weale, T., Klosa, D., Wittich, C. and Hoffmann, K. (1999): A provisional inventory of the Sanyati oxide-zone minerals, Zimbabwe. Z. Angew. Geol. 45, 15-21.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2017, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: November 22, 2017 03:47:03 Page generated: November 21, 2017 14:08:30
Go to top of page