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Brianyoungite

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Formula:
Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Ratio CO3:SO4 ~ 3:1.
Colour:
White, colourless
Lustre:
Vitreous
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Specific Gravity:
3.93 - 4.09
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
For Brian Young (b. 1947), British Geological Survey.
A secondary zinc carbonate-sulphate visually similar to hydrozincite.

NOTE: The formula shown (automatically taken from the IMA list and not editable by managers) is incorrect - the mineral contains essential sulphate.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of BrianyoungiteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1991
5/C.01-105
5.BF.30

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
F : With (Cl), SO4, PO4, TeO3

Physical Properties of BrianyoungiteHide

Vitreous
Transparency:
Translucent
Colour:
White, colourless
Streak:
White
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
Density:
3.93 - 4.09 g/cm3 (Measured)    4.11 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of BrianyoungiteHide

Type:
Biaxial
RI values:
nα = 1.635 nβ = 1.650
Max Birefringence:
δ = 1.635
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v
Comments:
gamma and 2V not determined.

Chemical Properties of BrianyoungiteHide

Formula:
Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4

Ratio CO3:SO4 ~ 3:1.
IMA Formula:
Zn3CO3(OH)4

Crystallography of BrianyoungiteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/m
Cell Parameters:
a = 15.724 Å, b = 6.256 Å, c = 5.427 Å
β = 90°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 2.513 : 1 : 0.867
Unit Cell V:
533.85 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Thin tapering blades elongated along [001]; crystals intergrown to form rosettes.
Comment:
Crystal structure unknown; monoclinic or orthorhombic - space group assumed to be either P21/m, P21 or P2221.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
15.44 (100)
7.88 (100)
5.25 (20)
2.714 (40)
2.577 (20)
2.397 (20)
1.565 (30b)

Type Occurrence of BrianyoungiteHide

Synonyms of BrianyoungiteHide

Other Language Names for BrianyoungiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Sphalerite8 photos of Brianyoungite associated with Sphalerite on mindat.org.
Serpierite4 photos of Brianyoungite associated with Serpierite on mindat.org.
Bechererite3 photos of Brianyoungite associated with Bechererite on mindat.org.
Sulphur3 photos of Brianyoungite associated with Sulphur on mindat.org.
Pyrite2 photos of Brianyoungite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Ankerite2 photos of Brianyoungite associated with Ankerite on mindat.org.
Gypsum2 photos of Brianyoungite associated with Gypsum on mindat.org.
Cerussite1 photo of Brianyoungite associated with Cerussite on mindat.org.
Calcite1 photo of Brianyoungite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Quartz1 photo of Brianyoungite associated with Quartz on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BF.05FerrotychiteNa6(Fe,Mn,Mg)2(CO3)4(SO4)
5.BF.05ManganotychiteNa6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)
5.BF.05NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2ClIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
5.BF.05TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
5.BF.10BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BF.10BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.10CrawforditeNa3Sr(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.10SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.15Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2xTrig.
5.BF.20Reederite-(Y)(Na,Mn)15Y2(CO3)9(FSO3)ClHex. 6 : P6
5.BF.25Mineevite-(Y)Na25Ba(Y,Gd,Dy)2(CO3)11(HCO3)4(SO4)2F2ClHex.
5.BF.35PhilolithitePb12Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)4(CO3)4(SO4)O6(OH)12Cl4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
5.BF.40LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.BF.40MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.BF.40SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Trig. 3 : P3

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for BrianyoungiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
New Mins. (1997), New Minerals 1990-1994.
Livingstone, A. and Champness, P. E. (1993): Brianyoungite, a new mineral related to hydrozincite, from the north of England orefield. Mineralogical Magazine: 57, 665-670.
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1994): Brianyoungit, ein neues basisches Zink-Carbonat. Teil I: Sieben Fundstellen in Westdeutschland. Lapis, 19 (5), 24-27 (in German).
Witzke, T. (1994): Brianyoungit, ein neues basisches Zink-Carbonat. Teil II: Sechs Fundstellen in Ostdeutschland.- Lapis 19(5), 28 (in German).
Ray L. Frost, Andrés López, Lina Wang, Ricardo Scholz, Ney Pinheiro Sampaio (2015): SEM, EDX and Raman and infrared spectroscopic study of brianyoungite Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4 from Esperanza Mine, Laurion District, Greece. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 149, 279-284.

Internet Links for BrianyoungiteHide

Localities for BrianyoungiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
BIRCH, W.D. (ed.). 1999. Minerals of Broken Hill
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
BIRCH, W.D. (ed.). 1999. Minerals of Broken Hill
Austria
 
  • Lower Austria
    • Waldviertel
      • Geras
        • Kottaun
Kolitsch, U. (2015): 1938) Almandin, Anglesit, Bechererit(?), Brianyoungit, Chamosit, Fluorapatit, Ilmenit, Kassiterit, Segnitit, Stannit und Zirkon vom Arzberg bei Kottaun, Geras im Waldviertel, Niederösterreich. P. 250 in Niedermayr, G. et al. (2015): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXIV. Carinthia II, 205./125., 207-280.
  • Styria
    • Murau
      • Teufenbach
Gröbner, J. & Kolitsch, U. (2007)
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Inn valley
        • Brixlegg - Schwaz area
          • Brixlegg - Rattenberg
            • Geyer - Silberberg District
              • Silberberg
R. Poeverlein and J. Gröbner (2007): "Der Bergbau Geyer bei Rattenberg in Tirol und seine Mineralien", Lapis 32(2), 34-38.
Der Aufschluß (2006)
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district
        • Kelmis (La Calamine)
Handbook of Mineralogy
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram
        • Březové Hory ore region (Birkenberg)
          • Černojamské deposit (Black pits deposit)
C.Auer (2016)
RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Zlaté Hory (Zuckmantel)
Pauliš, P. (2012), Neues Mineral Fund in den mährischen und schlesischen mineralogische Fundstellen Kutná Hora: Kuttna.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Haute-Loire
      • Pinols
        • Pinols
http://micromineral.geoglob-market.com/catalogue/
  • Grand Est
    • Bas-Rhin
      • Lembach
Handbook of Mineralogy
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
Raman Spectroscopy by Ivano Rocchetti
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Aveyron
      • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Gard
      • Saint-Laurent-le-Minier
        • Les Malines District
Collected and XRD analysed by Michel Blondieau
    • Haute-Garonne
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)"
    • Hautes-Pyrénées
      • Aure Valley
Patrice Queneau Collection
Germany
 
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
No reference listed
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
        • Grane Reservoir
No reference listed
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Oder valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Bergisches Land
      • Engelskirchen
        • Loope
Habel, B. & Linder, R. (2009): Die Grube "Castor" bei Loope und ihre Mineralien. Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 10-23
    • Sauerland
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Bender/Marl, D. & Krimmelbein/Altena, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.; https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Nordrhein-Westfalen/Arnsberg%2C%20Bezirk/M%E4rkischer%20Kreis/Iserlohn/Letmathe/Genna%20Zinkh%FCtte
      • Meschede
        • Ramsbeck
No reference listed
Mineralogical Magazine:57:665-670.
    • Siegerland
      • Eiserfeld
        • Kohlenbach Valley
Henrich, M. (2009): Mineralien-Welt 20 (5), 14-27.
      • Müsen
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Der Aufschluss 2000(2), 71-123
      • Niederschelden
Heinrich, M. & Reinhardt, M. (2011): Die Mineralien der Kobaltgrube "Alte Buntekuh" bei Niederschelden im Siegerland. Mineralien Welt. 22 (3): 14-27; SCHNORRER, G. (1995): Mineralogische Neuheiten von bekannten deutschen Fundorten. Lapis 20 (12), 43-48; 62.
      • Wilnsdorf
Lapis, 19 (5), 24 and Mineralien-Welt 17, (4), 36-37; Mineralien-Welt 20 (3), 24-26
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Hunsrück
      • Thalfang
        • Etgert
http://www.mineralienfreunde-der-pfalz.de/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=1625&Itemid=214
    • Lahn valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Siegerland
      • Niederfischbach
        • Niederndorf
Henrich, J. M. (2007: Die Mineralien der Grube Fürst Moritz bei Niederndorf. Mineralien-Welt 18 (4), 20-26. (in German)
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Wernigerode
        • Hasserode
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Annaberg District
        • Königswalde
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2006): Neufunde aus dem Erzgebirge (II). Mineralien-Welt 17 (3), 22-27.
      • Breitenbrunn District
        • Breitenbrunn
T. Witzke (1994): Brianyoungit, ein neues basisches Zink-Carbonat. Teil II: Sechs Fundstellen in Ostdeutschland.- Lapis 19, 5, 28
      • Freiberg District
        • Brand-Erbisdorf
XRD analysis (T. Witzke)
Thomas Witzke specimen, Photo ID: 12156
        • Freiberg
          • Himmelfahrt Mine
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Marienberg District
        • Wolkenstein
Haake, R., Flach, S., Bode, R. (1994): Mineralien und Fundstellen Deutschland, Teil 2, S.71-75.
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Grünhain-Beierfeld
          • Beierfeld
T. Witzke (1994): Brianyoungit, ein neues basisches Zink-Carbonat. Teil II: Sechs Fundstellen in Ostdeutschland.- Lapis 19, 5, 28; [MinRec 30:203]
        • Pöhla
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
No reference listed
J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German); Ray L. Frost, Andrés López, Lina Wang, Ricardo Scholz, Ney Pinheiro Sampaio (2015): SEM, EDX and Raman and infrared spectroscopic study of brianyoungite Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4 from Esperanza Mine, Laurion District, Greece. Spectrochimica Acta Part A: Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy, 149, 279-284.
        • Sounion area
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999); J. Gröbner und U. Kolitsch (2002): Neufunde von Laurion aus den Jahren 2001 und 2002. Aufschluss 53 (5-6), 363-371.
Italy
 
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Léssolo
          • Cálea
- Brizio, P., Bittarello, E., Miletto, V., Tagliante, C., Ambrino, P., Ciriotti, M.E. (2016). Brianyoungite della miniera di Brosso, Torino. Micro (2016), 14, 33-36
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Nuxis
"Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)": The specimen is identical to brianyoungite of the near San Pietro mine (Nuxis), analysed by Raman spettroscopy.
        • Tamara Mt.
IR analysis at Zannato Museum of Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza)
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Bolzano Province (South Tyrol)
      • Isarco Valley (Eisack Valley)
        • Ridanna Valley (Ridnaun Valley)
Giorgio Bortolozzi collection (Raman spectroscopic analysis by Ivano Rocchetti)
    • Trento Province
      • Mocheni Valley
        • Palù del Fersina
Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)
      • Valsugana
        • Roncegno
-Bortolozzi G., Blass G., Boscardin M., Rocchetti I. and Ferretti P. (2013): La Miniera di Cinquevalli (Valsugana, Trentino-Alto Adige): aggiornamento sulle specie accertate negli ultimi anni. Studi Trent. Sci. Nat., 93, pagg. 149-165.
  • Veneto
    • Vicenza Province
      • Torrebelvicino
        • Mercanti Valley
          • Monte Trisa Mines
- Boscardin M.,Daleffe A.,Rocchetti I., Zordan A. (2011) " Minerali del Vicentino - Aggiornamenti, località e nuove determinazioni " Museo di Archeologia e Scienze Naturali “G. Zannato” – Montecchio Maggiore (Vicenza), pp.183
        • Monte Naro
          • Monte Naro - Riolo Valley side
            • Contrada Trentini
XRD analysis at Euratom of Ispra (Varese) (IR confirmation)
Japan
 
  • Honshu Island
    • Chubu Region
      • Niigata Prefecture
        • Uonuma City
Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Kinki Region
      • Osaka Prefecture
        • Minoh (Minoo)
          • Onsen-cho
Chigaku-Kenkyu 50:137-159 (2001)
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
[mineralmining.com - pers comm.]
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
Raade, G.(1995): Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseums Skrift. 9, 18-26
    • Lier
      • Lierskogen
Knut Eldjarn collection
    • Modum
      • Åmot
Raade,G.(1995): "Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway".Bergverksmuseet Skrift nr 9, 18-26
  • Oppland
    • Lunner
      • Grua
        • Grua Mining District
Knut Eldjarn
Raade,G.(1995): "Secondary Zn and Cu minerals from contact deposits of the Oslo region, Norway".Bergverksmuseet Skrift nr 9, 18-26
Portugal
 
  • Vila Real District
    • Sabrosa
      • Souto Maior
Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD confirmed
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
      • Ochtiná (Achten)
Martin Števko-unpublished, PXRD confirmed
  • Trenčín Region
    • Prievidza Co.
Števko M., Gramblička R., Malíková R., 2015: Nové údaje o supergénnych mineráloch z polymetalického ložiska Čavoj, Strážovské vrchy (Slovenská republika). Bull. mineral.-petrolog. Odd. Nár. Muz. (Praha) 23, 1, 63-74. (in Slovak with English abstract)
Slovenia
 
  • Radlje ob Dravi (Mahrenberg)
- Žorž, Z., Moser, B. (2002): Remšnik - zgodovina, geologija, minerali / Geschichte, Geologie, Mineralien. Ravne na Koroškem: Voranc, 2002 (In Slovenian and German language)
South Africa
 
  • Gauteng Province
    • Pretoria District (Tshwane District)
Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Spain
 
  • Murcia
    • Cartagena
      • Sierra Minera de Cartagena-La Unión
        • Llano del Beal
Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp.
UK (TL)
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Alston Moor District
        • Nenthead
Mineralogical Magazine(1993) 57, 665-670; BMS Collection
Mineralogical Magazine: 57:665-670.
      • Caldbeck Fells
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006; Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
Journal of The Russell Society, Volume 9, 2006
      • City of Carlisle District
        • Tindale (Tindale Fell)
Braithwaite, R.S.W., Lamb, R.P.H. and Nattrass, A.L. (2006): Secondary species associated with weathering of industrial residues at Tindale Fell Spelter Works, Cumbria. Journal of the Russell Society 9, 61-64.; Norman Wilson collection
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Bontgoch (Elerch)
Russell Society Journal No8
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Pontrhydygroes
Journal of the Russell Society No 8.
USA
 
  • California
    • Inyo Co.
      • Inyo Mts (Inyo Range)
        • Malpais Mesa
Kampf, A. R., Mills, S. J., & Nash, B. P. (2016). PREPUBLICATION: Pauladamsite, Cu4 (SeO3)(SO4)(OH) 4· 2H2O, a new mineral from the Santa Rosa mine, Darwin district, California, USA. Mineralogical Magazine.; Paul M. Adams (2017) The Santa Rosa mine, Inyo County, California. Minerlogical Record 48:755-777
  • Illinois
    • Vermilion Co.
      • Danville
        • Hegeler
Piatak, N. M. & Seal, R. R., II (2010): Mineralogy and the release of trace elements from slag from the Hegeler Zinc smelter, Illinois (USA). Applied Geochemistry, 25, 302-320.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
          • Franklin Mine
Steven Kuitems
Mineral and/or Locality  
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