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Macphersonite

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Formula:
Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Colour:
Colorless, white, very pale amber
Lustre:
Adamantine, Resinous
Hardness:
2½ - 3
Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Name:
Named by A. Livingstone and H. Sarp in 1984 in honor of Harry Gordon Macpherson (1925 – ), Keeper of Minerals, Royal Scottish Museum, Edinburgh, Scotland.
Polymorph of:
A lead sulphate carbonate polymorphous with leadhillite and susannite, but much rarer than both.


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Classification of MacphersoniteHide

Approved
5.BF.40

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
F : With (Cl), SO4, PO4, TeO3
17.1.4.1

17 : COMPOUND CARBONATES
1 : Miscellaneous
12.2.12

12 : Carbonates with other anions
2 : Carbonates with sulphate

Physical Properties of MacphersoniteHide

Adamantine, Resinous
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Colorless, white, very pale amber
Hardness:
2½ - 3 on Mohs scale

Optical Data of MacphersoniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.870 nβ = 2.000 nγ = 2.010
2V:
Measured: 35° , Calculated: 28°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.140
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
r > v

Chemical Properties of MacphersoniteHide

Formula:
Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
IMA Formula:
Pb4(SO4)(CO3)2(OH)2

Crystallography of MacphersoniteHide

Crystal System:
Orthorhombic
Class (H-M):
mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) - Dipyramidal
Cell Parameters:
a = 10.383 Å, b = 23.05 Å, c = 9.242 Å
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.45 : 1 : 0.401
Unit Cell V:
2211.87 ų
Z:
8
Twinning:
Common. Lamellar and contact, composition plane {102}

Type Occurrence of MacphersoniteHide

Synonyms of MacphersoniteHide

Other Language Names for MacphersoniteHide

Simplified Chinese:直硫碳铅石
Traditional Chinese:直硫碳鉛石

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Lanarkite4 photos of Macphersonite associated with Lanarkite on mindat.org.
Susannite3 photos of Macphersonite associated with Susannite on mindat.org.
Linarite1 photo of Macphersonite associated with Linarite on mindat.org.
Leadhillite1 photo of Macphersonite associated with Leadhillite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BF.05FerrotychiteNa6(Fe,Mn,Mg)2(CO3)4(SO4)
5.BF.05ManganotychiteNa6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)
5.BF.05NorthupiteNa3Mg(CO3)2ClIso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
5.BF.05TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
5.BF.10BonshtedtiteNa3Fe2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BF.10BradleyiteNa3Mg(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.10CrawforditeNa3Sr(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.10SidorenkiteNa3Mn2+(CO3)(PO4)Mon.
5.BF.15Daqingshanite-(Ce)(Sr,Ca,Ba)3(Ce,La)(CO3)3-x(PO4)(OH,F)2xTrig.
5.BF.20Reederite-(Y)(Na,Mn)15Y2(CO3)9(FSO3)ClHex. 6 : P6
5.BF.25Mineevite-(Y)Na25Ba(Y,Gd,Dy)2(CO3)11(HCO3)4(SO4)2F2ClHex.
5.BF.30BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
5.BF.35PhilolithitePb12Mn2+(Mg,Mn2+)2(Mn2+,Mg)4(CO3)4(SO4)O6(OH)12Cl4Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m)
5.BF.40LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
5.BF.40SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Trig. 3 : P3

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

12.2.1BurkeiteNa6(CO3)(SO4)2Orth.
12.2.2HanksiteNa22K(SO4)9(CO3)2ClHex. 6/m : P63/m
12.2.3TychiteNa6Mg2(CO3)4(SO4)Iso. m3 (2/m 3) : Fd3
12.2.4MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2OTrig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
12.2.5FerrotychiteNa6(Fe,Mn,Mg)2(CO3)4(SO4)
12.2.6NakauriiteCu8(SO4)4(CO3)(OH)6 · 48H2OOrth.
12.2.7CarbonatecyanotrichiteCu4Al2(CO3,SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2OOrth.
12.2.8RapidcreekiteCa2(SO4)(CO3) · 4H2OOrth.
12.2.9TatarskiteCa6Mg2(SO4)2(CO3)2(OH)4Cl4 · 7H2OOrth.
12.2.10Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2OTrig.
12.2.11LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/b
12.2.13SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2Trig. 3 : P3
12.2.14WherryitePb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
12.2.15CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
12.2.16NasledovitePbMn3Al4(CO3)4(SO4)O5 · 5H2O
12.2.17JouravskiteCa3Mn4+(SO4)(CO3)(OH)6 · 12H2OHex.
12.2.18SchröckingeriteNaCa3(UO2)(CO3)3(SO4)F · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
12.2.19ManganotychiteNa6Mn2(CO3)4(SO4)
12.2.20HauckiteFe3+3(Mg,Mn2+)24Zn18(SO4)4(CO3)2(OH)81Hex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P6/mmm
12.2.21ParaotwayiteNi(OH)2-x(SO4,CO3)0.5xMon.
12.2.22Carrboydite[(Ni1-xAlx)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
12.2.23Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2OHex.
12.2.24CamérolaiteCu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)Tric. 1 : P1

Fluorescence of MacphersoniteHide

May exhibit a bright yellow fluorescence under SW UV and LW UV.

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for MacphersoniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Livingstone, A., Sarp, H. (1984) Macphersonite, a new mineral from Leadhills, Scotland, and Saint Prix, France; a polymorph of leadhillite and susannite. Mineralogical Magazine: 48: 227-282.
Dunn, P.J., Fleischer, M., Langley, R.H., Shigley, J.E., Zilczer, J.A. (1985) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 70: 871-881.
Steele, I.M., Pluth, J.J., Livingstone, A. (1998) Crystal structure of macphersonite (Pb4SO4(CO3)2(OH)2): comparison with leadhillite. Mineralogical Magazine: 62: 451-459.

Internet Links for MacphersoniteHide

Localities for MacphersoniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
France
 
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Saône-et-Loire
      • Saint-Léger-sous-Beuvray
        • Saint-Prix
          • L'Argentolle
A. Livingstone & H. Sarp: Mineralogical Magazine 48:227-282 (1984); Sarp, H. (1984): Seconde occurrence du nouveau minéral Scotlandite PbSO3. Schweiz. Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt., 64, 317-321.
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Saint-Girons
        • Aulus-les-Bains
Gol, D. (2014): L'ancienne mine de Laquorre, Aulus-les-bains, Ariège. Le Règne Minéral, 118, 5-27; Meisser, N., Ansermet, S., Chiappero, P.-J. & Brugger, J. (2014): Découverte de Mattheddleite et de macphersonite à la mine de Laquorre en 1995. Le Règne Minéral, 118, 28-29.
Germany
 
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Sauerland
      • Sundern
        • Bönkhausen
Lapis, 14 (2), 22-27+33+42.
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
Schnorrer-Köhler, G., Standfuss, K. & Standfuss, L. (1985): Neue Schlackenmineralien von Lavrion. Lapis, 10 (5), 13-16; 50.
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Bergamo Province
      • Valtorta
Maida, F. (2002): Descrizione delle specie e varietà di minerali e loro ritrovamento nella bergamasca. G.O.M. Gruppo Orobico Minerali - Novecento Grafico, Ed., Bergamo 82 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Fluminimaggiore
        • Oridda Valley
          • Tiny-Arenas Mine
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G. A. (1996): Iglesiente – Arburese, Miniere e Minerali. Associazioni e Gruppi Mineralogici Italiani Ed., 238 pp.
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Gebhard, G. (1999): Tsumeb II. A Unique Mineral Locality. GG Publishing, Grossenseifen, Germany
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Caldbeck Fells
        • Roughton Gill
Cooper, M.P., Green, D.I., and Braithwaite, R.S.W (1988) The occurrence of mattheddleite in the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: a preliminary note. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 5, 21.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2008) A review of the mineralisation at Red Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 29-47.
  • Scotland
    • Strathclyde
      • South Lanarkshire
Scottish J. Geol. 23, 1-8(1987)
A. Livingstone & H. Sarp: Mineralogical Magazine 48:227-282 (1984)
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Hummingbird Spring
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 272.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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