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Leadhills, South Lanarkshire, Strathclyde, Scotland, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 55° 25' 6'' North , 3° 45' 36'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 55.41846,-3.76005
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Other/historical region names associated with this locality:Lanarkshire

Old lead-zinc mining area, part of the Leadhills-Wanlockhead Mining District (see Wanlockhead,

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

76 valid minerals. 9 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

449 - 458.4 Ma

ID: 2026208
Portpatrick Formation And Glenwhargen Formation (Undifferentiated)

Age: Late Ordovician (449 - 458.4 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Scaur Group of Leadhills Supergroup

Lithology: Wacke

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

Localities in this Region

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Davies, T. (1877) VI.— Notes on vauquelinite from Scotland, and cantonite from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 1, n° 4, 112-114.
Bannister, F.A. (1933) The identity of mottramite and psittacinite with cupriferous descloizite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 23, n° 141, 376-386 (claims that Davies' (1877) identification of vauquelinite from Leadhills is incorrect and that the mineral in question is in fact mottramite.)
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 289-295 (referring to Davies (1877) and Bannister (1933)).
Temple, A.K. (1956) Leadhills-Wanlockhead lead and zinc deposits. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh 63, 85-113.
Gillanders, R.J. (1981) Famous mineral localities: the Leadhills-Wanlockhead district, Scotland. Mineralogical Record, 12(4), 235-250.
Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Paar, W.H. (1983) Leadhills-Wanlockhead. Lapis 8 (9), 9-15 (in German).
Livingstone, A., Ryback, G., Fejer, E.E., and Stanley, C.J. (1987) Mattheddleite, a new mineral of the apatite group from Leadhills, Strathclyde region. Scottish Journal of Geology: 23: 1-8.
Davidson, P. (1998) Leadhills und Wanlockhead - Gottes Schatzhaus in Schottland. Zwei weltberühmte Fundorte - vorgestellt in Hamburg. Mineralien-Welt, 9 (6), 18-20 (in German).
Jackson, B. (2011) The Mining History and Mineralogy of the Leadhills Orefield, Scotland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift. 46:5-9.

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