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Leadhills, South Lanarkshire, Scotland, UKi
Regional Level Types
LeadhillsVillage
South LanarkshireCouncil Area
ScotlandCountry
UKCountry

This page kindly sponsored by michael mc mullen (2)
Key
Lock Map
Name in German:Leadhills, South Lanarkshire, Schottland, Vereinigtes Königreich
Name in Basque:Leadhills, Hegoaldeko Lanarkshire, Eskozia, Erresuma Batua
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 55° 25' 6'' North , 3° 45' 36'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 55.41846,-3.76005
GeoHash:G#: gcv762w5b
Locality type:Village
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Sanquhar1,980 (2017)11.8km
Kirkconnel2,070 (2017)15.5km
Douglas1,560 (2017)15.7km
Rigside770 (2017)19.9km
Thornhill1,610 (2017)20.6km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Lanarkshire


Old lead-zinc mining area, part of the Leadhills-Wanlockhead Mining District (see Wanlockhead, http://www.mindat.org/loc-2894.html).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
British IslesGroup of Islands
Strathclyde, Scotland, UKRegion (Historical)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

77 valid minerals. 9 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
'Apatite'
Description: May refer to plumbian apatite or matheddleite both members of the apatite group.
Reference: UKJMM 26:29-30
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: [MinRec 12:249]
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Bechererite
Formula: Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Habit: Thin crust of minute crystals
Colour: Light blue-green
Reference: Bechererite From Leadhills, South Lanarkshire and the Charlotte United Mines, Perranuthnoe, Cornwall. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals pp7-8, No28, 2007.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Caledonite (TL)
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Davies, T. (1877) VI.— Notes on vauquelinite from Scotland, and cantonite from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 1, n° 4, 112-114. Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 631.
Cassedanneite
Formula: Pb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 21 localities in this region.
Chenite (TL)
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Habit: Bladed
Colour: Light blue to green
Reference: Paar, W. H., Mereiter, K., Braithwaite, R. S. W., Keller, P. and Dunn, P. J. (1986), "Chenite, Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6, a new mineral, from Leadhills, Scotland": Mineralogical Magazine: 50: 129-135.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: No reference listed
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: No reference listed
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 798.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: No reference listed
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Reference: BMS Database
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 579.
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dundasite
Formula: PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Elyite
Formula: Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Description: Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983): Sprays of lilac needles (up to 0.4 mm) in cavities in small 2 cm sample of litharge, massicot, and cerussite. Sample found in stream bed, Leadhills, Lanarkshire. Presented to RSM in 1981 by Mrs F. Christison. [Identified by X-ray diffraction and electron-probe microanalysis which gave PbO 78.7%, CuO 6.9%, and SO3 6.0%. Elyite probably formed naturally in what may be a dumped flue product.]
Reference: S. Rust Collection.; Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Fassinaite
Formula: Pb2(S2O3)(CO3)
Description: Colourless; looks a little like sword-shaped anglesite with distorted terminations.
Reference: Steve Rust collection (SXRD-analysed by Uwe Kolitsch)
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: No reference listed
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: No reference listed
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 36 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: No reference listed
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: S Rust Collection.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Lanarkite (TL)
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Habit: Bladed
Colour: Colourless to pale yellow
Reference: Brooke (1820) Edinburgh N. Phil. Journal: 3: 117 (as Sulphato-carbonate of Lead); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 551.
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Steve Rust Collection
Leadhillite (TL)
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Habit: Tabular
Colour: Colourless-white, pale yellow, pale brown
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 297.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Description: Red plates (up to 1.0 mm) in sample from stream bed. Identified by X-ray diffraction.
Reference: Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Macphersonite (TL)
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Habit: Tabular
Colour: Light Brown
Reference: A. Livingstone & H. Sarp: Mineralogical Magazine 48:227-282 (1984)
Magnesite
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Description: Soft, cream-yellow earthy mineral in sample from stream bed. Identified by X-ray diffraction.
Reference: Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Mattheddleite (TL)
Formula: Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: Livingstone, A., Ryback, G., Fejer, E. E., Stanley, C.J. (1987) Mattheddleite, a new mineral of the apatite group from Leadhills, Strathclyde region. Scottish Journal of Geology: 23: 1-8.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Namuwite ?
Formula: Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Description: So far only visual id of namuwite from this location. This dose not rule out the possibility of it being simular species such as schulenbergite.
Reference: S.Rust Collection.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Phoenicochroite
Formula: Pb2(CrO4)O
Colour: Red to orange-red
Description: Associated with pyromorphite, leadhillite, and cerussite. Temple's 'phoenicochroite' probably = impure phoenicochroite, while his 'new mineral' almost certainly = pure phoenicochroite. See S. A. Williams (1974) Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Mineral. 2, 394.
Reference: Temple, A.K. (1955) Trans. R. Soc. Edinb. 63, 104.; Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Plattnerite (TL)
Formula: PbO2
Description: There is some dispute about the confirmation of plattnerite from the Leadhills-Wanlockhead Orefield. Although it has been now confirmed on specimens collected from the Susanna Mine in 2010. It would appear that many old specimens have been found wanting, mostly turning out to be Mn-Oxides or mottramite. Work is continuing to try and locate an authentic 'old' specimen in the Natural History Museum London and the Hunterian Museum, Glasgow.
Reference: Haidinger W (1845) Zweite Klasse: Geogenide. II. Ordnung. Baryte VII. Bleibaryt. Plattnerit., in Handbuch der Bestimmenden Mineralogie, Bei Braumüller and Seidel (Wien) 499-506
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: No reference listed
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite var: Collieite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Colour: Black
Description: A black, botryoidal, vanadian and calcian variety of Pyromorphite.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 892.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Queitite
Formula: Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Habit: Micro balls and botryoidal crusts
Colour: White
Reference: Jackson, B. (1990). Queitite, a first Scottish occurrence. Scottish Journal of Geology, 26(1), 57-58.
Redgillite
Formula: Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Colour: Ligth Green
Description: Redgillite was tentatively identified on one specimen collected from the Broadlaw Low Level. The Redgillite is associated with confirmed Bechererite, Leadhillite and possible namuwite.
Reference: S.Rust Collection
Scotlandite (TL)
Formula: PbSO3
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Habit: Bladed
Colour: Colourless, white, brown and yellow
Reference: Paar, W. H., Braithwaite, R. S. W., Chen, T. T. & Keller, P. (1984): A new mineral, scotlandite (PbSO3) from Leadhills, Scotland; the first naturally occurring sulfite. Mineralogical Magazine 48, 283-288.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: S.Rust Collection
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: Paul Render
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Steverustite
Formula: Pb2+5(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: No reference listed
Strontianite
Formula: SrCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Steve Rust Collection
Susannite (TL)
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Habit: Tabular to prismatic
Colour: Colorless-white, pale blue, pale green, pale brown
Reference: Minerals of Scotland 2002. A.Livingstone.pp132-133
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: No reference listed
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: No reference listed
'Unnamed (Cu-Pb Silicate ?)'
Formula: Pb, Cu, Si, O ?
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Vauquelinite
Formula: Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Description: Davies' Vauquelinite = Mottramite. See Bannister, F.A. (1933) The identity of mottramite and psittacinite with cupriferous descloizite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 23, n° 141, 376-386.
Reference: Davies, T. (1877) VI.— Notes on vauquelinite from Scotland, and cantonite from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine vol. 1, n° 4, 112-114.; Bannister, F.A. (1933) The identity of mottramite and psittacinite with cupriferous descloizite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 23, n° 141, 376-386.; Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 289-295 (referring to Davies (1877) and Bannister (1933)).
'Wad'
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Wulfenite var: Vanadian Wulfenite
Formula: Pb[(Mo,V)O4]
Habit: Minute, imperfectly developed.
Colour: Deep Aurora-red.
Reference: Schrauf (1871) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Sitzber.: 63: 176; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1084.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Plattnerite (TL)4.DB.05PbO2
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Scotlandite (TL)4.JE.20PbSO3
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Dundasite5.DB.10PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite (TL)5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Macphersonite (TL)5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Magnesite5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Strontianite5.AB.15SrCO3
Susannite (TL)5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bechererite7.DD.55Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite (TL)7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cassedanneite7.FC.20Pb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
Chenite (TL)7.BC.70Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Crocoite7.FA.20PbCrO4
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Elyite7.DF.65Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Lanarkite (TL)7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Namuwite ?7.DD.50Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Phoenicochroite7.FB.05Pb2(CrO4)O
Redgillite7.DD.70Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Steverustite7.JA.10Pb2+5(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Vauquelinite ?7.FC.05Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
var: Vanadian Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb[(Mo,V)O4]
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
var: Collieite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Mattheddleite (TL)9.AH.25Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Queitite9.BF.20Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Fassinaite-Pb2(S2O3)(CO3)
'Unnamed (Cu-Pb Silicate ?)'-Pb, Cu, Si, O ?
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Plattnerite (TL)4.4.1.6PbO2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Magnesite14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Strontianite14.1.3.3SrCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Dundasite16b.2.1.1PbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite (TL)17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Macphersonite (TL)17.1.4.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite (TL)17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chenite (TL)30.1.16.1Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Elyite30.1.2.1Pb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Lanarkite (TL)30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Steverustite30.4.4.Pb2+5(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Namuwite ?31.4.7.1Zn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite (TL)32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)
Scotlandite (TL)34.1.1.2PbSO3
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
A2XO4
Phoenicochroite35.1.2.1Pb2(CrO4)O
AXO4
Crocoite35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Normal Compound Phosphates, etc·
Cassedanneite43.3.2.2Pb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Vauquelinite ?43.4.3.1Pb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Mattheddleite (TL)52.4.9.6Pb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [4] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n=1, 2)
Queitite58.1.3.1Pb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
Bechererite-Zn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
'Chlorite Group'-
Fassinaite-Pb2(S2O3)(CO3)
Pyromorphite
var: Collieite
-Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Redgillite-Cu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
'Unnamed (Cu-Pb Silicate ?)'-Pb, Cu, Si, O ?
'Wad'-
Wulfenite
var: Vanadian Wulfenite
-Pb[(Mo,V)O4]

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
H MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
H BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
H CassedanneitePb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
H CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
H VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MagnesiteMgCO3
C StrontianiteSrCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C FassinaitePb2(S2O3)(CO3)
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O ScotlanditePbSO3
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
O MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O PlattneritePbO2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
O BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
O CassedanneitePb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
O Unnamed (Cu-Pb Silicate ?)Pb, Cu, Si, O ?
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O MagnesiteMgCO3
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O StrontianiteSrCO3
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O TenoriteCuO
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O CrocoitePbCrO4
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
O MiniumPb3O4
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
O CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O Pyromorphite (var: Collieite)Pb5(PO4)3Cl
O Wulfenite (var: Vanadian Wulfenite)Pb[(Mo,V)O4]
O RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
O FassinaitePb2(S2O3)(CO3)
O LithargePbO
O MassicotPbO
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
O VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
FFluorine
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
SiSilicon
Si MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Si BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Si Unnamed (Cu-Pb Silicate ?)Pb, Cu, Si, O ?
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P Pyromorphite (var: Collieite)Pb5(PO4)3Cl
P VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S ScotlanditePbSO3
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
S MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
S BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GalenaPbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
S MarcasiteFeS2
S SulphurS8
S GreenockiteCdS
S ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
S RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
S FassinaitePb2(S2O3)(CO3)
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
ClChlorine
Cl MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl Pyromorphite (var: Collieite)Pb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V CassedanneitePb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V Wulfenite (var: Vanadian Wulfenite)Pb[(Mo,V)O4]
CrChromium
Cr CassedanneitePb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
Cr CrocoitePbCrO4
Cr PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
Cr VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
MnManganese
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
NiNickel
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Cu BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Cu Unnamed (Cu-Pb Silicate ?)Pb, Cu, Si, O ?
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Cu CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
AsArsenic
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
SrStrontium
Sr StrontianiteSrCO3
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Mo Wulfenite (var: Vanadian Wulfenite)Pb[(Mo,V)O4]
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W StolzitePb(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb ScotlanditePbSO3
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MacphersonitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb ChenitePb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb MattheddleitePb5(SiO4)1.5(SO4)1.5(Cl,OH)
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb PlattneritePbO2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Pb CassedanneitePb5(CrO4)2(VO4)2 · H2O
Pb Unnamed (Cu-Pb Silicate ?)Pb, Cu, Si, O ?
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CrocoitePbCrO4
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb QueititePb4Zn2(SO4)(SiO4)(Si2O7)
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
Pb Pyromorphite (var: Collieite)Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb Wulfenite (var: Vanadian Wulfenite)Pb[(Mo,V)O4]
Pb FassinaitePb2(S2O3)(CO3)
Pb LithargePbO
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb VauquelinitePb2Cu(CrO4)(PO4)(OH)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3137211
Ordovician sandstone

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sandstone}, Minor{conglomerate,claystone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Caradocian
449 - 458.4 Ma



ID: 2026208
Portpatrick Formation And Glenwhargen Formation (Undifferentiated)

Age: Late Ordovician (449 - 458.4 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Scaur Group

Lithology: Wacke

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Davies, T. (1877) VI.— Notes on vauquelinite from Scotland, and cantonite from Cornwall. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 1, n° 4, 112-114.
Bannister, F.A. (1933) The identity of mottramite and psittacinite with cupriferous descloizite. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 23, n° 141, 376-386 (claims that Davies' (1877) identification of vauquelinite from Leadhills is incorrect and that the mineral in question is in fact mottramite.)
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (1956) New occurrences of vanadium minerals (mottramite, descloizite, and vanadinite) in the Caldbeck area of Cumberland. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 31, n° 235, 289-295 (referring to Davies (1877) and Bannister (1933)).
Temple, A.K. (1956) Leadhills-Wanlockhead lead and zinc deposits. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, 63, 85-113.
Gillanders, R.J. (1981) Famous mineral localities: the Leadhills-Wanlockhead district, Scotland. Mineralogical Record, 12(4), 235-250.
Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Paar, W.H. (1983) Leadhills-Wanlockhead. Lapis, 8(9), 9-15 (in German).
Livingstone, A., Ryback, G., Fejer, E.E., and Stanley, C.J. (1987) Mattheddleite, a new mineral of the apatite group from Leadhills, Strathclyde region. Scottish Journal of Geology, 23, 1-8.
Davidson, P. (1998) Leadhills und Wanlockhead - Gottes Schatzhaus in Schottland. Zwei weltberühmte Fundorte - vorgestellt in Hamburg. Mineralien-Welt, 9(6), 18-20 (in German).
Jackson, B. (2011) The Mining History and Mineralogy of the Leadhills Orefield, Scotland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 46, 5-9.

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