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Hydrocerussite

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About HydrocerussiteHide

Formula:
Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Colour:
White or gray; colourless in transmitted light
Lustre:
Adamantine, Pearly, Dull
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
6.8
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
Named in 1877 by Nils Adolf Erik Nordenskiöld in allusion to the composition, being a HYDRated lead carbonate, similar to cerussite.
Hydrocerussite is a secondary mineral usually found in oxidized lead ore deposits. It it less common than cerussite (anhydrous lead carbonate). Also reported as a mycobiont of the Stereocaulon vesuvianum lichen found in a ruined Pb-smelting mill (vide Burford et al., 2003).

Closely related minerals are plumbonacrite and somersetite.
Visually very similar to Unnamed (Na-Pb Carbonate-Hydroxide II) (a slag phase).


Classification of HydrocerussiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
First published:
1877
5.BE.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
E : With Pb, Bi
16a.2.2.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
2 : (AB)3(XO3)2Zq
11.9.2

11 : Carbonates
9 : Carbonates of Pb, Zr and Th

Pronounciation of HydrocerussiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of HydrocerussiteHide

Adamantine, Pearly, Dull
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
White or gray; colourless in transmitted light
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {0001}.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
6.8 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.94 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HydrocerussiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.090 nε = 1.940
Birefringence:
0.15
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.150
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Optical Extinction:
Parallel
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of HydrocerussiteHide

Formula:
Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2

Crystallography of HydrocerussiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Class (H-M):
3m (3 2/m) - Hexagonal Scalenohedral
Space Group:
R3m
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.239(5) Å, c = 23.65(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 4.514
Unit Cell V:
562.16 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
3
Morphology:
Crystals steep pyramidal {h0h1} with {0001} very small at times. Thin scales with a hexagonal presentation and flattened {0001}; also thick tabular {0001}. Frequently as a surface alteration of lead, cerussite, etc.

Comment:
Space group R-3m, with a = 5.2465(6) and c = 23.702(3) A, is given by Martinetto et al. (2002), on the basis of a structure solution from powder data.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0009160HydrocerussiteCowley J M (1956) Electron-diffraction study of the structure of basic lead carbonate, 2PbCO3*Pb(OH)2 Acta Crystallographica 9 391-3961956synthetic0293
0020726HydrocerussiteSiidra O, Nekrasova D, Depmeier W, Chukanov N, Zaitsev A, Turner R (2018) Hydrocerussite-related minerals and materials: structural principles, chemical variations and infrared spectroscopy Acta Crystallographica B74 182-1952018Merehead quarry, Somerset, England0293
0020727HydrocerussiteSiidra O, Nekrasova D, Depmeier W, Chukanov N, Zaitsev A, Turner R (2018) Hydrocerussite-related minerals and materials: structural principles, chemical variations and infrared spectroscopy Acta Crystallographica B74 182-1952018synthetic0293
0010324HydrocerussiteMartinetto P, Anne M, Dooryhee E, Walter P, Tsoucaris G (2002) Synthetic hydrocerussite, 2PbCO3*Pb(OH)2 by X-ray powder diffraction Acta Crystallographica C58 i82-i842002synthetic0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.8 Å(5)
4.47 Å(60)
4.25 Å(60)
3.61 Å(90)
3.29 Å(90)
2.715 Å(20)
2.623 Å(100)
2.491 Å(30)
2.261 Å(10)
2.231 Å(50)
2.120 Å(30)
2.099 Å(20)
2.046 Å(30)
1.884 Å(20)
1.856 Å(30)
1.696 Å(40)
1.649 Å(20)
1.613 Å(30)
1.584 Å(20)
1.576 Å(10)
1.562 Å(10)
1.530 Å(30)
1.513 Å(20)
1.485 Å(20)
1.388 Å(10)
1.353 Å(10)
1.340 Å(10)
1.309 Å(30)
1.292 Å(30)
1.251 Å(30)
Comments:
ICDD 13-131

Type Occurrence of HydrocerussiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Metamorphosed Mn-Fe deposit.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of HydrocerussiteHide

Other Language Names for HydrocerussiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

CerussitePbCO3
GalenaPbS
LeadPb
LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
MatlockitePbFCl
MendipitePb3Cl2O2
ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
30 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with CerussitePbCO3
29 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with LeadPb
14 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with PyrochroiteMn(OH)2
12 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with GalenaPbS
9 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with FluoriteCaF2
7 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
6 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with AllactiteMn2+7(AsO4)2(OH)8
5 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
4 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with LithargePbO
4 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BE.XAbellaiteNaPb2(CO3)2(OH)Hex. 6mm : P63mc
5.BE.05ShannonitePb2O(CO3)Orth.
5.BE.15PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3c1
5.BE.20PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
5.BE.25Bismutite(BiO)2CO3Orth. mm2 : Imm2
5.BE.30KettneriteCaBiCO3OFOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.BE.35BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Immm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.9.1CerussitePbCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.9.3DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.9.4Gysinite-(Nd)PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.9.5Schuilingite-(Nd)PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2OOrth. mm2
11.9.6TuliokiteNa6BaTh(CO3)6 · 6H2OTrig.
11.9.7WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.9.8SabinaiteNa4Zr2TiO4(CO3)4Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Fluorescence of HydrocerussiteHide

Usually fluoresces medium to dull white, also dull-yellow. Bright white in 365nm LED.

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in acids with effervescence.
Health Risks:
Contains lead - always wash hands after handling. Do not lick.

References for HydrocerussiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Nordenskild (1877) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 3: 381.
Heddle (1889) Mineralogical Magazine: 8: 201 (as Plumbonacrite).
Flink (1901) Bull. Geol. Inst. Upsala: 5: 94.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 202.
Spencer (1925) Mineralogical Magazine: 20: 80.
Aminoff (1926) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 48: 44.
Kokkoros, P. and Vassiliadis, K. (1953). Röntgenkristallographie von Hydrocerussit. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 3, 298-304.
Voronova, A. A. and Vainshtein, B. K. (1964): An electron-diffraction study of the crystal structure of PbCO3PbO(H2O)2. Kristallografiya 9, 197-203. (in Russian).
Keller, P. (1977): Hydrocerussit von Tsumeb/Südwestafrika. Der Aufschluss, 28, 413-415.
Flemming, N. J.; Lopata, V. J.; Sanipelli, B. L.; Taylor, P. (1984): Thermal decomposition of basic lead carbonates: a comparison of hydrocerussite and plumbonacrite. Thermochim. Acta 81, 1-8.
Taylor, P. & Lopata, V. J. (1984): Stability and solubility relationships between some solids in the system lead oxide-carbon dioxide-water. Can. J. Chem. 62, 395-402.
Martinetto, P., M. Anne, E. Dooryhée, P. Walter and G. Tsoucaris (2002): Synthetic hydrocerussite, 2PbCO3•Pb(OH)2, by X-ray powder diffraction. Acta Cryst. C58, i82-i84. [possibly incorrect structure/space group; comment by Uwe Kolitsch]
Burford, E.P., Kierans, M., Gadd, G.M. (2003): Geomycology: fungi in mineral substrata. Mycologist: 17(3): 98-107. DOI: 10.1017/S0269915X03003112
Siidra, O., Nekrasova, D., Depmeier, W., Chukanov, N., Zaitsev, A. & Turner, R. (2018): Hydrocerussite-related minerals and materials: structural principles, chemical variations and infrared spectroscopy. Acta Crystallgraphica. B74, 182-195.

Internet Links for HydrocerussiteHide

Localities for HydrocerussiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill district
        • Broken Hill
          • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • Queensland
    • City of Mount Isa
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
[MinRec 19 p469-490 - "Sielecki, R: The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field"]
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Mount Lyndhurst station
Toma, J. (2017): Mineral news from South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 68. [Ben Grguric PXRD analysis]
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • Zeehan mineral field
          • Tasmanian Smelting Company site
M. Latham Collection 2011
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Hüttenberg
        • Sankt Martin am Silberberg
Blaß, G., Graf, H.-W. & Pichler, A. (1997): Sekundäre Neubildungen in Schlacken von St. Martin am Silberberg in Kärnten (2). Mineralien-Welt, 8(6), 54-55.
    • Spittal an der Drau District
      • Malta
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
J. Taucher: Carinthia II 186./106.:132 (1996)
      • Reißeck
        • Penk
          • Teuchlbach valley
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
    • Villach
      • Mittewald
A.Pichler (2003)
  • Lower Austria
    • Baden District
      • Alland
SIGMUND, Alois (1902): Verzeichnis der Minerale Niederösterreichs.- 28. Jber. k. k. St.-gymn. XVII. Bez. Wien, 46 S., Wien (Deuticke).
  • Salzburg
    • St. Johann im Pongau District
      • Bad Gastein
        • Naßfeld valley
          • Kreuzkogel massif
            • Radhausberg
Kirchner, E. Ch., Mrazek, R., Wimmer, H. (2007): Neue Mineralfunde von Bergbauhalden Radhausberg Süd (Weißental) Kreuzkogel. Mineral. Archiv Salzburg 12, 251-254.
    • Tamsweg District
      • Weißpriach
Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
    • Zell am See District
      • Bramberg am Wildkogel
        • Nasenkopf mountain
matrixx 5, p.50-54
Niedermayr, G. (1997): 1074. Cerussit, Hydrocerussit, Galenit, Parasymplesit und Bismutit von der Eulytinfundstelle in der Wiesbachrinne im Habachtal, Salzburg. P. 191 in Niedermayr, G., Bernhard, F., Bojar, H.-P., Brandstätter, F., Moser, B., Ettinger, K., Paar, W.H., Postl, W., Taucher, J. & Walter, F. (1997): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLVI. Carinthia II, 187./107., 169-214.
      • Hollersbach im Pinzgau
Niedermayr, G. & Brandstätter, F. (2000): 1221. Harmotom, Fluorit, Galenit, Cerussit sowie Hydrocerussit, Rauchquarz und Wulfenit aus dem Bereich von „Russland" in der Scharn, Hollersbachtal, Salzburg. Pp. 206-207 in Niedermayr et al. (2000): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLIX. Carinthia II, 190./110., 181-224.
      • Rauris
        • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
          • Kolm-Saigurn
A. Strasser: Die MInerale Salzburgs (1989)
Niedermayr, G. & Wittern, A. (2009): Mineralreiches Österreich - Tirol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 144 pp.
Schebesta, K. (Autoren) Seltene Mineralien aus den alten Goldschlacken im Rauriser Tal, Österreich Jahrgang 1984, Heft März, Seite:
  • Styria
    • Bruck-Mürzzuschlag District
      • Spital am Semmering
        • Steinhaus am Semmering
          • Fröschnitz valley (Fröschnitz)
            • Hasen valley
P. Tomazic, F. Bernhard, U. Kolitsch und G. Knobloch (2012): Mineralogie eines historischen Bergbaues auf Eisen und Silber am Arzberg bei Steinhaus am Semmering. Der Steirische Mineralog 26, 4-9.
    • Liezen District
      • Öblarn
        • Walchen
[Lapis 1992: 2 p.19-30]
      • Schladming
        • Giglach valley
          • Giglach lakes
Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
    • Weiz District
      • Rettenegg
        • Prinzkogel (Prinzenkogel)
          • Prinzkogel mines
            • Southern District
Bojar, H.-P. & Moser, B. (1994); Jakely, D. et al. (2008)
  • Tyrol
    • Imst District
      • Haiming
M. Strasser (2006): Wulfenit aus Haiming in Tirol. Lapis 31 (2), 40-41.
      • Karrösten
Hanneberg, A., Simon, P. & Wolkersdorfer, C. (2009): Galmei und schöne Wulfenite: Der Blei-Zink-Bergbau rund um den Fernpaß in Tirol. Lapis 34 (4), 21-31; 54.
    • Schwaz District
      • Mayrhofen
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Belgium
 
  • Wallonia
    • Liège
      • Plombières (Blieberg; Bleiberg; Bleyberg)
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995b): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Namur
Van Troyen, F., Ruelle, G., Van Bellingen, L. (2018): La mine de Beauraing. Ferrantia 77, 67-113. [https://ps.mnhn.lu/ferrantia/publications/Ferrantia77/Ferrantia77_67-113.pdf]
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Similkameen River
      • Tulameen River
  • Ontario
    • Frontenac County
      • Loughborough Township
Sabina, 1968, GSC Paper 67-51, p.24
      • Olden Township
Ann P. Sabina, Rocks & Minerals for the Collector: Geoligical Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 32. Page 16, Long Lake Zinc Mine
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Côte-de-Gaspé RCM
Sabina; Sabina, A.P. (1967) Rocks & minerals for the collector: Eastern Townships and Gaspé, Quebec and parts of New Brunswick. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 66-51, 78-79.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
GRICE, J.D. (1989) Mont Saint-Hilaire, Quebec: Canada's Most Diverse Mineral Locality. In: Famous mineral localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 100-108; 166-175.; HORVÁTH, L., GAULT, R.A. (1990) The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire. Mineralogical Record, 21, 281-359.
    • Montréal
GRICE, J.D. (1989) A Mineral Locality in Montreal City. In: Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 109-114; 176-178.; TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L., PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. The Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
Chile
 
  • Atacama
    • Copiapó Province
      • Cachiyuyo de Llampos mining district
Remy Phillippe personal communication
China
 
  • Henan
    • Luoyang
      • Luoning County
Yanjing Chen, Pirajno, F., and Jinping Qi (2008): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 33(3/4), 252-266
  • Yunnan
    • Honghe
      • Gejiu City
Zude Jin (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(1), 32-34
    • Qujing
      • Huize County
Qiliang Chen (2002): Geology and Prospecting 38(1), 22-26
Czech Republic
 
  • Central Bohemian Region
    • Příbram District
      • Lhota u Příbramě
RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
  • Liberec Region
    • Semily District
      • Harrachov
Fengl, M.: Mineralogie těžených fluoritových ložisek (1.-5.). Minerál, 1998-1999, roč. 6-7, č. 2, 4, 6, 1, 3.
DR Congo
 
  • North Kivu
Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • Roanne
        • Le Crozet
Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
        • Saint-Germain-Laval
Anthony Geneyton
    • Rhône
      • Villefranche-sur-Saône
        • Les Ardillats
Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
        • Poule-les-Écharmeaux
Chollet Pascal Collection EDS by Vincent Bourgoin - Jean Wyart association
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Saône-et-Loire
      • Autun
        • Saint-Prix
PASSAQUI J.-P., DEMAIZIERE J.-F., GOURAULT C., SZULAK L., PERRAUDIN M., DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R. (2007) – Les Molérats (Saône-et-Loire), Le Règne Minéral Hors série XIII, pp.91-96.
  • Brittany
    • Côtes-d'Armor
      • Guingamp
        • Plélauff
inventaire minéralogique de la france No5, côtes-d'armor, Pierrot/Chauris/Laforet 1975
    • Finistère
      • Châteaulin
        • Poullaouen
Germain C., Leydet J-C., Saget Ph. (1990), Les minéraux de néoformation de Huelgoat (Finistère), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, 3-16
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Colmar-Ribeauvillé
        • Ste Marie-aux-Mines
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Saint-Girons
        • Aulus-les-Bains
Gol, D. (2014): L'ancienne mine de Laquorre, Aulus-les-bains, Ariège. Le Règne Minéral, 118, 5-27.
    • Aude
      • Narbonne
        • Padern
Favreau, G., Berbain, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Cyanophyllite et autres minéraux rares de Padern (Aude). Le Cahiers des Micromonteurs, 82(4), 17-23.
    • Aveyron
      • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
        • Asprières
Leconte J., Hatert F., Grégoire L., (2016) - Bréziès, Asprières, Aveyron, France - Micromonteurs, p. 54
        • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Gard
      • Le Vigan
        • Alzon
Robert PECORINI (2016) - La mine de Valcroze, Alzon (Gard) - Le cahier des micromonteurs 133, pp 3-52
    • Lozère
      • Florac
        • Vialas
No reference listed
      • Mende
        • Saint-Léger-de-Peyre
Patrice Queneau Collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
        • Badenweiler
          • Badenweiler Pb mining district
            • Sehringen
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].; Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
      • Emmendingen
        • Freiamt
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
      • Lörrach
        • Aitern
Lapis 21(12), 44 (1996)
        • Todtnau
Lapis 21(12), 44 (1996)
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Baden-W%FCrttemberg/Schwarzwald/Todtnau/Lisb%FChl
      • Ortenaukreis
        • Gengenbach
          • Gengenbach
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
        • Hausach
          • Hausach
[Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald]
        • Wolfach
          • Oberwolfach
KOLITSCH, U. & GÖTZINGER, M. (2000): Einige Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald: Eulytin, Namibit, Volborthit, Gearksutit, Spertiniit, Monazit-(La), Protasit, Sainfeldit, Cyanotrichit und Vauquelinit. - Erzgräber 14, 33-47. ; KOLITSCH, U. (2000): Eine durch Betoneinwirkung entstandene Paragenese von Blei-Verbindungen aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. - Erzgräber 14, 48-53; WALENTA, K. (1997): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara 7. Folge. - Lapis 22 (11), 37-47; WALENTA, K. (1999): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 8. Folge, 2. Teil. Lapis 24 (12), 40-44
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
      • Waldshut
        • Dachsberg
          • Urberg
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • St Blasien
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
        • Ühlingen-Birkendorf
          • Brenden
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
    • Karlsruhe Region
      • Freudenstadt
        • Bad Rippoldsau-Schapbach
          • Wildschapbach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Hesse
    • Kassel Region
      • Hersfeld-Rotenburg
        • Nentershausen
          • Süß
            • Richelsdorf Smelter
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1988) Mineralogische Notizen IV. Der Aufschluss, 39, 153-168.; Weiß, S. (1990) Atlas der Mineralfundstellen in Deutschland-West. Weise (Munich).
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Braunlage
        • St Andreasberg
No reference listed
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
        • Zellerfeld veins
Gröbner, J. & Nikoleizig, J. (2009): Die Mineralien der Gruben Kahlenbergsglück & Grüne Tanne am Kahlenberg bei Zellerfeld. Mineralien-Welt 20 (4), 34-39.
      • Langelsheim
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
        • Grane Reservoir
No reference listed
        • Lautenthal
No reference listed
    • St Andreasberg Mining District
      • Oder valley
Schnorrer, G. (1994): Neues aus St. Andreasberg/Harz. Lapis 19(5), 35.
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hochsauerlandkreis
        • Arnsberg
          • Hüsten
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
        • Brilon
Lapis 25(12), 47 (2000)
        • Sundern
          • Bönkhausen
Lapis, 14 (2), 22-27+33+42.
      • Märkischer Kreis
        • Iserlohn
          • Letmathe
Bender, D. and Krimmelbein, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
      • Siegen-Wittgenstein
        • Kreuztal
          • Ferndorf
Peter Neschen Collection
    • Cologne
      • Aachen
        • Eschweiler
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
        • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
International Association of Collectors of Slag Minerals, 9 (3), 3-6; Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
      • Euskirchen
        • Mechernich
          • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Niederberg area
      • Velbert
        • Rützkausen
Lapis 1988(1), 15-34
    • The Ruhr
      • Essen
Weiss, S. (1990) Mineralfundstellen Atlas, Deutschland West. Weise Verlag, München, 320 pages.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Ahrweiler District
      • Adenau
        • Antweiler
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Bitburg-Prüm District
      • Prüm
        • Bleialf
          • Neue Hoffnung Mine
Lapis, 16(2), 13-18+58.
    • Donnersberg District
      • Winnweiler
        • Imsbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Neuwied District
      • Unkel
        • Rheinbreitbach
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
    • Rhein-Lahn District
      • Bad Ems-Nassau
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
      • Loreley
        • Braubach
Lapis, 16 (1), 38-53+58.
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirgskreis
      • Zschopau
Witzke, T. (2012): Neubestimmungen von Fundstellen in Sachsen: Pyracmonit, Philipsbornit, Mottramit, Mansfieldit, Hydrocerussit und weitere. Aufschluss, 63, 295-300.
  • Thuringia
    • Saale-Orla District
      • Wurzbach
        • Weitisberga
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion Mining District
          • Agios Konstantinos (Kamariza)
            • Kamariza Mines (Kamareza Mines)
              • Hilarion Mine
Rieck, B. & Wendel, W. (1999): Plaka – Sounion Top aktuell: Die Funde vom Frühjahr 1999. Lapis 24 (7-8), 77-78.
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
          • Km 3
            • Kaminiza mines
No reference listed
          • Sounion
            • Cato Sounio mines
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
          • Vromopoussi
            • Vromopoussi mines
Fritz Schreiber collection
Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
          • Agios Nikolaos area
Uwe Kolitsch (PXRD-analysed)
          • Oxygon area
Collection of RJ Martin (visual ID)
          • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; - Rüsenberg, K. A. (2001): Mineralparagenesen in den Schlacken von Lavrion und ihre Entstehung. Aufschluss 52, 25-44 (in German)
          • Puntazeza area (Punta Zeza area)
Rüsenberg, K. A. (2001): Mineralparagenesen in den Schlacken von Lavrion und ihre Entstehung. Aufschluss 52, 25-44 (in German)
          • Sounion area
Fritz Schreiber Collection
Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude etc.
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Thorikos area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
          • Vrissaki area
Lacroix, A. & De Schulten, A. (1908): Note sur des minéraux plombifères des scories athéniennes du Laurion. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 31, 79-90 (in French).
  • South Aegean
    • Thira
      • Santorini Island
Sotiropoulou, S., Perdikatsis, V., Apostolaki, C., Karydas, A. G., Devetzi, A., & Birtacha, K. (2010). Lead pigments and related tools at Akrotiri, Thera, Greece. Provenance and application techniques. Journal of Archaeological Science, 37(8), 1830-1840.
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
[Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Giorgio Bortolozzi visual identification
Indonesia
 
  • South Kalimantan Province
    • Banjar Regency
Hattori, K. H., Cabri, L. J., Johanson, B., & Zientek, M. L. (2004). Origin of placer laurite from Borneo: Se and As contents, and S isotopic compositions. Mineralogical Magazine, 68(2), 353-368.
Iran
 
  • South Khorasan Province
    • Tabas County
      • Deyhuk District
        • Nayband (Neyband)
Anthony, J.W. et al. (2005): Handbook of Mineralogy
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Russo, M., Campostrini, I., and Demartin, F. (2014) Fumarolic minerals after the 1944 Vesuvius eruption. In: Cesare, B., Erba, E., Carmina, B., Fascio, L., Petti, F.M., and Zuccari, A., eds., The Future of the Italian Geosciences - The Italian Geosciences of the Future. 87° Congresso della Società Geologica Italiana e 90° Congresso della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, Milan, Italy, September 10-12, 2014. Abstract Book. Rendiconti Online della Società Geologica Italiana, 31, Supplemento n.1.
        • Ottaviano
Russo, M., Campostrini, I., and Demartin, F. (2014) Fumarolic minerals after the 1944 Vesuvius eruption. In: Cesare, B., Erba, E., Carmina, B., Fascio, L., Petti, F.M., and Zuccari, A., eds., The Future of the Italian Geosciences - The Italian Geosciences of the Future. 87° Congresso della Società Geologica Italiana e 90° Congresso della Società Italiana di Mineralogia e Petrologia, Milan, Italy, September 10-12, 2014. Abstract Book. Rendiconti Online della Società Geologica Italiana, 31, Supplemento n.1.
  • Liguria
    • Genoa
      • Genoa
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
  • Piedmont
    • Metropolitan City of Turin
      • Traversella
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • South Sardinia Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda Valley
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-South Tyrol)
    • Trento Province (Trentino)
      • Novaledo
Rocchetti I., Gentile P. and Ferretti P. (2012): La Miniera di Frattasecca presso Malga Broi (Novaledo, Trentino-Alto Adige). Storia e nuove segnalazioni mineralogiche. Studi Trentini di Scienze Naturali, 92, pagg. 167-180.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
Int. Assoc. of Collectors of Slag Minerals, 10 (2), 4-6.
http://www.comune.pisa.it/apsn/Articoli/Scorie/Capattoli.htm
      • Piombino
Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N. (1992): I minerali delle scorie ferrifere etrusche di Baratti (Livorno). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 99, 43-77; Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N., Bartoli, M.L., Chiappino, L. (1992): Baratti (LI): una nuova località mineralogica italiana analoga al Laurion. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 15, 1 (1-1992), 1-14 [1a parte]; Cerutti, G., Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20, 4, 13-18 and 50.
      • Sassetta
        • Canina Valley
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
Japan
 
  • Miyazaki Prefecture
    • Nishiusuki District
      • Takachiho
Kato, A. (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 38. (Sakurai collection)
Namibia
 
  • Oshikoto Region
    • Tsumeb
Keller, P. (1977): Hydrocerussit von Tsumeb/Südwestafrika. Der Aufschluss, 28, 413-415.
Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Norway
 
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
        • Konnerudkollen Mines (Konnerud Mines)
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Gunhildrud
Knut Eldjarn collection
  • Nordland
    • Narvik
Husdal, T. (2019) Nyfunn av mineraler fra Tysfjord-pegmatittene, Nordland. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2019: 31-46
    • Sørfold
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
  • Vestfold og Telemark
    • Larvik
      • Tvedalen
Åmli, R. and Griffin, W.L. (1972): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway, No 47. Three minerals new to Norway: Wickmannite, Leadhillite and Hydrocerussite. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 52: 192-196
        • Tuften (Tuften 1 Quarry; Tuften 2 Quarry)
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
    • Porsgrunn
      • Auenlandet
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
  • Viken
    • Nesodden
L. O. Kvamsdal (1988). Mi-Fo nytt 71. (nr 5-1988)
Peru
 
  • Pasco
    • Pasco province
      • Cerro de Pasco
Sangameshwar, S. R., & Barnes, H. L. (1983). Supergene processes in zinc-lead-silver sulfide ores in carbonates. Economic Geology, 78(7), 1379-1397.
Poland
 
  • Lesser Poland Voivodeship
    • Chrzanów County
      • Gmina Trzebinia
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
    • Olkusz County
      • Gmina Bolesław
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
      • Gmina Olkusz
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
Portugal
 
  • Beja
    • Odemira
      • São Luís
Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Russia
 
  • Altai Krai
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 271.
  • Chelyabinsk Oblast
    • Verkhny Ufaley
      • Ufaley District (Ufalei District)
Local geolofist S.V.Kolesnichenko data
  • Murmansk Oblast
    • Belye Tundry Massif
Voloshin, A.V., Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Волошин А.В., Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2005): Intragranite rare-metal pegmatites of the alkaline granite formation of the Kola Peninsula. Quartz-zircon pseudomorphs [Внутригранитные редкометалльные пегматиты щелочногранитовой формации Кольского полуострова. Кварц-цирконовые псевдоморфозы]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 134, 4, 98-107; Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
    • Khibiny Massif
      • Eveslogchorr Mt
        • Astrophyllite Stream
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
    • Lovozersky District
      • Seidozero Lake
Yakovenchuk, V.N., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men’shikov, Yu.P., Mikhailova, J.A., and Ivanyuk, G.Yu. (2007): Canadian Mineralogist 45, 451-456.
  • Sverdlovsk Oblast
    • Ivdel
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data of 2017
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Cairncross, B., Dixon, R. (1995) Minerals of South Africa. Geological Society of South Africa, PO Box 44283, Linden 2104, South Africa.
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Baix Camp
        • Alforja
Abella i Creus, Joan (2018) Plumboagardite, green anglesite and other minerals from the Alforja mine, Alforja, Tarragona, Catalunya. Mineral Up, 2018/2.
      • Priorat
        • Ulldemolins
Rosell, J., Rubio, C., Varela, F. (2017): Els Minerals de Vanadi de la mina Maria Magdalena. Ulldemolins, el Priorat, Tarragona, Catalunya. Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1/2017
Sweden (TL)
 
  • Värmland County
    • Filipstad
      • Långban Ore District
Tschermaks Min. Pet. Mitt. 3 (1953), 298; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Persberg ore district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (1984): Kleinod des Nordens - Harstigen in Schweden. Magma 2/1984, 12-30.
No reference listed
Switzerland
 
  • Uri
    • Urseren
      • Realp
        • Tiefenbach
          • Gletschhorn
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 218.
  • Valais
    • Goms
      • Binn
Van der Burgt, A., Cuchet, S. & de Wit, F. (2015): Eine klassische aber für das Binntal aussergewöhnliche Mineralisation. Schweizer Strahler 49 (3), 2-14.
        • Fäld
Graeser, et al. (2008) Faszination Lengenbach. KristalloGrafik-Verl., Achberg
Tunisia
 
  • Mahdia
    • Mahdia
Kutzke, H., Barbier, B., Becker, P. & Eggert, G. (1997): Barstowite as a corrosion product on a lead object from the Mahdia shipwreck. Studies in Conservation 42, 176-180.
UK
 
  • England
    • Bristol
      • Westbury on Trym
BMS Database
    • Cornwall
      • Crantock
BMS Newsletter 79, March 2010 (http://britishmicromountsociety.homestead.com/Gannell-Smelter.html)
      • Lezant
Famous British Mineral Localities: Greystone Quarry, Lezant, Cornwall. N Elton, D Green, J Hooper & S Weiss. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals No 24, 2004, pp 9-28
    • County Durham
      • Healeyfield
Norman Wilson collection
      • Stanhope
Norman Wilson collection
Norman Wilson Personal Collection
        • Rogerley Quarry
P Haas collection
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Above Derwent
No reference listed
        • Caldbeck
BMS Database
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
          • Roughton Gill
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, 11, 3-28.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10, 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).; Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2008) A review of the mineralisation at Red Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 11, 29-47.
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous mineral localities: Pyromorphite group minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2011) A review of the mineralisation of the Roughton Gill mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 3 Roughton Gill Mine. Journal of the Russell Society, 14, 3-23.
No reference listed
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).
No reference listed
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1991) Famous Mineral Localities: Pyromorphite Group Minerals from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Mineralogical Record, 22(2), 105-121.
      • Copeland
        • Whitehaven
BMS Database
      • Eden
        • Mungrisdale
Kingsbury, A.W.G. and Hartley, J. (MS) (1951) New occurrences of rare minerals in the northern part of the English Lake District: part 1.; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Kingsbury & Hartley, 1951 and Hartley, 1984).
Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).
UK Journal of Mines and Minerals number 29 2008
    • Derbyshire
      • Derbyshire Dales District
        • Matlock
Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993): The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire. UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13, 16-55.
      • North East Derbyshire District
        • Ashover
          • Milltown
S. Rust collection; Mineralogical Magazine(1984) 48, 267-269; Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993): The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire. UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13, 16-55.; Rust, S. A. (1994): Seltene Mineralien aus dem Milltown-Steinbruch bei Ashover, Derbyshire, Großbritannien. Lapis, 19(12), 13-17; 58 (in German).
    • Northumberland
      • Allendale
Norman Wilson collection
    • Somerset
      • Mendip
        • Cranmore
Alabaster, C.J. (1977) An occurrence of brucite at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset. Mineralogical Magazine: 41(319): 406-408.; Symes, R.F. (1977) Datolite and apophyllite from the Mendips. Mineralogical Magazine: 41 (319): 410-411. Jambor, J.L., Pertsev, N.N., and Roberts, A.C. (1999) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 84: 1195-1198.; Turner, R.W. (2006) A mechanism for the formation of the mineralised Mn deposits at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset, England. Mineralogical Magazine: 70(6): 629-653.; Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010) Mineral relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society: 13: 3-46.
        • Nunney
BMS Database
        • Priddy
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 83; Mineralogical Record: 27: 253.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 57.
      • Sedgemoor
        • Cheddar
BMS Database
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
        • Wanlock Dod-Whytes Cleuch
S Rust collection
    • South Lanarkshire
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 271; Scottish Journal of Geology (1987): 23, 1-8.
        • Wanlock Dod
S.Rust collection
S. Rust Collection
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
UKJMM No5
      • Trefeirig
        • Pen-bont Rhydybeddau
BMS Database
Steve Rust Collection
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Cwmystwyth
Steve Rust
        • Pontrhydygroes
BMS Database.; Green, D.I., Rust, S.A., Mason, J.S. (1996) Classic British mineral localities: Frongoch mine, Dyfed. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals, 17, 29-39.; Rust, Steve A. (2019) Minerals of the Frongoch Mine. Published by the author, 180 pages. ISBN 978-1-9162641-0-6.
    • Powys
      • Machynlleth
        • Dylife
BMS Database
      • Old Radnor
Cotterell, T., Green, D., Hubbard, N., Mason, J.S., Starkey, R., Tindle, A. (2011) The Mineralogy of Dolyhir Quarry, Old Radnor, Powys, Wales. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals, 32, 5-61.
      • Rhayader
No reference listed
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise County
Graeme, R. (1993) Bisbee revisited. The Mineralogical Record: 24: 421-436.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 254; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
    • Gila Co.
      • Banner Mining District
        • Christmas
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 254.
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa Mining District
        • Klondyke
          • Grand Reef Mountain
            • Laurel Canyon
[MinRec 27:305]
    • La Paz County
      • Silver Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 254.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Osborn Mining District
        • Tonopah
          • Belmont Mountain
            • Tiger Wash
Mineral News (2002) 18-1 pp1,5-7; Yang, H., Andrade, M.B., Downs, R.T., Gibbs, R.B., Jenkins, R.A. (2016): Raygrantite, Pb10Zn(SO4)6(SiO4)2(OH)2, a new mineral isostructural with iranite, from Big Horn Mountains, Maricopa County, Arizona, USA. Canadian Mineralogist: 54: 625-634.
      • Vulture Mining District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 254.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth Mining District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 141; Fahey, J.J., et al (1950), Wherryite, a new mineral from the Mammoth mine, AZ, Am.Min.: 35: 93-98; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 254; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, Arizona, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181; Fahey, J.J., et al (1950), Wherryite, a new mineral from the Mammoth mine, AZ, Am.Min.: 35: 93-98; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 55.
  • Colorado
    • San Miguel Co.
      • Slick Rock Mining District
Kampf, A. R., Plášil, J., Nash, B. P., & Marty, J. (2019). Ammoniomathesiusite, a new uranyl sulfate–vanadate mineral from the Burro mine, San Miguel County, Colorado, USA. Mineralogical Magazine, 83(1), 115-121.
  • Idaho
    • Shoshone Co.
      • Yreka Mining District
Ream, Lanny L. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated, p.10
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Easthampton
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
Shawn Carlson (2010) Mineral News, 26, #11, 1-2 & 9-10.
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex County
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Franklin
Van King
  • North Carolina
    • Carteret Co.
      • Beaufort
www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/qar/rcorner/Craigscreen.pdf.; Stacie E. Dunkle (2002) Romarchite and Other Corrosion Phases on Metal Artifacts from the Queen Anne’s Revenge (1718) MS thesis VPI
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • Cranston
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
Vietnam
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Zambia
 
  • Central Province
    • Kabwe District
      • Kabwe (Broken Hill)
Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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