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Hydrocerussite

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Formula:
Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Colour:
White or grey; colourless in transmitted light
Lustre:
Adamantine, Pearly
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
6.8
Crystal System:
Trigonal
Name:
In allusion to the composition, being a HYDRated lead carbonate, similar to cerussite.
Hydrocerussite is a secondary mineral usually found in oxidized lead ore deposits. It it less common than cerussite (anhydrous lead carbonate). Also reported as a mycobiont of the Stereocaulon vesuvianum lichen found in a ruined Pb-smelting mill (vide Burford et al., 2003).

A closely related mineral is Plumbonacrite.
Visually very similar to Unnamed (Hydrocerussite- and Plumbonacrite-related phase) (a slag phase).


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of HydrocerussiteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
5.BE.10

5 : CARBONATES (NITRATES)
B : Carbonates with additional anions, without H2O
E : With Pb, Bi
16a.2.2.1

16a : ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
2 : (AB)3(XO3)2Zq
11.9.2

11 : Carbonates
9 : Carbonates of Pb, Zr and Th

Pronounciation of HydrocerussiteHide

Pronounciation:
PlayRecorded byCountry
Jolyon & Katya RalphUnited Kingdom

Physical Properties of HydrocerussiteHide

Adamantine, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
White or grey; colourless in transmitted light
Streak:
White
Hardness:
3½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {0001}.
Density:
6.8 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.94 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of HydrocerussiteHide

Type:
Uniaxial (-)
RI values:
nω = 2.090 nε = 1.940
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.150
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High

Chemical Properties of HydrocerussiteHide

Formula:
Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2

Crystallography of HydrocerussiteHide

Crystal System:
Trigonal
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.239(5) Å, c = 23.65(2) Å
Ratio:
a:c = 1 : 4.514
Unit Cell V:
562.16 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Morphology:
Crystals steep pyramidal {h0h1} with {0001} very small at times. Thin scales with a hexagonal presentation and flattened {0001}; also thick tabular {0001}.

Comment:
Space group R-3m, with a = 5.2465(6) and c = 23.702(3) A, is given by Martinetto et al. (2002), on the basis of a structure solution from powder data.

Type Occurrence of HydrocerussiteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Metamorphosed Mn-Fe deposit.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of HydrocerussiteHide

Other Language Names for HydrocerussiteHide

Common AssociatesHide

CerussitePbCO3
LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
MatlockitePbFCl
MendipitePb3Cl2O2
ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Cerussite30 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with Cerussite on mindat.org.
Lead29 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with Lead on mindat.org.
Pyrochroite14 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with Pyrochroite on mindat.org.
Galena12 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with Galena on mindat.org.
Fluorite9 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with Fluorite on mindat.org.
Diaboleite7 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with Diaboleite on mindat.org.
Allactite6 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with Allactite on mindat.org.
Bechererite5 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with Bechererite on mindat.org.
Litharge4 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with Litharge on mindat.org.
Susannite4 photos of Hydrocerussite associated with Susannite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

5.BE.XAbellaiteNaPb2(CO3)2(OH)Trig. 3m : P3 1c
5.BE.05ShannonitePb2OCO3Orth.
5.BE.15PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : P3c1
5.BE.20PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/mbm
5.BE.25Bismutite(BiO)2CO3Orth. mm2 : Imm2
5.BE.30KettneriteCaBiCO3OFOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
5.BE.35BeyeriteCa(BiO)2(CO3)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Immm

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

11.9.1CerussitePbCO3Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.9.3DundasitePbAl2(CO3)2(OH)4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.9.4Gysinite-(Nd)PbNd(CO3)2(OH) · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m)
11.9.5Schuilingite-(Nd)PbCu(Nd,Gd,Sm,Y)(CO3)3(OH) · 1.5H2O
11.9.6TuliokiteNa6BaTh(CO3)6 · 6H2OTrig.
11.9.7WeloganiteNa2Sr3Zr(CO3)6 · 3H2OTric. 1 : P1
11.9.8SabinaiteNa4Zr2TiO4(CO3)4Mon. 2/m : B2/b

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Soluble in acids with effervescence.
Health Risks:
Contains lead - always wash hands after handling. Do not lick.

References for HydrocerussiteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Nordenskild (1877) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 3: 381.
Heddle (1889) Mineralogical Magazine: 8: 201 (as Plumbonacrite).
Flink (1901) Bull. Geol. Inst. Upsala: 5: 94.
Larsen, E.S. (1921) The Microscopic Determination of the Nonopaque Minerals, First edition, USGS Bulletin 679: 202.
Spencer (1925) Mineralogical Magazine: 20: 80.
Aminoff (1926) Geologiska Föeningens I Stockholm. Förhandlinger, Stockholm: 48: 44.
Kokkoros, P. and Vassiliadis, K. (1953). Röntgenkristallographie von Hydrocerussit. Tschermaks Mineral. Petrogr. Mitt. 3, 298-304.
Voronova, A. A. and Vainshtein, B. K. (1964): An electron-diffraction study of the crystal structure of PbCO3PbO(H2O)2. Kristallografiya 9, 197-203. (in Russian).
Keller, P. (1977): Hydrocerussit von Tsumeb/Südwestafrika. Der Aufschluss, 28, 413-415.
Flemming, N. J.; Lopata, V. J.; Sanipelli, B. L.; Taylor, P. (1984): Thermal decomposition of basic lead carbonates: a comparison of hydrocerussite and plumbonacrite. Thermochim. Acta 81, 1-8.
Taylor, P. & Lopata, V. J. (1984): Stability and solubility relationships between some solids in the system lead oxide-carbon dioxide-water. Can. J. Chem. 62, 395-402.
Martinetto, P., M. Anne, E. Dooryhée, P. Walter and G. Tsoucaris (2002): Synthetic hydrocerussite, 2PbCO3•Pb(OH)2, by X-ray powder diffraction. Acta Cryst. C58, i82-i84. [possibly incorrect structure/space group; comment by Uwe Kolitsch]
Burford, E.P., Kierans, M., Gadd, G.M. (2003): Geomycology: fungi in mineral substrata. Mycologist: 17(3): 98-107; DOI: 10.1017/S0269915X03003112

Internet Links for HydrocerussiteHide

Localities for HydrocerussiteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Yancowinna Co.
      • Broken Hill
        • Broken Hill South Mine (BHS Mine; South Mine)
Australian Min. 3:1 (1997)
  • Queensland
[MinRec 19 p469-490 - "Sielecki, R: The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field"]
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
  • South Australia
    • Flinders Ranges
      • North Flinders Ranges
        • Leigh Creek
          • Lyndhurst
Toma, J. (2017): Mineral news from South Australia. Australian Journal of Mineralogy 18 (1), 68. [Ben Grguric PXRD analysis]
  • Tasmania
    • West Coast municipality
      • Zeehan district
        • Zeehan mineral field
          • Tasmanian Smelting Company site
M. Latham Collection 2011
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Friesach - Hüttenberg area
      • St Martin am Silberberg
Blaß, G., Graf, H.-W. & Pichler, A. (1997): Sekundäre Neubildungen in Schlacken von St. Martin am Silberberg in Kärnten (2). Mineralien-Welt, 8(6), 54-55.
    • Gailtaler Alpen & Karnische Alpen
      • Bleiberg District
        • Mittewald
A.Pichler (2003)
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Ankogel group
        • Kleinelend valley
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
J. Taucher: Carinthia II 186./106.:132 (1996)
    • Kreuzeck group
      • Penk
        • Teuchlbach valley
G. Niedermayr, I. Praetzel: Mineralien Kärntens, 1995
  • Lower Austria
    • Wienerwald
      • Alland
SIGMUND, Alois (1902): Verzeichnis der Minerale Niederösterreichs.- 28. Jber. k. k. St.-gymn. XVII. Bez. Wien, 46 S., Wien (Deuticke).
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Naßfeld valley
          • Kreuzkogel massif
            • Radhausberg
Kirchner, E. Ch., Mrazek, R., Wimmer, H. (2007): Neue Mineralfunde von Bergbauhalden Radhausberg Süd (Weißental) Kreuzkogel. Mineral. Archiv Salzburg 12, 251-254.
      • Habach valley
        • Nasenkopf
matrixx 5, p.50-54
      • Hollersbach valley
Niedermayr, G. & Brandstätter, F. (2000): 1221. Harmotom, Fluorit, Galenit, Cerussit sowie Hydrocerussit, Rauchquarz und Wulfenit aus dem Bereich von „Russland" in der Scharn, Hollersbachtal, Salzburg. Pp. 206-207 in Niedermayr et al. (2000): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XLIX. Carinthia II, 190./110., 181-224.
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
            • Kolm-Saigurn
A. Strasser: Die MInerale Salzburgs (1989)
Niedermayr, G. & Wittern, A. (2009): Mineralreiches Österreich - Tirol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 144 pp.
    • Lungau
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Weißpriach valley
Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
  • Styria
    • Fischbacher Alpen
      • Rettenegg
        • Prinzkogel (Prinzenkogel)
          • Prinzkogel mines
            • Southern District
Bojar, H.-P. & Moser, B. (1994); Jakely, D. et al. (2008)
      • Spital am Semmering
        • Steinhaus am Semmering
          • Fröschnitz valley (Fröschnitz)
P. Tomazic, F. Bernhard, U. Kolitsch und G. Knobloch (2012): Mineralogie eines historischen Bergbaues auf Eisen und Silber am Arzberg bei Steinhaus am Semmering. Der Steirische Mineralog 26, 4-9.
    • Niedere Tauern
      • Öblarn
        • Walchen
[Lapis 1992: 2 p.19-30]
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Giglach valley
          • Giglach lakes
Schachinger, T., Kolitsch, U., Bernhard, F. & Bojar, H.-P. (2014): Erzmineralisationen und ihre Verwitterungsprodukte aus dem weiteren Bereich der Steirischen und Lungauer Kalkspitze. Der Steirische Mineralog 28, 8-21.
  • Tyrol
    • North Tyrol
      • Imst - Nassereith District
        • Haiming
M. Strasser (2006): Wulfenit aus Haiming in Tirol. Lapis 31 (2), 40-41.
        • Imst
          • Tschirgant
Hanneberg, A., Simon, P. & Wolkersdorfer, C. (2009): Galmei und schöne Wulfenite: Der Blei-Zink-Bergbau rund um den Fernpaß in Tirol. Lapis 34 (4), 21-31; 54.
      • Zillertal
        • Stillupgrund (Stillup valley)
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Belgium
 
  • Liège Province
    • Verviers
      • Plombières-Vieille Montagne-Moresnet (Plombières-Altenberg-Moresnet) mining district
        • Plombières (Blieberg; Bleiberg; Bleyberg)
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995b): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Similkameen Mining Division
      • Similkameen River
      • Tulameen River
  • Ontario
    • Frontenac Co.
      • Loughborough Township
Sabina, 1968, GSC Paper 67-51, p.24
      • Olden Township
Ann P. Sabina, Rocks & Minerals for the Collector: Geoligical Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 32. Page 16, Long Lake Zinc Mine
  • Québec
    • Gaspésie-Îles-de-la-Madeleine
      • La Côte-de-Gaspé RCM
Sabina; Sabina, A.P. (1967) Rocks & minerals for the collector: Eastern Townships and Gaspé, Quebec and parts of New Brunswick. Geological Survey of Canada Paper 66-51, 78-79.
    • Montérégie
      • La Vallée-du-Richelieu RCM
        • Mont Saint-Hilaire
Horváth, L and Gault, R.A. (1990), The mineralogy of Mont Saint-Hilaire Quebec. Mineralogical Record: 21: 284-359.
    • Montréal
TARASSOFF, P., HORVÁTH, L. and PFENNINGER-HORVÁTH, E. (2006) Famous mineral localities: the Francon quarry, Montréal, Québec. Mineralogical Record, 37, 5-60.
China
 
  • Henan Province
    • Luoyang Prefecture
      • Luoning Co.
Yanjing Chen, Pirajno, F., and Jinping Qi (2008): Journal of Asian Earth Sciences 33(3/4), 252-266
  • Yunnan Province
    • Honghe Autonomous Prefecture
      • Gejiu Co.
Zude Jin (1981): Geology and Prospecting 17(1), 32-34
    • Qujing Prefecture
      • Huize Co.
Qiliang Chen (2002): Geology and Prospecting 38(1), 22-26
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram
RÜSENBERG, K. A. & PAULIŠ, P. (1996): Umbildungen und Neubildungen in den Schlackehalden der Blei- und Silberhütte von Příbram/ČR. Aufschluss 47, 267-287 (in German).
    • Liberec Region
      • Harrachov (Harrachsdorf)
Fengl, M.: Mineralogie těžených fluoritových ložisek (1.-5.). Minerál, 1998-1999, roč. 6-7, č. 2, 4, 6, 1, 3.
Democratic Republic of Congo (Zaïre)
 
  • Kivu
Jedwab, J., Cervelle, B., Gouet, G., Hubaut, X., & Piret, P. (1992). The new platinum selenide luberoite Pt5Se4 from the Lubero region (Kivu Province, Zaire). European journal of mineralogy, 4(4), 683-692.
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
      • Saint-Germain-Laval
Anthony Geneyton
    • Rhône
      • Beaujeu
        • Les Ardillats
Favreau G., Legris J-R., Dardillac M. (1996), La Verrière (Rhône): Histoire et Minéralogie, Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, pp:3-28
      • Poule-les-Echarmeaux
Chollet Pascal Collection EDS by Vincent Bourgoin - Jean Wyart association
  • Bourgogne-Franche-Comté
    • Saône-et-Loire
      • Saint-Léger-sous-Beuvray
        • Saint-Prix
PASSAQUI J.-P., DEMAIZIERE J.-F., GOURAULT C., SZULAK L., PERRAUDIN M., DE ASCENCAO GUEDES R. (2007) – Les Molérats (Saône-et-Loire), Le Règne Minéral Hors série XIII, pp.91-96.
  • Brittany
    • Côtes-d'Armor
      • Plélauff
inventaire minéralogique de la france No5, côtes-d'armor, Pierrot/Chauris/Laforet 1975
    • Finistère
      • Poullaouen
Germain C., Leydet J-C., Saget Ph. (1990), Les minéraux de néoformation de Huelgoat (Finistère), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, 3-16
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
  • Occitanie
    • Ariège
      • Saint-Girons
        • Aulus-les-Bains
Gol, D. (2014): L'ancienne mine de Laquorre, Aulus-les-bains, Ariège. Le Règne Minéral, 118, 5-27.
    • Aude
      • Padern
Favreau, G., Berbain, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Cyanophyllite et autres minéraux rares de Padern (Aude). Le Cahiers des Micromonteurs, 82(4), 17-23.
    • Aveyron
      • Asprières
Leconte J., Hatert F., Grégoire L., (2016) - Bréziès, Asprières, Aveyron, France - Micromonteurs, p. 54
      • Villefranche-de-Rouergue
Patrice Queneau Collection
    • Gard
      • Alzon
Robert PECORINI (2016) - La mine de Valcroze, Alzon (Gard) - Le cahier des micromonteurs 133, pp 3-52
    • Lozère
      • Marvejols
        • St Léger-de-Peyre
Patrice Queneau Collection
      • Pont-de-Montvert
        • Vialas
No reference listed
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Badenweiler
        • Badenweiler Pb mining District
          • Sehringen
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992; Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Emmendingen
        • Freiamt Pb-Cu mining District
          • Freiamt
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Gengenbach
        • Haigerach valley
Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald
      • Hausach
        • Einbach valley
[Wittern,A. (1995) Mineralien finden im Schwarzwald]
      • Schapbach
        • Wildschapbach valley
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Schönau
        • Aitern
Lapis 21(12), 44 (1996)
      • St Blasien
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
        • Urberg
Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Todtnau
Lapis 21(12), 44 (1996)
http://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/Deutschland/Baden-W%FCrttemberg/Schwarzwald/Todtnau/Lisb%FChl
      • Waldshut
        • Brenden
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
KOLITSCH, U. & GÖTZINGER, M. (2000): Einige Neufunde aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald: Eulytin, Namibit, Volborthit, Gearksutit, Spertiniit, Monazit-(La), Protasit, Sainfeldit, Cyanotrichit und Vauquelinit. - Erzgräber 14, 33-47. ; KOLITSCH, U. (2000): Eine durch Betoneinwirkung entstandene Paragenese von Blei-Verbindungen aus der Grube Clara im mittleren Schwarzwald. - Erzgräber 14, 48-53; WALENTA, K. (1997): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara 7. Folge. - Lapis 22 (11), 37-47; WALENTA, K. (1999): Neue Mineralfunde von der Grube Clara. 8. Folge, 2. Teil. Lapis 24 (12), 40-44
  • Hesse
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Bockswies veins
          • Oberschulenberg
Lapis, 11 (1), 9-18+42
        • Zellerfeld veins
Gröbner, J. & Nikoleizig, J. (2009): Die Mineralien der Gruben Kahlenbergsglück & Grüne Tanne am Kahlenberg bei Zellerfeld. Mineralien-Welt 20 (4), 34-39.
      • Goslar
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
        • Grane Reservoir
No reference listed
      • Lautenthal
No reference listed
      • St Andreasberg District
        • Oder valley
Schnorrer, G. (1994): Neues aus St. Andreasberg/Harz. Lapis 19(5), 35.
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • St Andreasberg
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Eschweiler
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
      • Stolberg
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
International Association of Collectors of Slag Minerals, 9 (3), 3-6; Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Eifel
      • Mechernich
        • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
    • Niederberg area
      • Velbert
        • Rützkausen
Lapis 1988(1), 15-34
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Essen
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
    • Sauerland
      • Arnsberg
        • Hüsten
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • Brilon
Lapis 25(12), 47 (2000)
      • Iserlohn
        • Letmathe
Bender/Marl, D. & Krimmelbein/Altena, W. (1994) Aktuelle Übersicht: Mineralien der Zinkhütte Genna/Sauerland. Stand Juni 1994. Mineralien-Welt, 4/94, 10.
      • Sundern
        • Bönkhausen
Lapis, 14 (2), 22-27+33+42.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Eifel
      • Adenau
        • Antweiler
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Prüm
        • Bleialf
          • Neue Hoffnung Mine
Lapis, 16(2), 13-18+58.
    • Lahn valley
      • Bad Ems District
        • Braubach
Lapis, 16 (1), 38-53+58.
        • Frücht
Der Aufschluss Vol.55, March/April 2004
    • Palatinate
      • Winnweiler
        • Imsbach
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Westerwald
      • Linz am Rhein
        • Rheinbreitbach
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
      • Zschopau
Witzke, T. (2012): Neubestimmungen von Fundstellen in Sachsen: Pyracmonit, Philipsbornit, Mottramit, Mansfieldit, Hydrocerussit und weitere. Aufschluss, 63, 295-300.
  • Thuringia
    • Wurzbach
      • Weitisberga
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Agios Konstantinos [St Constantine] (Kamariza)
LAPIS 24 (7/8) 1999; Wendel, W. and Markl, G. (1999) Lavrion: Mineralogische Klassiker und Raritäten für Sammler. LAPIS 24 (7/8):34-52
        • Lavrion (Laurion; Laurium)
No reference listed
        • Sounion area
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion. Mineralien-Welt 9 (2), 46-48 (in German).
Lapis, 24, 7/8 (1999)
        • Vromopoussi area
Fritz Schreiber collection
Grolig, H. & Grolig, E. (1978): Lavrion in Attika. Lapis, 3 (5), 16-25; 40 (in German).
        • Agios Nikolaos [St Nicholas] area
Uwe Kolitsch (PXRD-analysed)
        • Passa Limani area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet, and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals of the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands; - Rüsenberg, K. A. (2001): Mineralparagenesen in den Schlacken von Lavrion und ihre Entstehung. Aufschluss 52, 25-44 (in German)
        • Puntazeza area (Punta Zeza area)
Rüsenberg, K. A. (2001): Mineralparagenesen in den Schlacken von Lavrion und ihre Entstehung. Aufschluss 52, 25-44 (in German)
        • Sounion area
Fritz Schreiber Collection
Laurion The minerals in the ancient slags by Piet Gelaude etc.
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian, (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
        • Thorikos area
Gelaude, Piet, van Kalmthout, Piet and Rewitzer, Christian (1996) Laurion: The Minerals in the Ancient Slags, Janssen Print, Nijmegen, The Netherlands
        • Vrissaki area
Lacroix, A. & De Schulten, A. (1908): Note sur des minéraux plombifères des scories athéniennes du Laurion. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 31, 79-90 (in French).
Greenland
 
  • Kujalleq
    • Narsaq
[Mineralogical Record - Vol 24 No 2]; Petersen, O.V. (2001): List of all minerals identified in the Ilímaussaq alkaline complex, South Greenland. Geology of Greenland Survey Bulletin. 190, 25-33
Indonesia
 
  • Kalimantan (Borneo)
    • Kalimantan Selatan Province (South Kalimantan Province)
Hattori, K. H., Cabri, L. J., Johanson, B., & Zientek, M. L. (2004). Origin of placer laurite from Borneo: Se and As contents, and S isotopic compositions. Mineralogical Magazine, 68(2), 353-368.
Iran
 
  • Yazd Province
    • Nayband (Neyband)
Anthony, J.W. et al. (2005): Handbook of Mineralogy
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
  • Liguria
    • Genova Province
      • Genova
        • Varenna Valley
Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 2 (Avril/Juin), 175-188.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Chiusella Valley
          • Traversella
Piccoli, G.C., Maletto, G., Bosio, P., Lombardo, B. (2007). Minerali del Piemonte e della Valle d'Aosta. Associazione Amici del Museo "F. Eusebio" Alba, Ed., Alba (Cuneo) 607 pp.
  • Sardinia
    • Carbonia-Iglesias Province
      • Domusnovas
        • Oridda
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente - Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 1, 238 pp.
  • Trentino-Alto Adige (Trentino-Südtirol)
    • Trento Province
      • Valsugana
        • Novaledo
Rocchetti I., Gentile P. and Ferretti P. (2012): La Miniera di Frattasecca presso Malga Broi (Novaledo, Trentino-Alto Adige). Storia e nuove segnalazioni mineralogiche. Studi Trentini di Scienze Naturali, 92, pagg. 167-180.
  • Tuscany
    • Livorno Province
      • Campigliese (Campiglia Mountains; Campiglia Ridge)
        • Campiglia Marittima
Int. Assoc. of Collectors of Slag Minerals, 10 (2), 4-6.
http://www.comune.pisa.it/apsn/Articoli/Scorie/Capattoli.htm
        • Sassetta
          • Canina Valley
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
      • Piombino
Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N. (1992): I minerali delle scorie ferrifere etrusche di Baratti (Livorno). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, Serie A, 99, 43-77; Franzini, M., Perchiazzi, N., Bartoli, M.L., Chiappino, L. (1992): Baratti (LI): una nuova località mineralogica italiana analoga al Laurion. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 15, 1 (1-1992), 1-14 [1a parte]; Cerutti, G., Preite, D. (1995): Mineralien der etruskischen Schlacken von Baratti, Toskana. Lapis, 20, 4, 13-18 and 50.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Miyazaki Prefecture
      • Takachiho
Kato, A. (1973) Sakurai Koubutsu Hyohon, 38. (Sakurai collection)
Namibia
 
  • Otjikoto Region (Oshikoto)
    • Tsumeb
Keller, P. (1977): Hydrocerussit von Tsumeb/Südwestafrika. Der Aufschluss, 28, 413-415.
Ettler, V., Johan, Z., Kříbek, B., Šebek, O. & Mihaljevič, M. (2009): Mineralogy and environmental stability of slags from the Tsumeb smelter, Namibia. Applied Geochemistry 24, 1-15.
Norway
 
  • Akershus
    • Nesodden
L. O. Kvamsdal (1988). Mi-Fo nytt 71. (nr 5-1988)
  • Buskerud
    • Drammen
      • Konnerud
        • Konnerudkollen Mines (Konnerud Mines)
Selbekk R.S. (2010): Norges mineraler. En revidert utgave av Norges mineraler (Neumann 1985). Tapir-NGU-NHM. 552p
    • Øvre Eiker
      • Gunhildrud
Knut Eldjarn collection
  • Nordland
    • Sørfold
Husdal, T. (2008): The minerals of the pegmatites within the Tysfjord granite, northern Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum, skrift 38, 5-28.
  • Telemark
    • Porsgrunn
      • Mørje
        • Sagåsen
Larsen, A.O., Åsheim, A. and Gault, R. A. (2005): Minerals of the eudialyte group from the Sagåsen larvikite quarry, Porsgrunn, Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter 30: 58-62
  • Vestfold
    • Larvik
      • Tvedalen
Åmli, R. and Griffin, W.L. (1972): Contributions to the mineralogy of Norway, No 47. Three minerals new to Norway: Wickmannite, Leadhillite and Hydrocerussite. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 52: 192-196
        • Tuften (Tuften 1 Quarry; Tuften 2 Quarry)
Larsen, A. O. (ed.) (2010): The Langesundsfjord. History, geology, pegmatites, minerals. Bode Verlag Gmbh, Salzhemmendorf, Germany, 240 p
Peru
 
  • Pasco department
    • Pasco province
      • Cerro de Pasco
Sangameshwar, S. R., & Barnes, H. L. (1983). Supergene processes in zinc-lead-silver sulfide ores in carbonates. Economic Geology, 78(7), 1379-1397.
Poland
 
  • Małopolskie
    • Chrzanów District
      • Trzebinia
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
    • Olkusz District
      • Bolesław
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
      • Olkusz
Coppola, V., Boni, M., Gilg, A., and Strzelska-Smakowska, B. (2009): Mineralium Deposita 44, 559-580.
Russia
 
  • Northern Region
    • Murmanskaya Oblast'
      • Belye Tundry Massif
Voloshin, A.V., Lyalina, L.M., Savchenko, Ye.E., Selivanova, E.A. [Волошин А.В., Лялина Л.М., Савченко Е.Э., Селиванова Е.А.] (2005): Intragranite rare-metal pegmatites of the alkaline granite formation of the Kola Peninsula. Quartz-zircon pseudomorphs [Внутригранитные редкометалльные пегматиты щелочногранитовой формации Кольского полуострова. Кварц-цирконовые псевдоморфозы]. Zapiski RMO [Записки РМО], 134, 4, 98-107; Lyalina, L.M., Selivanova, E.A., Savchenko, Ye.E., Zozulya, D.R., Kadyrova, G.I. (2014): Minerals of the gadolinite-(Y)–hingganite-(Y) series in the alkali granite pegmatites of the Kola Peninsula. Geology of Ore Deposits, 56, 675-684.
      • Kola peninsula
        • Khibiny Massif
          • Eveslogchorr Mt
            • 3rd left tributary of Vuonnemijok river (Astrophillytovyi stream)
Arzamastsev, A., Yakovenchuk, V., Pakhomovsky, Y., & Ivanyuk, G. (2008). The Khibina and Lovozero alkaline massifs: Geology and unique mineralization. In Guidbook for 33rd International Geological Congress Excursion (No. 47, p. 58).
      • Lovozero Massif
        • Seidozero Lake
Yakovenchuk, V.N., Pakhomovsky, Ya.A., Men’shikov, Yu.P., Mikhailova, J.A., and Ivanyuk, G.Yu. (2007): Canadian Mineralogist 45, 451-456.
  • Western-Siberian Region
    • Altaiskii Krai
      • Rudnyi Altai
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 271.
South Africa
 
  • Mpumalanga Province
    • Nkangala District
      • Delmas
Minerals of South Africa
Spain
 
  • Catalonia
    • Tarragona
      • Priorat
        • Ulldemolins
Rosell, J., Rubio, C., Varela, F. (2017): Els Minerals de Vanadi de la mina Maria Magdalena. Ulldemolins, el Priorat, Tarragona, Catalunya. Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1/2017
Sweden (TL)
 
  • Värmland
    • Filipstad
Tschermaks Min. Pet. Mitt. 3 (1953), 298; Nysten, P., Holtstam, D. and Jonsson, E. (1999) The Långban minerals. In Långban - The mines,their minerals, geology and explorers (D. Holtstam and J. Langhof, eds.), Swedish Museum of Natural History and Raster Förlag, Stockholm & Chr. Weise Verlag, Munich, pp. 89-183.
      • Persberg district
        • Pajsberg
Nysten, P. (1984): Kleinod des Nordens - Harstigen in Schweden. Magma 2/1984, 12-30.
No reference listed
Switzerland
 
  • Uri
    • Urseren
      • Furka pass area
        • Gletschhorn
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 218.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Binn Valley
      • Fäld (Imfeld; Im Feld; Feld)
Graeser, et al. (2008) Faszination Lengenbach. KristalloGrafik-Verl., Achberg
Van der Burgt, A., Cuchet, S. & de Wit, F. (2015): Eine klassische aber für das Binntal aussergewöhnliche Mineralisation. Schweizer Strahler 49 (3), 2-14.
Tunisia
 
  • Mahdia Governorate
    • Mahdia
Kutzke, H., Barbier, B., Becker, P. & Eggert, G. (1997): Barstowite as a corrosion product on a lead object from the Mahdia shipwreck. Studies in Conservation 42, 176-180.
U.S. Virgin Islands
Alminas, Henry V.; Foord, Eugene E.; Tucker, Robert E. (1994) Geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of the U.S. Virgin Islands USGS Bulletin 2057 36p
UK
 
  • England
    • Bristol
      • Westbury on Trym
BMS Database
    • Co. Durham
      • North Pennines
        • Derwent Valley
          • Castleside
Norman Wilson collection
        • Weardale
          • Bollihope District
Norman Wilson Personal Collection
Norman Wilson collection
          • Frosterley
            • Rogerley Quarry
P Haas collection
    • Cornwall
      • Callington District
        • Lezant
Famous British Mineral Localities: Greystone Quarry, Lezant, Cornwall. N Elton, D Green, J Hooper & S Weiss. UK Journal of Mines & Minerals No 24, 2004, pp 9-28
      • St Agnes District
        • Crantock
BMS Newsletter 79, March 2010 (http://britishmicromountsociety.homestead.com/Gannell-Smelter.html)
    • Cumbria
      • Braithwaite District
No reference listed
      • Caldbeck Fells
BMS Database
        • Carrock Fell
          • Carrock Mine
No reference listed
No reference listed
No reference listed
BMS Database
        • Roughton Gill
No reference listed
Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10, 22-39.; Bridges, T.F., Green, D.I., Rumsey, M.S., and Leppington, C.M. (2008) A review of the mineralisation at Red Gill Mine, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Society, vol. 11, 29-47.
Trevor F. Bridges, David Green, Michael S. Rumsey and C. Michael Leppington (2011) A review of the mineralisation of the Roughton Gill mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 3 Roughton Gill Mine Journal of the Russell Society 14:3-23.
No reference listed
No reference listed
      • Threlkeld District
        • Blencathra
UK Journal of Mines and Minerals number 29 2008
      • Whitehaven
BMS Database
    • Derbyshire
      • Ashover
        • Milltown
S. Rust collection; Mineralogical Magazine(1984) 48, 267-269; Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993): The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire. UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13, 16-55.; Rust, S. A. (1994): Seltene Mineralien aus dem Milltown-Steinbruch bei Ashover, Derbyshire, Großbritannien. Lapis, 19(12), 13-17; 58 (in German).
      • Matlock
Ford, T., A. Sarjeant & M. Smith (1993): The minerals of the Peak district of Derbyshire. UK Jour. Mines & Minerals 13, 16-55.
    • Northumberland
      • North Pennines
        • East Allendale
Norman Wilson collection
    • Somerset
      • Cheddar
BMS Database
      • Cranmore
Turner, R.W. and Rumsey, M.S. (2010): Mineral Relationships in the Mendip Hills. Journal of the Russell Society, vol 13, pp 3-46; Turner, R.W., (2006) A Mechanism for the formation of the Mineralised Mn Deposits at Merehead Quarry, Cranmore, Somerset, England. Mineralogical Magazine vol. 70, no. 6, pp 629 - 653; Mineralogical Magazine 1977 41 : 406-408.; Mineralogical Magazine 1977 41 : 410-411
      • Holwell
BMS Database
      • Mendip Hills
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 57.
        • Priddy
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 83; Mineralogical Record: 27: 253.
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries & Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
        • Wanlock Dod-Whytes Cleuch
S Rust collection
    • Strathclyde
      • South Lanarkshire
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 271; Scottish Journal of Geology (1987): 23, 1-8.
          • Wanlock Dod
S.Rust collection
S. Rust Collection
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
UKJMM No5
      • Trefeirig
        • Pen-bont Rhydybeddau
BMS Database
Steve Rust Collection
      • Upper Llanfihangell-y-Creuddyn
        • Cwmystwyth
Steve Rust
        • Pontrhydygroes
BMS Database, UKJMM 17
    • Powys
      • Machynlleth
        • Dylife
BMS Database
      • Old Radnor
        • Wethel
Cotterell TF et al (2011) The mineralogy of Dolyhir quarry, Old Radnor. Powys, Wales. UKJMM 32:5-61
      • Rhayader
No reference listed
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
[MinRec 24:421]
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 254; Graeme, R. (1993), Bisbee revisited, Min.Rec.: 24: 421-436.
    • Gila Co.
      • Dripping Spring Mts
        • Banner District
          • Christmas area
            • Christmas
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 254.
    • Graham Co.
      • Aravaipa District
        • Santa Teresa Mts
          • Klondyke
            • Grand Reef Mountain
              • Laurel Canyon
[MinRec 27:305]
    • La Paz Co.
      • Trigo Mts
        • Silver District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 254.
    • Maricopa Co.
      • Big Horn Mts
        • Osborn District
          • Tonopah
            • Belmont Mountain
              • Tiger Wash
Mineral News (2002) 18-1 pp1,5-7
      • Vulture Mts
        • Vulture District
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 254.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Mammoth District
        • Tiger
          • St. Anthony deposit
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 141; Fahey, J.J., et al (1950), Wherryite, a new mineral from the Mammoth mine, AZ, Am.Min.: 35: 93-98; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, AZ, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 254; Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, Arizona, Min.Rec.: 11: 155-181; Fahey, J.J., et al (1950), Wherryite, a new mineral from the Mammoth mine, AZ, Am.Min.: 35: 93-98; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 55.
  • Idaho
    • Shoshone Co.
      • Coeur d'Alene District
        • Kellogg
          • Bunker Hill properties
Ream, Lanny L. 2004. Idaho Minerals, 2nd edition, Revised and Updated, p.10
  • Massachusetts
    • Hampshire Co.
      • Easthampton
Gleba, 1978. Massachusetts Mineral & Fossil Localities
  • Michigan
    • Marquette Co.
Shawn Carlson (2010) Mineral News, 26, #11, 1-2 & 9-10.
  • North Carolina
    • Carteret Co.
      • Beaufort
www.ah.dcr.state.nc.us/qar/rcorner/Craigscreen.pdf.; Stacie E. Dunkle (2002) Romarchite and Other Corrosion Phases on Metal Artifacts from the Queen Anne’s Revenge (1718) MS thesis VPI
  • Rhode Island
    • Providence Co.
      • Cranston
Miller, C. E. (1971) Rhode Island Minerals and Their Locations, O. D. Hermes, Ed., University of Rhode Island, Kingston
Vietnam
Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2011)
Zambia
 
  • Central Province
    • Kabwe District
      • Kabwe (Broken Hill)
Mike Leppington collection (visual identification)
Mineral and/or Locality  
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