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Mt Vesuvius, Somma-Vesuvius Complex, Naples, Campania, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Mt VesuviusMountain
Somma-Vesuvius ComplexComplex
NaplesMetropolitan City
CampaniaRegion
ItalyCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
40° 49' 18'' North , 14° 25' 34'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Massa di Somma5,573 (2014)5.0km
Pollena Trocchia11,880 (2014)5.2km
Ottaviano23,396 (2015)5.5km
Sant'Anastasia20,733 (2015)5.6km
San Sebastiano al Vesuvio9,167 (2014)5.7km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Monte Vesuvio, complesso del Somma-Vesuvio, Napoli, Campania, Italia


Mt. Vesuvius is a stratovolcano and the only active volcano on the European mainland. Vesuvius is on the coast of the Bay of Naples, about nine kilometres (six miles) east of Naples and a short distance from the shore. The height of the main cone has been constantly changed by eruptions but presently is 1,281 m (4,202 ft). The active volcano is a distinct locality within the arcuate shaped Monte Somma, which represents the remains of an older, much larger volcanic cone.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

173 valid minerals. 43 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 601.; Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Description: Occurs as fumarolic deposits.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 539.
Ammineite
Formula: [CuCl2(NH3)2]
Reference: M. Russo & I. Campostrini (2011): Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius 37, 312.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Scacchi, A., 1872: Durch Sublimation entstandene Mineralien, Zeitschrift der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, Vol. 24, 493-506
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Andradite var: Melanite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Rath, G. vom, 1877: Über einige durch vulkanische Dämpfe gebildete Mineralien des Vesuvs, Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Rheinlande, 144-167
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Description: Found in ejecta blocks with Sellaite.
Reference: Rath, G. vom, 1877: Über einige durch vulkanische Dämpfe gebildete Mineralien des Vesuvs, Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Rheinlande, 144-167; Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 39.
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Reference: Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Description: Occurs as pseudomorphs after Dolerophanite, so called "Vernadskite."
Reference: Zambonini (1910): 337; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 607.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aphthitalite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Description: Occurred in active volcanic fumaroles after several eruptions.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 402, 404, 435.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
Artroeite
Formula: Pb[AlF3(OH)2]
Reference: Campostrini, I., Gramaccioli, C. (2005): Artroeite del Monte Somma-Vesuvio: secondo ritrovamento mondiale. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 29, 1: 50-52. ; M. Russo & I. Campostrini (2011): Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius 37, 312.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Avogadrite (TL)
Formula: (K,Cs)[BF4]
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 98.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bararite
Formula: (NH4)2[SiF6]
Description: Not type locality despite it being observed here first, because it was not fully described from Vesuvius.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 105; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Bassanite (TL)
Formula: Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Boothite
Formula: CuSO4 · 7H2O
Colour: Bluish-green
Description: Occurred as crusts on lava of 1872.
Reference: Scacchi (1872) Acc. Napoli, Rendus: 211 (as cupromagnesite); American Mineralogist (1927): 12: 14-19.
Boothite var: Mg-bearing Boothite
Formula: (Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
Colour: Bluish-green
Description: Occurred as crusts on lava of 1872.
Reference: Scacchi (1872) Acc. Napoli, Rendus: 211 (as cupromagnesite); American Mineralogist (1927): 12: 14-19.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Calcioaravaipaite
Formula: PbCa2AlF9
Reference: Campostrini, I., Gramaccioli, C. (2005): Artroeite del Monte Somma-Vesuvio: secondo ritrovamento mondiale. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 29, 1: 50-52. ; M. Russo & I. Campostrini (2011): Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius 37, 312.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: M. Russo & I. Campostrini (2011): Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius 37, 312.; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Carobbiite (TL)
Formula: KF
Type Locality:
Description: found in the fumaroles of the lava erupted in Dec. 1933
Reference: [Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI] [Rend.Soc.Min.Ital.(1956) 12, 212-213) [Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58]
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Chabazite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Chalcocyanite (TL)
Formula: CuSO4
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred as a sublimate during the 1868 eruption of Vesuvius.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 429, 552, 571.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Challacolloite
Formula: KPb2Cl5
Reference: Schlüter, J., at al., (2005): The new mineral challacolloite, KPb2Cl5, the natural occurrence of a technically known laser material, N. Jb. Min. Abh. 182(1):95-101
Chloraluminite (TL)
Formula: AlCl3 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 50.
Chlormanganokalite (TL)
Formula: K4[MnCl6]
Type Locality:
Description: Found lining cavities in blocks of scoria ejected during the eruption of April, 1906.
Reference: Nature (1906) 74, 104; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 109; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58.
Chlorocalcite (TL)
Formula: KCaCl3
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred as a volcanic sublimate.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 91.
Chloromagnesite (TL)
Formula: MgCl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 41.
Chlorothionite (TL)
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred as incrustations at active volcanic fumaroles during the eruption of 1872.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 547; Lapis (1994): 5 p.13-23,58.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Matteo Chinellato collection
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Puliti, R. (2004): Indialite in xenolithic rocks from Somma-Vesuvius volcano (Southern Italy): crystal chemistry and petrogenetic features, American Mineralogist 89: 1-6
Cotunnite (TL)
Formula: PbCl2
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred as a sublimation product in active volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Zambonini, F. (1907): Sulla radioattività della cotunnite vesuviana. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, Classe di scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 16, 1,975-978; Soviet Physics, Crystallography, volume 21, pp. 38(1976); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 43; Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58.
Covellite (TL)
Formula: CuS
Description: found in fumaroles of the 1822 eruption
Reference: Covelli, N. (1827) Sur le Bisulfure de Cuivre qui se forme actuellement dans le Vesuve (1826), Ann. Chim. Vol. XXXV, 105-111, Paris.
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Puliti, R. (2004): Indialite in xenolithic rocks from Somma-Vesuvius volcano (Southern Italy): crystal chemistry and petrogenetic features, American Mineralogist 89: 1-6
Cryptohalite (TL)
Formula: (NH4)2[SiF6]
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 105; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58.
Cumengeite
Formula: Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Description: found in recent fumaroles
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: - Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Cuprorivaite (TL)
Formula: CaCuSi4O10
Type Locality:
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI; American Mineralogist 47:409-411
Cyanochroite (TL)
Formula: K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Davyne
Formula: (Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Reference: [BINON J., BONACCORSI E., BERNHARDT H.J., FRANSOLET A. M. (2004) - The mineralogical status of "cavolinite" from Vesuvius, Italy, and crystallochemical data on the davyne subgroup. Eur. J. Mineral., 16 (3), 511-520] [Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI]
Dimorphite
Formula: As4S3
Reference: Campostrini, I. & Russo, M. (2012): Lafossaite e dimorphite: due nuove specie per il Vesuvio. Micro, 3/2012, 136-141
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
Dolerophanite (TL)
Formula: Cu2(SO4)O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred in volcanic fumaroles in the eruption of 1868.
Reference: Note Min.(1873): 1, 22; Atti R. Accad. Sci. fis. mat., Napoli (1873) 5, 22; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 429, 552, 571.
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Description: Occurs in small amounts as fumarole deposits.
Reference: American Mineralogist: (1927): 12: 14-19; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 512.
Eriochalcite (TL)
Formula: CuCl2 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred as a sublimate during the 1868 eruption of Vesuvius.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 45, 429, 552, 571.
Erythrosiderite (TL)
Formula: K2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred at volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 102; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58.
Euchlorine (TL)
Formula: KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Description: Occurred as a sublimate during the 1868 eruption of Vesuvius.
Reference: Scacchi, E. (1884) Acc. Napoli, Rendus": 126 (as Euclorina); Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 429, 552, 571; NJMM (1989), 541; Lapis (1994): 5 p.13-23, 58.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
Ferrinatrite
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Ferrohexahydrite
Formula: FeSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
Ferruccite (TL)
Formula: Na[BF4]
Description: Occurred as minute crystals in admixed volcanic fumarole sublimates.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 99.
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Fluornatrocoulsellite
Formula: CaNa3AlMg3F14
Reference: Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Castellano, C., & Russo, M. (2014). Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Physics and chemistry of minerals, 41(6), 403-407.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: luigi chiapino
Gearksutite
Formula: Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Reference: M. Russo & I. Campostrini (2011): Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius 37, 312.; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Ghiaraite (TL)
Formula: CaCl2•4H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Nestola, F., Rossi, M., Zorzi, F., Lanza, A., Peruzzo, L., Guastoni, A. and Kasatkin, A. (2013) Ghiaraite, IMA 2012-072. CNMNC Newsletter No. 15, February 2013, page 8; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 1-12
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Gismondine-Ca
Formula: CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 601.
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Hausmannite
Formula: Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Haüyne
Formula: (Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: M. Russo & I. Campostrini (2011): Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius 37, 312.
Hieratite
Formula: K2[SiF6]
Description: Occurred in admixed volcanic fumarole sublimates.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 99, 104.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Hydromagnesite
Formula: Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Hydromelanothallite'
Formula: Cu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
Description: Occurred with eriochalcite in volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 77.
Indialite
Formula: Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Balassone G, Franco E, Mattia CA, Puliti R (2004) Indialite in xenolithic rocks from Somma-Vesuvius volcano (Southern Italy): crystal chemistry and petrogenetic features. American Mineralogist 89: 1-6
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Kremersite (TL)
Formula: (NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred at volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 102; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58.
Lafossaite
Formula: Tl(Cl,Br)
Reference: Campostrini, I. & Russo, M. (2012): Lafossaite e dimorphite: due nuove specie per il Vesuvio. Micro, 3/2012, 136-141
Lawrencite
Formula: (Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Description: Occurs as a sublimation product.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 40.
'Lazurite'
Formula: Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Reference: Luigi Chiappino data
Leonardsenite
Formula: MgAlF5·2H2O
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., Russo, M. (2013): Leonardsenite del Vesuvio (secondo ritrovamento mondiale). Micro, 3/2013, 138-141
Leucite
Formula: K(AlSi2O6)
Lévyne-Na
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Lime (TL)
Formula: CaO
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Litidionite (TL)
Formula: CuNaKSi4O10
Type Locality:
Reference: Pozas, J., Rossi, G., Tazzoli, V. (1975): Re-examination and crystal structure analysis of Litidionite, American Mineralogist, Vol. 60, 471-475.
Magnesioferrite (TL)
Formula: MgFe3+2O4
Reference: Rammelsberg, C. (1858): Über die Zusammensetzung des Titaneisens sowie der rhomboedrisch und oktaedrisch krystallisierten Eisenoxyde überhaupt, VII Octaedrisches Eisenerz vom Vesuv, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 180/F2-104, 497-552.
Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Description: MFH occurs in a xenolithe from the 1872 eruption, its identification is confirmed by SXRD and EMP-analysis
Reference: in the collection of Christof Schäfer
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malladrite (TL)
Formula: Na2[SiF6]
Reference: Accad.Lincei.Rend.Cl.Sci.fis.mat.nat., Roma (1926) ser.6, 4, 171-175; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 99, 106; Lapis (1994): 5: 13-23, 58.
Manganolangbeinite (TL)
Formula: K2Mn2(SO4)3
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred in a cavern in lava.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 435.: American Mineralogist (1926): 11: 107.
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Fluorescence: Not type-locality.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 399; Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Matlockite
Formula: PbFCl
Reference: M. Russo & I. Campostrini (2011): Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius 37, 312.; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Matteuccite (TL)
Formula: NaHSO4 · H2O
Type Locality:
Description: occured on lavas from 1933
Reference: [Accad.Lincei.Rend.Cl.Sci.fis.mat.nat., Roma (1952) ser.8, 12, 23-29; Lapis 1994:5 p.13-23,58 ; Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI]
Meionite
Formula: Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Reference: Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
Melanothallite (TL)
Formula: Cu2Cl2O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred in volcanic fumaroles in eruption of 1868.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 429, 571.
'Melilite Group'
Formula: Ca2M(XSiO7)
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Mercallite (TL)
Formula: KHSO4
Type Locality:
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 395; Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI; Accad. Lincei. Rend. Cl. Sci. fis. mat. nat. Roma (1935).
Merlinoite
Formula: (K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Reference: Chinellato Matteo
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Russo, M. & Campostrini, I. (2011): Nuove specie minerali al Monte Somma: III. Mesolite. Micro, 2/2011, 58-59
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Description: Occurs in fumaroles and in stalactites on the floor of the crater.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.
'Mica Group'
Reference: Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
Microsommite
Formula: Na4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Reference: Rath, G. vom, 1874: Über den Mikrosommit, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. VI, 372-376, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Description: A hydration product of mixed salts in volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 441.
Misenite
Formula: K8H6(SO4)7
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 395; Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI.
Mitscherlichite (TL)
Formula: K2CuCl4 · 2H2O
Description: Occurred in stalactites on the floor of the crater.
Reference: Zambonini and Carobbi (1925) Ann. R. Osservat. Vesuviano: III, 2, 7; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 101; Lapis 1994: 5: 13-23, 58.
Molysite (TL)
Formula: FeCl3
Type Locality:
Description: Found as a sublimate in active volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 48.
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Description: The material termed "Vesbine" occurred as coatings on lava.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 814.; Zambonini, F., Carrobbi, G. (1927): A chemical study of the yellow incrustations on the Vesuvian Lava of 1631, American Mineralogist, Vol. 12, 1-10; Scacchi, A. (1879): Ricerche chimiche suile incrostazioni gialle della lava vesuviana del 1631, Accad. Sci. Fis. e Mat. [Naples], Atti, v. 8, no. 10
Nahcolite (TL)
Formula: NaHCO3
Reference: Bannister F.A. (1928): Nature, 122, 866; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 135.
Natrite
Formula: Na2CO3
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906; Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
'Natrolite Subgroup'
Reference: Van King
Natron
Formula: Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Description: Occurred as an efflorescence on lava.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 231; www.dinet.it/Mineral-GMC/AMI/vesuvio.html.
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Scacchi, A., 1872: Durch Sublimation entstandene Mineralien, Zeitschrift der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, Vol. 24, 493-506; BINON J., BONACCORSI E., BERNHARDT H.J., FRANSOLET A. M. (2004) - The mineralogical status of "cavolinite" from Vesuvius, Italy, and crystallochemical data on the davyne subgroup. Eur. J. Mineral., 16 (3), 511-520
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Opal var: Opal-C
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I Minerali del Somma-Vesuvio. 320 pp., Associazione Micro-mineralogica Italiana, Cremona. Russo, M. (2006): I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906. 39 pp. - Open File Report n°6/2006, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia, sezione Napoli - Osservatorio Vesuviano, Napoli.
Orpiment ?
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Osumilite
Formula: (K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Description: This is actually Osumilite-(Mg) - see new paper by Balassone et al. EJM 20: 716-720 (2008)
Reference: Balassone, G., Franco, E., Mattia, C.A., Puliti, R. (2004): Indialite in xenolithic rocks from Somma-Vesuvius volcano (Southern Italy): crystal chemistry and petrogenetic features, American Mineralogist 89: 1-6
Osumilite-(Mg)
Formula: KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Reference: Balassone G, Mormone A, Rossi M, Bernardi A, Fisch M, Armbruster T, Malsy AK, Berger A (2008) Crystal chemical and structural characterization of an Mg-rich osumilite from Vesuvius volcano (Italy). European Journal of Mineralogy 20: 713-720
Palmierite (TL)
Formula: (K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred in fumarole deposits after the eruptions of 1906 and 1919.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 404; Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Parascandolaite (TL)
Formula: KMgF3
Type Locality:
Reference: Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Castellano, C. and Russo, M. (2014): Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Physics and Chemistry of Minerals, 41, 403-407.; Demartin F., Campostrini I., Castellano C., Russo M. 2014. Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Description: Occurs as an alteration of tenorite in fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 75.
Phillipsite-K
Formula: (K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phoenicochroite
Formula: Pb2(CrO4)O
Reference: Russo M., Campostrini I., Demartin F. (2014): Fumarolic minerals after the 1944 Vesuvius eruption. Plinius, 40, 306.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Picromerite (TL)
Formula: K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Piypite
Formula: K4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
Reference: [Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI; Clark A.M., Fejer E.E., Couper A.G. (1984): Mineralogical Magazine, 48, 537-539; Effemberg H., Zemann J. (1984) Mineralogical Magazine, 48, 541-546]
Polyhalite
Formula: K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Portlandite
Formula: Ca(OH)2
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Potassic-ferro-pargasite
Formula: {K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Barberi, F., Bizouard, H., Clocchiatti, R., Metrich, N., Santacroce, R., Sbrana, A. (1981): The Somma-Vesuvius magma chamber: a petrological and volcanological approach. Bulletin of Volcanology, 44, 295-315; Peccerillo, A. (2005): The Campania Province, Pontine Islands, and Mount Vulture. In: Plio-Quaternary Volcanism in Italy. Springer, Ed., Berlin Heidelberg, 129-171.
'Proidonite'
Formula: SiF4
Description: Emitted as a gas during the 1872 eruption.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 100.
Pseudobrookite
Formula: Fe2TiO5
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Pseudocotunnite (TL)
Formula: K2PbCl4
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred in active volcanic fumaroles in the 1872 and 1906 eruptions.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 96; Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Quadridavyne
Formula: (Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Rinneite
Formula: K3Na[FeCl6]
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Description: Occurs as a sublimate around active volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 17, 105.
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Sassolite
Formula: H3BO3
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Sbacchiite (TL)
Formula: Ca2AlF7
Type Locality:
Reference: Campostrini, I., Demartin, F. and Russo, M. (2018) Sbacchiite, IMA 2017-097.CNMNC Newsletter No. 41, February 2018, page 184; European Journal of Mineralogy: 30: 183-186.
Scacchite (TL)
Formula: MnCl2
Type Locality:
Description: Occurred as a deliquescent salt in volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 41.
Selenium
Formula: Se
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Sellaite
Formula: MgF2
Description: Found in ejecta blocks with anhydrite.
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II, John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 39.; Russo M., Campostrini I., Demartin F. (2014): Fumarolic minerals after the 1944 Vesuvius eruption. Plinius, 40, 306.
Siderazot ?
Formula: Fe5N2
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1944), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume I: 126; Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: - Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Blass, G., Schäfer, C., Ciriotti, M.E. (2008): Prima segnalazione di sfalerite nelle fumarole del Vesuvio (Campania). Micro, 1/2008, 123-124.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Matteo Chinellato Collection
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sylvite (TL)
Formula: KCl
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs in volcanic fumaroles with halite and in stalactites in the crater associated with gypsum, metavoltine and mitscherlichite.
Reference: Palache, Charles, Harry Berman & Clifford Frondel (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana Yale University 1837-1892, Seventh edition, Volume II, John Wiley & Sons, New York: 9.
Syngenite
Formula: K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Description: In cavities in an ejecta block during the 1906 eruption.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 444.; Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Tenorite (TL)
Formula: CuO
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs at volcanic fumaroles.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 75.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 406, 435.
Thermonatrite
Formula: Na2CO3 · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 225; Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
Tondiite (TL)
Formula: Cu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Type Locality:
Reference: Rossi, M., Nestola, F., Bindi, L. and Ghiara, M.R. (2013) Tondiite, IMA 2013- 077. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3253; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258; Malcherek, T., Bindi, L., Dini, M., Ghiara, M. R., Molina Donoso, A., Nestola, F., Rossi, M., Schlüter, J. (2014): Tondiite, Cu3Mg(OH)6Cl2, the Mg-analogue of herbertsmithite. Mineralogical Magazine 78, 583-590.
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Description: found in an ejectum of the 1822-eruption
Reference: [vom Rath, G., (1872): Tridymit in Auswürflingen des Vesuves, Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 233, 280-281] [Rath, G. vom, 1877: Über einige durch vulkanische Dämpfe gebildete Mineralien des Vesuvs, Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Rheinlande, 144-167]
Trona
Formula: Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Description: Occurred as crusts on lava.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 139; Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Verneite (TL)
Formula: Na2Ca3Al2F14
Type Locality:
Reference: Balić-Žunić, T., Garavelli, A., Pinto, D. and Mitolo, D. (2017) Verneite, IMA 2016-112. CNMNC Newsletter No. 36, April 2017, page 408; Mineralogical Magazine: 81: 403–409
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Reference: Russo, M. (2003): Mineralogia Vesuviana - Villa Inglese. Micro (località), 2003, 1-10
Volborthite
Formula: Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Vonsenite
Formula: Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Wagnerite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Description: Occurred with apatite in lava of 1872.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 847; Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Siderazot ?1.BC.10Fe5N2
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite (TL)2.CA.05aCuS
Dimorphite2.FA.10As4S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Orpiment ?2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Ammineite3.C0.[CuCl2(NH3)2]
Artroeite3.CC.15Pb[AlF3(OH)2]
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Avogadrite (TL)3.CA.10(K,Cs)[BF4]
Bararite3.CH.10(NH4)2[SiF6]
Calcioaravaipaite3.DC.37PbCa2AlF9
Carobbiite (TL)3.AA.20KF
Challacolloite3.AA.55KPb2Cl5
Chloraluminite (TL)3.BC.05AlCl3 · 6H2O
Chlormanganokalite (TL)3.CJ.05K4[MnCl6]
Chlorocalcite (TL)3.AA.40KCaCl3
Chloromagnesite (TL)3.AB.20MgCl2
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cotunnite (TL)3.DC.85PbCl2
Cryptohalite (TL)3.CH.15(NH4)2[SiF6]
Cumengeite3.DB.20Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Eriochalcite (TL)3.BB.05CuCl2 · 2H2O
Erythrosiderite (TL)3.CJ.10K2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Ferruccite (TL)3.CA.05Na[BF4]
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Fluornatrocoulsellite3.00.CaNa3AlMg3F14
Gearksutite3.CC.05Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hieratite3.CH.15K2[SiF6]
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Kremersite (TL)3.CJ.10(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Lafossaite3.AA.25Tl(Cl,Br)
Lawrencite3.AB.20(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Malladrite (TL)3.CH.05Na2[SiF6]
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Melanothallite (TL)3.DA.05Cu2Cl2O
Mitscherlichite (TL)3.CJ.15K2CuCl4 · 2H2O
Molysite (TL)3.AC.10FeCl3
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Pseudocotunnite (TL)3.DC.90K2PbCl4
Rinneite3.CJ.05K3Na[FeCl6]
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Scacchite (TL)3.AB.20MnCl2
Sellaite3.AB.15MgF2
Sylvite (TL)3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Gibbsite4.FE.10Al(OH)3
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hausmannite4.BB.10Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lime (TL)4.AB.25CaO
Magnesioferrite (TL)4.BB.05MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-C4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Portlandite4.FE.05Ca(OH)2
Pseudobrookite4.CB.15Fe2TiO5
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Tenorite (TL)4.AB.10CuO
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydromagnesite5.DA.05Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Nahcolite (TL)5.AA.15NaHCO3
Natrite5.AA.10Na2CO3
Natron5.CB.10Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Thermonatrite5.CB.05Na2CO3 · H2O
Trona5.CB.15Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 6 - Borates
Sassolite6.AA.05H3BO3
Vonsenite6.AB.30Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Aluminite7.DC.05Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Aphthitalite (TL)7.AC.35(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bassanite (TL)7.CD.45Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Boothite7.CB.35CuSO4 · 7H2O
var: Mg-bearing Boothite7.CB.35(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocyanite (TL)7.AB.10CuSO4
Chlorothionite (TL)7.BC.25K2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Cyanochroite (TL)7.CC.60K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Dolerophanite (TL)7.BB.20Cu2(SO4)O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Euchlorine (TL)7.BC.30KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Ferrinatrite7.CC.35Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Ferrohexahydrite7.CB.25FeSO4 · 6H2O
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halotrichite7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Manganolangbeinite (TL)7.AC.10K2Mn2(SO4)3
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Matteuccite (TL)7.CD.05NaHSO4 · H2O
Mercallite (TL)7.AD.10KHSO4
Metavoltine7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Misenite7.AD.15K8H6(SO4)7
Palmierite (TL)7.AD.40(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
Phoenicochroite7.FB.05Pb2(CrO4)O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Picromerite (TL)7.CC.60K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Piypite7.BC.40K4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
Polyhalite7.CC.65K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Syngenite7.CD.35K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Volborthite8.FD.05Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Wagnerite8.BB.15(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Group 9 - Silicates
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
var: Melanite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Chabazite-K9.GD.10(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cuprorivaite (TL)9.EA.05CaCuSi4O10
Davyne9.FB.05(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Gismondine-Ca9.GC.05CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Haüyne9.FB.10(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Indialite9.CJ.05Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
'Lazurite'9.FB.10Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Leucite9.GB.05K(AlSi2O6)
Litidionite (TL)9.DG.70CuNaKSi4O10
Lévyne-Na9.GD.15(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Meionite9.FB.15Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
Merlinoite9.GC.15(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microsommite9.FB.05Na4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Osumilite ?9.CM.05(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Osumilite-(Mg)9.CM.05KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Phillipsite-K9.GC.10(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Potassic-ferro-pargasite9.DE.15{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Quadridavyne9.FB.05(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Ghiaraite (TL)-CaCl2•4H2O
'Hydromelanothallite'-Cu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
Leonardsenite-MgAlF5·2H2O
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
'Natrolite Subgroup'-
Parascandolaite (TL)-KMgF3
'Proidonite'-SiF4
Sbacchiite (TL)-Ca2AlF7
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Tondiite (TL)-Cu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Verneite (TL)-Na2Ca3Al2F14

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Siderazot ?1.1.18.1Fe5N2
Semi-metals and non-metals
Selenium1.3.4.1Se
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Dimorphite2.6.1.1As4S3
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite (TL)2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment ?2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Lime (TL)4.2.1.5CaO
Tenorite (TL)4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Portlandite6.2.1.4Ca(OH)2
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hausmannite7.2.7.1Mn2+Mn3+2O4
Magnesioferrite (TL)7.2.2.1MgFe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
AB2X5
Pseudobrookite7.7.1.1Fe2TiO5
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Carobbiite (TL)9.1.1.4KF
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Sylvite (TL)9.1.1.2KCl
AX2
Chloromagnesite (TL)9.2.3.3MgCl2
Cotunnite (TL)9.2.7.1PbCl2
Eriochalcite (TL)9.2.8.1CuCl2 · 2H2O
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Lawrencite9.2.3.1(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Matlockite9.2.11.1PbFCl
Scacchite (TL)9.2.3.2MnCl2
Sellaite9.2.2.1MgF2
AX3
Chloraluminite (TL)9.3.3.1AlCl3 · 6H2O
Molysite (TL)9.3.1.1FeCl3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
A2(O,OH)Xq
Melanothallite (TL)10.4.4.1Cu2Cl2O
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Cumengeite10.6.7.1Pb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX3
Chlorocalcite (TL)11.1.3.1KCaCl3
AmBX4
Avogadrite (TL)11.2.2.1(K,Cs)[BF4]
Ferruccite (TL)11.2.3.1Na[BF4]
Pseudocotunnite (TL)11.2.1.1K2PbCl4
AmBX4·xH2O
Mitscherlichite (TL)11.3.2.1K2CuCl4 · 2H2O
AmBX5·xH2O
Challacolloite11.4.2.1KPb2Cl5
Erythrosiderite (TL)11.4.1.1K2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Kremersite (TL)11.4.1.2(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
AmBX6
Bararite11.5.2.2(NH4)2[SiF6]
Chlormanganokalite (TL)11.5.4.1K4[MnCl6]
Cryptohalite (TL)11.5.1.2(NH4)2[SiF6]
Hieratite11.5.1.1K2[SiF6]
Malladrite (TL)11.5.2.1Na2[SiF6]
Rinneite11.5.3.1K3Na[FeCl6]
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Artroeite11.6.18.1Pb[AlF3(OH)2]
Gearksutite11.6.8.1Ca[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nahcolite (TL)13.1.1.1NaHCO3
Trona13.1.4.1Na3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Natron15.1.2.1Na2CO3 · 10H2O
Thermonatrite15.1.1.1Na2CO3 · H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydromagnesite16b.7.1.1Mg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 24 - ANHYDROUS BORATES
A2BO2[XO3]
Vonsenite24.2.1.2Fe2+2Fe3+(BO3)O2
AmBn[XO3]p
Sassolite24.3.1.1H3BO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Anhydrous Acid Sulfates
Mercallite (TL)28.1.1.1KHSO4
Misenite28.1.2.1K8H6(SO4)7
A2XO4
Aphthitalite (TL)28.2.2.1(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Mascagnite28.2.1.1(NH4)2SO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Chalcocyanite (TL)28.3.3.1CuSO4
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Manganolangbeinite (TL)28.4.4.2K2Mn2(SO4)3
Palmierite (TL)28.4.3.1(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Matteuccite (TL)29.1.2.1NaHSO4 · H2O
A2XO4·xH2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Cyanochroite (TL)29.3.6.2K2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Picromerite (TL)29.3.6.1K2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Syngenite29.3.1.1K2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Ferrinatrite29.4.4.1Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Polyhalite29.4.5.1K2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite (TL)29.6.1.1Ca(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Boothite29.6.10.2CuSO4 · 7H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Ferrohexahydrite29.6.8.3FeSO4 · 6H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chlorothionite (TL)30.1.11.1K2Cu(SO4)Cl2
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Dolerophanite (TL)30.2.2.1Cu2(SO4)O
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Piypite30.2.7.1K4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq
Euchlorine (TL)30.3.1.1KNaCu3(SO4)3O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Aluminite31.7.4.1Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
A2XO4
Phoenicochroite35.1.2.1Pb2(CrO4)O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Volborthite40.3.10.1Cu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Wagnerite41.6.2.1(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Indialite61.1.1.3Mg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Osumilite ?63.2.1a.6(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with columnar silicate units
Litidionite (TL)70.1.1.1CuNaKSi4O10
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Cuprorivaite (TL)71.2.3.1CaCuSi4O10
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Davyne76.2.5.5(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Haüyne76.2.3.3(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
'Lazurite'76.2.3.4Na6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Leucite76.2.2.1K(AlSi2O6)
Microsommite76.2.5.10Na4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Quadridavyne76.2.5.12(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Merlinoite77.1.3.11(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Ammineite-[CuCl2(NH3)2]
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Andradite
var: Melanite
-Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Boothite
var: Mg-bearing Boothite
-(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
Calcioaravaipaite-PbCa2AlF9
Chabazite-K-(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fluornatrocoulsellite-CaNa3AlMg3F14
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Ghiaraite (TL)-CaCl2•4H2O
Gismondine-Ca-CaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
'Hydromelanothallite'-Cu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
Lafossaite-Tl(Cl,Br)
Leonardsenite-MgAlF5·2H2O
Lévyne-Na-(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Meionite-Ca4Al6Si6O24CO3
'Melilite Group'-Ca2M(XSiO7)
'Mica Group'-
Natrite-Na2CO3
'Natrolite Subgroup'-
Opal
var: Opal-C
-SiO2 · nH2O
Osumilite-(Mg)-KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Parascandolaite (TL)-KMgF3
Phillipsite-K-(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Potassic-ferro-pargasite-{K}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
'Proidonite'-SiF4
Sbacchiite (TL)-Ca2AlF7
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Tondiite (TL)-Cu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Verneite (TL)-Na2Ca3Al2F14

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H NahcoliteNaHCO3
H Cryptohalite(NH4)2[SiF6]
H ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
H MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
H EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
H ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
H CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
H Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
H MercalliteKHSO4
H MatteucciteNaHSO4 · H2O
H GhiaraiteCaCl2•4H2O
H TondiiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
H NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Boothite (var: Mg-bearing Boothite)(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H HydromelanothalliteCu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
H ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
H TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
H SassoliteH3BO3
H Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Bararite(NH4)2[SiF6]
H CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
H FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MiseniteK8H6(SO4)7
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
H PortlanditeCa(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
H Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Opal (var: Opal-C)SiO2 · nH2O
H Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
H Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
H GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
BBoron
B Avogadrite(K,Cs)[BF4]
B FerrucciteNa[BF4]
B VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
B SassoliteH3BO3
CCarbon
C NahcoliteNaHCO3
C NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
C NatriteNa2CO3
C TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
C HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
NNitrogen
N Cryptohalite(NH4)2[SiF6]
N Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
N Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
N Bararite(NH4)2[SiF6]
N Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
N SiderazotFe5N2
OOxygen
O NahcoliteNaHCO3
O ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
O DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)O
O ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
O MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
O ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
O EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
O EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
O MelanothalliteCu2Cl2O
O ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3
O Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
O MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
O ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
O TenoriteCuO
O Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
O CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
O Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
O LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
O MercalliteKHSO4
O LimeCaO
O MatteucciteNaHSO4 · H2O
O CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
O GhiaraiteCaCl2•4H2O
O TondiiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
O Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
O NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
O HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
O VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Boothite (var: Mg-bearing Boothite)(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
O Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O TridymiteSiO2
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O HydromelanothalliteCu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
O ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
O NatriteNa2CO3
O TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
O SassoliteH3BO3
O Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
O FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MiseniteK8H6(SO4)7
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
O PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
O PortlanditeCa(OH)2
O PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
O Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
O Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O BaryteBaSO4
O Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
O CristobaliteSiO2
O CorundumAl2O3
O LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Opal (var: Opal-C)SiO2 · nH2O
O Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
O GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
O Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
O BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
O Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
FFluorine
F Cryptohalite(NH4)2[SiF6]
F Avogadrite(K,Cs)[BF4]
F FerrucciteNa[BF4]
F MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
F CarobbiiteKF
F ParascandolaiteKMgF3
F VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
F SbacchiiteCa2AlF7
F ProidoniteSiF4
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
F CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
F ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F SellaiteMgF2
F HieratiteK2[SiF6]
F Bararite(NH4)2[SiF6]
F FluoriteCaF2
F Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
F MatlockitePbFCl
F GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
F LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
F Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
F FluornatrocoulselliteCaNa3AlMg3F14
NaSodium
Na NahcoliteNaHCO3
Na EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
Na Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
Na FerrucciteNa[BF4]
Na MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Na LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
Na MatteucciteNaHSO4 · H2O
Na VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Na RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
Na Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Na NatronNa2CO3 · 10H2O
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Na Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Na ThermonatriteNa2CO3 · H2O
Na NatriteNa2CO3
Na TronaNa3H(CO3)2 · 2H2O
Na FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Na LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Na Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Na MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Na FluornatrocoulselliteCaNa3AlMg3F14
MgMagnesium
Mg MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Mg ChloromagnesiteMgCl2
Mg PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg ParascandolaiteKMgF3
Mg TondiiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Boothite (var: Mg-bearing Boothite)(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg SellaiteMgF2
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Mg Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg HydromagnesiteMg5(CO3)4(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Mg LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
Mg Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Mg FluornatrocoulselliteCaNa3AlMg3F14
AlAluminium
Al ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
Al VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Al SbacchiiteCa2AlF7
Al Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
Al ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Al Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Al Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Al GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Al MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al LeonardseniteMgAlF5·2H2O
Al Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Al FluornatrocoulselliteCaNa3AlMg3F14
Al Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
SiSilicon
Si Cryptohalite(NH4)2[SiF6]
Si MalladriteNa2[SiF6]
Si LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
Si CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Si ProidoniteSiF4
Si Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Si Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si HieratiteK2[SiF6]
Si Bararite(NH4)2[SiF6]
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Si Lévyne-Na(Na2,Ca,K2)[Al2Si4O12] · 6H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si IndialiteMg2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Opal (var: Opal-C)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Si Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P Wagnerite(Mg,Fe2+)2(PO4)F
SSulfur
S ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
S DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)O
S ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
S EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
S ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3
S Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
S CovelliteCuS
S Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
S CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
S MercalliteKHSO4
S MatteucciteNaHSO4 · H2O
S Boothite (var: Mg-bearing Boothite)(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
S Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
S SulphurS8
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S AluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 7H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S RealgarAs4S4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S PyriteFeS2
S Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
S FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S MilleriteNiS
S MiseniteK8H6(SO4)7
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
S PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
S LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
S SphaleriteZnS
S DimorphiteAs4S3
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
S OrpimentAs2S3
ClChlorine
Cl ChlormanganokaliteK4[MnCl6]
Cl ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Cl CotunnitePbCl2
Cl ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Cl MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
Cl ChlorocalciteKCaCl3
Cl EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
Cl MelanothalliteCu2Cl2O
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl ScacchiteMnCl2
Cl ChloromagnesiteMgCl2
Cl MolysiteFeCl3
Cl ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
Cl PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4
Cl Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Cl GhiaraiteCaCl2•4H2O
Cl TondiiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Cl RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
Cl Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Cl ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl HydromelanothalliteCu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
Cl CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
Cl Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Cl LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Cl Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
Cl MatlockitePbFCl
Cl MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Cl LafossaiteTl(Cl,Br)
KPotassium
K ChlormanganokaliteK4[MnCl6]
K ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
K ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
K MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
K ChlorocalciteKCaCl3
K EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
K ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3
K Aphthitalite(K,Na)3Na(SO4)2
K SylviteKCl
K PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4
K Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
K CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
K PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
K Avogadrite(K,Cs)[BF4]
K LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
K CarobbiiteKF
K MercalliteKHSO4
K ParascandolaiteKMgF3
K RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
K ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
K LeuciteK(AlSi2O6)
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
K Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
K Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
K MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
K SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
K HieratiteK2[SiF6]
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MiseniteK8H6(SO4)7
K PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
K PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
K Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
K Osumilite-(Mg)KMg2Al3(Al2Si10)O30
K Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
K Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
CaCalcium
Ca ChlorocalciteKCaCl3
Ca BassaniteCa(SO4) · 0.5H2O
Ca LimeCaO
Ca CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Ca GhiaraiteCaCl2•4H2O
Ca VerneiteNa2Ca3Al2F14
Ca SbacchiiteCa2AlF7
Ca Quadridavyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)Cl4
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Haüyne(Na,K)3(Ca,Na)(Al3Si3O12)(SO4,S,Cl)
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
Ca SyngeniteK2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Ca MicrosommiteNa4K2Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4)Cl2
Ca Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Ca PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
Ca PortlanditeCa(OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Gismondine-CaCaAl2Si2O8 · 4H2O
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca Davyne(Na,K)6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(Cl2,SO4)2
Ca Melilite GroupCa2M(XSiO7)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca LazuriteNa6Ca2(Al6Si6O24)(SO4,S,S2,S3,Cl,OH)2
Ca Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
Ca GearksutiteCa[Al(F,OH)5(H2O)]
Ca MeioniteCa4Al6Si6O24CO3
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Ca FluornatrocoulselliteCaNa3AlMg3F14
TiTitanium
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Ti PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
VVanadium
V VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
CrChromium
Cr PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O
MnManganese
Mn ChlormanganokaliteK4[MnCl6]
Mn ManganolangbeiniteK2Mn2(SO4)3
Mn ScacchiteMnCl2
Mn HausmanniteMn2+Mn23+O4
FeIron
Fe ErythrosideriteK2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Fe MagnesioferriteMgFe23+O4
Fe MolysiteFeCl3
Fe Kremersite(NH4,K)2[Fe3+Cl5(H2O)]
Fe RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
Fe VonseniteFe22+Fe3+(BO3)O2
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Fe Andradite (var: Melanite)Ca3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Lawrencite(Fe2+,Ni)Cl2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Fe FerrohexahydriteFeSO4 · 6H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PseudobrookiteFe2TiO5
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Potassic-ferro-pargasite{K}{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe Magnesio-fluoro-hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)F2
Fe SiderazotFe5N2
Fe Osumilite(K,Na)(Fe2+,Mg)2(Al,Fe3+)3(Si,Al)12O30
NiNickel
Ni MilleriteNiS
CuCopper
Cu ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2
Cu DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)O
Cu MitscherlichiteK2CuCl4 · 2H2O
Cu ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
Cu EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
Cu EriochalciteCuCl2 · 2H2O
Cu MelanothalliteCu2Cl2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Cu LitidioniteCuNaKSi4O10
Cu CuprorivaiteCaCuSi4O10
Cu TondiiteCu3Mg(OH)6Cl2
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu VolborthiteCu3(V2O7)(OH)2 · 2H2O
Cu Boothite (var: Mg-bearing Boothite)(Cu,Mg)SO4 · 7H2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu HydromelanothalliteCu2(OH)2Cl2·H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu Ammineite[CuCl2(NH3)2]
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As RealgarAs4S4
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As DimorphiteAs4S3
As OrpimentAs2S3
SeSelenium
Se SeleniumSe
BrBromine
Br LafossaiteTl(Cl,Br)
SrStrontium
Sr Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
BaBarium
Ba Phillipsite-K(K,Na,Ca0.5,Ba0.5)4-7[Al4-7Si12-9O32] . 12H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Merlinoite(K,Na)5(Ca,Ba)2Al9Si23O64 · 23H2O
TlThallium
Tl LafossaiteTl(Cl,Br)
PbLead
Pb CotunnitePbCl2
Pb PseudocotunniteK2PbCl4
Pb Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2
Pb ChallacolloiteKPb2Cl5
Pb CalcioaravaipaitePbCa2AlF9
Pb ArtroeitePb[AlF3(OH)2]
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CumengeitePb21Cu20Cl42(OH)40 · 6H2O
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb MatlockitePbFCl
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PhoenicochroitePb2(CrO4)O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3159060
Quaternary tephrite

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{tephrite, basanite}, Minor{phonolitic tephrite, tephritic phonolite,tuff group,nephelinic, leucitic and analcitic rocks}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Pliocene
2.588 - 5.333 Ma



ID: 3187236
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Pliocene (2.588 - 5.333 Ma)

Lithology: Intermediate volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Klaproth, M.H. (1797) Untersuchung des Leucits. Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Zweiter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 39-59.
Klaproth, M.H. (1802) Chemische Untersuchung des natürlichen Salmiaks. Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Dritter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 89-94.
Covelli, N. (1827) Sur le Bisulfure de Cuivre qui se forme actuellement dans le Vesuve (1826). Ann. Chim. Vol. XXXV, 105-111, Paris.
Covelli, N. (1827) Über das gegenwärtig am Vesuv sich bildende Doppelt-Schwefelkupfer. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 86, 494-498.
Scacchi, A. (1872) Durch Sublimation entstandene Mineralien. Zeitschrift der deutschen geologischen Gesellschaft, Vol. 24, 493-506.
vom Rath, G. (1872) Tridymit in Auswürflingen des Vesuves. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Vol. 233, 280-281.
Scacchi, A. (1873) Atti Reale Accad. Sci. Fis. Mat. Napoli 6: 65 (Proidonite).
Scacchi, A. (1873) Nuove specie di solfati di rame (Dolerofano). Note Mineralogiche, Memoria Prima, Napoli, Stamperia del Fibreno.
Scacchi, A. (1873) Aftalosa, o Solfato potassico. Note Mineralogiche, Memoria Prima, Napoli, Stamperia del Fibreno.
vom Rath, G. (1874) Chemische Zusammensetzung der in den vesuvianischen Auswürflingen durch Sublimation vorhandenen Krystalle von Augit und Hornblende. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. VI, 229-241, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig.
vom Rath, G. (1874) Über den Mikrosommit. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. VI, 372-376, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig.
vom Rath, G. (1874) Über die verschiedenen Formen der vesuvianischen Augite. Annalen der Physik und Chemie, Erg. Bd. VI, 337-349, J.C. Poggendorff, Leipzig.
vom Rath, G. (1877) Über einige durch vulkanische Dämpfe gebildete Mineralien des Vesuvs. Verhandlungen des Naturhistorischen Vereins der Rheinlande, 144-167.
Scacchi, A. (1879) Ricerche chimiche sulle incrostazioni gialle della lava vesuviana del 1631. Accad. Sci. Fis. e Mat. [Naples], Atti, v. 8, no. 10.
Cossa, A. (1882) Sulla hieratite, nuova specie mineralogica. Transunti dell'Accademia dei Lincei, Serie III, 6: 141-142.
Zambonini, F. (1906) Sulla galena formatasi nell'ultima eruzione vesuviana dell'Aprile 1906. Rendiconti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, Vol. 15, 235-238, Roma.
Zambonini, F. (1906) Notizie mineralogiche sull'eruzione vesuviana dell'Aprile 1906. Atti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, Vol. 13, 40 ff.
Zambonini, F. (1907) Sulla radioattività della cotunnite vesuviana. Atti della Reale Accademia dei Lincei, serie 5, Rendiconti, Classe di scienze fisiche, matematiche e naturali, 16, 1,975-978.
Lacroix, A. (1907) Les minéraux des fumaroles de l'éruption du Vésuve en avril 1906. Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et Cristallographie, Vol. 30, 219-266.
Zambonini, F. (1910) Mineralogia Vesuviana. Atti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, Vol. 14, 1-386.
Zambonini, F. (1912) Appendice alla Mineralogia Vesuviana. Atti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, Vol. 15, 1-51.
Zambonini, F. (1920) Sulla palmierite del Vesuvio ed i minerali che l'accompagnano. Boll. R. Comit. Geol. It., Vol. 48, 1-30.
Zambonini, F. (1925) Sulla presenza della picromerite tra i prodotti delle fumarole vesuviane. Annali del Reale Osservatorio Vesuviano, Vol. 2, 121-122.
Caglioti, V. (1926) Nuovo ritrovamento della thenardite, della ferronatrite e della palmierite fra i prodotti dell'attuale attività del Vesuvio. Ann. R. Oss. Ves., serie III, 3: 91-97.
Carobbi, G. (1926) Ulteriori ricerche sopra alcune notevoli sublimazioni vesuviane. Ann. R. Oss. Ves., serie III, 3: 49-52.
Zambonini, F. and Carrobbi, G. (1927) A chemical study of the yellow incrustations on the Vesuvian Lava of 1631. American Mineralogist, Vol. 12, 1-10.
Carobbi, G. (1933) Sulla presenza di un nuovo minerale fra i prodotti dell'attività fumarolica del Vesuvio. Per. Min., Vol. 4, 410-422.
Zambonini, F. (1935) Mineralogia Vesuviana, II edizione a cura di E. Quercigh. Rendiconti della Reale Accademia delle Scienze fisiche e matematiche di Napoli, Vol. 20, 1-463.
Carobbi, G. and Cipriani, C. (1951) Richerche su alcuni prodotti delle fumarole vesuviane. Rend. Soc. Ital. Mineral. Petrol., 7, 43-44.
Parascandola, A. (1951) I minerali del Vesuvio nella eruzione del marzo 1944 e quelli formati durante l'attuale periodo di riposo. Boll. Soc. Geol. Ital., 70, 523-526.
Carobbi G. and Cipriani C. (1952) Ralstonite e bisolfato sodico (matteuccite) fra i prodotti delle fumarole vesuviane. Atti Acc. Naz. Lincei, serie VIII, Rend. Cl. Sc. Fis. Mat. Nat., 12(1), 23-29.
Pozas, J., Rossi, G., and Tazzoli, V. (1975) Re-examination and crystal structure analysis of Litidionite. American Mineralogist, Vol. 60, 471-475.
Bonaccorsi, E., Merlino, S., Orlandi, P., Pasero, M., and Vezzalini, G. (1994) Quadridavyne, [(Na,K)6Cl2][Ca2Cl2][Si6Al6O24], a new feldspathoid mineral from Vesuvius area. European Journal of Mineralogy, 6, 481-487.
Binon, J., Bonaccorsi, E., Bernhardt, H.J., and Fransolet, A. M. (2004) The mineralogical status of "cavolinite" from Vesuvius, Italy, and crystallochemical data on the davyne subgroup. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16(3), 511-520.
Russo, M. and Punzo, I. (2004) I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio. AMI.
Campostrini, I. and Gramaccioli, C. (2005) Artroeite del Monte Somma-Vesuvio: secondo ritrovamento mondiale. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 29(1), 50-52.
Schlüter, J., et al. (2005) The new mineral challacolloite, KPb2Cl5, the natural occurrence of a technically known laser material. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Abhandlungen 182(1), 95-101.
Russo, M. (2006) I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906, www.ov.ingv.it/italiano/pubblicazioni/ openfile/doc/Open_report_1906_6.pdf
Russo, M., Campostrini, I., Blass, G., Schäfer, C., and Ciriotti, M.E. (2008) Prima segnalazione di sfalerite nelle fumarole del Vesuvio (Campania). Micro, 1/2008, 123-124.
Russo, M. and Campostrini, I. (2011) Ammineite, matlockite and post 1944 eruption fumarolic minerals at Vesuvius. Plinius, 37, 312.
Campostrini, I. and Russo, M. (2012) Lafossaite e dimorphite: due nuove specie per il Vesuvio. Micro, 3/2012, 136-141.
Campostrini, I., Demartin, F., and Russo, M. (2013) Leonardsenite del Vesuvio (secondo ritrovamento mondiale). Micro, 3/2013, 138-141.
Demartin, F., Campostrini, I., Castellano, C., and Russo, M. (2014) Parascandolaite, KMgF3, a new perovskite-type fluoride from Vesuvius. Phys. Chem. Min., published online: 8 April 2014.
Russo, M., Campostrini, I., and Demartin, F. (2014) Fumarolic minerals after the 1944 Vesuvius eruption. Plinius, 40, 306.

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