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Voltaite

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Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta
Formula:
K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Colour:
Green to greenish-black; oil-green to pale green in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Resinous
Hardness:
3 - 3½
Specific Gravity:
2.645
Crystal System:
Isometric
Member of:
Name:
Named after Count Alessandro Giuseppe Antonio Anastasio Volta (1745-1827), Italian physicist and pioneer in electricity.
Voltaite Group. The Fe2+ analogue of magnesiovoltaite, and K-Fe2+ analogue of ammoniomagnesiovoltaite.

Belongs to a group of ferrous-ferric sulfate minerals, together with bílinite, copiapite, römerite (purely Fe minerals), metavoltine, and pertlikite.


Classification of Voltaite

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.CC.25

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
C : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) without additional anions, with H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
29.9.1.1

29 : HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
9 : Miscellaneous
25.11.10

25 : Sulphates
11 : Sulphates of Fe and other metals

Physical Properties of Voltaite

Resinous
Transparency:
Opaque
Colour:
Green to greenish-black; oil-green to pale green in transmitted light.
Streak:
Gray-green
Hardness:
3 - 3½ on Mohs scale
Fracture:
Conchoidal
Density:
2.645 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.663 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Voltaite

RI values:
n = 1.593 - 1.608
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.000
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Type:
Isotropic
Comments:
Anomalously biaxial sectors.

Chemical Properties of Voltaite

Formula:
K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O

Crystallography of Voltaite

Crystal System:
Isometric
Class (H-M):
m3m (4/m 3 2/m) - Hexoctahedral
Space Group:
Fd3c
Cell Parameters:
a = 27.254(8) Å
Unit Cell V:
20,243.74 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
16
Morphology:
Cubic, octahedral, and, rarely dodecahedral and in combinations of these. Massive, granular.

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.

Type Occurrence of Voltaite

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Solfatara
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Synonyms of Voltaite

Other Language Names for Voltaite

German:Voltait
Simplified Chinese:绿钾铁矾
水钾铊矾
Spanish:Voltaita

Relationship of Voltaite to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite(NH4)2Mg2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12·18H2O
PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O

Common Associates

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Halotrichite28 photos of Voltaite associated with Halotrichite on mindat.org.
Römerite20 photos of Voltaite associated with Römerite on mindat.org.
Coquimbite18 photos of Voltaite associated with Coquimbite on mindat.org.
Copiapite9 photos of Voltaite associated with Copiapite on mindat.org.
Goldichite9 photos of Voltaite associated with Goldichite on mindat.org.
Alunogen7 photos of Voltaite associated with Alunogen on mindat.org.
Millosevichite5 photos of Voltaite associated with Millosevichite on mindat.org.
Krausite3 photos of Voltaite associated with Krausite on mindat.org.
Pyrite3 photos of Voltaite associated with Pyrite on mindat.org.
Metavoltine2 photos of Voltaite associated with Metavoltine on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping

7.CC.AndychristyitePbCu2+Te6+O5(H2O)
7.CC.05KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
7.CC.10TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.15KaliniteKAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O Not confirmed
7.CC.15MendoziteNaAl(SO4)2 · 11H2O
7.CC.20Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.20LanmuchangiteTl+Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
7.CC.25ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
7.CC.25PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
7.CC.25Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite(NH4)2Mg2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
7.CC.30KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
7.CC.35FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
7.CC.40GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.45LöweiteNa12Mg7(SO4)13 · 15H2O
7.CC.50BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.50NickelblöditeNa2(Ni,Mg)(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.50ChangoiteNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.50ZincblöditeNa2Zn(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.55LeoniteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.55MereiteriteK2Fe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
7.CC.60Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60Nickelboussingaultite(NH4)2Ni(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.60PicromeriteK2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.65PolyhaliteK2Ca2Mg(SO4)4 · 2H2O
7.CC.70LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
7.CC.75AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
7.CC.80KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
7.CC.85WattevilleiteNa2Ca(SO4)2 · 4H2O (?)

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals Grouping

25.11.1NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.11.2SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
25.11.3MetasideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · H2O
25.11.4FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
25.11.5AmarilliteNaFe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.11.6YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
25.11.7KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
25.11.8GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
25.11.9JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.11.11UngemachiteK3Na8Fe(SO4)6(NO3)2 · 6H2O
25.11.12MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
25.11.13Sabieite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2
25.11.14Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
25.11.15Clairite(NH4)2Fe3(SO4)4(OH)3 · 3H2O
25.11.16Mohrite(NH4)2Fe(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.11.17Lonecreekite(NH4)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 12H2O
25.11.18Godovikovite(NH4)Al(SO4)2
25.11.19BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
25.11.21Slavíkite(H3O+)3Mg6Fe15(SO4)21(OH)18 · 98H2O
25.11.23SturmaniteCa6(Fe3+,Al,Mn3+)2(SO4)2[B(OH)4](OH)12 · 25H2O
25.11.24Millosevichite(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3
25.11.25AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
25.11.26HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
25.11.27Idrizite(Mg,Fe)(Al,Fe)2(SO4)3(OH)2 · 15H2O or near
25.11.28LishizheniteZnFe2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
25.11.29ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)

29.9.1.2ZincovoltaiteK2Zn5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
29.9.1.3PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
29.9.1.4Ammoniomagnesiovoltaite(NH4)2Mg2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O

Other Information

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Voltaite

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Breislak (1792) Essai min. sur la solfatara de Pozzuoli, Naples: 155.
Memorie Mineralogische e Geologiche - Napoli (1840), 17.
Scacchi (1841): 17.
Scacchi (1843) Journal für praktische Chemie, Leipzig: 28: 487.
Scacchi (1852) Zeitschrift der Deutsche geologische Gesellschaft, Berlin: 4: 164.
Paulinyi (1867) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: 457.
Blaas (1881) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 3: 499.
Blaas (1883) Konigliche Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vienna, Sitzber.: 87: 143.
Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 18: 185-202.
Collins (1923) Mineralogical Magazine: 20: 32 (Serrano analysis).
Ulrich (1923) Casopis pro min. a geol.
Anderson (1927) American Mineralogist: 12: 287.
Ulrich (1927) Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Heidelberg, Stuttgart: I: 330.
Lausen (1928) American Mineralogist: 13: 226.
Gossner and Arm (1929) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 72: 202.
Gossner and Besslein (1934) Centralblatt für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paleontologie, Stuttgart: 358.
Mélon and Donnay (1936) Société géologique de Belgique, Liége, Bulletin: 59: B162.
Bandy (1938) American Mineralogist: 23: 749.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 464-465.
American Mineralogist (1967): 52: 617-634.
Majzlan, J., Schlicht, H., Wierzbicka-Wieczorek, M., Giester, G., Pöllmann, H., Brömme, B., Doyle, S., Buth, G., Bender Koch, C. (2013): A contribution to the crystal chemistry of the voltaite group: solid solutions, Mössbauer and infrared spectra, and anomalous anisotropy. Mineralogy and Petrology, 107, 221-233.

Internet Links for Voltaite

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-4203.html
Please feel free to link to this page.

Localities for Voltaite

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.
(TL) indicates type locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) indicates first recorded locality for everything else. ? indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. All other localities listed without reference should be considered as uncertain and unproven until references can be found.
Argentina
 
  • Catamarca
    • Andalgalá Department
Milka K. de Brodtkorb (2002) Las Especies Minerales de la Republica Argentina. Vol. 1 (elements, sulphides and sulphosalts). (Asociacion Mineralogica Argentina)
Marquez Zavalia, M. F. (1986): Challantite of Capillitas Mine, Catamarca. Revista de la Asociacion Argentina de Mineralogia, Petrologia y Sedimentologia 17, 19-22. (in Spanish); MARQUEZ-ZAVALIA, M.F.. The As-rich end-member of the jordanite-geocronite series of the Capillitas Mine, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. [online]. 2006, vol.61, n.2, pp. 231-235.
  • Jujuy
    • Santa Bárbara Department
      • Cerros de Santa Bárbara (Cerro Santa Bárbara)
        • El Palmar hot springs
Marquez-Zavalia, Maria Florencia, Lomniczi de Upton, Irene & Galliski, Miguel Angel (2001): Krausite in fumaroles from Santa Barbara mine, northwestern Argentina. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte 2001, 378-384. ; Zavalia, Maria Florencia Marquez & Galliski, Miguel Angel (1995): Goldichite of fumarolic origin from the Santa Barbara mine, Jujuy, northwestern Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist 33, 1059-1062.
Australia
 
  • Queensland
No reference listed
    • Mount Isa City Shire
      • Mount Isa
Sielecki, R. (1988) The Mount Isa-Cloncurry mineral field. Mineralogical Record, Vol. 19, pg. 469-490.
Sielecki, R (1985): Voltaite and Römerite from the Mt Isa Mine, Queensland: The First Occurrence in Australia, The Australian Mineralogist, Vol 1 Nos. 1 - 51 (March 1985 p 285).
Austria
 
  • Styria
    • Köflach
      • Köflach - Voitsberg lignite deposit
R. Exel: Die Mineralien und Erzlagerstätten Österreichs (1993)
Walter, F. & Postl, W.(1983): Ammoniojarosit und Voltait vom Muttlkogel, Zangtaler Kohlenrevier bei Voitsberg, Steiermark. Mitt. Abt. Mineral. Landesmus. Joanneum, 51, 29-32.
    • Leutschach
Taucher, J. (1997)
Belgium
 
  • Hainaut Province (Henegouwen; Hennegau)
    • Charleroi
      • Fleurus
        • Soleimont (Soleilmont)
Richard de Nul communication
Bolivia
 
  • Potosí Department
    • Potosí City
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 605; Mineralogical Record: 32: 465.; Lindgren, W. and Creveling, J.G. (1928) The ores of Potosi, Bolivia. Economic Geology, 23, #3, 233-262.
Canada
 
  • Ontario
    • Algoma District
      • Nicolet Township
Sabina, Ann P. (1991) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Sudbury to Winnipeg, Geological Survey of Canada Miscellaneous Report 49.
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49.
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49.
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.58
    • Thunder Bay District
      • Bomby Township
        • Hemlo gold deposit
Ann P.Sabina (1991), Rocks and Minerals for the Collector, Sudbury to Winnipeg. GSC Misc. Report 49. p.86
Chile
 
  • Antofagasta Region
    • Antofagasta Province
Singer, D.A., Berger, V.I., and Moring, B.C. (2008): US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1155.
      • Sierra Gorda District
Malcherek, T. & Schlüter, J. (2010): Anatacamite from La Vendida mine, Sierra Gorda, Atacama desert, Chile: a triclinic polymorph of Cu2(OH)3Cl. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie - Abhandlungen, 187, 307-312.
    • El Loa Province
      • Calama
        • Cerritos Bayos
Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
        • Chuquicamata District
Handbook of Mineralogy
          • Toki Cu deposit (Toki Cluster)
Natural History Museum Vienna collection (Uwe Kolitsch SXRD on Arturo Molina material)
  • Atacama Region
Chouinard, A., Paquette, J., & Williams-Jones, A. E. (2005). Crystallographic controls on trace-element incorporation in auriferous pyrite from the Pascua epithermal high-sulfidation deposit, Chile–Argentina. The Canadian Mineralogist, 43(3), 951-963.
China
 
  • Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region
    • Wuhai League (Wuhai Prefecture)
      • Wuda District
Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 39, No. 2, p. 81
American Mineralogist: 90: 1729-1739.
  • Xinjiang Autonomous Region
    • Hami Prefecture (Kumul Prefecture; Qumul Prefecture)
      • Hami Co. (Kumul Co.; Qumul Co.)
Yingxia Xu, Kezhang Qin, Kuishou Ding, Yu Miao, Tonghui Fang, Xingwang Xu, and He Sun (2007): Mineral Deposits 26(1), 58-69; Yingxia Xu, Kezhang Qin, Kunshou Ding, Jinxiang Li, Yu Miao, Tonghui Fang, Xingwang Xu, Daming Li, and Xiuquan Luo (2008): Acta Petrologica Sinica 24(10), 2371-2383
Cyprus
 
  • Nicosia District (Lefkoşa District; Lefkosia District)
    • Skouriotissa
Dana 7:II: 465,467.
Czech Republic
 
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • South Moravia Region
      • Brno (Brünn)
David Parfitt collection
France
 
  • Occitanie
    • Gard
      • Saint-Laurent-le-Minier
        • Les Malines District
Chollet Pascal collection
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Hautes-Alpes
      • La Chapelle-en-Valgaudemar (La Chapelle-en-Valgaudémar)
Bourgoin, V., Favreau, G., Boulliard, J.-C. (2011): Jas Roux: un gisement exceptionnel à minéraux de thallium. Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 3-2011, 2-91.
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Wolfach
        • Oberwolfach
          • Rankach valley
Walenta, K. (1992): Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes. Chr. Weise Verlag, München, 336 pp. (in German)
  • Bavaria
    • Upper Palatinate
      • Leonberg
        • Pfaffenreuth
Lapis, 10 (9), 13-20+50.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
        • Rammelsberg
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 465.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Aachen
      • Alsdorf
Blaß, G. and Strehler, H. (1993): Mineralbildungen in einer durch Selbstentzündung brennenden Bergehalde des Aachener Steinkohlenreviers. Mineralien-Welt 4 (4), 35-42. (in German); XRD analysis (T. Witzke); Sindern, S., Warnsloh, J. M., Witzke, T., Havenith, V., Neef, R. & Etoundi, Y. (2005): Mineralogy and geochemistry of vents formed on the burning coal mining waste dump Anna I, Alsdorf, Germany. Eur. J. Mineral. 17, Beih. 1, 130; Witzke, T., de Wit, F., Kolitsch, U. and Blaß, G. (2015): Mineralogy of the Burning Anna I Coal Mine Dump, Alsdorf, Germany. Chapter 7, pp. 203-240, in: Stracher, G. B., Prakash, A. and Sokol, E. V.: Coal and Peat Fires: A Global Perspective, Volume 3: Case Studies - Coal Fires, Elsevier, 786 pp.
    • Ruhr Coal Mining area
      • Herne
No reference listed
      • Marl
        • Marl-Hüls
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saxony-Anhalt
    • Harz
      • Elbingerode
Lapis 2003(2), 13-20
  • Saxony
    • Dresden
      • Freital
Thalheim, K.; Reichel, W. & Witzke, T. (1991): Die Minerale des Döhlener Beckens.- Schriften des Staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, Nr. 3
Thalheim, K.; Reichel, W. & Witzke, T. (1991): Die Minerale des Döhlener Beckens.- Schriften des Staatlichen Museums für Mineralogie und Geologie zu Dresden, Nr. 3
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Plaka
Katerinopoulos, A. & Zissimopoulou, E. (1994): New mineral occurences from the Laurium mines. Mineralogical Record, 25, 279-280. [from "Plaka mine", probably from Plaka Sulfate Locality ("Hydrosulfatstollen")] ]
Hanke, H. (1994): Neues aus Lavrion: Eisen-, kupfer- und kobalthaltige Hydro-Sulfate aus dem Revier Plaka. Emser Hefte, 1994 (2); Schnorrer, G. & Breitenbach, H. (1996): Lavrion: Neufunde aus dem antiken Bergbau und in historischen Schlacken. Lapis, 21 (1), 45-48; 62.
Branko Rieck Collection
        • Sounion area
Branko Rieck Collection
Hungary
 
  • Baranya Co.
    • Mecsek Mts
      • Pécs
Szakáll, S. & Kristály, F. (2008): Ammonium sulphates from burning coal dumps at Komló and Pécs-Vasas, Mecsek Mts., South Hungary. Mineralogia, Special Papers, Vol. 32 (2nd Central-European Mineralogical Conference 2008 (CEMC)), 154.
  • Borsod-Abaúj-Zemplén Co.
    • Bükk Mts
      • Miskolc
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
    • Rudabányai Mts
      • Rudabánya
Szakáll: Minerals of Rudabánya, 2001
  • Pest Co.
    • Börzsöny Mts
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
Sánoor Szakáll, Mária Foldvári, Gábor Papp, Péter Kovács-pálffy, Árpád Kovács (1997) Secondary Sulphate Minerals From Hungary. Acta Mineralogica-petrographica, Szeged, Xxxviii, Supplementum, 7-63.
  • Veszprém Co.
    • Balaton Uplands
      • Tapolcai Basin
        • Lesenceistvánd
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
  • Zala Co.
    • Keszthelyi Mts
      • Rezi
ACTA MIN. PETR. Suppl. Tomus XXXVIII., 1997
Iran
 
  • Hormozgan Province
    • Bandar-Abbas County
      • Bandar Abbas (Bandar-e Abbas)
        • Haji Abad town
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 465.
  • Yazd Province
    • Saghand (Sagand; Saqand)
Bariand, P., Cesbron, F. & Berthelon, J. P. (1977): Iron sulfates of Saghand near Yazd (Iran). Memoire Hors-Série de la Société Géologique de France 8, 77-85.
Italy
 
  • Campania
    • Naples Province
      • Somma-Vesuvius Complex
Russo, M., 2006: I minerali di formazione fumarolica della grande eruzione vesuviana del 1906
Russo, M., Punzo, I. (2004): I minerali del Somma-Vesuvio, AMI
    • Phlegrean Volcanic Complex
      • Naples Province
        • Phlegrean Fields
          • Bacoli
            • Miseno
Bellini R. (1901): La Grotta dello Zolfo nei Campi Flegrei. Boll. Soc. Geol. It., 20, (3), 470-475; Francesco Civero collection
          • Pozzuoli
De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
  • Sicily
    • Messina Province
      • Eolie Islands (Aeolian Islands)
        • Lipari
          • Vulcano Island
            • Porto Levante
              • Faraglioni di Levante (Grotte dei Faraglioni; Grotte del Faraglione; "Grotte de Faraglione")
I. Campostrini, 2008, pers. com. [M.E. Ciriotti]. PANICHI U. (1924): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Memorie della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL) - serie 3 - 19, 3-55.
PANICHI U. (1924): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Memorie della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL) - serie 3 - 19, 3-55.
PANICHI U. (1924): Contributo allo studio dei minerali dell'Isola di Vulcano. - Memorie della Società Italiana delle Scienze (detta dei XL) - serie 3 - 19, 3-55.
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Montieri
Brizzi G., Masotti A., 1989. Campiano: un vanto d'Italia. La miniera e i suoi minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 12: 1-20.
      • Scansano
        • Pereta
Brizzi, G. & Meli, R. (1995): La miniera antimonifera di Pereta con un cenno a quella solfo-cinabrifera di Zolfiere in comune di Scansano (GR). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 19:, 217-240.
    • Livorno Province
      • Elba Island
        • Capoliveri
J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
    • Lucca Province
      • Apuan Alps
        • Vergemoli
          • Fornovolasco
Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Bonini, M. (2008). Fornovolasco. Storia e minerali delle miniere di ferro presso Vergemoli (Alpi Apuane). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2008, 230-252
Japan
 
  • Hokkaido
    • Hidaka Province
      • Monbetsu (Mombetsu)
Okamoto collection (curated at the Geological Survey museum, Japan); Yamada, S. (2004) Nihonsan-koubutsu Gojuon-hairetsu Sanchi-ichiranhyou (111 pp.)
    • Sorachi Province
      • Mikasa City
Shimobayashi, N., Ohnishi, M., & Miura, H. (2011). Ammonium sulfate minerals from Mikasa, Hokkaido, Japan: boussingaultite, godovikovite, efremovite and tschermigite. Journal of mineralogical and petrological sciences, 106(3), 158-163.
  • Kyushu Region
    • Nansei Archipelago
      • Kagoshima Prefecture
        • Tokara Archipelago
Alfredo Petrov collection.
Mexico
 
  • Durango
    • Mun. de Cuencamé
      • Velardeña District
        • Velardeña
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 463; Panczner (1987): 391.; Am Min (1931), 16:352-360
Poland
 
  • Upper Silesia (Śląskie)
    • Upper Silesian Coal Basin
      • Katowice area
Parafiniuk, J. and Kruszewski, Ł. (2009): Ammonium minerals from burning coal-dumps of the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland). Geol. Quart., 53, 341-356. http://www.pgi.gov.pl/images/stories/G_Q/53_3/parafiniuk.pdf (esp. p. 347)]
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Baia Sprie (Felsőbánya)
      • Baia Sprie mine (Felsőbánya mine)
Buzatu, A., Damian, G., & Buzgar, N. (2012) Raman And Infrared Studies Of Weathering Products From Baia Sprie Ore Deposit (Romania). Romanian Journal of Mineral Deposits, 85:7-10
Slovakia
 
  • Banská Bystrica Region
    • Banská Štiavnica Co.
    • Žiar nad Hronom Co.
- Ďuďa R., 1993: Die mineralien der Gold und Silber - Lagersttäte von Kremnitz (Kremnica) in der Slowakei. Mineralien Welt,5, 20-32.
  • Košice Region
    • Gelnica Co.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 531; Koděra, M. et al., 1986 a 1990 : Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, diel 1- 3, Veda – Vydavateľstvo SAV, Bratislava, 1990, 1 – 1590
Spain
 
  • Andalusia
    • Huelva
      • Minas de Riotinto
        • Rio Tinto Mines (Riotinto Mines)
Calvo, M. et al.(1999). Bocamina (4), 50-86
Switzerland
 
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Le Trient Valley
      • Les Marécottes
- Meisser, N. (2012): La minéralogie de l'uranium dans le massif des Aiguilles Rouges. Matér. Géol. Suisse, Sér. géotech. 96, 183 p.
    • Martigny
      • Mont Chemin
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz. Wepf (Basel), p. 121.
Tajikistan
 
  • Viloyati Sogd (Viloyati Sughd; Viloyati Khodzhent; Viloyati Leninabad)
    • Zeravshan Range
      • Yagnob River
PXRD (Lukasz Kruszewski)
UK
 
  • Scotland
    • Lothian
      • Edinburgh
Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
    • Strathclyde
Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
USA
 
  • Arizona
    • Cochise Co.
      • Mule Mts
        • Warren District
Handbook of Mineralogy; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.:69
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 297; Grant, Raymond W., Bideaux, R.A., and Williams, S.A. (2006) Minerals Added to the Arizona List 1995-2005: 7.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 352.
            • Queen Hill
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 531; Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 184, 415; Merwin, H.E. & E. Posnjak (1937), Sulphate encrustations in the Copper Queen mine, Bisbee, AZ, Am.Min.: 22: 567-571; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 59.
    • Coconino Co.
      • San Franciscan volcanic field (San Francisco Peaks; San Francisco Mts)
Hanson, S. L., A. U. Fastner, W. B. Simmons (2008) Mineralogy of the Fumerole deposits at Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, Northern Arizona. Rocks & Mnerals 83:6 pp 534-544.
    • Pinal Co.
      • Pinal Mts
        • Pioneer District
          • Superior
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 354, 388, 416.
    • Yavapai Co.
      • Black Hills (Black Hill Range)
        • Verde District
          • Jerome
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 416; Lausen, C. (1928), Hydrous sulphates formed under fumerolic conditions at the United Verde mine, AmMin: 13: 203-229; Anderson, C.A. (1927), Voltaite from Jerome, AZ, Am.Min.: 12: 287-290; Hutton, C.O. (1959a), Yavapaiite, an anhydrous potassium, ferric sulfate from Jerome, AZ: Am.Min.: 44: 1105-1114; Galbraith, F.W. & Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 59.
  • California
    • Contra Costa Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • Clayton
          • Mount Diablo State Park
            • Mount Diablo (Mt Diablo)
Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 382; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 278.
    • Inyo Co.
      • Coso Mts (Coso Range)
        • Coso District (New Coso District)
          • Coso Hot Springs
www.mineralsocal.org
    • Napa Co.
      • Knoxville District
        • Knoxville
Melville, William Harlow & Waldemar Lindgren (1890), Contributions to the mineralogy of the Pacific coast: USGS Bulletin 61, 40pp.: 23; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 278.
    • San Benito Co.
      • Diablo Range
        • New Idria District
          • Idria (New Idria)
Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 278; www.mineralsocal.org.
    • San Bernardino Co.
      • Calico Mts (Calico Hills)
        • Calico District (Daggett District; Calico-Daggett area)
          • Calico
Foshag, William Frederick (1931c), Krausite, a new sulphate from California: American Mineralogist: 16: 352-360; Moller, W.P. (1963) Sulfur Hole. Mineralogist: 31, part 1, N. 3: 12-16; part 2, No. 4: 14-15; Scordari, F., Vurro, F., and Menchetti, S. (1975) The metavoltine problem: relationships between metavoltine and Maus’ salt. Tschermaks Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen: 22: 88-97; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 278; Joseph F. Cooper, Jr., Gail E. Dunning, Ted A. Hadley, and William P. Moller (2001) The Sulfur Hole, Calico District, San Bernardino County, California
    • Shasta Co.
      • Cascade Range
        • Lassen Volcanic National Park
          • Lassen Peak
Day, Arthur L. & E.T. Allen (1925), The volcanic activity and hot springs of Lassen Peak, California: Carnegie Instit. Washington Pub. 360, 190 pp.; […Volcano Letter o. 293: 1-3 1930]: 118; Anderson, Charles A. (1927), Voltaite from Jerome, Arizona: American Mineralogist: 12: 290; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 382.
      • Klamath Mts
        • West Shasta Copper - Zinc District
          • Iron Mountain [town]
            • Iron Mountain
Mineralogical Record 22:381-382; Nordstrom, D. K. and Alpers, C. N. (1999): Negative pH, efflorescent mineralogy, and consequences for environmental restauration at the Iron Mountain Superfund site, California. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci., USA 96, 3455-3462.; Majzlan, J., Alpers, C. N., Koch, C. B., McCleskey, R. B., Myneni, S. C., & Neil, J. M. (2011). Vibrational, X-ray absorption, and Mössbauer spectra of sulfate minerals from the weathered massive sulfide deposit at Iron Mountain, California. Chemical Geology, 284(3), 296-305.
Jamieson, H. E., Robinson, C., Alpers, C. N., McCleskey, R. B., Nordstrom, D. K., & Peterson, R. C. (2005). Major and trace element composition of copiapite-group minerals and coexisting water from the Richmond mine, Iron Mountain, California. Chemical Geology, 215(1), 387-405.
    • Sonoma Co.
      • Mayacmas Mts (Mayacamas Mts)
        • West Mayacmas District
Allen, Eugene T. & Arthur L. Day (1927), Steam wells and other thermal activity at “The Geysers,” California: Carnegie Institute Washington Publication 378: 40; Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 246; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 476.
            • Geyser Canyon (Geyser Creek Canyon)
Vonsen, Magnus (1941) Preliminary report on minerals of The Geysers of Sonoma County, California. Mineralogist: 9: 247; Vonsen, Magnus (1946), Minerals at “The Geysers,” Sonoma County, California: California Division Mines Report 42: 291; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 278.
  • Kentucky
    • Lincoln Co.
MinRec 28 (5), 369-384.
Rocks & Minerals 81:420-440
  • Missouri
    • Wayne Co.
R&M 73:2 pp 98-117
  • Montana
    • Silver Bow Co.
      • Butte District (Summit Valley District)
        • Butte
The Mineralogy of The Butte District, Montana; Guilbert and Zeihen 1964
  • Nevada
    • Clark Co.
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Elko Co.
      • Bootstrap District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Nye Co.
      • Lodi Hills
        • Lodi District
          • Quartz Mountain camp
NBMG Spec Pub 31 Minerals of Nevada; Rocks & Minerals (2010) 85:512-524
  • New Mexico
    • Santa Fe Co.
      • La Bajada District
Northrop, Minerals of New Mexico, 3rd rev. ed., 1996
  • Ohio
    • Huron Co.
      • Huron River
Dr Pete Richards
  • Pennsylvania
    • Columbia Co.
STRACHER, Glenn B., (2007) GAS VENT MINERALOGY OF COAL FIRES BURNING AROUND THE WORLD Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, Vol. 39, No. 2, p. 81
  • Tennessee
    • Monroe Co.
      • Tellico Plains
Travis A. Paris (2011) Tennessee mineral locality index. Rocks & Minerals, 86, #4, 300-328.
  • Utah
    • Beaver Co.
      • San Francisco Mts
        • San Francisco District (Frisco District)
          • Frisco
Mike Scott S101981 fm Cureton #FUO
    • Emery Co.
      • San Rafael District (San Rafael Swell)
        • Calf Mesa
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
Am.Min.40:469; Min Rec 19:331-338
    • San Juan Co.
      • White Canyon District
        • Red Canyon
    • Utah Co.
      • East Tintic Mts
UGMS Bull 117 Minerals and Mineral Localities of Utah
  • Virginia
    • Wise Co.
      • Big Stone Gap
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Minerals of Virginia 1990 by R. V. Dietrich
Mineral and/or Locality  
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