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Capillitas Mine, Andalgalá Department, Catamarca, Argentina

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 27° 20' 44'' South , 66° 22' 51'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -27.3455555556, -66.3808333333
Other/historical region names associated with this locality:Capillitas Mining District


This mine holds the famous occurrence of the banded layers, concretions, and stalactites of "Inca Rose" rhodochrosite, first described in the literature in 1873, and for which it is sporadically being mined for specimens and lapidary material.

But at various times in the past, the deposit was worked for its metals content, not the more famous rhodochrosite. Indigenous people probably mined the placers for gold in pre-Colombian times. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the area was mined by the Jesuits. From the 1850's onwards mining was carried out by Argentine and English companies, and later by the Argentine military.

Epithermal mineralization related to Miocene-Pliocene volcanism hosted in Paleozoic granite. Principal veins are the Capillitas, Carmelitas, La Rosario, Ortiz, Restauradora, and 25 de Mayo veins. This is the most species-rich locality in Argentina. The mineral deposition has been divided into six stages.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Adamite

Aikinite

Allargentum

Alunite

Andalusite

Anglesite

Antlerite

Argyrodite

Arsenopyrite

Azurite

Baryte

'Beaverite-(Cu)'

Berryite

Bismuthinite

Bornite

Boulangerite

Bournonite

Brochantite

Calaverite

Calcite

Caledonite

Carbonatecyanotrichite

Catamarcaite (TL)

Celestine

Cerussite

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcopyrite

Colusite

Copper

Covellite

Cuprite

Cuprobismutite

Cyanotrichite

Diaspore

Dickite

Dietrichite

Digenite

Duranusite

Emplectite

Enargite

Famatinite

Ferricopiapite

Fluorite

Freibergite

Galena

Germanite

'Ge-stannoidite'

Gold

var: Electrum

Goldfieldite

Goslarite

Greigite

Gypsum

Halotrichite

Hematite

Hessite

Hinsdalite

Hübnerite

Ishiharaite (TL)

Jamesonite

Jarosite

Jordanite

Kaolinite

Kësterite

Krennerite

Lillianite

Linarite

Lislkirchnerite (TL)

Luzonite

Marcasite

Matildite

Mawsonite

Melanterite

Melonite

Metavoltine

Nekrasovite

Olivenite

Omariniite (TL)

Opal

Orpiment

Osarizawaite

Parnauite

Pavonite

Pearceite

Petzite

Phosgenite

Proustite

Putzite (TL)

Pyrite

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Milky Quartz

Realgar

Renierite

Rhodochrosite

var: Capillitite

Römerite

Roquesite

Rutile

Seligmannite

Semseyite

Serpierite

Siderite

Siderotil

Silver

Sphalerite

Stannite

Stannoidite

Stützite

Svanbergite

Sylvanite

Tellurium

Tennantite

Tetradymite

Tetrahedrite

'Tetrahedrite Group'

Thalcusite

'UM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZn'

Vinciennite

Voltaite

Volynskite

Wittichenite

Wurtzite


118 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Localities in this Region


The above list contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

- M. F. Marquez Zavalía (1990). Mineralogía y génesis del yacimiento Capillitas, Catamarca, República Argentina. 11° Congreso Geológico Argentino. 1:344-347. San Juan
- Marquez-Zavalia, F. , Craig, J.R. and Solberg, T.N. (1999): Duranusite, product of realgar alteration, mina Capillitas, Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1255-1259.
- Paar, W., Roberts, A.C., Topa, D., Zagler, G., Berlepsch, P., Armbruster, Th. (2004): Putzite, (Cu4.7 Ag3.3)GeS6, a new mineral species from Capillitas, Catamarca, Argentina: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist 42, 1757-1769.
- MARQUEZ-ZAVALIA, Maria Florencia & CRAIG, James R. (2004): Tellurium and precious-metal ore minerals at Mina Capillitas, Northwestern Argentina. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte 2004, 176-192.
- Putz, H. (2005): Mineralogy and Genesis of Epithermal Ore Deposits at Capillitas, Catamarca Province, NW Argentina. PhD Thesis, University of Salzburg.
- Putz, H., Paar, W. H., Topa, D., Makovický, E., Roberts, A. C. (2006): Catamarcaite, Cu6GeWS8, a new species of germanium–tungsten sulfide from Capillitas, Catamarca, Argentina: description, paragenesis and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 1481-1497.
- Putz, H., Paar, W.H. and Topa, D. (2009): A contribution to the knowledge of the mineralization at Mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. 64, 514-524. [http://www.scielo.org.ar/pdf/raga/v64n3/v64n3a15.pdf]

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