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Capillitas Mine, Andalgalá Department, Catamarca, Argentina

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 27° 20' 44'' South , 66° 22' 51'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -27.34556,-66.38083
Köppen climate type:Cwb : Subtropical highland climate or temperate oceanic climate with dry winters
Other/historical region names associated with this locality:Capillitas Mining District


This mine holds the famous occurrence of the banded layers, concretions, and stalactites of "Inca Rose" rhodochrosite, first described in the literature in 1873, and for which it is sporadically being mined for specimens and lapidary material.

But at various times in the past, the deposit was worked for its metals content, not the more famous rhodochrosite. Indigenous people probably mined the placers for gold in pre-Colombian times. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the area was mined by the Jesuits. From the 1850's onwards mining was carried out by Argentine and English companies, and later by the Argentine military.

Epithermal mineralization related to Miocene-Pliocene volcanism hosted in Paleozoic granite. Principal veins are the Capillitas, Carmelitas, La Rosario, Ortiz, Restauradora, and 25 de Mayo veins. This is the most species-rich locality in Argentina. The mineral deposition has been divided into six stages.

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Acanthite

Adamite

Aikinite

Allargentum

Alunite

Andalusite

Anglesite

Antlerite

Argyrodite

Arsenopyrite

Azurite

Baryte

Beaverite-(Cu)

Berryite

Bismuthinite

Bornite

Boulangerite

Bournonite

Brochantite

Calaverite

Calcite

Caledonite

Carbonatecyanotrichite

Catamarcaite (TL)

Celestine

Cerussite

Chalcanthite

Chalcocite

Chalcopyrite

Colusite

Copper

Covellite

Cuprite

Cuprobismutite

Cyanotrichite

Diaspore

Dickite

Dietrichite

Digenite

Duranusite

'Electrum'

Emplectite

Enargite

Famatinite

Ferricopiapite

Fluorite

Freibergite

Galena

Germanite

'Ge-stannoidite'

Gold

Goldfieldite

Goslarite

Greigite

Gypsum

Halotrichite

Hematite

Hessite

Hinsdalite

Hübnerite

Ishiharaite (TL)

Jamesonite

Jarosite

Jordanite

Kaolinite

Kesterite

Krennerite

Lillianite

Linarite

Lislkirchnerite (TL)

Luzonite

Marcasite

Matildite

Mawsonite

Melanterite

Melonite

Metavoltine

Nekrasovite

Olivenite

Omariniite (TL)

Opal

Orpiment

Osarizawaite

Parnauite

Pavonite

Pearceite

Petzite

Phosgenite

Proustite

Putzite (TL)

Pyrite

Pyrrhotite

Quartz

var: Milky Quartz

Realgar

Renierite

Rhodochrosite

var: Capillitite

Römerite

Roquesite

Rutile

Seligmannite

Semseyite

Serpierite

Siderite

Siderotil

Silver

Sphalerite

Stannite

Stannoidite

Stützite

Svanbergite

Sylvanite

Tellurium

Tennantite

Tetradymite

Tetrahedrite

'Tetrahedrite Group'

Thalcusite

'UM2006-11-S:CuFeGeZn'

Vinciennite

Voltaite

Volynskite

Wittichenite

Wurtzite


119 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Miocene : 9 Ma to 7 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Neogene
   Miocene
ⓘ Galena (youngest age)7 Ma
ⓘ Galena (oldest age)9 Ma

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cambrian-Ordovician
443.8 - 541 Ma



ID: 1376513
Cambrian-Ordovician plutonic rocks

Age: Paleozoic (443.8 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Deep-seated to high-level intrusions are included. Many charnockites, anorthosites, and large ophiolites, classified as plutons, are distinguished in the database using the SIGNIF item. Ophiolites were classified as plutons, even where remnants may be extrusive and/or sedimentary.

Lithology: Plutonic rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


Localities in this Region


This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
- M. F. Marquez Zavalía (1990). Mineralogía y génesis del yacimiento Capillitas, Catamarca, República Argentina. 11° Congreso Geológico Argentino. 1:344-347. San Juan
- Marquez-Zavalia, F. , Craig, J.R. and Solberg, T.N. (1999): Duranusite, product of realgar alteration, mina Capillitas, Argentina. Canadian Mineralogist, 37, 1255-1259.
- Paar, W., Roberts, A.C., Topa, D., Zagler, G., Berlepsch, P., Armbruster, Th. (2004): Putzite, (Cu4.7 Ag3.3)GeS6, a new mineral species from Capillitas, Catamarca, Argentina: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist 42, 1757-1769.
- MARQUEZ-ZAVALIA, Maria Florencia & CRAIG, James R. (2004): Tellurium and precious-metal ore minerals at Mina Capillitas, Northwestern Argentina. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie Monatshefte 2004, 176-192.
- Putz, H. (2005): Mineralogy and Genesis of Epithermal Ore Deposits at Capillitas, Catamarca Province, NW Argentina. PhD Thesis, University of Salzburg.
- Putz, H., Paar, W. H., Topa, D., Makovický, E., Roberts, A. C. (2006): Catamarcaite, Cu6GeWS8, a new species of germanium–tungsten sulfide from Capillitas, Catamarca, Argentina: description, paragenesis and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 1481-1497.
- Putz, H., Paar, W.H. and Topa, D. (2009): A contribution to the knowledge of the mineralization at Mina Capillitas, Catamarca. Rev. Asoc. Geol. Argent. 64, 514-524. [http://www.scielo.org.ar/pdf/raga/v64n3/v64n3a15.pdf]

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