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Alcaparrosa Mine, Cerritos Bayos, Calama, El Loa Province, Antofagasta Region, Chile

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 22° 37' 58'' South , 69° 11' 7'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -22.63278,-69.18528
GeoHash:G#: 67yz1xufd
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Mina Alcaparrosa, Cerritos Bayos, Calama, El Loa, Antofagasta, Chile


Located on the north side of Cerro Alcaparrosa, about 3 km SW of the railroad station of Cerritos Bayos.

Oxidation takes place under extremely dry conditions. The water table is very deep and rains are infrequent (approximately every 10 years). Some sulfates are dissolved and redeposited, while the newly oxidized materials occur in extremely acidic conditions.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Alcaparossa Mine, Cerritos Bayos, Calama, Chile

Regions containing this locality

Atacama Desert, Chile

Desert - 500 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


45 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alcaparrosaite (TL)
Formula: K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
Reference: Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: http://rruff.geo.arizona.edu/doclib/hom/aluminocopiapite.pdf.; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Housley, R.M., Williams, P.A., and Dini, M. (2012) Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine: 76: 851-861.
Alum-(K)
Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Möhn, G., Rusakov, V.S., Pekov, I.V., Scholz, R., Eremina, T.A., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Lorenz, J.A. (2016): Magnesiovoltaite K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12•18H2O, a new mineral from the Alcaparrosa mine, Antofagasta region, Chile. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 1005-1017
Alum-(Na)
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Möhn, G., Rusakov, V.S., Pekov, I.V., Scholz, R., Eremina, T.A., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Lorenz, J.A. (2016): Magnesiovoltaite K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12•18H2O, a new mineral from the Alcaparrosa mine, Antofagasta region, Chile. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 1005-1017
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn and Joy Desor
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 612.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: SEM-EDS by Günter Blaß, Raman Spectroscopy by Joy Desor and Gerhard Möhn
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: SEM-EDS by Stefan Diller
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 618.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Butlerite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn and Joy Desor
Calamaite (TL)
Formula: Na2TiO(SO4)2·2H2O
Reference: Pekov,I.V., Siidra,O.I., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G. and Möhn, G. (2016) Calamaite, IMA 2016-036. CNMNC Newsletter No. 33, October 2016, page 1136; Mineralogical Magazine: 80: 1135–1144
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 611, 620, 626.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 533; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Cuprocopiapite
Formula: CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Ferricopiapite
Formula: Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Reference: samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn and Joy Desor
Ferrinatrite
Formula: Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. 7th edition: 457.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Goldichite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Samples analysed by Tony Kampf of LAC Mineralogical Museum, USA
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn and Joy Desor
Halotrichite
Formula: FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 526.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 561.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Krausite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Reference: Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Lesukite
Formula: Al2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
Reference: SEM-EDS by Igor V. Pekov, IR Spectroscopy by Nikita V. Chukanov
Magnesiocopiapite
Formula: MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn and Joy Desor
Magnesiovoltaite (TL)
Formula: K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12·18H2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Möhn, G., Rusakov, V.S., Pekov, I.V., Scholz, R., Eremina, T.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., and Lorenz, J.A., 2016. Magnesiovoltaite, IMA 2015-095. CNMNC Newsletter No. 29, February 2016, 203; Mineralogical Magazine 80, 199–205
Metahohmannite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 608.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Metavoltine
Formula: Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn and Joy Desor
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Möhn, G., Rusakov, V.S., Pekov, I.V., Scholz, R., Eremina, T.A., Belakovskiy, D.I. and Lorenz, J.A. (2016): Magnesiovoltaite K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12•18H2O, a new mineral from the Alcaparrosa mine, Antofagasta region, Chile. European Journal of Mineralogy, 28, 1005-1017
Parabutlerite (TL)
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Description: Occurs as an 8 inch (~20 cm) thick bed over copiapite, from which it formed through alteration.
Reference: Amer.Min.(1938) 23, 742-745; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 611.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Paracoquimbite (TL)
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Reference: Ungemach (1933) C.R. Acad.Sci. Paris: 197: 1133; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 535.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Pertlikite
Formula: K2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: Samples analysed by Tony Kampf (LAC Museum) and Dr. Jochen Schluter (Hamburg University), Germany.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 620.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Marc C. Bandy (1938); "Mineralogy of three sulphate deposit of Northern Chile"; AM, vol 23 n. 11, Nov. 1938, ; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn and Joy Desor
Quenstedtite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 536.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 437, 480.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Römerite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 480, 522; Handbook of Mineralogy - Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Sideronatrite
Formula: Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. 7th edition: 457.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: samples analysed by Gerhard Moehn and Joy Desor
Szomolnokite
Formula: FeSO4 · H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 480.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 467.; Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861; Mereiter, K. (2013): Redetermination of tamarugite, NaAl(SO4)2·6H2O. Acta Crystallogr. E69, i63-i64.
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: Kampf, A.R.; Mills, S.J.; Housley, R.M.; Williams, P.A.; Dini, M. (2012): Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine 76, 851-861.
Yavapaiite
Formula: KFe(SO4)2
Reference: Samples analysed by Dr. Jochen Schluter, Curator of Hamburg Mineralogical Museum, Germany

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Molybdenite'2.EA.30MoS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
'Lesukite'3.BD.10Al2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
'Opal'4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Alcaparrosaite' (TL)7.DF.K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
'Alum-(K)'7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Alum-(Na)'7.CC.20NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
'Aluminocopiapite'7.DB.35Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Alunogen'7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
'Amarantite'7.DB.30Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Botryogen'7.DC.25MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
'Butlerite'7.DC.10Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
'Copiapite'7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Coquimbite'7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
'Cuprocopiapite'7.DB.35CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Ferricopiapite'7.DB.35Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
'Ferrinatrite'7.CC.35Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
'Fibroferrite'7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
'Goldichite'7.CC.40KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Halotrichite'7.CB.85FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Jarosite'7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Krausite'7.CC.05KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
'Magnesiocopiapite'7.DB.35MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Metahohmannite'7.DB.30Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2O
'Metavoltine'7.DF.35Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
'Natrojarosite'7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Parabutlerite' (TL)7.DC.10Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
'Paracoquimbite' (TL)7.CB.55Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
'Pertlikite'7.CC.25K2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
'Pickeringite'7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Quenstedtite'7.CB.65Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
'Rhomboclase'7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
'Römerite'7.CB.75Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
'Sideronatrite'7.DF.20Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
'Szomolnokite'7.CB.05FeSO4 · H2O
'Tamarugite'7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Voltaite'7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
'Yavapaiite'7.AC.15KFe(SO4)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Calamaite' (TL)-Na2TiO(SO4)2·2H2O
'Magnesiovoltaite' (TL)-K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12·18H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Yavapaiite28.3.4.1KFe(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AmBn(XO4)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 3:2 and > 1:1
Ferrinatrite29.4.4.1Na3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Metavoltine29.4.6.1Na6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Alum-(K)29.5.5.1KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Alum-(Na)29.5.5.2NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Goldichite29.5.2.1KFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Krausite29.5.1.1KFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Szomolnokite29.6.2.2FeSO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Halotrichite29.7.3.2FeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Römerite29.7.2.1Fe2+Fe3+2(SO4)4 · 14H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Paracoquimbite (TL)29.8.4.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Quenstedtite29.8.5.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Miscellaneous
Pertlikite29.9.1.3K2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe3+2Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Sideronatrite31.8.3.1Na2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Amarantite31.9.3.1Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Botryogen31.9.6.1MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Butlerite31.9.1.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Metahohmannite31.9.5.1Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 4H2O
Parabutlerite (TL)31.9.2.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Aluminocopiapite31.10.5.7Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Cuprocopiapite31.10.5.3CuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Ferricopiapite31.10.5.4Fe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Magnesiocopiapite31.10.5.2MgFe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Alcaparrosaite (TL)-K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
Calamaite (TL)-Na2TiO(SO4)2·2H2O
Lesukite-Al2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
Magnesiovoltaite (TL)-K2Mg5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12·18H2O
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AlcaparrosaiteK3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
H AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
H BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
H ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
H CalamaiteNa2TiO(SO4)2·2H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
H FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
H LesukiteAl2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
H MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
H MetahohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 4H2O
H MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ParabutleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
H ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
H PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
H SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
H SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
OOxygen
O AlcaparrosaiteK3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
O AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
O ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
O CalamaiteNa2TiO(SO4)2·2H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
O FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
O LesukiteAl2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
O MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
O MetahohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 4H2O
O MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ParabutleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
O ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
O PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
O SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
O SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
NaSodium
Na Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Na CalamaiteNa2TiO(SO4)2·2H2O
Na FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Na MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Mg MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
Mg PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
AlAluminium
Al AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al LesukiteAl2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
Al MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
Al PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
SiSilicon
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AlcaparrosaiteK3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
S AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S Alum-(Na)NaAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
S BaryteBaSO4
S BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
S ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
S CalamaiteNa2TiO(SO4)2·2H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
S FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
S MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
S MetahohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 4H2O
S MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ParabutleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
S ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
S PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
S SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
S SulphurS8
S SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
ClChlorine
Cl LesukiteAl2Cl(OH)5 · 2H2O
KPotassium
K AlcaparrosaiteK3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
K GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
K MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
K MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
K PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
K YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
TiTitanium
Ti AlcaparrosaiteK3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti CalamaiteNa2TiO(SO4)2·2H2O
FeIron
Fe AlcaparrosaiteK3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2
Fe AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Fe BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Fe ButleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe FerricopiapiteFe5(SO4)6O(OH) · 20H2O
Fe FerrinatriteNa3Fe(SO4)3 · 3H2O
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe GoldichiteKFe(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe HalotrichiteFeAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe KrausiteKFe(SO4)2 · H2O
Fe MagnesiocopiapiteMgFe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe MagnesiovoltaiteK2Mg5Fe33+Al(SO4)12·18H2O
Fe MetahohmanniteFe23+(SO4)2O · 4H2O
Fe MetavoltineNa6K2FeFe6(SO4)12O2 · 18H2O
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ParabutleriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 2H2O
Fe ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Fe PertlikiteK2(Fe2+,Mg)2Mg4Fe23+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe QuenstedtiteFe2(SO4)3 · 11H2O
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe RömeriteFe2+Fe23+(SO4)4 · 14H2O
Fe SideronatriteNa2Fe(SO4)2(OH) · 3H2O
Fe SzomolnokiteFeSO4 · H2O
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe YavapaiiteKFe(SO4)2
CuCopper
Cu CuprocopiapiteCuFe4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary
0 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 3186157
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Pleistocene (0 - 2.588 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Bandy, M.C. (1938) Mineralogy of three sulfate deposits of northern Chile. American Mineralogist, 23, 669-760.
Palache, C., Berman, H., and Frondel, C. (1951) The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 457, 611, 618.
Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Housley, R.M., Williams, P.A., and Dini, M. (2012) Alcaparrosaite, K3Ti4+Fe3+(SO4)4O(H2O)2, a new hydrophobic Ti4+ sulfate from Alcaparrosa, Chile. Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 851-861.
Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastsvetaeva, R.K., Möhn, G., Rusakov, V.S., Pekov, I.V., Scholz, R., Eremina, T.A., Belakovskiy, D.I., and Lorenz, J.A. (2016) Magnesiovoltaite, IMA 2015-095. CNMNC Newsletter, 29 (February 2016), 203.
Hålenius, U., Hatert, F., Pasero, M., and Mills, S.J. (2016) New minerals and nomenclature modifications approved in 2015 and 2016. CNMNC Newsletter, 29 (February 2016); Mineralogical Magazine, 80(1), 199–205.
Pekov, I.V., Siidra, O.I., Chukanov, N.V., Yapaskurt, V.O., Belakovskiy, D.I., Turchkova, A.G. and Möhn, G. (2016) Calamaite, IMA 2016-036. CNMNC Newsletter, 33 (October 2016), 1136; Mineralogical Magazine, 80, 1135–1144.

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