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Fornovolasco, Vergemoli, Lucca Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Fornovolasco- not defined -
Vergemoli- not defined -
Lucca ProvinceProvince

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Name(s) in local language(s):Fornovolasco, Vergemoli, Alpi Apuane, Lucca, Toscana, Italia
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 44° North , 10° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~34km
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate

Small magnetite-pyrite deposit located at the contact between a phylladic formation (Scisti di Fornovolasco Formation; Palaezoic - Triassic ?) and carbonatic rocks. This deposit had been exploited since XIII century. Now all mines (Cava del Ferro, Fornaccia, Fontanaccia, Canale del Battiferro, Monticello-Le Pose) are abandoned.
Minerals can be found in dolomite veins embedded in dolomitic marble and in quartz-carbonatic-feldspar veins in palaezoic rocks, with levels of tourmalinites. Another kind of occurrence, typical of sulphates, is in altered lenses of pyrite.
See also:

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

3 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Orlandi, P. (2011) Volaschioite: a new mineral from Fornovolasco, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 605-614.
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., Orlandi, P. (2011) Volaschioite: a new mineral from Fornovolasco, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 605-614.
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Bonatti, S., 1933. La roccia porfiroide di Forno Volasco (Alpi Apuane). Atti Società Toscana Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 43: 210-216.
Volaschioite (TL)
Formula: Fe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: C. Biagioni (2010): Volaschioite (IMA 2010-005) and associated iron sulphates from the Fornovolasco mine (Apuan Alps, Tuscany, Italy). 89° Congresso SIMP.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alum-(K)7.CC.20KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Volaschioite (TL)7.DE.62Fe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Alum-(K) · 12H2O
Volaschioite (TL)31.4.11.Fe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.

List of minerals for each chemical element

H VolaschioiteFe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O VolaschioiteFe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S VolaschioiteFe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
K Alum-(K)KAl(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Fe VolaschioiteFe4(SO4)O2(OH)6 · 2H2O
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O


Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
• Gambari, L. (1881): La miniera ferrifera del Forno Volasco. Rivista di Scienze Industriali Firenze, 1881, 212.
• Corpo delle Miniere (1927): Giacimento di pirite di ferro e di minerali di ferro di Fornovolasco in Comune di Vergemoli, Provincia di Lucca. Congresso di Geologia Internazionale 1926, Madrid, 15-17.
• Zaccagna, D. (1932): I giacimenti ferriferi di Monte Tambura e Fondone e Fornovolasco, piombo argentifero di Bottino e Valdicastello, rame del Frigido e di Vagli, mercurifero di Levigliani e Ripa. Memorie Descrittive della Carta Geologica d'Italia, 1932, 390-403.
• Bonatti, S., 1933. La roccia porfiroide di Forno Volasco (Alpi Apuane). Atti Società Toscana Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 43: 210-216.
• Bernardini, M. (1965): Rilievo magnetometrico del giacimento di Fornovolasco. Annali di Geofisica, 18, 279-293.
• Carmignani, L., Dessau, G., & Duchi, G. (1972). I giacimenti minerari delle Alpi Apuane e loro correlazioni con l'evoluzione del gruppo montuoso. Memorie Società Geologica Italiana, 11, 417-431.
• Carmignani, L., Dessau, G., Duchi, G. (1976): I giacimenti a barite, pirite ed ossidi di ferro delle Alpi Apuane. Studio minerogenetico e strutturale. Nuove osservazioni sui giacimenti polimetallici. Bollettino della Società Geologica Italiana, 95, 1009-1061.
• Cioffi, M. (1991): La mineralizzazione a magnetite-pirite di Fornovolasco (Alpi Apuane). Tesi di laurea inedita, Università di Firenze.
• Bonini, M. (1999): Le miniere e la lavorazione del ferro. Sperucola 2, supplemento a TALP, 19, 111-114.
• Pandeli, E., Bagnoli, P., & Negri, M. (2004). The Fornovolasco schists of Apuan Alps (Northern Tuscany, Italy): a new hypothesis for their stratigraphic setting. Bollettino Società Geologica Italiana, 123, 53-66.
• Orlandi, P. & Campostrini, I. (2005): Zibaldone. Aggiornamenti di mineralogia italiana 2004. Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 3/2005, 184-191.
• Bonini, M., & Biagioni, C. (2007). Le miniere medioevali e la lavorazione del ferro a Fornovolasco. Atti del I° Congresso Nazionale di Archeologia del Sottosuolo, Bolsena 8-11 dicembre 2005. Notebooks on Medieval Topography (British Archaeological Reports, International Series), Oxford, 581-620.
• Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., & Bonini, M. (2008). Fornovolasco. Storia e minerali delle miniere di ferro presso Vergemoli (Alpi Apuane). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 4/2008, 230-252.
• Orlandi, P., Moëlo, Y., & Biagioni, C. (2008). Jamesonite delle miniere di Fornovolasco (Vergemoli, Lucca): primo ritrovamento sulle Alpi Apuane. Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 113, 89-95.
• Biagioni, C., Orlandi, P., Perchiazzi, N. & Merlini, M. (2010). Ximengite, a new occurrence from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). Atti della Società Toscana di Scienze Naturali, Memorie, 115, in press.
• Biagioni, C., Bonaccorsi, E., & Orlandi, P. (2011). Volaschioite, Fe3+4(SO4)O2(OH)6•2H2O, a new mineral from Fornovolasco, Apuan Alps, Tuscany (Italy). Canadian Mineralogist, 49, 605-614.
• Mauro, D., Biagioni, C. & Pasero, M. (2018). Crystal-chemistry of sulfates from Apuan Alps (Tuscany, Italy). I. Crystal structure and hydrogen bond system of melanterite, Fe(H2O)6(SO4).H2O. Periodico di Mineralogia, 87, 89-96.

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