MINDAT.ORG 2018 BENEFIT AUCTION Click here to preview now. Bidding starts June 1st
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for Educators
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Centralia, Columbia Co., Pennsylvania, USA

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 48' 15'' North , 76° 20' 26'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.80417,-76.34083
Köppen climate type:Dfa : Hot-summer humid continental climate


Location of a burning anthracite coal mine along Pennsylvania route 61 in Columbia County. The largest underground coal fire in the US. The fire originated in a trash dump in a strip mine near Odd Fellows Cemetery in 1962. Mistakenly believed to have been extinguished that same year, the fire was allowed to continue burning. The fires expanded into the chain of underground mine shafts and by 1981 was causing subsidence within the town's borders. In 1983 a Government buy out of properties relocated residents, reducing the population of Centralia from its highest number of 1,100 to a mere 46 residents by 1984. In 1994 PA route 54/61 had to be closed and rerouted via Byrnsville Road, due to buckling of the pavement surface caused by the heat produced by the burning coal mine underneath. Mineralogy typical of that produced by burning coal. The various vents for the gases, both artificial and natural, are encrusted with sulphurous minerals.

The town was "used" in the idea of the series of horror movies known as "Silent Hill".

Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Pennsylvanian
298.9 - 323.2 Ma



ID: 2984571
Llewellyn Formation

Age: Pennsylvanian (298.9 - 323.2 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Llewellyn Formation

Description: Gray, fine- to coarse-grained sandstone, siltstone, shale, conglomerate, and numerous anthracite coals in repetitive sequences.

Lithology: Major:{sandstone}, Minor:{siltstone,shale,anthracite}, Incidental:{conglomerate}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.

References

Livingood, Matt, Jason Winicaties, Jared Stein (1999), Centralia Mine Fire Analysis: Presence of Sulfur-bearing Mineral Deposits at Thermal Vents, Centralia Coal Fire Analysis: Presence of Sulfur-bearing Mineral Deposits, ESL 201 – paper for Fundamental Techniques in Geology, Dr. C. Gil Wiswall, West Chester University, December 15, 1999.

Stracher, Glenn B., (2007) Gas Vent Mineralogy of Coal Fires Burning Around the World, Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs: 39(2): 81.

Elick, Jennifer M. (2013): The effect of abundant precipitation on coal fire subsidence and its implications in Centralia, Pennsylvania. International Journal of Coal Geology: 105: 110–119.

Martinez-Parrish, Amy, D. Ressler, J. Kitsko, Pennsylvania Highways - Centralia, Susquehanna University Department of Geological Sciences, Department of Earth & Environmental Science.

External Links


Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: May 26, 2018 16:56:29 Page generated: October 17, 2017 02:12:56
Go to top of page