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Chenite

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About CheniteHide

Formula:
Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour:
Pale blue
Lustre:
Adamantine
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
5.98
Crystal System:
Triclinic
Name:
Named in honor of Tzong Tzy Chen (b. 1942), mineralogist with the Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology (CANMET), Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, for his contributions to mineralogy.

Classification of CheniteHide

Approved
Approval Year:
1983
7.BC.70

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
B : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, without H2O
C : With medium-sized and large cations
30.1.16.1

30 : ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
1 : (AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
25.7.8

25 : Sulphates
7 : Sulphates of Pb

Physical Properties of CheniteHide

Adamantine
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Colour:
Pale blue
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Hardness Data:
Measured
Cleavage:
Distinct/Good
On {100}.
Density:
5.98 g/cm3 (Measured)    6.044 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of CheniteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.871 nβ = 1.909 nγ = 1.927
2V:
Measured: 67° , Calculated: 66°
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.056
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Very High
Dispersion:
very strong

Chemical Properties of CheniteHide

Formula:
Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6
IMA Formula:
CuPb4(SO4)2(OH)6

Crystallography of CheniteHide

Crystal System:
Triclinic
Class (H-M):
1 - Pinacoidal
Space Group:
P1
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.791(1) Å, b = 7.940(1) Å, c = 7.976(1) Å
α = 112.02(1)°, β = 97.73(1)°, γ = 100.45(1)°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.729 : 1 : 1.005
Unit Cell V:
326.00 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
1
Morphology:
Tabular, pointed, rich in faces.

Crystal StructureHide

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IDSpeciesReferenceLinkYearLocalityPressure (GPa)Temp (K)
0014826CheniteHess H, Keller P, Riffel H (1988) The crystal structure of chenite, Pb4Cu(OH)6(SO4)2 Neues Jahrbuch fur Mineralogie, Monatshefte 1988 259-2641988Leadhills, Scotland0293
0015326CheniteMereiter K (2009) Chenite, Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6, from Susanna mine, Leadhills, Scotland. Private communication 0 0-02009Susanna mine, Leadhills, Scotland0293
CIF Raw Data - click here to close

Type Occurrence of CheniteHide

Synonyms of CheniteHide

Other Language Names for CheniteHide

German:Chenit
Russian:Ченит
Spanish:Chenita

Relationship of Chenite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
MunakataitePb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4Mon.

Common AssociatesHide

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
5 photos of Chenite associated with ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2O
1 photo of Chenite associated with LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
1 photo of Chenite associated with CovelliteCuS
1 photo of Chenite associated with CerussitePbCO3

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

7.BC.Adranosite-(Fe)(NH4)4NaFe3+2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
7.BC.Adranosite(NH4)4NaAl2(SO4)4Cl(OH)2Tet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : I41/acd
7.BC.AgaitePb3CuTeO5(OH)2(CO3) Orth. mm2 : Pca21
7.BC.05D'AnsiteNa21Mg(SO4)10Cl3Iso.
7.BC.10AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10Ammonioalunite(NH4)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10Ammoniojarosite(NH4)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10DorallchariteTlFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10HuangiteCa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10Hydroniumjarosite(H3O)Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10JarositeKFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10Natroalunite-2c(Na,Ca0.5,K)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m : R3m
7.BC.10OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.10Schlossmacherite(H3O)Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10WalthieriteBa0.5Al3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig.
7.BC.10Beaverite-(Zn)Pb(Fe3+2Zn)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
7.BC.15Ye'elimiteCa4Al6(SO4)O12Iso.
7.BC.20AtlasoviteK(BiO)Cu6Fe3+(SO4)5O3ClTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P4/ncc
7.BC.20NabokoiteKCu7(SO4)5(Te4+O3)OClTet.
7.BC.25ChlorothioniteK2Cu(SO4)Cl2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BC.30EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3OMon.
7.BC.30FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3OMon. 2/m : B2/b
7.BC.35KamchatkiteKCu3(SO4)2OClOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
7.BC.40PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)ClTet.
7.BC.45KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2Mon.
7.BC.45AlumoklyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Al,Fe3+)(SO4)4O2Tric. 1 : P1
7.BC.50CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6Orth. mm2 : Pmn21
7.BC.55WherryitePb7Cu2(SO4)4(SiO4)2(OH)2Mon. 2/m : B2/m
7.BC.60MammothitePb6Cu4AlSb5+O2(OH)16Cl4(SO4)2Mon. 2 : B2
7.BC.65LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
7.BC.65SchmiederitePb2Cu2(Se6+O4)(Se4+O3)(OH)4Mon.
7.BC.65MunakataitePb2Cu2(Se4+O3)(SO4)(OH)4Mon. 2/m : P21/m
7.BC.75KrivovichevitePb3Al(OH)6(SO4)(OH)Trig. 3m : R3c
7.BC.80AnhydrokainiteKMg(SO4)Cl

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

25.7.1SchaurteiteCa3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
25.7.2Zircosulfate(Zr,Ti)(SO4)2 · 4H2OOrth.
25.7.3AnglesitePbSO4Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
25.7.4LanarkitePb2(SO4)OMon. 2/m : B2/m
25.7.5Palmierite(K,Na)2Pb(SO4)2Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.7.6LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2Mon. 2/m : P21/m
25.7.7ElyitePb4Cu(SO4)O2(OH)4 · H2OMon. 2/m
25.7.9OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.7.10ItoitePb3Ge4+(SO4)2O2(OH)2Orth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pnma
25.7.11FleischeritePb3Ge(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2OHex. 6/mmm (6/m 2/m 2/m) : P63/mmc
25.7.12Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m
25.7.13PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6Trig. 3m (3 2/m) : R3m

Other InformationHide

Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for CheniteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Paar, W.H., Mereiter, K., Braithwaite, R.S.W., Keller, P., Dunn, P.J. (1986) Chenite, Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6, a new mineral, from Leadhills, Scotland. Mineralogical Magazine: 50: 129-135.
Hawthorne, F.C., Bladh, K.W., Burke, E.A.J., Grew, E.S., Langley, R.H., Puciewicz, J., Roberts, A.C., Schedler, R.A., Shigley, J.E., Vanko, D.A. (1987) New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 72: 222-230.
Hess, H., Keller., P., Riffel, H. (1988) The crystal structure of chenite, Pb4Cu(OH)6(SO4)2. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Monatshefte: 1988: 259-264.
Krause, W. (1991) Chenit von der Grube Virneberg bei Rheinbreitbach. Aufschluss: 42: 147-153. (in German)

Internet Links for CheniteHide

Localities for CheniteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Austria
 
  • Carinthia
    • Sankt Veit an der Glan District
      • Guttaring
        • Waitschach
Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fink, R. & Auer, C. (2013): Die Mineralogie der weltweit einzigartigen Schlacken von Waitschach, Kärnten. Annalen des Naturhistorischen Museums in Wien, Serie A, 115, 19-87 (in German).
      • Hüttenberg
        • Sankt Martin am Silberberg
Blaß, G., Graf, H.-W. & Pichler, A. (1997): Sekundäre Neubildungen in Schlacken von St. Martin am Silberberg in Kärnten (1). Mineralien-Welt, 8(5), 42-45.
  • Styria
    • Liezen District
      • Öblarn
        • Walchen
Schebesta, K. (1992): Schlackenminerale aus der Walchen bei Öblarn. Lapis 17 (2), 19-30; 50.
Belgium
 
  • Flanders
    • Limburg
      • Dilsen-Stokkem
        • Rotem
  • Wallonia
    • Namur
      • Andenne
No reference listed
France
 
  • Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
    • Loire
      • La Pacaudière
        • Le Crozet
Vernay, R. (1997): Le Crozet (Loire, France). Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 55(1), 9-22. ; Chollet, P. & Devouard, B. (2013): La mine de cuivre et de plomb des Rats, Le Crozet (Loire). Le Règne Minéral, 109, 7-46.
    • Rhône
      • Villefranche-sur-Saône
        • Poule-les-Écharmeaux
Chollet Pascal Collection
  • Brittany
    • Finistère
      • Châteaulin
        • Poullaouen
Germain C., Leydet J-C., Saget Ph. (1990), Les minéraux de néoformation de Huelgoat (Finistère), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°3, 3-16
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Narbonne
        • Padern
Favreau, G., Berbain, C. & Meisser, N. (2003): Cyanophyllite et autres minéraux rares de Padern (Aude). Le Cahiers des Micromonteurs, 82(4), 17-23.
    • Lozère
      • Florac
        • Vialas
Georges FAVREAU collection
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Freiburg Region
      • Breisgau-Hochschwarzwald
        • Badenweiler
          • Badenweiler Pb mining district
            • Sehringen
Schlomann, C. and Steen, H. (1990) Neue Mineralfunde aus dem Bergbaugebiet von Badenweiler im Südschwarzwald. Lapis, 15 (12), 13-20; 50. (in German)
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Emmendingen
        • Freiamt
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
      • Waldshut
        • St Blasien
Walenta, K. (1992) Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes und ihre Fundstellan. Christian Weise Verlag, München, 336 pages [in German].
  • Lower Saxony
    • Goslar District
      • Clausthal-Zellerfeld
        • Oberschulenberg
Schnorrer-Köhler, G. (1991): Mineralogische Notizen V, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 155-171
inCollection Gerhard Niceus
      • Langelsheim
        • Astfeld
No reference listed
        • Lautenthal
Natural History Museum Vienna collection
No reference listed
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Arnsberg
      • Hochsauerlandkreis
        • Meschede
Weiss: "Mineralienfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
        • Sundern
          • Bönkhausen
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Cologne
      • Euskirchen
        • Mechernich
          • Kall
Blaß, G. & Graf, H. W. (1995): Neufunde von Schlackenhalden in der nördlichen Eifel (II). Mineralien-Welt, 6 (3), 28-31.
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Neuwied District
      • Unkel
        • Rheinbreitbach
Krause, W. (1991): Chenit von der Grube Virneberg bei Rheinbreitbach, Der Aufschluss, Vol. 42, 147-153
Greece
 
  • Attica
    • East Attica
      • Lavreotiki
        • Lavrion mining district
          • Lophos
            • Agrileza mines
No reference listed
Italy
 
  • Tuscany
    • Grosseto Province
      • Massa Marittima
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
    • Livorno Province
      • Campiglia Marittima
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
      • Piombino
Jansen, H., van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
      • Sassetta
        • Canina Valley
Jansen, H. & van den Berg, W. (1998): Slakkenmineralen in Toscane (Italië). Gea, no. 4, 109-117 (in Dutch).
UK
 
  • England
    • Cornwall
      • Porthleven
g.curtis collection
    • County Durham
      • Healeyfield
R. S. W. Braithwaite, R. P. H. Lamb & A. L. Nattrass (2006): Heavy metals and their weathering products in residues from Castleside Smelting Mill, County Durham, including a new slag mineral, copper antimonate. Journal of the Russell Society, 9, 54-61. ; Norman Wilson collection
    • Cumbria
      • Allerdale
        • Caldbeck
          • Deer Hills
Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
UKJMM 16; Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
          • Roughton Gill
Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
      • Eden
        • Mungrisdale
UK Journal of Mines and Minerals number 29 2008
  • Scotland
    • Dumfries and Galloway
      • Wanlockhead
BMS Database; Green, D. I. (1987): The minerals of Meadowfoot smelter. UK Journal of Mines and Minerals 2, 3-9.
S Rust collection
S.Rust collection
    • South Lanarkshire
      • Leadhills
BMS Database
Paar, W. H., Mereiter, K., Braithwaite, R. S. W., Keller, P. and Dunn, P. J. (1986), "Chenite, Pb4Cu(SO4)2(OH)6, a new mineral, from Leadhills, Scotland": Mineralogical Magazine: 50: 129-135.
        • Wanlock Dod
Steve Rust Collection
S.Rust Collection
  • Wales
    • Ceredigion
      • Ceulanymaesmawr
        • Talybont
S Rust
          • Nant-y-Moch Reservoir area
UKJMM 18
      • Trefeirig
        • Pen-bont Rhydybeddau
[UK Journal of Mines and Minerals No.14 p.9]
USA
 
  • North Carolina
    • Haywood Co.
      • Waterville Lake
A. Kampf or C. Emproto PXRD and/EDS analysis
 
Mineral and/or Locality  
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