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Edendale Lead Mine, Pretoria District (Tshwane District), Gauteng, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Edendale Lead MineMine
Pretoria District (Tshwane District)District
GautengProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 25° 40' 22'' South , 28° 26' 13'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -25.67278,28.43722
GeoHash:G#: kekjzn7m5
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cwa : Monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Cullinan25,490 (2012)8.7km
Pretoria1,619,438 (2016)26.2km
Ekangala37,650 (2018)31.4km
Centurion233,386 (2012)32.6km
Bronkhorstspruit27,343 (2012)34.2km


Nooitgedacht farm 333 JR. One of 7 major silver producing mines in the Pretoria area. Operated between 1890-1938 producing 6,333 tons of ore, 4,762 tons of lead, 1,127 kg of silver and 105 tons of antimony

Regions containing this locality

Somali Plate (Somalia Plate)Tectonic Plate
Transvaal, South AfricaProvince (Former)

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


37 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Brianyoungite
Formula: Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Description: Slag
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Description: Aesthetic specimens.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 195. Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa: 67. ; Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 95 pg
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Franklinite
Formula: Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 95 pg
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Hematite var: Specularite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 95 pg
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Description: Found as small, clear, yellow to colourless prismatic crystals.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 224. ; Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa; Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Montmorillonite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Mottramite
Formula: PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Paracoquimbite
Formula: Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Description: Slag
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 95 pg
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 95 pg
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).; Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 95 pg
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 95 pg
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).
Susannite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Glass, J. (2006). The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Doctoral dissertation, University of Johannesburg).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Franklinite4.BB.05Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
var: Specularite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Brianyoungite5.BF.30Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Susannite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Paracoquimbite7.CB.55Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Mottramite8.BH.40PbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Montmorillonite9.EC.40(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Franklinite7.2.2.4Zn2+Fe3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Susannite17.1.3.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Paracoquimbite29.8.4.1Fe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Mottramite41.5.2.2PbCu(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Montmorillonite71.3.1a.2(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Brianyoungite-Zn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
'Chlorite Group'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
Hematite
var: Specularite
-Fe2O3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O CerussitePbCO3
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MiniumPb3O4
O MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BaryteBaSO4
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HematiteFe2O3
O SideriteFeCO3
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
O SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
S BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
S GalenaPbS
S CovelliteCuS
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Montmorillonite(Na,Ca)0.33(Al,Mg)2(Si4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
VVanadium
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
FeIron
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Fe ParacoquimbiteFe2(SO4)3 · 9H2O
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hematite (var: Specularite)Fe2O3
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
CuCopper
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn FrankliniteZn2+Fe23+O4
Zn BrianyoungiteZn3(CO3,SO4)(OH)4
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
AsArsenic
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As CobaltiteCoAsS
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb MottramitePbCu(VO4)(OH)
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb SusannitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Statherian - Paleoproterozoic
1600 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3184921
Paleoproterozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Proterozoic (1600 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Rhyacian
2050 - 2300 Ma



ID: 3308846

Age: Rhyacian (2050 - 2300 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Rhyacian - Siderian
2050 - 2500 Ma



ID: 2226930
Rayton Formation of Pretoria Group of Transvaal Supergroup

Age: Proterozoic (2050 - 2500 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Rayton Formation

Description: Quartzite, shale, subordinate subgreywacke

Reference: Council for Geoscience. Geologic map of South Africa, 1:1M. National Science Councils of South Africa. [41]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa, Linden 2014, RSA
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, SA, 124 pp
Glass, J. (2006) The environmental impact of the abandoned Edendale lead mine near Tshwane, South Africa (Master of Science dissertation, University of Johannesburg)
Atanasova, M., Cairncross, B. and Windisch, W.R. (2016) Microminerals of the Bushveld Complex, South Africa. Popular Geoscience Series 6, Council for Geoscience, Pretoria, South Africa, 435 pp


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