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Devilline

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Henri Etienne St-Claire Deville
Formula:
CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Colour:
Green, bluish-green; green in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
Specific Gravity:
3.084
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Member of:
Name:
Named in 1872 by Félix Pisani in honor of Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville [March 11, 1818 Saint Thomas, Virgin Islands - July 1, 1881 Boulogne, Hauts-de-Seine, Ile-de-France, France], French chemist. He was professor of chemistry at the University of Besançon from 1845 - 1851. In 1851-1859, he was professor of chemistry at École Normale Supérieure in Paris. He became professor of chemistry at the Sorbonne in 1859 - 1881. Deville discovered the first economical process to refine aluminum.
Devilline Group.

The calcium analogue of lautenthalite and campigliaite.
A dimorph (Unnamed (Dimorph of Devilline)) has been found in both a slag and a mine dump.

Visually very similar to orthoserpierite and bladed serpierite.


Classification of Devilline

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
7.DD.30

7 : SULFATES (selenates, tellurates, chromates, molybdates, wolframates)
D : Sulfates (selenates, etc.) with additional anions, with H2O
D : With only medium-sized cations; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra
31.6.1.1

31 : HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
6 : (AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
25.2.17

25 : Sulphates
2 : Sulphates of Cu and Ag

Physical Properties of Devilline

Vitreous, Sub-Vitreous, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent
Comment:
Pearly on {001} at times.
Colour:
Green, bluish-green; green in transmitted light.
Streak:
Light green
Hardness:
2½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {001} perfect
On {110} and {101}, or {101}, distinct.
Density:
3.084 g/cm3 (Measured)    3.13 g/cm3 (Calculated)

Optical Data of Devilline

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.585 - 1.586 nβ = 1.649 - 1.651 nγ = 1.660
2V:
Measured: 37° to 41°, Calculated: 42°
Birefringence:
0.075
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.075
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
small
Pleochroism:
Visible
Comments:
X ~ c = Very light green
Y = Green
Z = b = Turquoise-green

Chemical Properties of Devilline

Formula:
CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O

Crystallography of Devilline

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
2/m - Prismatic
Space Group:
P21/b
Setting:
P21/c
Cell Parameters:
a = 20.867 Å, b = 6.135 Å, c = 22.187 Å
β = 102.73°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 3.401 : 1 : 3.616
Unit Cell V:
2,770.54 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
8
Morphology:
As thin, six-sided plates flattened {001} and striated [010]. Commonly as interlaced crusts or as rosettes of plate- or lath-like crystals.
Twinning:
On {010}

X-Ray Powder Diffraction

Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
10.22 (100)
5.906 (1)
5.234 (2)
5.099 (93)
4.983 (3)
4.671 (2)
4.396 (1)
4.256 (3)
4.035 (1)
3.995 (1)
3.745 (35)
3.545 (1)
3.534 (1)
3.392 (65)
3.209 (35)
3.185 (35)
3.169 (1)
3.165 (1)
3.049 (1)
3.018 (1)
2.679 (2)
2.707 (1)
2.668 (11)
2.652 (1)
2.641 (10)
2.515 (15)
2.489 (2)
2.481 (1)
2.388 (9)
2.263 (7)
2.217 (2)
2.196 (1)
2.098 (35)
2.033 (2)
1.994 (5)
1.950 (3)
1.919 (1)
1.832 (1)
1.749 (7)
1.695 (1)
Comments:
ICDD 35-561

Type Occurrence of Devilline

Synonyms of Devilline

Other Language Names for Devilline

Varieties of Devilline

Zincian Devilline

A zinc-bearing variety of devilline.

Relationship of Devilline to other Species

Member of:
Other Members of this group:
Aldridgeite(Cd,Ca)(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
KobyasheviteCu5(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O
LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Unnamed (Dimorph of Devilline)CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O

Common Associates

Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Gypsum25 photos of Devilline associated with Gypsum on mindat.org.
Malachite24 photos of Devilline associated with Malachite on mindat.org.
Posnjakite16 photos of Devilline associated with Posnjakite on mindat.org.
Langite14 photos of Devilline associated with Langite on mindat.org.
Azurite12 photos of Devilline associated with Azurite on mindat.org.
Brochantite8 photos of Devilline associated with Brochantite on mindat.org.
Selenite5 photos of Devilline associated with Selenite on mindat.org.
Linarite4 photos of Devilline associated with Linarite on mindat.org.
Cerussite4 photos of Devilline associated with Cerussite on mindat.org.
Connellite4 photos of Devilline associated with Connellite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz Grouping

7.DD.05FelsőbányaiteAl4(SO4)(OH)10 · 4H2O
7.DD.10LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
7.DD.10PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
7.DD.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
7.DD.15SpangoliteCu6Al(SO4)(OH)12Cl · 3H2O
7.DD.20KtenasiteZn(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 6H2O
7.DD.25ChristeliteCu2Zn3(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30OrthoserpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30SerpieriteCa(Cu,Zn)4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
7.DD.30NiedermayriteCdCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.30EdwardsiteCu3Cd2(SO4)2(OH)6·4H2O
7.DD.35Carrboydite[(Ni1-xAlx)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Glaucocerinite(Zn1-xAlx)(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Honessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35Hydrohonessite(Ni1-xFe3+x)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35MotukoreaiteMg6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35Mountkeithite[(Mg1-xFe3+x)(OH)2][SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ShigaiteMn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35WermlanditeMg7Al2(OH)18[Ca(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.35WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ZincaluminiteZn6Al6(SO4)2(OH)16 · 5H2O
7.DD.35Hydrowoodwardite(Cu1-xAlx)(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35ZincowoodwarditeZn1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
7.DD.35NatroglaucoceriniteZn6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6](SO4)2•6H2O
7.DD.35NikischeriteFe2+6Al3(OH)18[Na(H2O)6][SO4]2 · 6H2O
7.DD.40Lawsonbauerite(Mn2+,Mg)9Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O
7.DD.40Torreyite(Mg,Mn2+)72Mn2+2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)22 · 8H2O
7.DD.45MooreiteMg92Mn2Zn4(SO4)2(OH)26 · 8H2O
7.DD.50NamuwiteZn4(SO4)(OH)6 · 4H2O
7.DD.55BechereriteZn7Cu(OH)13[(SiO(OH)3(SO4)]
7.DD.60Ramsbeckite(Cu,Zn)15(SO4)4(OH)22 · 6H2O
7.DD.65VonbezingiteCa6Cu3(SO4)3(OH)12 · 2H2O
7.DD.70RedgilliteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · H2O
7.DD.75ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
7.DD.75Nickelalumite(Ni,Cu)Al4(SO4,(NO3)2)(OH)12 · 3H2O
7.DD.75KyrgyzstaniteZnAl4(SO4)(OH)12·3H2O
7.DD.80GuarinoiteZn6(SO4)(OH)10 · 5H2O
7.DD.80Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
7.DD.80ThérèsemagnaniteNaCo4(SO4)(OH)6Cl·6H2O
7.DD.80UM1992-30-SO:CCuHZn(Zn,Cu)7(SO4,CO3)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
7.DD.85MontetrisaiteCu6(SO4)(OH)10 · 2H2O

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals Grouping

25.2.1ChalcocyaniteCuSO4
25.2.2BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
25.2.3ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
25.2.4BoothiteCuSO4 · 7H2O
25.2.5DolerophaniteCu2(SO4)O
25.2.6AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
25.2.7BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
25.2.8PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
25.2.9LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
25.2.10WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
25.2.11KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
25.2.12NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
25.2.13PiypiteK4Cu4O2(SO4)4 · (Na,Cu)Cl
25.2.14FedotoviteK2Cu3(SO4)3O
25.2.15CyanochroiteK2Cu(SO4)2 · 6H2O
25.2.16EuchlorineKNaCu3(SO4)3O
25.2.18LeightoniteK2Ca2Cu(SO4)4 · 2H2O
25.2.19ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
25.2.20CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
25.2.21WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2[SO4]x/2 · nH2O
25.2.22CampigliaiteMn2+Cu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 4H2O
25.2.23GuilditeCuFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 4H2O
25.2.24RansomiteCuFe2(SO4)4 · 6H2O
25.2.26KlyuchevskiteK3Cu3(Fe3+,Al)(SO4)4O2
25.2.27Poitevinite(Cu,Fe,Zn)SO4 · H2O
25.2.28ArgentojarositeAgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)

31.6.1.2LautenthalitePbCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O

Other Information

Notes:
Insoluble in water and concentrated H2SO4. Completely soluble in HNO3.
Health Risks:
No information on health risks for this material has been entered into the database. You should always treat mineral specimens with care.

References for Devilline

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Maskelyne (1864) Chemical News and Journal of Industrial Science, London: 10: 263 (as Lyellite).
Pisani (1864) Comptes rendu de l’Académie des sciences de Paris: 59: 813.
Brezina (1879) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 3: 359 (as Herrengrundite).
Szabó (1879) Mineralogische und petrographische Mitteilungen, Vienna: 2: 311 (as Urvölgyite).
Szabó (1879) Lit. Ber. Ungarn: 3: 510 (as Urvölgyite).
Brezina (1887) Zeitschrift für Kristallographie, Mineralogie und Petrographie, Leipzig: 13: 670 (as Herrengrundite).
Goldschmidt, V. (1890) Index der Krystallformen der Mineralien. 3 volumes: vol. 2, 542pp.: 150.
Goldschmidt, V. (1918) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 4: 131.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 591-592.
C. Sabelli and P. F. Zanazzi (1972): The crystal structure of devillite. Acta Crystallogr., B28, 1182-1189.
Krause, W. & Täuber, H. (1992): Zum Kenntnisstand der Minerale Serpierit, Orthoserpierit und Devillin. Aufschluss 43, 1-25. (in German).

Internet Links for Devilline

mindat.org URL:
https://www.mindat.org/min-1270.html
Please feel free to link to this page.
Specimens:
The following Devilline specimens are currently listed for sale on minfind.com.

Localities for Devilline

Mineral and/or Locality  
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