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Berta quarry and mine, Sant Cugat del Vallès-El Papiol, Vallès Occidental-Baix Llobregat, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spaini
Regional Level Types
Berta quarry and mineMine
Sant Cugat del Vallès-El Papiol- not defined -
Vallès Occidental-Baix Llobregat- not defined -
Barcelona- not defined -
Catalonia- not defined -
SpainCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Pedrera Berta (Cantera Berta; Mina Berta)
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 27' 0'' North , 2° 0' 20'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.45000,2.00556
GeoHash:G#: sp37v9sru
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Sant Andreu de la Barca26,401 (2010)2.8km
Pallejà11,134 (2012)3.0km
Castellbisbal11,977 (2012)3.4km
Molins de Rei24,067 (2010)3.8km
Rubí72,987 (2012)5.2km


Hydrothermal low-temperature F-Pb-Zn veins emplaced in fractures after two mineralizing events in a continental rift context: Triassic-Jurassic transit and Miocene. Bedrock is an altered Hercynian granodiorite.

Recently (in 2003) a crushed granodiorite aggregate plant finished activities. Ancient mining workings consisted of galleries following some of the metal-rich veins. A future urban and industrial waste deposit is currently under project by regional administration.

The primary mineralization consists of two generations of fluorite with Pb-Zn-Fe sulfides (mainly galena, sphalerite, and pyrite). Other abundant minerals are barite, calcite, and quartz. Oxidized areas are also present in the veins, giving the variable abundance of cerussite, anglesite, smithsonite, goethite, and hematite.

The most popular mineral in Berta quarry is second generation fluorite. It crystallizes in millimeter-sized pale green octahedrons, covering plates of sericitized granodiorite. Abundant and very aesthetic arrays are easily found, often with small crystals of calcite, galena, sphalerite, pyrite, marcasite, and quartz. A great variety of samples for micromounters is also present.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Iberian PeninsulaPeninsula

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


59 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Calvo, M. (2014). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VI. Sulfatos (Seleniatos, Teluratos), Cromatos, Molibdatos y Wolframatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 653 págs.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
'Apatite'
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Calvo, M. (2014). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VI. Sulfatos (Seleniatos, Teluratos), Cromatos, Molibdatos y Wolframatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 653 págs.
'Biotite'
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Calvo, G. y Calvo, M. (2006). Fluorite from Spain. Every color under the Sun. En: Fluorite. The Collector's Choice. Lithographie LLC. Connecticut, USA. 38-42.
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
'Chlorite Group'
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Calvo, M. (2009): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. IV, Óxidos e Hidróxidos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 752 pp
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Joan Rosell (2016)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Description: Emerald green octahedric crystals
Reference: Calvo, G. y Calvo, M. (2006). Fluorite from Spain. Every color under the Sun. En: Fluorite. The Collector's Choice. Lithographie LLC. Connecticut, USA. 38-42.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Joaquim Mollfulleda, Minerales, Omega, 1996
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Joaquim Mollfulleda, Minerales, Omega, 1996
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
'Halloysite'
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Calvo, M. (2014). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VI. Sulfatos (Seleniatos, Teluratos), Cromatos, Molibdatos y Wolframatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 653 págs.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V. Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 págs.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Joaquim Mollfulleda, Minerales, Omega, 1996
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Calvo, M. (2016). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VIII. Cuarzo y otros minerales de la sílice. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 399 págs.
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Calvo, M. (2014). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. VI. Sulfatos (Seleniatos, Teluratos), Cromatos, Molibdatos y Wolframatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 653 págs.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Reference: No reference listed
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Description: Some nice micromounts
Reference: Calvo, Miguel. (2003) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. II. Sulfuros y sulfosales. Museo de Ciencias Naturales de Alava. Vitoria. 705 págs.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pharmacolite8.CJ.50Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'Halloysite'9.ED.10Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Pharmacolite39.1.1.2Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
'Halloysite'71.1.1.4Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O CalciteCaCO3
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O BaryteBaSO4
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
O SideriteFeCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RutileTiO2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si HalloysiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S SphaleriteZnS
S GreenockiteCdS
S GalenaPbS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S SulphurS8
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
CuCopper
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
AsArsenic
As PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag SilverAg
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Pleistocene
0.0117 - 2.588 Ma



ID: 2505053

Age: Pleistocene (0.0117 - 2.588 Ma)

Description: Conglomerate, gravel, sand, sandstone, silt and clay. Fluvial and marine terraces

Lithology: Gravel, conglomerate, sand and silt

Reference: Mapa Geológico de la Península Ibérica, Baleares y Canarias a escala 1:1.000.000. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España. [77]

Miocene
5.333 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3136922
continental molasse

Age: Miocene (5.333 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{marl}, Minor{conglomerate,limestone,gypsum}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Serravallian - Burdigalian
11.62 - 20.44 Ma



ID: 3106313
Neogene sediments and sedimentary rocks

Age: Miocene (11.62 - 20.44 Ma)

Description: Argiles fossilíferes i llims. Burdigalià - Serraval·lià inferior. English: Fossiliferous clays and limes. Burdigalià - Lower Serravallili.

Reference: Institut Cartogràfic i Geològic de Catalunya. Mapa geològic comarcal de Catalunya 1:50.000. Generalitat de Catalunya. [140]

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186344
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Jimeno, F. (1901) La Mina de Puig Pedrós, Papiol (Barcelona). Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 1, 270-271.
Rivas, M. (1903) La Fluorita de Papiol (Barcelona). Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 3, 184-186.
Montoriol Pous, J. and Font-Altaba, M. (1964) Estudio del yacimiento de fluorita " Mina Berta" (San Cugat del Vallés, Barcelona).I-Inventario de las especies minerales. Notas y Comunicaciones del Instituto Geológico y Minero de España, 73, 127-170.
Montoriol Pous, J. (1965) Contribución al Conocimiento Mineralógico y Mineralogénetico del Yacimiento de Fluorita de San Cugat del Vallés (Barcelona). Universidad de Barcelona. 79 pp.
Cardellach, E., Canals, A., and Tritlla, J. (1990) Late and post-Hercynian veins in the Catalonian Coastal Ranges. Acta Geológica Hispánica, 25 (1-2), 75-81.
Bareche, E. and Andrés, J. (1994) Mines de Catalunya, Papiol-Sant Cugat del Vallès. Mineralogistes de Catalunya, VI (2-3), 34-77 (Available on issuu.com).
Tritlla, J., Canals, A., Banks, D., and Cardellach, E. (1995) Evaporite-related fluids and ore deposition during Mesozoic rifting in Eastern and Northeastern Spain. XIII European Current Research on Fluid Inclusions (ECROFI XIII). Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Mineralogía, 18(1), 252-253.
Canals, A. and Cardellach, E. (1997) Ore lead and sulphur isotope pattern from the low-temperature veins of the Catalonian Coastal Ranges (NE Spain). Mineralium Deposita, 32, 243-249.
Cardellach, J., Canals, A., and Grandia, F. (2002) Recurrent hydrothermal activity by successive extensional episodes: the case of the Berta F-(Pb-Zn) vein system, NE Spain. Ore Geology Reviews, 22, 133-141.
Calvo, G. and Calvo, M. (2006) Fluorite from Spain. Every color under the Sun. In: Fluorite. The Collector's Choice. Lithographie LLC. Connecticut, USA. 38-42.

External Links



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