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Pharmacolite

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Formula:
Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Colour:
White or colorless, grayish white; colorless in transmitted light.
Lustre:
Sub-Vitreous, Pearly
Hardness:
2 - 2½
Specific Gravity:
2.53 - 2.73
Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Name:
Named by Dietrich Ludwig Gustav Karsten in 1800 from the Greek φάρμακον ("pharmakon"), a substance with potent properties, a poison (but may also mean a drug or medicine; cf. pharmacy, pharmaceutical etc.), in allusion to its composition, containing arsenic.
The arsenate analogue of brushite.
Pharmacolite may be visually very similar to fresh (undehydrated) ferrarisite.

Structurally related to gypsum. Not structurally related to picropharmacolite with whom it is often associated.


Hide all sections | Show all sections

Classification of PharmacoliteHide

Approved, 'Grandfathered' (first described prior to 1959)
8.CJ.50

8 : PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, VANADATES
C : Phosphates without additional anions, with H2O
J : With only large cations
39.1.1.2

39 : HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
1 : A[HXO4]·xH2O
20.2.8

20 : Arsenates (also arsenates with phosphate, but without other anions)
2 : Arsenates of Be, Mg, Ca or Ba

Physical Properties of PharmacoliteHide

Sub-Vitreous, Pearly
Transparency:
Transparent, Translucent
Comment:
Luster pearly on cleavage.
Colour:
White or colorless, grayish white; colorless in transmitted light.
Streak:
White
Hardness:
2 - 2½ on Mohs scale
Tenacity:
Brittle
Cleavage:
Perfect
On {010}, perfect.
Fracture:
Irregular/Uneven
Density:
2.53 - 2.73 g/cm3 (Measured)    2.73 g/cm3 (Calculated)
Comment:
2.710 ± 0.010 (artificial material)

Optical Data of PharmacoliteHide

Type:
Biaxial (-)
RI values:
nα = 1.580 - 1.583 nβ = 1.589 - 1.590 nγ = 1.590 - 1.594
2V:
Measured: 77° , Calculated: 84°
Birefringence:
0.010
Max Birefringence:
δ = 0.010 - 0.011
Image shows birefringence interference colour range (at 30µm thickness)
and does not take into account mineral colouration.
Surface Relief:
Moderate
Dispersion:
r > v
Optical Extinction:
Z=b; X ^ c = 29°
Pleochroism:
Non-pleochroic

Chemical Properties of PharmacoliteHide

Formula:
Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
IMA Formula:
Ca(AsO3OH) · 2H2O

Crystallography of PharmacoliteHide

Crystal System:
Monoclinic
Class (H-M):
m - Domatic
Cell Parameters:
a = 5.9745 Å, b = 15.4340 Å, c = 6.2797 Å
β = 114.83°
Ratio:
a:b:c = 0.387 : 1 : 0.407
Unit Cell V:
525.52 ų (Calculated from Unit Cell)
Z:
4
Morphology:
Crystals tiny, rare, flattened on {010} or needle-like [001]. Silky fibrous; acicular clusters; botryoidal and stalactitic.
Comment:
Space group Ia (non-standard setting). If Z = 8, there is a similarity to krautite. Another setting is C-centered: a ~ 6.59, b ~ 15.43, c ~ 5.98 Å, β ~ 120.3°.

X-Ray Powder DiffractionHide

Image Loading

Radiation - Copper Kα
Data Set:
Data courtesy of RRUFF project at University of Arizona, used with permission.
Powder Diffraction Data:
d-spacingIntensity
7.7 (90)
5.1 (70)
4.3 (100)
3.08 (80)
3.02 (80)
2.70 (90)
2.66 (90)
2.48 (50)
Comments:
ICDD 25-138

Type Occurrence of PharmacoliteHide

Geological Setting of Type Material:
Found on oxidized arsenic ores; may be post-mining.
Associated Minerals at Type Locality:

Other Language Names for PharmacoliteHide

Relationship of Pharmacolite to other SpeciesHide

Other Members of this group:
BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2OMon. 2/m

Common AssociatesHide

HaidingeriteCaHAsO4 · H2O
Associated Minerals Based on Photo Data:
Realgar20 photos of Pharmacolite associated with Realgar on mindat.org.
Limonite11 photos of Pharmacolite associated with Limonite on mindat.org.
Picropharmacolite10 photos of Pharmacolite associated with Picropharmacolite on mindat.org.
Orpiment8 photos of Pharmacolite associated with Orpiment on mindat.org.
Calcite7 photos of Pharmacolite associated with Calcite on mindat.org.
Getchellite6 photos of Pharmacolite associated with Getchellite on mindat.org.
Scorodite6 photos of Pharmacolite associated with Scorodite on mindat.org.
Sainfeldite5 photos of Pharmacolite associated with Sainfeldite on mindat.org.
Erythrite4 photos of Pharmacolite associated with Erythrite on mindat.org.
Guérinite4 photos of Pharmacolite associated with Guérinite on mindat.org.

Related Minerals - Nickel-Strunz GroupingHide

8.CJ.05StercoriteNa(NH4)HPO4 · 4H2OTric.
8.CJ.10Mundrabillaite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2OMon. m : Pm
8.CJ.10Swaknoite(NH4)2Ca(HPO4)2 · H2OOrth.
8.CJ.15NabaphiteNaBaPO4 · 9H2OIso.
8.CJ.15NastrophiteNa(Sr,Ba)PO4 · 9H2O
8.CJ.20HaidingeriteCaHAsO4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
8.CJ.25VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CJ.30FerrarisiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CJ.35Machatschkiite(Ca,Na)6(AsO4)(HAsO4)3(PO4,SO4) · 15H2OHex.
8.CJ.40PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2OTric.
8.CJ.40RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
8.CJ.45Brockite(Ca,Th,Ce)PO4 · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Grayite(Th,Pb,Ca)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Rhabdophane-(Ce)(Ce,La)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Rhabdophane-(La)(La,Ce)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Rhabdophane-(Nd)(Nd,Ce,La)(PO4) · H2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.45Tristramite(Ca,U,Fe)(PO4,SO4) · 2H2OHex.
8.CJ.45SmirnovskiteCaTh(PO4)2 · nH2OHex. 6 2 2 : P62 2 2
8.CJ.50ArdealiteCa2(HPO4)(SO4) · 4H2OMon. m : Bb
8.CJ.50BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CJ.50Churchite-(Y)Y(PO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
8.CJ.50Churchite-(Nd)Nd(PO4) · 2H2OMon.
8.CJ.55McneariteNaCa5(AsO4)(HAsO4)4 · 4H2OTric.
8.CJ.60DorfmaniteNa2HPO4 · 2H2OOrth.
8.CJ.65SincositeCa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 5H2OTet. 4/mmm (4/m 2/m 2/m) : P42/nnm
8.CJ.65BariosincositeBa(VO)2(PO4)2 · 4H2OTet.
8.CJ.70CatalanoiteNa2(HPO4) · 8H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Ibca
8.CJ.75GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
8.CJ.85NingyoiteCaU(PO4)2 · 1-2H2OOrth.

Related Minerals - Dana Grouping (8th Ed.)Hide

39.1.1.1BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b

Related Minerals - Hey's Chemical Index of Minerals GroupingHide

20.2.1BearsiteBe2(AsO4)(OH) · 4H2OMon.
20.2.2BrassiteMg(HAsO4) · 4H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbca
20.2.3RößleriteMg(HAsO4) · 7H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
20.2.4HörnesiteMg3(AsO4)2 · 8H2OMon. 2/m : B2/m
20.2.5WeiliteCa(HAsO4)Tric. 1 : P1
20.2.6JohnbaumiteCa5(AsO4)3OHHex. 6/m : P63/m
20.2.7HaidingeriteCaHAsO4 · H2OOrth. mmm (2/m 2/m 2/m) : Pbcn
20.2.9SainfelditeCaCa2Ca2(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2OMon. 2/m : B2/b
20.2.10VladimiriteCa4(AsO4)2(AsO3OH) · 4H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
20.2.11GuériniteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OMon. 2/m : P21/b
20.2.12FerrarisiteCa5(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 9H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.2.13RauenthaliteCa3(AsO4)2 · 10H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.2.14PhaunouxiteCa3(AsO4)2 · 11H2OTric.
20.2.15McneariteNaCa5(AsO4)(HAsO4)4 · 4H2OTric.
20.2.16BergslagiteCaBeAsO4(OH)Mon. 2/m : P21/b
20.2.17AdeliteCaMg(AsO4)(OH)Orth. 2 2 2 : P21 21 21
20.2.18TalmessiteCa2Mg(AsO4)2 · 2H2OTric.
20.2.19IrhtemiteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 4H2OMon.
20.2.20CamgasiteCaMg(AsO4)(OH) · 5H2OMon. 2/m : P21/m
20.2.21PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2OTric. 1 : P1
20.2.22BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2OTet. 4 2m : P4 2m

Fluorescence of PharmacoliteHide

Not fluorescent in UV

Other InformationHide

Notes:
Flexible in thin lamellae. Readily soluble in acids; insoluble in water. Dehydrates rapidly at 60°C to haidingerite.
Health Risks:
This is a potentially dangerous mineral. Contains arsenic. Handle minimally and carefully. Do not lick or taste, do not breathe dust, wash hands thoroughly after handling.

References for PharmacoliteHide

Reference List:
Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Selb (1800) Allgemeines Journal der Chemie, Berlin 1798-1803 (Scherer’s Journal): 4: 537 (as Arseniksaurer Kalk).
Karsten, D.L.G. (1800) Mineralogische Tabellen, Berlin. First edition: 75 (as Pharmacolith).
Klaproth, M.H. (1802): Untersuchung des Pharmakoliths, Beiträge zur chemischen Kenntniss der Mineralkörper, Dritter Band, Rottmann Berlin, 277-281
Beudant, F.S. (1832), Trailé élémentaire de Minéralogie, second edition, 2 volumes: 2: 593 (as Arsenicite).
Des Cloizeaux (1888) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 11: 192.
Dufet (1888) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 11: 192.
Jannettaz (1888) Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie: 11: 212.
Lacroix, A. (1910) Minéralogie de la France et des ses colonies, Paris. 5 volumes: vol. 4: 498.
Goldschmidt, V. (1920) Atlas der Krystallformen. 9 volumes, atlas, and text: vol. 6: 136.
Hintze, Carl (1931) Handbuch der Mineralogie. Berlin and Leipzig. 6 volumes: 1 [4]: 784.
Gossner (1937) Forschritte der Mineralogie, Kristallographie und Petrographie, Jena: 21: 34.
Guerin (1941) Annales de chimie, Paris: 16: 101.
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II. John Wiley and Sons, Inc., New York, 7th edition, revised and enlarged, 1124 pp.: 706-708.
Ferraris, G. (1969): The crystal structure of pharmacolite, CaH(AsO4)·2H20. Acta Crystallographica B25, 1544-1550.
Abbona F., Ferraris G. (1970) - Contributo alla conoscenza di minerali arsenicali; nota II: ricerche sulla disidratazione della weilite, della haidingerite e della pharmacolite. Periodico di mineralogia – Roma, pp. 183-204.
Ferraris G, Jones D W, Yerkess J (1971): Determination of hydrogen atom positions in the crystal structure of pharmacolite, CaHAsO4(H2O)2, by neutron diffraction. Acta Crystallographica B27, 349-354.
American Mineralogist (1979) v64:1248.
Acta Crystallographica: B29: 90-96.
Bulletin de la Société française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie (1984): 87: 169.

Internet Links for PharmacoliteHide

Localities for PharmacoliteHide

This map shows a selection of localities that have latitude and longitude coordinates recorded. Click on the symbol to view information about a locality. The symbol next to localities in the list can be used to jump to that position on the map.

Locality ListHide

- This locality has map coordinates listed. - This locality has estimated coordinates. ⓘ - Click for further information on this occurrence. ? - Indicates mineral may be doubtful at this locality. - Good crystals or important locality for species. - World class for species or very significant. (TL) - Type Locality for a valid mineral species. (FRL) - First Recorded Locality for everything else (eg varieties). Struck out - Mineral was erroneously reported from this locality. Faded * - Never found at this locality but inferred to have existed at some point in the past (eg from pseudomorphs.)

All localities listed without proper references should be considered as questionable.
Albania
 
  • Shkodër County (Shkodra County)
    • Drin valley
V. Ferrini, L. Martarelli, C. De Vito, A. Cina and T. Deda (2003) The Koman dawsonite and realgar-orpiment deposit, northern Albania; inferences on processes of formation. The Canadian Mineralogist(April 2003), 41, Part 2:413-427
Australia
 
  • New South Wales
    • Clive Co.
      • Clive
Ashley, P.M. & Lottermoser, B. G. (1999): Arsenic contamination at the Mole River mine, northern New South Wales. Australian Journal of Earth Sciences, 46, 861-874.
Austria
 
  • Salzburg
    • Hohe Tauern
      • Gastein valley
        • Siglitz - Bockhart area
          • Siglitz - Bockhart Gold Mining District
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs, 1989
      • Rauris valley
        • Hüttwinkl valley
          • Alteck - Hoher Sonnblick area
            • Kolm-Saigurn
A. Strasser: Die MInerale Salzburgs (1989)
Niedermayr, G. & Wittern, A. (2009): Mineralreiches Österreich - Tirol, Salzburg, Vorarlberg. Bode Verlag, Haltern, 144 pp.
    • Saalfelden
      • Leogang
        • Hütten
          • Schwarzleograben
E. Fugger: "Die Mineralien des Herzogthumes Salzburg", 11. Jahresber. d. k. k. Ober-Realschule in Salzburg (1878)
  • Styria
    • Schladming
      • Schladminger Tauern
        • Obertalbach valley
A. Strasser: Die Minerale Salzburgs (1989)
Belgium
 
  • Luxembourg Province
    • Stavelot Massif
      • Vielsalm
        • Grand Halleux
Canada
 
  • British Columbia
    • Kamloops Mining Division
      • Savona
David Garske
    • Slocan Mining Division
      • Sandon
Mauthner, M.H.F. et al. (1996) Minerals of the Silvana Mine Sandon British Columbia. Mineralogical Record, 27(6):433-438.
  • Northwest Territories
    • Mackenzie District
      • Great Bear Lake
  • Ontario
    • Timiskaming District
      • Cobalt-Gowganda region
        • Cobalt area
          • Coleman Township
Reiner Mielke 2012
Percival, J. B., Kwong, Y. J., Dumaresq, C., & Michel, F. Distribution of As, Ni and Co in Tailings and Surface Waters in the Cobalt Area, Ontario. 2007
Czech Republic
 
  • Bohemia (Böhmen; Boehmen)
    • Central Bohemia Region
      • Příbram
        • Háje
Plášil, J. et al.: Supergenní mineralizace z haldy šachty č. 16 Příbram - Háje. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2008, vol. 16, 1, 43-55.
Ondruš, P. & Hyršl, J. (1989): New finds and revision of secondary minerals from Příbram district. Acta Universitatis Carolinae, Geologica 1989, 521-533.
    • Karlovy Vary Region
      • Kraslice (Graslitz)
Beran, P.: Mineralogie ložiska Cu (Ag, Au, Co) rud Tisová u Kraslic. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 1997, roč. 4-5, s. 65-77.
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Jáchymov District (St Joachimsthal)
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 707.
    • Plzeň Region
      • Planá u Mariánských Lázní (Plan)
Tvrdý, J., Řídkošil, T.: Sekundární minerály z lokality Svatá Anna v Plané u Mariánských Lázní. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1983, roč. 28, č. 3, s. 316.; http://www.mineralos.cz/lokality/plana/plana.htm
    • Ústí Region
      • Krušné Hory Mts (Erzgebirge)
        • Klášterec nad Ohří
No reference listed
- Hyrsl, J. & Korbel, P. (2009): Tschechien & Slowakei, Mineralien und Fundstellen. Page 60-75.
      • Teplice (Teplitz)
Řídkošil, T., Slavíček, P.: Mineralizace Rennerovy štoly nedaleko Mikulova v Krušných horách. Časopis pro mineralogii a geologii, 1985, roč. 30, č. 4, s. 433.
  • Moravia (Mähren; Maehren)
    • Olomouc Region
      • Javorník (Jauernig)
Novák, F., Pauliš, P., Hykš, J., Bureš, B., Adam, M.: Guerinit a farmakolit z uranového ložiska Zálesí u Javorníka ve Slezsku. Bulletin mineralogicko-petrografického oddělení Národního muzea v Praze, 2004, roč. 12, s. 140-142.
France
 
  • Grand Est
    • Haut-Rhin
      • Ste Marie-aux-Mines (Markirch)
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
          • Sankt Jakob vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997
P&T N°23-24, H. BARI 1982, Minéralogie des filons du Neuenberg à Sainte Marie aux Mines (Haut-Rhin).
          • Sankt Wilhelm vein
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", 1997
      • Thur valley (Thann valley)
        • Kruth
Wittern, Journée: "Mineralien finden in den Vogesen", von Loga (Cologne), 1997; U. Kolitsch (1997): Neufunde von Mineralien aus einigen Vorkommen der Vogesen, Frankreich: Giromagny, Auxelles-Haut und Kruth 1. Aufschluss 48 (4), 243-256.
  • Occitanie
    • Aude
      • Carcassonne
        • Mas-Cabardès
          • Salsigne
Pelison P., Descouens D. (1987), Présence de minéraux de néoformation dans les scories de l'ancienne usine de Villagnère (Aude), Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, n°2, pp: 6-10
    • Hérault
      • Lodève
[Le Cahier des Micromonteurs, 1998, 2, p.13-26]
  • Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
    • Alpes-Maritimes
Cuchet S. (2000), Mystérieuse irhtémite à Lucéram, Alpes-Maritimes, Le Règne Minéral, n°36, pp: 38-42
Germany
 
  • Baden-Württemberg
    • Black Forest
      • Alpirsbach
No reference listed
Erzgräber 1987(2), 54
      • Schenkenzell
        • Wittichen
          • Böckelsbach valley
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 707; Bull. Min. (1964): 87: 169; American Mineralogist (1979): 64: 1248; Walenta (1992) "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich).
          • Burgfelsen
No reference listed
          • Heubach Valley
No reference listed
          • Zundelgraben
S. Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Schiltach
        • Stammelbach valley
[Lapis 1992, 11, p.13-20]
      • Wieden
K. Walenta: "Die Mineralien des Schwarzwaldes", Weise (Munich), 1992
  • Bavaria
    • Franconia
      • Spessart
        • Hösbach
          • Sailauf
            • Hartkoppe
see locality page
  • Hesse
    • Odenwald
      • Abtsteinach
        • Mackenheim
Nickel, E., and Fettel, M. (1985): Odenwald. Sammlung geologischer Führer Vol. 65, 2nd ed., Bornträger (Berlin, Stuttgart), 231 pp.
      • Bensheim
        • Hochstädten
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Mühltal
        • Nieder-Beerbach
Nickel, E., and Fettel, M. (1985): Odenwald. Sammlung geologischer Führer Vol. 65, 2nd ed., Bornträger (Berlin, Stuttgart), 231 pp.
    • Richelsdorf District
      • Nentershausen
        • Süß
          • Richelsdorf Smelter
S. Weiß: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1992
    • Spessart
      • Gelnhausen
        • Bieber
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 712.
  • Lower Saxony
    • Harz
      • Goslar
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
      • St Andreasberg District
        • St Andreasberg
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 707.
  • North Rhine-Westphalia
    • Siegerland
      • Müsen
Reinhardt, M. (2010): Die Mineralien der Grube Wildermann bei Müsen im Siegerland. Lapis 35 (11), 13-28; 54 (in German)
  • Rhineland-Palatinate
    • Siegerland
      • Betzdorf
        • Schutzbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", Weise (Munich), 1990
      • Niederfischbach
Weiss: "Mineralfundstellen, Deutschland West", 1990
  • Saarland
    • Saarlouis
      • Düppenweiler
- Gerhard Müller: Bergbau-PSL-Mineralogie, Blatt Reimsbach Punkt 6506.30-1, Seite 1-9,(Saarbrücken 1996)
  • Saxony
    • Erzgebirge
Lapis 17(12), 24-33
      • Ehrenfriedersdorf
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
      • Johanngeorgenstadt District
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
        • Lauta
Hajek, W. (2010): Kristallwelten Marienberg. Weise Verlag, München.
Rob Lavinsky
      • Schlema-Hartenstein District
        • Alberoda
Vollstädt,H. & Weiß,St. (1991): Mineralfundstellen Sächsisches Erzgebirge, München, S.26ff.
      • Schneeberg District
Lapis 30(7/8):41-70 (2005)
      • Schwarzenberg District
        • Langenberg
          • Graul
http://www.dergraul.de
        • Pöhla
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
  • Thuringia
    • Gera
      • Ronneburg U deposit
T. Witzke & F. Rüger: Lapis 1998(7/8), 26-64
    • Saalfeld
Wittern: "Mineralfundorte in Deutschland", 2001
    • Thuringian Forest
      • Schweina
No reference listed
Greece
 
  • Attikí Prefecture (Attica; Attika)
    • Lavrion District (Laurion; Laurium)
      • Lavrion District Mines
        • Plaka
          • Plaka Mines
Blaß, G., Fabritz, K. H., Mühlbauer, W. and Prachar, I. (1998): … Immer wieder Neues aus Lavrion (2). Mineralien-Welt 9 (6), 48-55 (in German); Kolitsch, U., Rieck, B., Brandstätter, F., Schreiber, F., Fabritz, K. H., Blaß, G. & Gröbner, J. (2014): Neufunde aus dem altem Bergbau und den Schlacken von Lavrion (I). Mineralien-Welt 25 (1), 60-75 (in German).
Fritz Schreiber collection
No reference listed
Iran
 
  • Esfahan Province (Isfahan Province; Aspadana Province)
    • Nain County (Nayin County)
      • Anarak District
Bariand, P., Bachet, B., Brassy, C., Medenbach, O., Deliens, M., Vautier, R., & Piret, P. (1993) A New Uranium Mineral from the Talmessi Mine, Iran, and Rabejac, France. Mineralogical Record: 24: 463-467
Ireland
 
  • Co. Tipperary
    • Moyne
Stephen Moreton collection
Italy
 
  • Lombardy
    • Sondrio Province
      • Valtellina
        • Malenco Valley
          • Lanterna Valley
            • Lanzada
              • Campo Moro Valley
                • Poschiavina Valley
        • Sondalo
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Piedmont
    • Torino Province
      • Canavese District
        • Léssolo
          • Cálea
"Le miniere di Brosso" I.Campostrini 2001 - ed. Museo Regionale Torino
  • Sardinia
    • Medio Campidano Province
      • Gonnosfanadiga
        • Fenugu Sibiri Mine
Stara, P., Rizzo, R., Tanca, G.A. (1996): Iglesiente e Arburese. Miniere e Minerali. Edito a cura dell'EMSA e "varie associazioni mineralogiche", Volume 2°, 239 pp.
Japan
 
  • Kyushu Region
    • Oita prefecture
      • Saiki City
        • Kiura mine (Shin-Kiura mine; Kiura emery mine)
Masayuki Ohnishi, Norimasa Shimobayashi, Shigetomo Kishi, Mitsuo Tanabe, Shoichi Kobayashi (2013) Talmessite from the Uriya deposit at the Kiura mining area, Oita Prefecture, Japan. Journal of Mineralogical and Petrological Sciences, 108, No. 2 (April), 116-120.
Kazakhstan
 
  • Kostanay Province (Qostanay Oblysy; Kostanai Oblast')
    • Rudny
[World of Stones 12:13]; Evseev, A. A. (1995) Kazaknstan and Middle Asia. A brief Mineralogical Guide. World of Stone 8:24-30
Pavel M. Kartashov data
Malaysia
 
  • Borneo
    • Sarawak
      • Kuching
        • Bau
Breward, N., & Williams, M. (1994). Preliminary Apparaisal of the Environmental Geochemistry of the Bau Mining Area, Sarawak, Malaysia. British Geological Survey.
Mexico
 
  • Zacatecas
    • Mun. de Mazapil
      • Mazapil
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 954; Panczner (1987): 98-295.
Morocco
 
  • Drâa-Tafilalet Region
    • Ouarzazate Province
      • Tazenakht
        • Bou Azzer District (Bou Azer District)
          • Aghbar
Favreau, G., Dietrich, J. E., Meisser, N., Brugger, J., Ait Haddouch, L. & Maacha, L. (2007): Bou Azzer, Morocco. Mineralogical Record 38, 345-407
          • Bou Azer
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Ightem
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
          • Méchoui
Favreau, G. and Dietrich, J. E. (2006). Die Mineralien von Bou Azzer. Lapis 31(7/8), 27-68
Poland
 
  • Lower Silesia (Dolnośląskie)
    • Kłodzko District
Rob Lavinsky specimen
    • Rudawy Janowickie Mts
      • Jelenia Góra District
Ciesielczuk, J., Bzowski, Z. (2003): Secondary (Cu,Zn)-oxyminerals from the Miedzianka copper deposit in Rudawy Janowickie, Sudetes Mts. Preliminary Report. Mineralogia Special Papers: 23: 54-56
Portugal
 
  • Aveiro District
    • Albergaria-a-Velha
      • Branca
Pedro Alves Collection
Republic of Macedonia
 
  • Kavadarci
    • Rožden (Rozhden; Roszdan)
Rieck, B. (1993): Famous mineral localities: Allchar, Macedonia, Mineralogical Record, 24 (6), 437-449; Percival, T.J. & Radtke, A.S. (1994): Sedimentary-rock-hosted disseminated gold mineralization in the Alšar district, Macedonia. Canadian Mineralogist, 32, 649-655.; Boevl, B., Bermanec, V., Serafimovski, T., Lepitkoval, S., & Mikulcic, S. (2001). Allchar Mineral Assemblage. Geologica Macedonica, Vol. 15-16, p. 1-23 (2001-2002) Suppl
  • Lipkovo
Hiessleitner, G. (1951): Serpentin- und Chromerz-Geologie der Balkanhalbinsel und eines Teiles von Kleinasien. Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt, Sonderband 1, 1-255.
Romania
 
  • Maramureș Co.
    • Baia Mare (Nagybánya)
U. Kolitsch (PXRD + EDS)
  • Suceava Co.
Koller G.2009,Own found
Russia
 
  • Northern Caucasus Region
    • Adygea Republic (Adygeya)
Pekov I.V. et al. (2010) Mineralogy of Belorechenskoe deposit (Northern Caucasus, Russia). Mineralogical Almanakh, 15(2).
Slovakia
 
  • Košice Region
    • Rožňava Co.
Koděra et all.,1990: Topografická mineralógia Slovenska, I-III, 1590p
      • Dobšiná Mining District (Dobschau; Topschau)
Tóth M., 1882: Magyarország ásványai különös tekintettel termőhelyeik megállapítására. Budapest, 509 p. (in Hungarian)
Spain
 
  • Asturias
    • Cabrales
      • Prado
        • Ortiguero
          • Hoyos de Alda
Julio Alberto Cendon Martinez
  • Castile and Leon
    • León
      • Cármenes
José Rafael González López collection
      • Crémenes
Manuel Echevarria Rodriguez collection
  • Catalonia
    • Barcelona
      • Vallès Occidental-Baix Llobregat
        • Sant Cugat del Vallès-El Papiol
Mineralogistes de Catalunya, 1994. VI(2/3): 34-77
    • Lleida (Lérida)
      • Pallars Sobirà
        • Baix Pallars
          • Peramea
    • Tarragona
      • Conca de Barberà
        • Vimbodí
Switzerland
 
  • Grischun (Grisons; Graubünden)
    • Poschiavo Valley
      • Poschiavo (Puschlav)
Bedognè, F., Montrasio, A., Sciesa, E. (2006) I minerali della media-alta Valtellina, delle Orobie valtellinesi e della Val Poschiavo. Aggiornamenti sulle altre località della provincia di Sondrio. Bettini, Sondrio, 255 pp.
  • Wallis (Valais)
    • Anniviers Valley
      • Ayer
Stalder, H. A., Wagner, A., Graeser, S. and Stuker, P. (1998): "Mineralienlexikon der Schweiz", Wepf (Basel), p. 205.; Ansermet, S. (2012): Mines et minéraux du Valais - II. Anniviers et Tourtemagne. With contributions by N. Meisser, Ed. Porte-plumes (Ayer)
UK
 
  • England
    • Cumbria
      • Threlkeld District
        • St John's in the Vale
BMS Database
USA
 
  • California
    • Los Angeles Co.
      • San Gabriel Mts
        • San Gabriel Canyon
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 707; Irelan, William, Jr. (1890a), Ninth annual report of the State Mineralogist: California Mining Bureau. Report 9, 352 pp.: 47; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 287.
  • Colorado
    • Mesa Co.
      • Gateway District
        • Gateway
Kampf, A.R., Nash, B.P., Marty, J., Hughes, J.M. (2016): Mesaite, CaMn2+5(V2O7)3·12H2O, a new vanadate mineral from the Packrat mine, near Gateway, Mesa County, Colorado, USA. Mineralogical Magazine: 80: (in press)
  • Michigan
    • Keweenaw Co.
      • Mohawk
[Mineralogical Record - Vol 23 No. 2]
  • Nevada
    • Eureka Co.
      • Antelope District
        • Gold Bar mine
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
    • Humboldt Co.
      • Osgood Mts
        • Potosi District
          • Adam Peak
USGS (2005), Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10310488.
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
      • Potosi District
        • Adam Peak
U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia
    • Nye Co.
      • Toquima Range
        • Manhattan District
          • Manhattan
Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 707; Nevada Bureau of Mines and Geology Special Publication 31, Minerals of Nevada
    • Pershing Co.
      • Antelope District
NBMG Spec. Pub. 31 Minerals of Nevada
  • New Jersey
    • Sussex Co.
      • Franklin Mining District
        • Ogdensburg
          • Sterling Hill
Dunn(1995):Pt5:676.
Mineral and/or Locality  
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